Parking Demand & Supply Analysis of Different Commercial Land Uses Along Mirpur Road
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Parking Demand & Supply Analysis of Different Commercial Land Uses Along Mirpur Road

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“Parking” this term is one of the most important topics of discussion in the developing cities. In the cities like Dhaka where unplanned urbanization prevails in a greater extent; parking problem ...

“Parking” this term is one of the most important topics of discussion in the developing cities. In the cities like Dhaka where unplanned urbanization prevails in a greater extent; parking problem is the most common scenario there. In the developing countries cities are growing without considering the inherent increasing parking demand. Mirpur road is one of the most problematic roads of Dhaka city in context of parking problem. To assess the current scenario of the problems and to formulate some policy measures is the main focus of this study. In this study some major parking generators along Mirpur has been surveyed and their parking demand-supply situation has been analyzed. Considering the Parking Policy for the Dhaka Metropolitan Development Plan Area, 2002 and the results from the analysis some policy measures has been formulated to manage the parking demand more efficiently.

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Parking Demand & Supply Analysis of Different Commercial Land Uses Along Mirpur Road Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Presented by : Rifat Rahman (06 15 005) Nabila Nur Kuhu (06 15 009) Shahadat Hossain Shakil (06 15 020) Khaled Bin Abdul Quadir (06 15 030) 1
  • 2. Methodology Project Identification and Selection of Study Area Objective Formulation Literature Review Reconnaissance Survey and Selection of Study Parking Generators Parking Inventory Survey Parking Usage Survey by Patrol Demand-Supply Analysis Findings Recommendations Preparation of Final Report 2
  • 3. Objectives  To analyze present parking demand and supply situation of different commercial land uses along Mirpur road.  To formulate some recommendations for the improvements of present parking situation. 3
  • 4. Study Area Profile Mirpur Road One of the busiest road in Dhaka city From Azimpur to Gabtoli (8.05 km) Mamtaz Plaza for parking study Dhanmondi Plaza Potential area H-7, R-4, Dhanmondi H-18, R-6, Dhanmondi 6 Storied 5 Frontage 154.5 Feet 153.7 Total Floor Area 78304.83 sq.ft. 54505.85 sq. ft. Selected Parking Generator Dhanmondi Plaza Mamtaz Plaza 4 Source: Field Survey, 2011 Source: Google Earth Image Source: MediaFire; URL: http://www.mediafire.com/?zzmk4fkmnoiyzkj; Retrieved On: 27th April,2010
  • 5. Dhanmondi Plaza – Parking Supply Designated but illegal on-street  Absence of off-street parking parking Parking on the footpath Source: Parking Inventory Survey, 2011 Source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/38607288@N03/3836949412/ Source: Parking Inventory Survey, 2011 Source: Parking Inventory Survey, 2011 5
  • 6. Dhanmondi Plaza – Parking Supply(Contd…) On-Street Parking (Layout)  Designated, unmarked, angular parking  Capacity-12 vehicle at a time  No parking charge and regulation Source: Parking Inventory Survey, 2011 6
  • 7. Dhanmondi Plaza – Parking Demand Parking Volume = 78 vehicle/5 hour Parking Accumulation Total Parked Vehicle 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 Time Total Parked Vehicle Average Accumulation Average Accumulation = 8.5 vehicle/15 minute Peak Accumulation 12.00 AM - 1.00 PM and 6.00 PM - 7.00 PM Source: Parking Usage Survey by Patrol, 2011 7
  • 8. Dhanmondi Plaza – Parking Demand(Contd…) Parking Index and Parking Spillover 120 Percentage(%) 100 80 60 40 20 0 Time Capacity Used Capacity Unused Average Capacity Used Probability of PM - 1.00 Spillover 12.45Spillover PM Average Capacity Used 71% 11.00 AM-11.15 AM; 12.15 PM-12.30 PM; 6.00 PM-6.15 PM Source: Parking Usage Survey by Patrol, 2011 8
  • 9. Dhanmondi Plaza – Parking Demand(Contd…) Parking Turnover = 6.5 vehicle per space (5 hour) Vehicle-Hour Occupation 70.00 Percentage(%) 60.00 50.00 40.00 30.00 20.00 10.00 0.00 15 min 30 min 45 min 1 hour 1 hour 15 min 1 hour 30 min Averge Duration of Vehicle Total Parked Vehicle Vehicle-Hours of Occupation Shortvehicles average occupation 26 minutes Average vehicle-hour 61% duration parkingduration 15 minutes Source: Parking Usage Survey by Patrol, 2011 9
  • 10. Dhanmondi Plaza – Major Findings Absence of any kind of legal parking supply. (Field Survey) Designated but illegal on-street parking-12 parking spaces. (Field Survey) Highest parking demand is 13 vehicles/15 minutes interval. (Parking Accumulation)  71% of the existing capacity is being used. (Parking Index) Majority of the parking demand come for short term - 61% for 15 minutes. (Vehicle-Hours of Occupation) 10
