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Image of Chawk Bazar an Analysis from Physical and Socio-Economic Perspective
Image of Chawk Bazar an Analysis from Physical and Socio-Economic Perspective
Image of Chawk Bazar an Analysis from Physical and Socio-Economic Perspective
Image of Chawk Bazar an Analysis from Physical and Socio-Economic Perspective
Image of Chawk Bazar an Analysis from Physical and Socio-Economic Perspective
Image of Chawk Bazar an Analysis from Physical and Socio-Economic Perspective
Image of Chawk Bazar an Analysis from Physical and Socio-Economic Perspective
Image of Chawk Bazar an Analysis from Physical and Socio-Economic Perspective
Image of Chawk Bazar an Analysis from Physical and Socio-Economic Perspective
Image of Chawk Bazar an Analysis from Physical and Socio-Economic Perspective
Image of Chawk Bazar an Analysis from Physical and Socio-Economic Perspective
Image of Chawk Bazar an Analysis from Physical and Socio-Economic Perspective
Image of Chawk Bazar an Analysis from Physical and Socio-Economic Perspective
Image of Chawk Bazar an Analysis from Physical and Socio-Economic Perspective
Image of Chawk Bazar an Analysis from Physical and Socio-Economic Perspective
Image of Chawk Bazar an Analysis from Physical and Socio-Economic Perspective
Image of Chawk Bazar an Analysis from Physical and Socio-Economic Perspective
Image of Chawk Bazar an Analysis from Physical and Socio-Economic Perspective
Image of Chawk Bazar an Analysis from Physical and Socio-Economic Perspective
Image of Chawk Bazar an Analysis from Physical and Socio-Economic Perspective
Image of Chawk Bazar an Analysis from Physical and Socio-Economic Perspective
Image of Chawk Bazar an Analysis from Physical and Socio-Economic Perspective
Image of Chawk Bazar an Analysis from Physical and Socio-Economic Perspective
Image of Chawk Bazar an Analysis from Physical and Socio-Economic Perspective
Image of Chawk Bazar an Analysis from Physical and Socio-Economic Perspective
Image of Chawk Bazar an Analysis from Physical and Socio-Economic Perspective
Image of Chawk Bazar an Analysis from Physical and Socio-Economic Perspective
Image of Chawk Bazar an Analysis from Physical and Socio-Economic Perspective
Image of Chawk Bazar an Analysis from Physical and Socio-Economic Perspective
Image of Chawk Bazar an Analysis from Physical and Socio-Economic Perspective
Image of Chawk Bazar an Analysis from Physical and Socio-Economic Perspective
Image of Chawk Bazar an Analysis from Physical and Socio-Economic Perspective
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Image of Chawk Bazar an Analysis from Physical and Socio-Economic Perspective

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  • 1. Image of Chawk Bazar: An analysis from Physical andSocio-economic PerspectivePrepared byGroup 02Afia Sultana Shanta (06 15 002)Swarna Bintay Kadir (06 15 017)Shahadat Hossain Shakil (06 15 020)Mohammed Hamidul Hasan Nabin (06 15 021)Date: 16thof November, 2009Prepared forDr. Shakil AktherAssistant ProfessorDr. Ishrat IslamAssistant ProfessorDepartment of URP, BUET
  • 2. iAcknowledgementThe inspiration and help of the surrounding people and teachers is very much needed to completea good report. First of all, thanks to the merciful and benevolent creator to give us patience,energy and capability to work hard for completing the report.We wish to express our earnest gratitude to our respectable course teachers Dr. Israt Islam,Assistant Professor and Dr. Mohammad Shakil Akther, Assistant Professor, Department ofUrban and Regional Planning, BUET for their intimate co-operation and support, valuableadvice, comment, constant encouragement and supervision which have helped us to carry outthis study successfully.In addition, we are grateful to librarian of URP Library and Central Library of BUET, AsiaticSociety of Bangladesh and Public Library who have helped us with necessary reference books.We are very grateful to the local people of our study area without their help we cannot completeour survey work. For FGD, we must thank Mr. Abul Kashem Khan, President, BangladeshMonihari Banik Samity, Chawk Bazar for his unforgettable support. We also want to give ourcordial thanks to our classmates and senior students of Department of Urban and RegionalPlanning, BUET for their friendly support. For making our knowledge enriched, thanks to pre-researchers for their meaningful, thoughtful thesis.
