Impact of Different Types of Land Use on Transportation System of Dhaka City : A Case Study of Mirpur Road
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Impact of Different Types of Land Use on Transportation System of Dhaka City : A Case Study of Mirpur Road

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Land use distribution and transportation both are very important issue for Dhaka city in recent period. To relate these two issues with each other is also a very effective job but a difficult one ...

Land use distribution and transportation both are very important issue for Dhaka city in recent period. To relate these two issues with each other is also a very effective job but a difficult one indeed. This study intends to find out the impact of different land use changes on the transportation system of Dhaka city. One of the most important roads of Dhaka city, Mirpur Road has been taken to understand and to analyze for this study. This study will help to take significant decisions and generate proper policies in transportation sector. It will also contribute to the attempts of combining land use planning and transportation planning. By assessing the land use change impact on transportation system, traffic management, congestion control and improvement of road network will be possible to make

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Impact of Different Types of Land Use on Transportation System of Dhaka City : A Case Study of Mirpur Road Impact of Different Types of Land Use on Transportation System of Dhaka City : A Case Study of Mirpur Road Presentation Transcript

  • Impact of Different Types of Land Use on Transportation System of Dhaka City: A Case Study of Mirpur Road and Its Adjacent Land Uses Presented by : Shancharpath Rifat Rahman (06 15 005) Nabila Nur Kuhu (06 15 009) Shahadat Hossain Shakil (06 15 020) Khaled Bin Abdul Quader (06 15 030)
  • Study Area Profile Mirpur Road (BRTC Market-Technical) Dhaka, Bangladesh Section-7 One of the Busiest Mirpur RoadCity End Section of Road of the -Mirpur Road Almost Linear in Shape Length : 1.05 km Dual Carriageway 1 Major Intersection – Technical Intersection Length : 8.05 km (Azimpur to Gabtoli) 7.40 km (Azimpur to Technical) High Traffic Congestion in the Peak Period Source: GIS Database, Sheltech (Pvt.) Ltd. (Consultancy Division) Ltd. (Consultancy Division) Source: GIS Database, Sheltech (Pvt.) Source: MediaFire; URL: http://www.mediafire.com/?zzmk4fkmnoiyzkj; Retrieved On: 27th April,2010
  • Objectives To explore the current pattern of land use distribution and traffic condition. To identify the trip rate for different types of land use. Identifying the impact of land use change on transportation system.
  • Methodology Project Identification and Selection of Study Area Literature Review Fixation of the Objectives Data Collection Primary Data Secondary Data Geometric Feature Survey of the Road Base Map Collection Roadside Land Use Survey Cross-Sectional Element Data of Road Trip Rate Analysis & Modal Share Survey Previous Land Use Distribution Data Traffic Volume Survey Previous Traffic Volume Data Journey and Spot Speed Survey Previous Speed Data Data Compilation Exploring the Current Land Use Pattern and Traffic Condition Trip Rate Calculation for Different Types of Land Use Impact Analysis for Land Use Change Major Findings and Recommendations Preparation of the Final Report
