Parking Demand & Supply Analysis of Different Commercial Land Uses Along Mirpur Road
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Parking Demand & Supply Analysis of Different Commercial Land Uses Along Mirpur Road

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“Parking” this term is one of the most important topics of discussion in the developing cities. In the cities like Dhaka where unplanned urbanization prevails in a greater extent; parking problem......

“Parking” this term is one of the most important topics of discussion in the developing cities. In the cities like Dhaka where unplanned urbanization prevails in a greater extent; parking problem is the most common scenario there. In the developing countries cities are growing without considering the inherent increasing parking demand. Mirpur road is one of the most problematic roads of Dhaka city in context of parking problem. To assess the current scenario of the problems and to formulate some policy measures is the main focus of this study. In this study some major parking generators along Mirpur has been surveyed and their parking demand-supply situation has been analyzed. Considering the Parking Policy for the Dhaka Metropolitan Development Plan Area, 2002 and the results from the analysis some policy measures has been formulated to manage the parking demand more efficiently.

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  • 1. car Plan 446: Transportation Planning Studio Parking Demand & Supply Analysis of Different Commercial Land Uses along Mirpur Road Submitted by: Date of Submission: 29th May, 2011
  • 2. Parking Demand & Supply Analysis of Different Commercial Land Uses along Mirpur Road Course No: Plan 446 Course Title: Transportation Planning Studio Submitted to: Suman Kumar Mitra, Assistant Professor, Dept. of URP Rezwana Rafiq, Lecturer, Dept. of URP Submitted by: “Shancharpath” Rifat Rahman (0615005) Nabila Nur Kuhu (0615009) Shahadat Hossain Shakil (0615020) Khaled Bin Abdul Quadir (0615030) Level-4, Term-1 Date of Submission: 29th May, 2011 Department of Urban and Regional Planning Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology
  • 3. Acknowledgement The inspiration and help of the surrounding people and teachers is very much needed to complete a good report. First of all, thanks to the merciful and benevolent creator to give us patience, energy and capability to work hard for completing the report. We wish to express our earnest gratitude to our respectable course teachers Suman Kumar Mitra, Assistant Professor and Rezwana Rafiq, Lecturer, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, BUET for their intimate co-operation and support, valuable advice, comment, constant encouragement and supervision which have helped us to carry out this study successfully. We would not forget thanking the authority of Dhanmondi Plaza and Mamtaz Plaza along Mirpur Road for their cordial support. ii
  • 4. Abstract “Parking” this term is one of the most important topics of discussion in the developing cities. In the cities like Dhaka where unplanned urbanization prevails in a greater extent; parking problem is the most common scenario there. In the developing countries cities are growing without considering the inherent increasing parking demand. Mirpur road is one of the most problematic roads of Dhaka city in context of parking problem. To assess the current scenario of the problems and to formulate some policy measures is the main focus of this study. In this study some major parking generators along Mirpur has been surveyed and their parking demandsupply situation has been analyzed. Considering the Parking Policy for the Dhaka Metropolitan Development Plan Area, 2002 and the results from the analysis some policy measures has been formulated to manage the parking demand more efficiently. iii
  • 5. Table of Contents Contents Page No Title Page i Acknowledgement ii Abstract iii Table of Contents iv Lists of Illustration vi Chapter 01: Introduction (Page 1-4) 1.1 Background of the Study 1 1.2 Objectives ` 1.3 Methodology 1 1.4 Study Area Profile 4 1.5 Scope of the Study 4 1.6 Limitation of the Study 4 2 Chapter 02: Conceptual Definition and Literature Review (Page 5-9) 2.1 Parking Terms 5 2.2 Parking Demand and Supply 6 2.3 Prior Study of Parking Demand and Supply 7 2.4 Parking Policy of Bangladesh 8 Chapter 03: Analysis of Demand and Supply (Page 10-20) 3.1 Dhanmondi Plaza 10 3.1.1 Supply Scenario 10 3.1.2 Demand Scenario 12 3.2 Mamtaz Plaza 14 iv
  • 6. 3.2.1 Supply Scenario 14 3.2.2 Demand Scenario 18 Chapter 04: Findings and Recommendations (Page 21-23) 4.1 Dhanmondi Plaza 21 4.2 Mamtaz Plaza 22 4.3 Conclusion 23 References Appendices (Page I-VIII) A-1. Dhanmondi Plaza On Street-Survey Data I A-2. Dhanmondi Plaza: On-Street-Parking Terms Calculation II A-3. Mamtaz Plaza On Street-Survey Data IV A-4. Mamtaz Plaza Off Street-Survey Data V A-5. Mamtaz Plaza: On-Street Parking and Off-Street Parking (Combined Calculation of Parking Terms) v VII
  • 7. List of Illustration List of Figures Page No Figure-1: Methodology 3 Figure-2: On-Street Parking Provision (Dhanmondi Plaza) 10 Figure-3: Encroachment of Footpath (Dhanmondi Plaza) 10 Figure - 4: Dhanmondi Plaza On-Street Parking Layout 11 Figure-5: Parking Accumulation Curve of On-Street Parking (Dhanmondi Plaza) 12 Figure-6: Vehicle-Hours of Occupation (Dhanmondi Plaza) 13 Figure-7: Eastern Side On-Street Parking (Mamtaz Plaza) 14 Figure-8: Northern Side On-Street Parking (Mamtaz Plaza) 14 Figure - 9 : Mamtaz Plaza On-Street Parking Layout 15 Figure-10: Off-Street Parking Provision-Entrance Ramp (Mamtaz Plaza) 16 Figure-11: Off-Street Parking Provision -Driveway (Mamtaz Plaza) 16 Figure-12: Off-Street Parking Provision -Parking Bays (Mamtaz Plaza) 16 Figure-13: Off-Street Parking Provision -Restricted Parking Bays (Mamtaz Plaza) 16 Figure - 14 : Mamtaz Plaza Off-Street Parking Layout 17 Figure-15: Combined Parking Accumulation Curve (Mamtaz Plaza) 18 Figure-16: On-Street Vehicle-Hours of Occupation (Mamtaz Plaza) 20 Figure-17: Off-Street Vehicle-Hours of Occupation (Mamtaz Plaza) 20 List of Tables Page No Table-1: Information about the Selected Parking Generators 4 Table-2: Vehicle-Hours of Occupation (Dhanmondi Plaza) 13 vi
  • 8. Chapter 01: Introduction 1.1 Background of the Study Transportation is one of the most discussed issues for Dhaka city now-a-days. Due to lack of proper transport planning, lives of city dwellers have become really hard. A very significant part of transportation planning is parking. People have become habituated to park of cars just on the road for a long time which eventually degrades the efficiency of the road. Mirpur road is one of the most busiest and important roads in Dhaka city which generates a huge number of traffics. Commercial buildings can be treated to be mostly responsible for this traffic generation. This study aims at analyzing the demand and supply situation of different commercial land uses along Mirpur road. This will provide an overview on the actual parking scenario along Mirpur road. 1.2 Objectives  To analyze present parking demand and supply situation of different commercial land uses along Mirpur Road.  To formulate some recommendations for the improvements of present parking situation. 1.3 Methodology Project Identification and Selection of Study Area The second project under this course aims to study about parking. Considering that the course teachers identified “Parking Demand Supply Analysis of Different Commercial Land Uses” as the project title. Mirpur road has been selected as the potential study area for this project. Objective Formulation Relevant objectives of the study have been formulated by taking the scopes and limitations into account.