  • 3. iiTable of contentsPage NoAcknowledgement ……………………………………………………………… iTable of contents ……………………………………………………………....... iiList of illustrations …………………………………………………………….... iiiChapter 01: Introduction …………………………………………………....... 11.1 Background of the Study ……………………………………………… 11.2 Profile of the study area ……………………………………................. 11.3 Objectives ……………………………………………………………... 21.4 Methodology ………………………………………………………… 21.5 Limitation of the study ………………………………………………... 2Chapter 02: Image of the Chawk Bazar area ………………………………... 32.1 Major events over the ages …………………………………................. 42.2 Structural change …………………………...................................... 52.3 Road and transportation ……………………………………................. 52.4 Change in land use …………………………………………................. 62.5 Business pattern ……………………………………………………. 62.6 Plot division and rent ………………………………………................. 72.7 Festivals ……………………………………………............................ 72.8 Religious activities ……………………………………………………. 8Chapter 03: Land use analysis ……………………………………………… 103.1 Distribution of Buildings according to storey ……….......................... 103.2 Distribution of Buildings according to Construction Type …………… 113.3 Roads and Lanes………………………………………………………. 113.4 Various features of selected plots……………………………………... 123.5 Change in floor wise land use of selected plots over the period ……… 13Chapter 04: Major findings and policy recommendations………………….. 144.1 Problems of the Chawk Bazar area …………………………………… 144.2 Recommendations……………………………………………………... 154.3 SWOT analysis ……………………………………………………….. 164.4 Conclusion ……………………………………………………………. 16Appendices ……………………………………………………………………... 17-24
  • 4. iiiList of FiguresPage NoFig 1: Sketch of Chawk (1809) by Dowly……………………………………... 4Fig 2: Marium Canon, Chawk Bazar (1890)…………………………………... 4Fig 3: Chawk Bazar (1904)……………………………………………………. 5Fig 4: Islampur Road (1905)…………………………………………………… 5Fig 5: Iftary at Chawk Bazar…………………………………………………… 8Fig 6: Chawk Bazar Shahi Mosque……………………………………………. 8List of ChartsPage NoChart 1: Distribution of buildings of Chawk Bazar according to the number ofStorey……………………………………………………………………………9Chart-2: Distribution according to number of floors………………………….... 10List of TablesPage NoTable-1: Chronological change of the Chawk Bazar ………………………… 9Table-2: Distribution according to number of floors…………………………. 10Table-3 Distribution of Buildings according to Construction Type ………… 11Table-4 Size of different features of the area…………………………………. 11Table-5: Various features of selected plots …………………………………... 12Table-6 Floor wise land use and Time frame of selected plots……………….. 13
  • 5. PLAN 312Urban Planning Studio1Chapter 01Introduction1.1 Background of the StudyThe ancient city Dhaka which is located on the left bank of the river ‘Buriganga’ has somesignificant history of 400 years. It has passed through many vicissitudes. It got priority as tradecentre as well as military post in Mughal period and as capital city after the war of Independence.The pre-Mughal Dhaka had 52 bazars and 53 lanes. It was known for its industrial andcommercial activity. During Mughal period among these bazars, Chawk Bazar became the centreof commercial sector and social interaction. The name of the bazar was ‘Badshahi bazar’ at thattime which was mainly a place for retail business. But gradually the bazar was occupied by thewholesale business. This transformation has completed by the year 1930. At present, it is one ofthe major wholesale business areas. Maximum development of Chawk Bazar took place duringthe Mughal period. But now-a-days it has started to lose its charm and traditional glory forincreasing density and congestion.Chawk Bazar area though signifies a lot, but the existing situation can never support the futuregrowth unless the old city is immediately brought under a redevelopment scheme.1.2 Profile of the study area1.2.1 Chawk BazarChawk Bazar is a business area which belongs to Lalbag thana. It is situated in the south-eastpart of 64 no. ward (Map-1, 2). It was established on the left bank of river Buriganga. It issurrounded by the ‘Shahi Mosque Road’ and the ‘Chawk Circular Road’ (Map-3). The area issquare shaped as before. The whole area of Chawk Bazar covers 89 katha (approx.).1.2.2 Selected plots of the areaAmong the total 395 plots of Chawk Bazar (according to the DCC base map) we have studied 9plots (Map-4). The holding number of the plots are- 340, 341, 341/A, 342, 351, 352/A, 353, 354,385/2. The selected plots are located along the Shahi Mosque Road and just opposite to theShahi Mosque.