  • Present Traffic Condition and Land Use Pattern Traffic Condition: Capacity Geometric Features Ele me nts Av Elements Maximum(ft) Average(ft) Right of Direction way era t) 101.45 Mi 41.2 Av. Carriageway Width(feet) Lane width 11.26 (S-N) ni Ma xim Carriage way Minimum(ft) ge(f m(f (N-S) 61.5 mu um 130.1 t) (ft) 40.94 Rig 101. 130 ht 45 .1 52 6 1. of 5 wa 23 23.5 41.46 9 y Capacity(PCU/Hour) Median 4.6 Ca 41.2 rri 4895.124 11.3 52 age Foot path -Assuming 12’ as Per Lane Width NMT lane 7.78 4928.02 2.1 5 wa 15.75 11.2 ne 23 6 2.5 54 y La 24.58 2 3. 16 9 wid th -Design Capacity of Urban Arterial Road is 1400 PCU/Lane/Hour According to DITS (1994) •Total 62 intersections (43-T intersection; 7-Y intersection; 12 - 4 leg intersection) Me 4.6 11. 2. 3 1 15. 2. 75 dia 5 54 1 n Foo 7.78 •18-signalized and others un-signalized t pat h N •7 foot over bridges 24.5 M 8 6 T lan e Source: Field Survey, 2011 Source: Field Survey, 2011
  • Present Traffic Condition and Land Use Pattern(Contd..) Traffic Condition: Traffic Condition: Volume Modal Share Ele Volume (PCU/ Hour) me nts Direction Av Peak era Off-Peak Average 1279.11 1735.33 1620.31 ge(f 2149.33 3399.99 4621.97 t) North bound 2083.62 Mi 2437.89 ni xim South bound Ma mu um m(f t) (ft) Rig 5351.53 130 6 ht Both Side(Av.) 101. 45 .1 1. of 5 wa y Ca 41.2 52 2 rri 3. age 5 wa y La 11.2 ne 6 23 9 11. 2. 3 1 15. 2. 75 5 54 1 wid th Me 4.6 dia n Foo 7.78 t pat h N 24.5 M 8 6 T lan e Source: Field Survey, 2011
  • Present Traffic Condition and Land Use Pattern(Contd..) Traffic Condition: Traffic Condition: Level Speed – Spot Speed of Service Comparison for Journey Speed Speed – Journey Speed Journey Speed Comparision Direction(Northbound) Spot Speed Comparision 30 27.86 45 Year Speed Level of Service 38.25 40 25 2003 14.45 21 F 35 32.5 18.4 20 2006 17.20 27.86 D 15.94 27.685 30 14.45 25.575 15 2011 15.94 E 25 10 Source: 20 Direction(Southbound) 5 15 Year Speed 10 0 2003 17.20 Journey Speed-2003(K.P.H) Journey Speed-2006(K.P.H) 5 0 2006 21 Southbound Northbound Bus 2011 18.4 Level of Service E Journey Speed-2011(K.P.H) E Car E •Impacts of Policy Measures on Urban Transportation System: A Case Study of Mirpur Road; (2003), Report of Group-“Motion”, Transportation Speed-2003(K.P.H) Speed-2011(K.P.H) Planning Studio (PLAN 342), DURP Library, BUET, Dhaka. Source: •Performance Impact of Transportation Policy Shift on Mirpur Road – A Comparative Analysis; (2006), Report of Group-(01,04), Transportation •Impacts of Policy Measures on Urban Transportation System: A Case Study of Mirpur Road; (2003), Report of Group-“Motion”, Transportation Planning Studio (PLAN 342), DURP Library, BUET, Dhaka. Planning Studio (PLAN 342), DURP Library, BUET, Dhaka. •Field Survey, 2011 •Field Survey, 2011
  • Present Traffic Condition and Land Use Pattern(Contd..) Land Use Pattern(2011): Land Use Change(2007-2011): Mirpur Road Mirpur Road Under Construction 1.46 Residential -26.50 0% Commercial 15% Others 10.68 Education & Research Office 6.98 Garments Mixed 10% 1.93 Hospital Mixed Hospital 6.79 5% Office Garments 3% 2.29 Others Education & Research 13% Residential Commercial 1% Under construction -30.00 -20.00 -10.00 0.00 10.00 Change Percentage(%) 27% 18.24 26% 20.00 25.11 30.00 Source: Field Survey, 2011 Source: Field Survey, 2011; GIS Database 2007,Sheltech (Pvt.) Limited
  • Present Traffic Condition and Land Use Pattern(Contd..) Land Use Pattern(2011): Land Use Change(2007-2011): Section-7: BRTC Market-Technical Section-7: BRTC Market-Technical 11% Others -4.07 4% 0% Garments 12% Office 3.45 Residential 21% Education & Research 17.51 Hospital 2.72 Office 59.11 Garments 25% Commercial Activity -20.00 Residential 0.00 Hospital Education & Research Commercial Activity 27% 13.15 0.00 20.00 Others 40.00 Change Percentage(%) 60.00 80.00 Source: Field Survey,2011 Source: Field Survey, 2011;GIS Database 2007,Sheltech (Pvt.) Limited