  • 9. 2 Literature Review Related journals, reports and prior studies in abroad have been explored to get a clear concept about the parking demand supply analysis. The relevant parking terms have been identified and studied for the further analysis of the study. Reconnaissance Survey and Selection of Parking Generators The potential commercial buildings in context of parking generation have been identified along Mirpur road through group wise reconnaissance survey. Among the potential parking generator, 14 commercial buildings have been selected for this study by the course teachers. The selection has been done by keeping the type of parking provisions and their relative geographical location in mind. After selecting 14 buildings, each group have been provided 2 commercial buildings on the basis on lottery among the groups. Parking Inventory Survey Parking Inventory Survey has been done by each group at their own study buildings. Data about the width of road, width of footpath, length of curb, type of parking provisions (onstreet or off-street or both), parking supply (no. of lots provided), parking signs, parking pattern (existing layout) etc. have been done in this step. Parking Usage Survey by Patrol The parking Usage Survey has been the most important survey for this study. Three time frames have been selected for this survey: 11.00 AM -1.00 PM, 3.00 PM-5.00 PM and 6.00 PM – 7.00 PM. The survey has been done with 15 minutes interval. At a particular time, a surveyor recorded the registration number of the cars parking in the study buildings by going from one side to other side of the parking area. After 15 minutes interval, the surveyor again recorded the registration number and this time starting from the previous end point. The survey ended after completing the procedure stated above for 20 times (four times per hour and total survey period was five hours). The survey has been done both at Dhanmondi Plaza and Momtaz Plaza and both for on-street and offstreet parking provision.
  • 10. 3 Demand Supply Analysis The calculation about Parking Volume, Parking Accumulation, Parking Load, Parking Duration, Parking Index, Parking Turn-over etc. have been done with the collected data. The demand and supply scenario have been analyzed from these terms. Findings From the analysis, the scenario in both of the study buildings has been identified whether there is parking deficit or parking surplus in those buildings. Recommendation Policy measures and required parking spaces have been recommended for the buildings by keeping the result in mind. Change in existing charge for off-street parking and imposition of deterrent charge for on-street parking has been recommended for improving the parking condition. Preparation of Final Report After combining all the procedures stated above, the final report has been prepared. Project Identification and Selection of Study Area Objective Formulation Literature Review Reconnaissance Survey and Selection of Study Parking Generators Parking Inventory Survey Parking Usage Survey by Patrol Demand-Supply Analysis Findings Recommendations Preparation of Final Report Figure-1: Schematic diagram of methodology
  • 11. 4 1.4 Study Area Profile Mirpur road plays a vital role in transportation network of Dhaka city. Its length is 8.05 km from Azimpur to Gabtoli. In this project the study area was taken from Azimpur to Mirpur Technical which is around 7.4 km long. Selected Parking Generators The parking generator selected for this group was Mamtaz Plaza and Dhanmondi Plaza. Both of them are commercial buildings. Mamtaz plaza is situated nearby the science laboratory intersection and Dhanmondi plaza is situated opposite to Ganoshastho Nagar Hospital .The detail of these two buildings has been given below. Table-1: Information about the Selected Parking Generators Name Address Land use Storey Frontage Total floor area Designated (feet) (Sq. ft.) Parking Area Dhanmondi Plaza H18, R6 Commercial 5 153.7 54505.85 sq. ft -Nil- Momtaj Plaza H7, R4 Commercial 6 154.5 78304.83 sq.ft. 13050.80 sq.ft. 1.5 Scope of the Study This study tends to find out the parking demand and supply scenario. Researchers, Planners, Policy Makers will get an idea about the parking situation along with one of the most important roads of Dhaka city, Mirpur road. As illegal parking severely affects the road efficiency, the study will also be help for transport engineers. It will can be an overview for taking decisions about implementing charge for on-street parking, prohibition of on-street parking, co-coordinating between the demand and surplus supply thus total parking management. 1.6 Limitation of the Study The parking usage survey by patrol was done for only one day which can bring biased result due to weather condition or type of the day (working or holiday). Very small sample size used can bring possibility of large margin of error.
  • 12. Chapter 02: Conceptual Definition and Literature Review 2.1 Parking Terms To analyze the existing parking demand and supply condition and to formulate recommendation for the improvement, some terms are very important to be studied. Parking Volume Parking volume is the total number of vehicles parked at a given duration of time. This does not account for repetition of vehicles. The individual vehicle entered in the area is recorded. Parking Accumulation It is defined as the number of vehicles parked at a given instant of time. Normally this is expressed by accumulation curve. Accumulation curve is the graph obtained by plotting the number of bays occupied with respect to time. Parking Load Parking load gives the area under the accumulation curve. It can also be obtained by simply multiplying the number of vehicles occupying the parking area at each time interval with the time interval. It is expressed as vehicle hours. Parking Index Parking index is also called occupancy or efficiency. It is defined as the ratio of number of bays occupied in time duration to the total space available. It gives an aggregate measure of how effectively the parking space is utilized. Parking index can be found out as follows: Average Parking Duration It is the ratio of total vehicle hours to the number of vehicles parked. Parking Turnover It is the ratio of number of vehicles parked in duration to the number of parking bays available. This can be expressed as number of vehicles per bay per time duration. Parking Spillover It is the difference between the parking demand and the available parking supply in any certain period of time. Its value indicates no. of parking deficit in that time period. (Rao & Mathew, 2007)