  • 11. Dhanmondi Plaza – Recommendations  On-Street parking should be banned and provision of off-street parking. (Policies on Parking Regulation)  Total 15 parking bays should be provided in the underground.  Deterrent parking charge (50 taka for 10 minutes) for on-street parking (Policies on Managing Parking Demand)  Underground parking provision - parking charge (30 taka for 1 hour) to bear the maintenance cost and to discourage long term parking. (Policies on Managing Parking Demand) 11
  • 12. Mamtaz Plaza – Parking Supply Illegal On-Street Parking Vehicles are parked on two sides (just on the road)  Illegal On-Street Parking Underground Parking Provision Northern Side Source: Parking Inventory Survey, 2011 Eastern Side 12
  • 13. Mamtaz Plaza – Parking Supply(Contd…) On-Street Parking (Layout) Non designated, unmarked, parallel parking Cpacity-14 vehicles on both side No parking charge and disregarding parking regulation Source: Parking Inventory Survey, 2011 13
  • 14. Mamtaz Plaza – Parking Supply(Contd…) Off-Street Parking (Layout)  Designated, unmarked Capacity-28 vehicle Parking charge – 10 taka/hour Source: Parking Inventory Survey, 2011 14
  • 15. Momtaz Plaza – Combined Parking Demand Parking Accumulation Parking Volume On-Street 35 Total Parked Vehicle 154 vehicle/5 hour 30 Off-Street Combined 31 Vehicle/5hour 185 Vehicle/5hour 25 20 15 10 5 0 Time On Street Off Street Combined Average(Combined) Peak Accumulation 11.00 = 26.512.30 PM and 3.00 PM - 4.00 PM Average Accumulation AM - vehicle/15 minute Source: Parking Usage Survey by Patrol, 2011 15
  • 16. Momtaz Plaza – Combined Parking Demand (Contd..) Parking Index and Parking Spillover 120 Percentage(%) 100 80 60 40 20 0 Time Capacity Used Capacity Unused Average Capacity Used Spillover time spillover 11.15usage 95% AM Probability of period Combined average capacity AM – 11.45 11.00 AM-11.15 AM; 11.45 AM-12.30 PM and 3.30 PM-3.45 PM Source: Parking Usage Survey by Patrol, 2011 16
  • 17. Momtaz Plaza – Combined Parking Demand (Contd..) Vehicle-Hour of Occupation (Off-Street) per space (5 hour) Combined Parking Turnover (On-Street) Vehicle-Hour of Occupation = 6.61vehicle 45.00 40.00 Percentage(%) Percentage(%) 35.00 30.00 80.00 70.00 60.00 50.00 25.00 40.00 20.00 15.00 10.00 5.00 0.00 30.00 20.00 10.00 0.00 15 min 15 min 30 min 30 min 1 hour 45 min 2 hour 1 hour 3 hour 1 hour 15 min 1 hour 30 min 4 hour 5 hour Average Duration of Vehicle Average Duration of Vehicles Total Parked Vehicle Total Parked Vehicle Vehicle-Hours of Occupation Vehicle-Hours of Occupation Dominated by long term/day long parking Dominated by 15 minute duration/very short term parking Source: Parking Usage Survey by Patrol, 2011 17
  • 18. Momtaz Plaza – Major Findings  Illegal on-street parking reduces the effective carriageway width. (33’-0” reduces to 29’-0” : Field Survey)  Total capacity of the underground parking provision is 28 vehicles. (Field Survey)  Highest combined demand will be 31 vehicles/15 minutes. (Parking Accumulation)  Combinedly 95% of the capacity will be; Presently used 55% .(Parking Index)  Spillover likely to occur in peak period. (11.00 AM – 12.30 PM and 3.00 PM – 4.00 PM : Parking Spillover)  On-street parking - dominated by the short term parking characteristics Off-street parking - dominated by the longer parking duration. (Vehicle-Hours of Occupation) 18
  • 19. Momtaz Plaza – Recommendations  On-Street Parking : - Strictly prohibited through law enforcing agencies. (Policies on Enforcement of Regulations) - Alternate option : shifted and encouraged towards off-street parking through regulatory sign and low parking charge (10 taka/hour). - Variation in parking charge : peak hour (30 taka/hour); off-peak (10 taka/hour); to manage the parking demand with respect to the available capacity. (Policies on Managing Parking Demand)  Parking area should be improved in terms of ventilation and maintenance by the local authority with the revenue money collected in the form of parking charge. (Policies on Operation and Maintenance of Parking Facilities) 19
  • 20. Bibliography Kadiyali L.R. (2003), “Traffic Engineering and Transport Planning” Sixth Edition, Khanna Publishers, New Delhi.(page: 67-78) Rao K. V. K Mathew V. T. and., Introduction to Transport Engineering, Chapter-38(page: 38.1-38.10); Retrieved May 20, 2011 from: Centre for Distance Engineering EducationProgram,IIT,Bombay;URL:http://books.atishji.com/Transportation%20Engineering/Introduction%2 0to%20Transportation%20Engineering%20by%20Tom%20V.%20Mathew%20and%20K%20V%20Krishna %20Rao%20(BOOK)/nptel_ceTEI_L38.pdf Dhaka Transport Co-Ordination Board. (2002). Parking Policy for the Dhaka Metropolitan Development Plan Area. Retrieved May 20, 2011, from ib.pmo.gov.bd/legalms/pdf/parking_policy-Dhaka.pdf Ismail N. and Norhisham S. (2008). Case Study on Supply and Demand for University Parking Facilities in College of Engineering UNITEN. Retrieved May 21, 2011, from Universiti Tenaga Nasional: www.uniten.edu.my/.../UNITEN%20ICCBT%2008%20Case%20Study%20on%20Supply%... Pioneer Valley Metropolitan Planning Organization. (2006). Downtown Huntington Parking Study. Retrieved May 18, 2011, from Pioneer Valley Planning Comission: www.pvpc.org/resources/transport/Huntington_Report_Web.pdf 20
  • 21. Thanks for your patience... Q/A 21