  • Trip Rate Calculation Land Use Type No. of Sample Surveyed Highest Hourly Trip Rate (Per 1000 sq.ft.) Commercial 5 6.09 Residential 4 1.11 Educational 3 95.98/1000 Student Hospital 3 13.31 Office 3 8.66 Garments 2 37.77 Total 8 Hour Survey Conducted for Every Sample of All Land Use Type Source: Field Survey,2011
  • Trip Rate Calculation(Contd..) Land Use Change Traffic Land Use Change Traffic(PCU/Hr) Land Use Change Traffic(PCU/Hr) Calculation Procedure Mirpur Road Section-7(BRTC Market-Technical) 1600 Changed Person 1445.45 Modal Trip Rate Area -“Educational” -“Educational” and “Others” and “Others” isis excluded excluded from the from the calculation calculation Trip 1400 400.00 1200 350.00 300.00 1000 250.00 200.00 800 150.00 600 100.00 50.00 400 0.00 200 0 -200 -400 Occupancy No. of Total 2628.05 (PCU/Hr) Rate Vehicles Total 594.66 (PCU/Hr) 365.07 Share(%) Vehicle Trip PCE Value PCU/Hr Total 869.68 123.68 93.63 514.72 12.28 Commercial Residential Activity Hospital 50.14 Garments Commercial Residential Hospital -251.94 Garments Office
  • Trip Rate Calculation(Contd..) Forecasting Traffic Volume for 2013 (Section-7: BRTC Market-Technical) -Forecasted VolumeAnnual Growth Rate - Derivation of the Traffic Volume(PCU/Hr) Forecasted 6000 Present Increased Peak Hourly Peak Hourly Annual Growth Forecasted Increase in Annual (from Volume-2011 Volume 5000 Rate for 2 years Volume for 2013 Volume Volume Growth Rate (%) (PCU/Hr) 5 Years growth rate) Mode Growth (2006) (2011)4000 for 2013 3000 1 2 3=(2*1) 4=(1+3) 2000 5021 5226.7 205.7 41.14 Car 1104.14 18.093 1122.23 1000 93.55 Microbus 1.53 95.083 Office Vehicle 0.19 12.10 0 11.91 2009 Taxi 59.13 2006 0.96 2011 60.10 Peak CNG Volume(PCU/Hr) Hourly 4826.5 386.66 5021 6.33 5226.7 393 Off-Peak Hourly Bus 2121.72 (0.82*2)/100 34.76 2156.49 4103 4075.1 3338.3 Volume(PCU/Hr) School Bus 0.73 0.01 0.74 = Average Hourly Human 0.016 4632.8 4460 3997.4 Volume(PCU/Hr) Hauler 45.27 0.74 46.01 Source: Motorcycle 166.91 2.73 169.64 Performance Impact of Transportation Policy Shift on Mirpur Road – A Comparative Analysis; (2006), Report of Group-(01,04), Transportation Rickshaw 1153.10 18.89 1172 Planning Studio (PLAN 342), DURP Bicycle BUET, Dhaka. Library, 83.54 1.36 84.91 DTCB-2009 Volume Data Total 5312.35 5226.7 85.65 Field Survey,2011 0.82
  • Trip Rate Calculation(Contd..) Forecasting Development Traffic in 2013 (Section-7: BRTC Market-Technical) - Total PCU Generated from the Under Construction Commercial Complex in 2013 Trip Rate-In Peak (Per 1000 sq.ft./Per Hr. ) Area (sq.ft.) 195866.43 Area (sq.ft.) 195866.432 Trip Rate-In Peak (Per 1 sq.ft./Per Hr. ) 6.09 Trip Rate-In Peak (Per 1000 sq.ft/Per Hr. ) 6.09 Total Person Trip(Per Hr.) 0.00609 Trip Rate-In Peak (Per 1 sq.ft/Per Hr. ) 0.00609 Total PCU/Hr 1193.31 Total Person Trip(Per Hr.) 1193.314712 331.08
  • Land Use Change Impact Impact for Land Use Change (Mirpur Road) Impact for Land Use Change (BRTC Market-Technical) Impact for Development Traffic in 2013 (BRTC Market-Technical)
  • Land Use Change Impact(Contd..) Impact for Land Use Change (Mirpur Road) Capacity of Mirpur Road (Azimpur – Technical) Direction Bothway Average Carriageway Width(feet) 82.4 No. of lanes (Assuming 12’ as Per Lane Width) 6.867 Standard Capacity/Lane (PCU/Hr) 1400 Total Capacity (PCU/Hr) 6.867*1400 = 9613.33 Source: Field Survey 2011 Comparison of LOS for Land Use Change (for Peak Hourly Traffic Flow) Traffic Volume Year 2006 Year 2011 (without Landuse Change Traffic) Estimated Capacity (PCU/hr) 4995.35 (PCU/hr) (5351.53 -2703.77) = 2647.76 Year 2011 ( with Landuse Change Traffic) 5351.53 V/C ratio (Traffic Volume/Capacity) Level of Service (LOS) 0.52 A 0.28 A 0.54 A 9613.33