  • 13. 6 2.2 Parking Demand and Supply Parking Demand It refers to the amount of parking that would be used at a particular time, place and price. It is a critical factor in evaluating parking problems and solutions. Parking demand is affected by vehicle ownership, trip rates, mode split, duration (how long motorists park), geographic location (i.e., downtown, regional town centre or suburban), the quality of travel alternatives, type of trip (work, shopping, recreational), and factors such as fuel and road pricing. There are usually daily, weekly and annual demand cycles. For example, parking demand usually peaks on weekdays at office buildings and on weekend evenings at theaters and restaurants. Parking demand can change with transportation, land use and demographic patterns. For example, a particular building may change from industrial to residential or office use, neighborhood demographics and density may change, and the quality of transit service may change, all of which affects parking demand. Different types of trips have different types of parking demand, and different types of parking facilities tend to serve different types of trips. For example, commuters need long-term parking, and because they park all day they are relatively price sensitive. Many commuters are willing to walk several blocks for cheaper parking. Off-street parking leased by the month tends to serve commuters. Customers need shorter-term parking that is located as close as possible to their destination, and are often willing to pay a relatively high hourly price for increased convenience. On-street parking that is metered or regulated to maximize turnover tends to serve customers (Victoria Transport Policy Institute, 2011). Parking Supply It refers to availability of parking space. Parking is a major urban land use. Availability of parking (parking supply) usually depends in large measure on intensity of development and cost of land. It may be governed by building codes or ordinances, and it may be controlled to achieve some strategic economic or policy purpose. The adjustment of parking supply outside the normal processes of the private marketplace to achieve strategic objectives is often referred to as parking management. Management of parking supply is a balancing act. If too much parking is provided in surface lots, it uses valuable land resources and often results in widely-spaced and disconnected development
  • 14. 7 patterns. Too little parking or poorly designed or located parking can result in parking spillover to adjacent areas, lead travelers to choose alternate destinations, and/or inhibit development (Transport Research Board, 2003). 2.3 Prior Study of Parking Demand and Supply Downtown Huntington Parking Study The study has been carried out at the CBD area of the Town of Huntington. The objective of this study was to provide details on the efficiency of existing parking facilities and determine the need for revising the existing parking supply. To gather information on existing parking supply and its use, parking inventories have been done. Accumulation (or occupancy) checks and license plate checks are the two types of usage studies used in this study. A total of 124 parking spaces were identified in the downtown area. The parking survey was performed for one day. The study started at 7.00 AM and was performed every half hour until 8.00 PM. The number of occupied parking spaces was recorded at the beginning of each interval. In addition, parking turnover information was collected by recording the last three license plate characters. From the survey result, the parking in downtown Huntington did not seem overly problematic. Most streets and lots did not reach their full capacity at any time during the day. In addition, many of these areas could withstand a much higher volume of automobiles. (Pioneer Valley Metropolitan Planning Organization, 2006) Case Study on Supply and Demand for University Parking Facilities in College of Engineering UNITEN This study was carried out at the main campus of Universiti Tenaga Nasional (UNITEN). The objectives were to identify the current parking supply and next five years parking demand in the university area and gave suggestions or recommendations to solving the problem. The study consist parking inventory, parking usage survey using license Plate numbers method and parking interview for determination the current parking supply. From the result of current data, the next five years future parking demand had been estimated by study and information from the administration data, questionnaire, and parking space zoning regulation and parking generation. This study did not find any problem except with one lot which was totally opposite of what the students of the university claimed. For future parking demand 1540 parking spaces should be provided in five years time. As
  • 15. 8 recommendation, besides built a new parking area, which is more costly, law enforcement must done strictly to restrict the non-sticker users’ park at the university parking. (Ismail & Norhisham, 2008) 2.4 Parking Policy of Bangladesh In order to reduce congestion and improve the traffic movement within the DMDPA, the DTCB has taken the initiative to outline strategies to reduce the negative effects of parking. This is to be achieved by formulating a parking policy. First draft of this policy was prepared by DTCB in February 2002 and was reviewed by the World Bank. Based on their suggestions, the policy document was revised with the assistance of a specialist and was circulated among concerned agencies in mid October 2002. The basic policy sectors were: Jurisdiction, Demand for Parking Spaces, Supply of Parking Spaces, Parking Regulation, Enforcement of Regulations, Operation and Maintenance, Institutional Setup and Strengthening Supportive Legislation. Some related issues regarding demand for parking spaces were: spatial growth trends within DMDPA, work centers, spatial development policies for Dhaka, increasing vehicle ownership, heteroginity of vehicles etc. there were also issues discussed regarding parking supply. Those were: supply of off-street parking spaces, parking standards, supply of on-street parking spaces, slow augmentation of road capacity, parking for non-motorized vehicles etc (DTCB, 2005). The relevant and selected segment of parking policy which is duly considered during forming recommendations is provided below Policies on Managing Parking Demand 1. Non-restrictive parking shall be adopted in residential areas where the demand for parking is much less than the available of parking spaces. 2. Restrictive parking shall be adopted in areas where the demand exceeds the available parking spaces. These shall be enforced through pricing and regulatory mechanisms. 3. Two types of parking charges shall be levied at public parking places in the restrictive parking areas. Normal charges aimed to recover of operation and maintenance expenses, shall be levied in locations where the parking provision does not adversely affect the movement of traffic. Deterrent parking charges shall be more than the normal charges and
  • 16. 9 shall be adopted in areas where parking demand is in excess of supply or in places where parking is observed to adversely affect the movement of traffic. 4. Regulations shall include parking restrictions to specific or all types of vehicles either by time of day or by duration or for specific purpose of travel or for vehicles carrying less than specified number of passengers per vehicle or by location. Policies on Supply of Parking Spaces 5. Parking standards shall be reviewed once every five years. Necessary modifications shall be incorporated in the building rules. 6. There shall be regular monitoring of parking provisions in all buildings. Buildings found to be deficient in parking provisions vis-à-vis current building rules shall be required to pay a parking facility fees. This shall be in proportion to the extent of violation with respect to the required provision. The revenue from this source shall be used for augmenting parking facilities (on-street / off-street) in the area. Policies on Operation and Maintenance of Parking Facilities 7. Concerned local authorities shall be responsible for the efficient operation and maintenance of public parking facilities. Policies on Parking Regulation 8. In restrictive parking areas, on-street parking shall be prohibited on all roads within the area except at places where it is specifically permitted by authorized road signs and markings. Policies on Enforcement of Regulations 9. The Local Police shall be responsible for enforcing parking regulations as notified by the Police Chief. 10. They shall assign adequate number of police personnel of appropriate rank for surveillance and enforcement of parking regulations in each zone. Each zone shall have a tow truck to facilitate eviction of offending vehicles.
  • 17. Chapter 03: Analysis of Demand and Supply In this chapter demand and supply scenario of the two selected parking generator along Mirpur road has been portrayed. Each generator has been analyzed separately according to on-street and off-street parking supply and demand. The parking characteristics of these two generators along Mirpur road have been figured out through various parking terms. 3.1 Dhanmondi Plaza Dhanmondi plaza is a medium scale commercial complex. Parking pressure of this generator is moderate. Majority of its parking demand is from the ground floor retail shops. 3.1.1 Supply Scenario There is no designated off-street parking provision for Dhanmondi plaza. Vehicles are parked in the designated spaces just in front of the market. Vehicles are parked on the Footpath and Concrete Slab (property boundary) together because their altitude is same as the road surface. Though these on street parking spaces are approved by the market authority but it’s illegal; because of encroachment public facilities (footpath). Vehicles are parked in an angular arrangement (300- 450) in one layer or row. Total 12 vehicles can be parked at a time. There is no parking charge and parking regulatory sign. Existing on-street parking provision is explained below with the help of the figures. Figure-2: On-Street Parking Provision (Dhanmondi Plaza) Figure-3: Encroachment of Footpath (Dhanmondi Plaza)
  • 18. 12 3.1.2 Demand Scenario Parking usage survey by patrol for on-street parking has been conducted for five hour. Survey data and calculation is shown in Appendix (Page I- Page III). The demand for parking has been explained through various parking terms in the following section. Parking Volume Total parking volume over a period of five hour is 78 vehicles. That means total 78 individual vehicles has been experienced during the survey period. So per hourly average volume of vehicular parking are 15.6; which means on an average in every hour 15.6 new vehicles come into this market. Parking Accumulation Parking accumulation curve gives the information that parking demand is in peak position during the time period 12:00 AM – 1:00 PM and 6:00 PM – 7:00 PM. Average accumulation of parking is 8.5 vehicles per 15 minutes; which means in every 15 minutes 8.5 vehicles are expected to present as the parking demand. (Parking Accumulation Table: Appendix - Page II) Total Parked Vehicle Parking Accumulation 15 10 5 0 Time Total Parked Vehicle Average Accumulation Figure-5: Parking Accumulation Curve of On-Street Parking (Dhanmondi Plaza) Parking Index and Spillover Provision of the on-street parking supply is illegal but its efficiency has been calculated to know whether the present provision is sufficient or not. Average parking index is 70.83. It means 70.83% capacity is being utilized. (Parking Index and Spillover Table: Appendix Page III)
  • 19. 13 Parking spill over has been occurred for only one time period 12:45 AM – 1:00 PM (peak period); which indicates sufficiency of the existing parking supply. Parking Turnover Total parking volume is 78 vehicles over a time period of 5 hour. No. of space available is 12. So parking turnover is 6.5(78/12) vehicles per space over a time period of 5 hour. It indicates every space is used by 6.5 vehicles over the time period. This turnover figure represents that available parking spaces are used quite efficiently used. Vehicle-Hour Occupation Table-2: Vehicle-Hours of Occupation (Dhanmondi Plaza) Average Duration (Hour) 0.25 0.50 0.75 1.00 1.25 1.50 Total Vehicle Parked 48 14 11 1 3 1 ∑78 % Vehicle-Hours of Occupation % 61.54 17.95 14.10 1.28 3.85 1.28 100.00 (48*0.25) = 12 (14*0.50) = 7 (11*0.75) = 8.25 (1*1) = 1 (3*1.25) = 3.75 (1*1.5) =1.5 ∑33.5 35.82 20.90 24.63 2.99 11.19 4.48 100.00 33.5/78 = 0.43 Average Vehicle-Hour of Occupation Maximum amount of vehicles (61.5%) average duration of parking is 15 minutes. This is because customers come into the market only for the grocery shopping which usually don’t take so much time. The average vehicle-hour occupation is 0.43 hour/vehicle. It indicates that Percentage(%) on an average one vehicle is expected to stay on the parking area 0.43 hour (26 minutes). 80.00 Vehicle-Hours of Occupation 60.00 40.00 20.00 0.00 15 min 30 min 45 min 1 hour 1 hour 15 min 1 hour 30 min Averge Duration of Vehicle Total Parked Vehicle Vehicle-Hours of Occupation Figure-6: Vehicle-Hours of Occupation (Dhanmondi Plaza)
  • 20. 14 3.2 Mamtaz Plaza It’s a moderately large scale commercial complex along the Mirpur road. Parking pressure of this generator is moderate. Ground floor retail shops contribute much in the parking demand. 3.2.1 Supply Scenario Parking supply of this commercial parking generator can be seen from two perspectives. They are: illegal on-street parking practice and designated off-street parking provision. Theoretically the illegal on-street parking spaces will not be treated as supply in this study. Only the designated off-street parking spaces will be counted as supply in the later portion. Illegal On-Street Parking There is no designated on-street parking provision for this commercial complex. Vehicles are parked on two sides of the building; at the eastern side (on Mirpur road) and at the northern side (on Road No. 04). At the front side vehicles are parked just on the Mirpur road in one lane parallel to the road. At the northern side vehicles are parked both angular (900) and parallel to the road. Parking regulatory sign (“No Parking”) is present but it’s not followed. There is no parking charge. Vehicles are unable to park on the footpath because of the high altitude (1’-0’’) from the road surface. Total 14-16 vehicle can be parked in both sides. Existing on-street parking provision is enlightened below with the help of the figures. Figure-7: Eastern Side On-Street Parking (Mamtaz Plaza) Figure-8: Northern Side On-Street Parking (Mamtaz Plaza)
  • 21. 16 Off-Street Parking Provision At the basement of Mamtaz plaza there is off-street parking provision. Parking provision is for one floor consisting with the total parking area 13050 sq. ft. Total capacity of this underground parking is 28 vehicles at a time. Parking charge is applicable here. The amount is 10 taka per hour fixed by the market authority. Restriction on parking at certain parking bays/lots (2) is imposed for maneuvering purpose. This reduces the capacity of this parking provision. Parking lots are arranged in a grid-iron pattern. Bays are arranged in two lanes separated by a driveway. The air ventilation is not up to the mark and light is not sufficient. Existing off-street parking provision is clarified below with the help of the figures. Figure-10: Off-Street Parking Provision -Entrance Ramp (Mamtaz Plaza) Figure-12: Off-Street Parking Provision -Parking Bays (Mamtaz Plaza) Figure-11: Off-Street Parking Provision -Driveway (Mamtaz Plaza) Figure-13: Off-Street Parking Provision -Restricted Parking Bays (Mamtaz Plaza)
  • 22. 18 3.2.2 Demand Scenario To assess the total parking demand of this commercial generator parking usage survey by patrol has been conducted both in the on-street and off-street parking spaces. Survey data and calculation is shown in Appendix (Page IV- PageVIII). Later total number of vehicles arrived in a day in both spaces has been added to find out the gross parking demand for this commercial land use. The parking demand is clarified with various parking terms in the following section. Parking Volume Parking volume is 154 vehicle in on-street and 31 vehicle in off-street over the time period of five hour. Combined gross parking demand for this commercial land use is 185 vehicles in duration of five hour. Parking Accumulation Combined parking accumulation curve shows that both the on-street and off-street parking is in peak position during the time period of 11.00 AM – 12.30 PM and 3.00 PM – 4.00 PM. In this two time period the combined accumulation crossed the combined average accumulation (26.55 vehicle/15 minutes). The combined average accumulation indicates that if the parking demand is treated as combined; in every 15 minutes 26.55 vehicles have to be supplied with parking bays to fulfill the demand. (Parking Accumulation Table: Appendix-VII) Total Parked Vehicle Parking Accumulation 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 Time On Street Off Street Combined Figure-15: Combined Parking Accumulation Curve (Mamtaz Plaza) Average(Combined)
  • 23. 19 Parking Index and Spillover Parking index is calculated to find out the utilized capacity of the off-street parking bays in separate time frame. This calculation is based on the assumption that on-street parking demand is diverted along with off-street parking demand in the underground parking provision. From the parking index and spillover table in Appendix (Page VII) it can be seen that parking bays are utilized most efficiently during the peak period (11.00 AM – 12.30 PM and 3.00 PM – 4.00 PM). It also indicates that parking pressure will be tough to handle if the parking volume is increased in the future during this time period. Parking spillover has been calculated to find out the deficiency in the existing parking provision in any certain time period. For the combined parking demand spillover has been experienced during the peak period (11.00 AM -11.15 AM, 11.45 AM – 12.30 PM and 3.30 PM – 3.45 PM). The spillover is ranging from 1-3 parking space deficiency at a time. There is possibility of occurring spillover during the time period 11.15 AM – 11.45 AM and 3.00 PM – 3.15 PM if the future parking demand increases just a unit. Parking Turnover Combined parking volume is 185 vehicles over a time period of 5 hour. No. of space available in the underground parking provision is 28 at a time. So parking turnover is 6.61 (185/28) vehicles per space over a time period of 5 hour. It indicates every space is used by 6.61 vehicles over the time period. This turnover figure represents that available parking spaces will be used quite efficiently, if the on-street parking demand is shifted towards underground along with the off-street parking demand. Vehicle-Hour Occupation Vehicles are classified according to their average duration of stay. Then their contribution in the total parking load over the time period (5 hour) is calculated through vehicle-hours of occupation. Vehicle-Hours of occupation has been calculated separately both for the on-street and off-street parking (Appendix-Page VIII). From this calculation specific type of vehicles (based on duration) can be identified, contributing most in the parking load. Which time durations (15 min, 30 min, 1 hour etc.) parking occurs most can be also identified from this calculation; which is an important decision for parking planning.