  • Land Use Change Impact(Contd..) Impact for Land Use Change (BRTC Market-Technical) Capacity of Section-7 (BRTC Market – Technical) Direction Average No. of lanes Carriageway (Assuming 12’ as Per Capacity/Lane Width(feet) Lane Width) Bothway 81.82 6.818 Standard Total Capacity (PCU/Hr) (PCU/Hr) 1400 6.818*1400 = 9545.67 Source: Field Survey 2011 Comparison of LOS for Land Use Change (for Peak Hourly Traffic Flow) Traffic Volume Year 2006 Year 2011 (without Landuse Change Traffic) Estimated Capacity (PCU/hr) 5021 (PCU/hr) (5226.7594.7) = 4632 Year 2011 ( with Landuse Change Traffic) 5226.7 V/C ratio (Traffic volume/Capacity) Level of Service (LOS) 0.53 A 0.485 A 0.55 A 9545.67
  • Land Use Change Impact(Contd..) Impact for Development Traffic in 2013 (BRTC Market-Technical) Impact on LOS in 2013 for New Construction Traffic Volume (PCU/hr) Year 2011 Year 2013 (without Development Traffic) Estimated Capacity (PCU/hr) V/C ratio (Traffic volume/Capacity) Level of Service (LOS) 5226.7 0.55 A 5312.3 0.56 A 0.59 A 9545.67 Year 2013 ( with Development Traffic) (5312.3+331.1) =5643.4
  • Major Findings The average carriage way width of the road is 82.4 which is quite satisfactory but the peak hourly traffic volume 5351.53 PCU is quite high. Journey Speed and Spot Speed is deteriorating over the period. Commercial and Educational land use change is in the dominating position and Residential land use change is in a negative trend. Peak hourly traffic volume from the land use is dominated by the commercial land uses(1445.45 PCU/hr) The vehicle capacity ratio (v/c) is increasing over the time which indicates deterioration of the road condition according to the standards of the LOS.
  • Recommendations Commercial land uses act as the major point of traffic generation and attraction for this road, there should be strong restrictions, regulations and guidelines for establishing any kind of new commercial land use along this road. Garments and Educational land use generate and attract a huge amount of traffic at a specific time which creates a huge pressure on the road in a certain time period. The establishment of any new Garments and Educational institution should be strictly prohibited on this road to reduce the peak hourly traffic flow.
  • References • Sharmin N. Rupom N. J. and Sadat K.(2011) Developing a Generic Methodology for Traffic Impact Assessment of a Mixed land Use in Dhaka City, (2011), Chapter (1-8), BURP Thesis of Group-02, DURP, BUET, Dhaka. •Performance Impact of Transportation Policy Shift on Mirpur Road – A Comparative Analysis; (2006), Report of Group-(01,04), Transportation Planning Studio (PLAN 342), DURP Library, BUET, Dhaka. •Impacts of Policy Measures on Urban Transportation System: A Case Study of Mirpur Road; (2003), Report of Group-“Motion”, Transportation Planning Studio (PLAN 342), DURP Library, BUET, Dhaka. •Mitra, R. (2004), Land Use- Transportation Cycle Reexamined: A Case Study of Land Use Changes in Dhanmondi R/A and its Impacts on Mirpur Road, World Habitat Day 2004 Souvenir, Centre for Urban Studies (CUS) and Bangladesh Institute of Planners (BIP), Dhaka, Bangladesh. •Rahman M. M. (2006), “Study of parking Facility for the New Market Shopping Zone in Dhaka City ” Unpublished MURP Thesis, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, Dhaka. •Kadiyali L.R. (2003), “Traffic Engineering and Transport Planning” Sixth Edition, Khanna Publishers, New Delhi.(page: 823-828)
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