  • 24. 20 Vehicle-Hours of occupation for both the on-street and off-street parking is clarified in the next section. Percentage(%) 80.00 Vehicle-Hours of Occupation(On-Street) 60.00 40.00 20.00 0.00 15 min 30 min 45 min 1 hour 1 hour 15 min 1 hour 30 min Average Duration of Vehicle Total Parked Vehicle Vehicle-Hours of Occupation Figure-16: On-Street Vehicle-Hours of Occupation (Mamtaz Plaza) In case of on-street parking average duration 15 min is the most contributing sector in vehicle-hour occupation. This is because people usually park for short time in on-street parking spaces when they come to this commercial complex for short term. This short term parking is contributed much by the ground floor retail shops. Reverse situation has been experienced in case of underground/off-street parking. In this case a long term parking or high average duration (2 hour and 5 hour) vehicle contributes much. This is because people usually use the underground parking bays in case of long term parking Percentage(%) to avoid the hassle in on-street parking. 45.00 40.00 35.00 30.00 25.00 20.00 15.00 10.00 5.00 0.00 Vehicle-Hours of Occupation(Off-Street) 15 min 30 min 1 hour 2 hour 3 hour 4 hour Average Duration of Vehicles Total Parked Vehicle Vehicle-Hours of Occupation Figure-17: Off-Street Vehicle-Hours of Occupation (Mamtaz Plaza) 5 hour
  • 25. 21 Chapter 04: Findings and Recommendations In this chapter the major findings from the previous chapters demand supply analysis will be sorted. Some recommendations will be formulated to manage the existing parking demand in guidance with the “Parking Policy for the Dhaka Metropolitan Development Plan Area (DTCB, 2002)”. In the major findings segment the sources of the data is mentioned inside the bracket. In case of recommendations the related segment of the Parking Policy for DMDP Area, 2002 has been mentioned in a bracket form. 4.1 Dhanmondi Plaza Major Findings  Absence of any kind of legal parking supply (Field Survey).  Designated but illegal on-street parking-12 parking spaces (Field Survey).  Highest parking demand is 13 vehicles in 15 minutes interval (Parking Accumulation)  On an average 70% of the existing capacity is being used (Parking Index)  Majority of the parking demand come for short term - 60% for 15 minutes (VehicleHours of Occupation) Recommendations  On-Street parking should be banned and provision of off-street parking for the existing parking demand in the shortest possible of time (Policies on Parking Regulation).  Total 15 parking bays should be provided in the underground considering the highest present demand and the changing demand in the future.  Until the provision of underground parking deterrent parking charge (50 taka for 10 minutes) should be imposed for on-street parking to discourage it (Policies on Managing Parking Demand).  In the underground parking provision parking charge should be applicable (30 taka per hour) to bear the maintenance cost and to discourage long term parking (Policies on Managing Parking Demand).
  • 26. 22 4.2 Mamtaz Plaza Major Findings  Illegal on-street parking reduces the effective carriageway width (33’-0” reduces to 29’-0”) thereby causing congestion on the road (Field Survey).  Total capacity of the underground parking provision is 28 vehicles at a time (Field Survey).  Highest combined demand will be 31 vehicles in a time period of 15 minutes (Parking Accumulation).  On an average 95% of the existing parking capacity will be used if parking demand is treated as combined. Presently only 55% of the capacity has been used by the offstreet parking demand (Parking Index).  Spillover will be likely to experience during the peak period (11.00 AM – 12.30 PM and 3.00 PM – 4.00 PM) if the parking demand is treated as combined (Parking Spillover)  On-street parking is dominated by the short term parking characteristics and off-street parking is dominated by the longer parking duration.(Vehicle-Hours of Occupation) Recommendations  On-Street parking should be strictly prohibited through the law enforcing agencies (Policies on Enforcement of Regulations). As an alternate option they should be shifted and encouraged towards off-street parking through regulatory sign and low parking charge (10 taka per hour) during the off-peak period.  Parking charge should vary during the peak (30 taka per hour) and off-peak (10 taka per hour) period to manage the parking demand with respect to the available capacity (Policies on Managing Parking Demand).  Parking area should be improved in terms of ventilation and maintenance by the local authority with the revenue money collected in the form of parking charge (Policies on Operation and Maintenance of Parking Facilities).
  • 27. 23 4.3 Conclusion Parking demand management is now an important issue all over the world. As more as the world getting modernized and mechanized the no. of vehicles are increasing. To provide parking spaces for all this vehicles in the working hour and in the free hour is a tough job. Various strategies such as- restriction, pricing, fixation of time duration etc are practiced all over the world to minimize this problem. In the world’s most densely populated city like Dhaka space for parking is some kind luxury. To manage the huge parking demand in the peak period limited spaces should be used fruitfully. Through practicing effective and suitable strategies according to Parking Policy for the Dhaka Metropolitan Development Area, 2002 this can be achieved. Parking policy should be strictly maintained and the regularly updated according to the emerging changing situation. .
  • 28. Works Cited Dhaka Transport Co-Ordination Board. (2002). Parking Policy for the Dhaka Metropolitan Development Plan Area. Retrieved May 20, 2011, from ib.pmo.gov.bd/legalms/pdf/parking_policy-Dhaka.pdf Ismail N. and Norhisham S. (2008). Case Study on Supply and Demand for University Parking Facilities in College of Engineering UNITEN. Retrieved May 21, 2011, from Universiti Tenaga Nasional: www.uniten.edu.my/.../UNITEN%20ICCBT%2008%20Case%20Study%20on%20Su pply%... Pioneer Valley Metropolitan Planning Organization. (2006). Downtown Huntington Parking Study. Retrieved May 18, 2011, from Pioneer Valley Planning Comission: www.pvpc.org/resources/transport/Huntington_Report_Web.pdf Rao K. V. K Mathew V. T. and., Introduction to Transport Engineering, Chapter-38(page: 38.1-38.10); Retrieved May 20, 2011 from: Centre for Distance Engineering EducationProgram,IIT,Bombay;URL:http://books.atishji.com/Transportation%20Engi neering/Introduction%20to%20Transportation%20Engineering%20by%20Tom%20V .%20Mathew%20and%20K%20V%20Krishna%20Rao%20(BOOK)/nptel_ceTEI_L3 8.pdf Transport Research Board. (2003). TCRP Report 95:Traveler Response to Transportation System Changes;(Chapter 18—Parking Management and Supply). Washington. Victoria Transport Policy Institute. (2011, May 10). Parking Evaluation. Retrieved May 18, 2011, from Victoria Transport Policy Institute: www.vtpi.org/tdm/tdm73.htm
  • 29. Bibliography Black, J. (1981). Urban Transport Planning: Theory and Practice. Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press. Kadiyali L.R. (2003), “Traffic Engineering and Transport Planning” Sixth Edition, Khanna Publishers, New Delhi.(page: 67-78) O'Flaherty, C. (1974). Highways and Traffic (2nd ed., Vol. 1). Frome and London: Edward Arnold Publishers Ltd. Rahman M. M. (2006), “Study of Parking Facility for the New Market Shopping Zone in Dhaka City” Unpublished MURP Thesis, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, Dhaka.
  • 30. Appendix Dhanmondi Plaza (5 Storied, Commercial Uses, Total Floor Area: 54505.85 sq. ft.) Address: House No. 18, Road-06, Dhanmondi, Dhaka-1205 11.00 AM -1.00 PM Survey: Parking Usage Survey by Patrol-On Street Date: 13/05/2011; Day: Friday; Weather: Sunny and Humid 3.00 PM - 5.00 PM 11.0011.15 GA 150568 11.1511.30 GA 176706 11.3011.45 MA 514651 11.4512.00 CHA 139594 12.0012.15 GA 216535 12.1512.30 KHA 124479 12.3012.45 GA-177815 12.451.00 GA 231636 GA 177815 3.003.15 KHA 131569 GA 196763 3.153.30 KHA 131569 GA 196763 KHA 114506 GHA 110018 GA 311158 GA 144781 GA 251515 CHA 140416 GA 152461 GA 195949 TTHA 11-0973 GA 153726 GA 127212 GA 311158 GA 253527 KHA 130764 GA 152461 GA 172328 GA 311158 GA 211281 KA 112991 GA 311158 GA 127212 GHA 115100 GHA 132615 KHA 130764 GA 313387 KA 112991 GA 211281 GA 199543 GA 255466 GA 213141 GA 127212 GA 153726 GA 113726 TTHA 11-0973 GA 195784 GHA 115100 MA 514673 GA 239181 GA 311158 CHA 140416 GA 211281 KHA 114506 TTHA 11-0973 MA 514651 GA 172328 3.303.45 KHA 131569 CHA 238621 GA 172328 3.454.00 KHA 131569 CHA 238621 GA 172328 4.004.15 KHA 191312 CHA 238621 GA 172328 4.154.30 KHA 191312 CHA 238621 GA 172328 CHA 172111 KA 125232 CHA 172111 KA 125232 CHA 172111 KA 125232 KA 175117 GHA 13-2615 CHA 172111 KA 125232 GA 198713 GA 127212 GA 171315 GA 178475 GA 253527 GHA 116614 KHA 252903 GA 117630 KHA 252903 GA 117630 GHA 140045 GA 127212 GA-212521 GA 198713 KHA 252903 GA 117630 KHA 252903 GA 117630 CHA 118757 GA 311158 GA 297388 GA 150467 GA 177815 GA 297607 GA 253527 GA 173048 GA 212521 8 0 1 2 1 0 1 2 12 0 2 3 GA 261677 KHA 119338 GA-176706 4.455.00 KHA 191312 CHA 238621 KA 175117 KA 175117 4.304.45 KHA 191312 CHA 238621 CHA 291335 KA 175117 6.006.15 CHA 296169 KA 115713 6.156.30 CHA 296169 KA 115713 6.306.45 THA 573366 KA 216871 6.457.00 THA 573366 KA 216871 GA 117630 KHA 257900 GA 278123 KHA 257900 GA 211160 KHA 257900 GA 211160 KHA 257900 GA 233547 KA 125232 KA 125232 GA 117630 PA 537453 GA 211160 GHA 149318 KA 174306 GHA 149318 KA 174306 KA 172378 KA 316936 GHA 149318 KA 174306 GA 117630 GA 117630 KA 194596 KA 194596 KA 194596 CHA 173539 GA 134690 CHA 173539 GA 134690 CHA 173539 GA 134690 KA 175117 KA 194596 GA 196338 CHA 173539 GA 134690 GA 151377 CHA 177731 GA 151377 KA 174306 GA 136804 3 Departure 12 0 5 7 8 6 GA 177377 5 6 Arrival Total 6.00 PM - 7.00 PM 3 5 4 5 10 0 13 1 1 0 4 0 2 1 6 2 3 2 9 6 6 9 12 8 13 8 7 7 9 6 6 5 6 12 10 9 10 Page | I
  • 31. Appendix Page | II
  • 32. Appendix Dhanmondi Plaza: On-Street Parking (Parking Terms Calculation) Total Arrived Vehicle Parking Volume 78 78 vehicle/5 hour Parking Accumulation Time Total Parked Vehicle 11.00-11.15 12 11.15-11.30 9 11.30-11.45 6 11.45-12.00 6 12.00-12.15 9 12.15-12.30 12 12.30-12.45 8 12.45-1.00 13 3.00-3.15 8 3.15-3.30 7 3.30-3.45 7 3.45-4.00 9 4.00-4.15 6 4.15-4.30 6 4.30-4.45 5 4.45-5.00 6 6.00-6.15 12 6.15-6.30 10 6.30-6.45 9 6.45-7.00 10 Average Accumulation 8.5(per 15 minutes) Time 11.00-11.15 11.15-11.30 11.30-11.45 11.45-12.00 12.00-12.15 12.15-12.30 12.30-12.45 12.45-1.00 3.00-3.15 3.15-3.30 3.30-3.45 3.45-4.00 4.00-4.15 4.15-4.30 Total Parked Vehicle 12 9 6 6 9 12 8 13 8 7 7 9 6 6 Parking Index and Spillover No. of Space Available Parking Index 12 100.00 12 75.00 12 50.00 12 50.00 12 75.00 12 100.00 12 66.67 12 108.33 12 66.67 12 58.33 12 58.33 12 75.00 12 50.00 12 50.00 Parking Spill Over 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 Page | II
  • 33. Time 4.30-4.45 4.45-5.00 6.00-6.15 6.15-6.30 6.30-6.45 6.45-7.00 Appendix Parking Index and Spillover No. of Space Available Parking Index 12 41.67 12 50.00 12 100.00 12 83.33 12 75.00 12 83.33 Total Parked Vehicle 5 6 12 10 9 10 Average Parking Index No. of Times Seen 1 2 3 4 5 6 Average Duration(hour) 0.25 0.50 0.75 1.00 1.25 1.50 Parking Turnover Parking Spill Over 0 0 0 0 0 0 70.83 Total Vehicle Parked 48 14 11 1 3 1 78 % 61.54 17.95 14.10 1.28 3.85 1.28 100.00 Vehicle-Hours of Occupation 12 7 8.25 1 3.75 1.5 33.5 % 35.82 20.90 24.63 2.99 11.19 4.48 100.00 (78/14)= 5.57 vehicles per space in a period of 5 hours Page | III
  • 34. Appendix Momtaz Plaza (6 Storied, Commercial Uses, Total Floor Area: 78304.83 sft.) Address: House No. 7, Road-04, Dhanmondi, Dhaka-1205 Survey: Parking Usage Survey by Patrol-On Street; Date: 13/05/2011; Day: Friday; Weather: Sunny and Humid 11.00 AM -1.00 PM 3.00 PM - 5.00 PM 6.00 PM - 7.00 PM 11.0011.15 GHA 319067 11.1511.30 KHA 115217 11.3011.45 GA 316116 11.4512.00 GA 157169 12.0012.15 GA 157159 12.1512.30 GA 157159 12.3012.45 PA142281 12.451.00 GA 299661 3.003.15 GA 238546 3.153.30 GA 669526 3.303.45 KA 578975 3.454.00 KA 578975 CHA 130065 CHA 130065 GA 131823 KHA 124020 KHA 124020 KHA 140349 GA 153149 GA 153149 GA 158766 KA 789996 GA 251226 GA 251226 GA 251226 GA 251226 GA 271671 GA 130222 GA 130222 GA 130222 GHA 432108 KA 674532 GA 076782 GA 789998 GA 114698 DA 141707 DA 141707 DA 141707 DA 141707 DA 141707 GA 275448 GA 322751 KA 112991 THA 132893 GA 173883 GA 173883 GA 173883 GA 173883 GA 173883 CHA 324432 KA 210076 GA 147792 GHA 117299 KHA 128492 KHA 130883 GA 251226 GA 251226 GA 251226 KHA 131840 PA 125643 KHA 970592 GHA 550874 KHA 919960 GA 820749 GA 820749 KHA 988867 GHA 954788 GHA 550874 GHA 118590 GA 820749 GA 141707 GA 141707 GA 120023 GA 250616 GA 284070 GA 140045 KHA 12-317 KA 086540 VA 111510 GA 214618 THA 133518 GA 136681 GA 175490 GA 194516 GA 194516 GA 194516 GA 194516 GA 194516 GA 194516 CHA 117865 GA 329854 GHA 225032 CHA 117865 PA 720789 KHA 925476 CHA 117865 KA 081982 KHA 925476 CHA 117865 GA 784975 CHA 458799 GA 298591 GA 298591 GA 298591 GA 298591 GA 298591 GA 123456 GA 123456 GA 123456 GA 253336 GHA 119700 PA 115270 CA 022993 PA 133221 PA 133221 GA 438297 GHA 559498 KA 039972 KHA 125169 GA 153709 GA 273708 GA 438477 GA 438477 6 3 3 11 9 PA 322134 8 8 8 8 6 8 KHA 057765 CHA 005598 KHA 908775 GA 450087 12 GA 459832 GA 145698 GHA 550874 GA 019570 4.004.15 KHA 977990 KHA 988867 GA 655779 4.154.30 KA 873355 4.304.45 KA 873355 KHA 988867 GA 655779 GA 780667 4.455.00 GHA 972266 GA 780667 GA 655779 KA 742254 KA 450579 KHA 553568 GHA 564779 GHA 324767 GA 820496 KA 950579 KHA 856586 GHA 862288 GA 520065 CHA 117865 GHA 587896 KA 453780 KA 517899 GA 715783 GHA 324767 KHA 925476 CHA 117865 GA 484968 CHA 759490 GHA 435979 GA 548976 GHA 730499 GHA 862288 GHA 324767 GA 820496 GHA 587896 KHA 650991 GHA 738993 GA 820496 KHA 517504 GHA 587896 KA 258956 GHA 569887 KHA 908775 6.006.15 KA 094666 GHA 080060 KHA 944550 KA 056778 GHA 970908 GHA 020944 KA 020998 KA 516754 GA 487778 6.156.30 KHA 897778 GHA 080060 CHA 044998 KA 056778 6.306.45 KA 009987 6.457.00 KA 009987 GA 002345 KA 054776 GHA 202040 KA 054776 KA 049831 KA 999960 GHA 809978 GHA 020944 KHA 001195 KHA 417774 GHA 980099 KA 959985 GHA 809978 GA 029984 GHA 809978 CHA 010045 KHA 001195 GHA 127865 GA 992239 KHA 001195 GA 110945 KA 009996 GHA 980099 KHA 058731 KA 242424 KA 998666 KA 998666 GA 450087 9 8 KHA 945456 KHA 899665 PA 449832 9 KA 077789 Arrival 5 7 8 GA 194516 7 Departure 6 6 7 6 7 8 4 6 8 7 10 12 7 7 8 11 8 11 8 10 11 12 13 12 7 6 11 12 13 12 10 12 11 12 13 12 12 13 Total 11 Page | IV
  • 35. Appendix Page | V
  • 36. Appendix Momtaz Plaza (6 Storied, Commercial Uses, Total Floor Area: 78304.83 sq. ft., Total Parking Area:13050.80)Address: House No. 7, Road-04, Dhanmondi, Dhaka-1205 11.00 AM -1.00 PM Survey: Parking Usage Survey by Patrol-Off Street Date: 13/05/2011; Day: Friday; Weather: Sunny and Humid 3.00 PM - 5.00 PM 6.00 PM - 7.00 PM Car No. 11.0011.15 11.1511.30 11.3011.45 11.4512.00 12.0012.15 12.1512.30 12.3012.45 12.451.00 3.003.15 3.153.30 3.303.45 3.454.00 4.004.15 4.154.30 4.304.45 4.455.00 6.006.15 6.156.30 6.306.45 1 CHA 532194 CHA 532194 KHA 110998 GA 311391 CHA 532194 KHA 110998 GA 311391 CHA 532194 KHA 110998 GA 311391 CHA 532194 CHA 532194 CHA 532194 CHA 532194 CHA 532194 CHA 532194 CHA 532194 CHA 532194 GA 311391 CHA 532194 KHA 110998 GA 311391 CHA 532194 3 CHA 532194 KHA 110998 GA 311391 CHA 532194 KHA 110998 CHA 532194 KHA 110998 GA 311391 CHA 532194 2 CHA 532194 KHA 110998 GA 311391 4 GA 196462 GA 255495 GA 196462 GA 255495 GA 255495 GA 255495 GA 255495 GA 255495 GA 255495 GA 255495 6 GA 253908 GA 253908 GA 253908 GA 253908 GA 253908 GA 253908 GA 253908 GA 253908 7 GA 137005 CHA 515792 GA 137005 CHA 515792 GA 313774 GA 137005 CHA 515792 GA 313774 GA 137005 CHA 515792 GA 313774 GA 137005 CHA 515792 GA 313774 GA 137005 CHA 515792 GA 313774 GA 137005 CHA 515792 GA 313774 No Of Times Seen 19 5 9 GA 313774 10 GA 295121 GA 295121 GA 295121 GA 295121 GA 295121 GA 295121 GA 295121 GA 295121 11 GA 238438 GA 238438 GA 238438 GA 238438 GA 238438 GA 238438 GA 238438 GA 238438 12 KA 110845 KHA 110015 KA 110845 KHA 110015 GA 236162 GA 314761 KA 110845 KHA 110015 GA 236162 GA 314761 KA 110845 KHA 110015 GA 236162 GA 314761 KA 110845 KHA 110015 GA 236162 GA 314761 KA 110845 KHA 110015 GA 236162 KA 110845 KHA 110015 GA 236162 KA 110845 KHA 110015 13 14 15 GA 236162 GA 314761 8 GA 311391 GA 311391 GA 311391 GA 311391 GA 311391 GA 311391 GA 311391 15 2 GA 137005 CHA 515792 GA 313774 8 6.457.00 GA 255495 GA 253908 GA 255495 GA 253908 GA 255495 GA 253908 GA 255495 GA 253908 GA 255495 GA 253908 GA 255495 GA 253908 GA 255495 GA 253908 GA 255495 GA 253908 GA 255495 GA 255495 GA 255495 GA 255495 20 GA 253908 GA 253908 GA 253908 GA 253908 20 8 CHA 515792 GA 313774 GA 295121 GA 238438 CHA 515792 GA 313774 CHA 515792 GA 313774 CHA 515792 GA 313774 CHA 515792 GA 313774 CHA 515792 GA 313774 CHA 515792 GA 313774 15 GA 313774 GA 313774 GA 313774 GA 313774 19 9 GA 238438 GA 238438 GA 238438 GA 238438 GA 238438 GA 238438 15 8 KHA 110015 KHA 110015 KHA 110015 KHA 110015 KHA 110015 KHA 110015 KHA 110015 KHA 110015 KHA 110015 KHA 110015 KHA 110015 KHA 110015 20 7 5 Page | V
  • 37. Appendix 16 KA 040781 KA 040781 KA 040781 KA 040781 KA 040781 KA 040781 KA 040781 KA 040781 17 GA 274453 GA 274453 GA 274453 GA 274453 GA 274453 GA 274453 GA 274453 GA 274453 18 GA 191814 GA 191814 GA 191814 GA 191814 GA 191814 GA 152091 GA 191814 GA 152091 GA 152091 GA 152091 GA 219459 GA 219459 GA 219459 19 20 KA 040781 GA 274453 KA 040781 GA 274453 KA 040781 GA 274453 KA 040781 GA 274453 KA 040781 GA 274453 KA 040781 GA 274453 KA 040781 GA 274453 KA 040781 GA 274453 KA 040781 KA 040781 KA 040781 KA 040781 20 16 6 21 22 GA 152091 GA 219459 CHA 458976 KA 678997 23 24 GA 152091 GA 219459 CHA 458976 KA 678997 GA 147887 KHA 560976 GA 152091 GA 219459 CHA 458976 KA 678997 GA 147887 KHA 560976 GA 152091 GA 219459 CHA 458976 GA 152091 GA 219459 CHA 458976 GA 152091 GA 152091 GA 152091 GA 152091 GA 152091 GA 152091 15 8 CHA 458976 CHA 458976 CHA 458976 CHA 458976 9 3 GA 147887 KHA 560976 GA 147887 KHA 560976 GA 147887 KHA 560976 25 GA 147887 KHA 560976 KA 565564 26 GA 147887 KHA 560976 KA 565564 GHA 453456 7 KHA 560976 8 2 GHA 453456 GHA 453456 GHA 453456 5 KA 453476 GHA291659 GA 436543 KHA 780453 27 GHA 453456 KA 453476 GHA291659 GA 436543 KHA 780453 KA 453476 GHA291659 GA 436543 KHA 780453 4 Arrival 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 2 2 0 0 0 0 1 1 4 0 0 KA 453476 GHA291659 GA 436543 KHA 780453 GHA 223412 1 Departure 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 3 1 0 1 0 1 0 3 3 2 0 3 18 17 17 18 18 17 16 15 16 16 15 15 14 15 13 14 12 12 10 28 29 30 31 Total 18 4 4 4 1 Page | VI
  • 38. Appendix Momtaz Plaza: On-Street Parking Off-Street Parking (Parking Terms Calculation) Parking Volume Off Street 31 Vehicle/5hour On Street 154 vehicle/5 hour Time On Street 11.00-11.15 11 11.15-11.30 10 11.30-11.45 11 11.45-12.00 12 12.00-12.15 13 12.15-12.30 12 12.30-12.45 7 12.45-1.00 6 3.00-3.15 11 3.15-3.30 12 3.30-3.45 13 3.45-4.00 12 4.00-4.15 10 4.15-4.30 12 4.30-4.45 11 4.45-5.00 12 6.00-6.15 13 6.15-6.30 12 6.30-6.45 12 6.45-7.00 13 Combined Average Accumulation Time 11.00-11.15 11.15-11.30 11.30-11.45 11.45-12.00 Combined 185 Vehicle/5hour Parking Accumulation Off Street 18 18 17 17 18 18 17 16 15 16 16 15 15 14 15 13 14 12 12 10 Parking Index and Spillover Total Parked No. of Space Vehicle(Combined) Available 29 28 28 28 28 28 29 28 Combined 29 28 28 29 31 30 24 22 26 28 29 27 25 26 26 25 27 24 24 23 26.55(per 15 minutes) Parking Index Parking Spill Over 103.57 100.00 100.00 103.57 1 0 0 1 12.00-12.15 31 28 110.71 3 12.15-12.30 30 28 107.14 2 12.30-12.45 12.45-1.00 3.00-3.15 3.15-3.30 3.30-3.45 3.45-4.00 24 22 26 28 29 27 28 28 28 28 28 28 85.71 78.57 92.86 100.00 103.57 96.43 0 0 0 0 1 0 Page | VII
  • 39. Appendix Parking Index and Spillover Time Total Parked No. of Space Vehicle(Combined) Available 4.00-4.15 25 28 4.15-4.30 26 28 4.30-4.45 26 28 4.45-5.00 25 28 6.00-6.15 27 28 6.15-6.30 24 28 6.30-6.45 24 28 6.45-7.00 23 28 Combined Average Parking Index Parking Turnover No. of Times Seen 1 2 3 4 5 6 No. of Times Seen 1 2 3-4 5-8 9-12 13-16 17-20 Average Duration(hour) 0.25 0.50 0.75 1.00 1.25 1.50 Average Duration(hour) 15 min 30 min 1 hour 2 hour 3 hour 4 hour 5 hour Parking Index Parking Spill Over 89.29 92.86 92.86 89.29 96.43 85.71 85.71 82.14 94.82 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 (185/28)= 6.607 vehicles per space in a period of 5 hours On-Street Parking Total Vehicle Parked 119 19 14 1 3 2 158 % 75.32 12.03 8.86 0.63 1.90 1.27 100.00 Vehicle-Hours of Occupation 29.75 9.5 10.5 1 3.75 3 57.5 Off-Street Parking Total Vehicle % Parked 1 3.23 2 6.45 5 16.13 10 32.26 2 6.45 5 16.13 6 19.35 31 100.00 Vehicle-Hours of Occupation 0.25 1 4.75 17.5 4.5 19 29.5 76.5 % 51.74 16.52 18.26 1.74 6.52 5.22 100.00 % 0.33 1.31 6.21 22.88 5.88 24.84 38.56 100.00 Page | VIII