  • 6. PLAN 312Urban Planning StudioMap-2: Base map of ward no. 64 (Chawk Bazar area is marked)Map-1: Map of Dhaka Metropolitan area (Wardno. 64 red marked) 1-A
  • 7. PLAN 312Urban Planning StudioMap-3: Map of Chawk Bazar (Study Plots red marked) Map-4: Location of selected plots1-B
  • 8. PLAN 312Urban Planning Studio21.3 ObjectivesFollowing objectives have been designed to perform the study: To explore the image of Chawk Bazar over the ages. To study existing land use pattern in around Chawk Bazar. To identify the problems and prospects of Chawk Bazar from planning perspectives.1.4 Methodology1.5 Limitation of the studyIn this study the main constraints is the shortage of time for the project. In this shortestperiod of time it’s not possible to collect all the relevant data in a proper manner. Otherlimitations are unsuitable condition of the study area, unsuitable time period of therespondents for collect data. In spite of all this limitations we have tried our level best.Site selectionFormulation of objectivesCollection of base mapPreparation of check list, questionnaireReconnaissance surveyData collectionSecondary DataData analysisPreparation of the reportPrimary dataFGD Questionnaire Base map analysisLiterature review
  • 9. PLAN 312Urban Planning Studio3Chapter 02Image of the Chawk Bazar areaIn this study we will use the term ‘image’ to visualize the past situation (1600-2009) of theChawk Bazar area. We will explore the image of the Chawk with the help of some variables.Such as-The image of the Chawk is created by the combination of the literature review and focus groupdiscussion about the study area. From the literature review we try to find out the pre-liberationhistorical background of the area and the post-liberation situation which is extracted from thefocus group discussion session.While researching about the historical background of the area, we subdivide the history withsome major sequential time period. It is given below. Major events over the ages Structural change Road and transportation Change in land use Business pattern Plot division and rent Festivals Religious activityChronological change of theChawk Bazar areaMughal Period (1600-1764)East India Company (1764-1857)British Colonization (1858-1947)Pakistan Period (1947-1971)Post Liberation (1971-2009)
  • 10. PLAN 312Urban Planning Studio42.1 Major events over the ages In 1602, Mughal Commander Raja Man Singh came to East Bengal to resist revolt andshifted his headquarter from Bhawal to the present central jail which was actually a fort.Chawk Bazar started to establish around that fort. Near the year 1608, Chawk Bazar was completely established near the Mughal fort whichwas the administrative center of that time. The governor house is inside the fort in thattime. It became one of the prominent market place in South-East Asia and the place forshopping for aristocrat person of Dhaka since Murshid Kuli Khan rebuilt (1702) Chawkas ‘Badshahi Bazar’. In 1733-34, the bazar was rebuilt. Near the year 1800, it became a place for trading slaves. In the year 1832 former collector Mr. Walter demolished all the shops of Chawk bazarand surrounded the whole area by a wall of 460 feet length, 4 feet height and 0.5 feetwidth. He made 16 gates for entrance. He established a famous canon of Dhaka named‘Bibi Marium’ in front of the Chawk which was previously situated at ‘Shawari Ghat’and also widen the road between Islampur and Chawk Bazar. In1869, a question was arose about redevelopment of Chawk Bazar but the local peopleprotested that initiatives. In 1917, Patrick Geddes proposed to remove the jail from the Chawk area. By 1930, Chawk, the Mughal retail business area, changed its characteristics and becamea wholesale centre.Fig 2: Marium Canon, Chawk Bazar (1890)Source:http://img391.imageshack.us/ifs/3138/img370/2/picture13of0.jpgFig 1: Sketch of Chawk (1809) by DowlySource: http://www.banglatorrents.com/desher-chhobi/7893-sketch-of-sir-charles-doyly.html4
  • 11. PLAN 312Urban Planning Studio52.2 Structural changeDuring the Mughal period the shops of the Chawk were kutcha with thatched roof. According toCharles Dowly, in 1809, Chawk was looked like a square whereas each side was approximately200 feet and it was demarcated by a low wall. In British period, a wooden made death Chamberwas placed in middle of the Chawk. Near the year 1950, Chawk burned completely by anaccident. In that period, the foundations of the shops were soil made and the roof was coveredwith fabric made of jute. During the liberation war of Bangladesh, Chawk was again demolishedby the Pakistani army by setting on fire. Later in the year 1972, again new shops were built withwood, brick and soil. After a few days, for the need of storage purpose many shops started tomake vertical expansion by wood. During the year 1974, Chawk again demolished by fire forelectric short-circuit. This time fire spread quickly for the wooden structure. For this reason, laterthey started to build shop with brick and concrete.2.3 Road and transportationChawk flourished as a successful market place for its convenient geographical location, justbeside the Buriganga, having very easy water based transport mode in those days. In the Mughalera, the road network in the Chawk was kutcha and the principal mode of transportation is Horseand Elephant. All the government shipments of the Bengal were came through the ‘Bara Katra’and ‘Choto Katra’ gate. During the British ruling, roads were made of brick. ImportantFig 3: Chawk Bazar (1904)Source:http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_J8vxOnQ-PxA/UffC9RsNLJc/s400/2.jpgFig 4: Islampur Road (1905)Source:http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_ZPf1HUBNp4/RASHF0dpVI/FXU/T8/s60-/R.jpg
  • 12. PLAN 312Urban Planning Studio6transport mode in that time was ‘Four Wheeler Horse Cart’. During the period of Ayub Khan,roads were reconstructed with concrete. Then Aziz Motors introduced a school bus servicenamed ‘Red Ford’ from Swadarghat to Nawabpur for 1 ana. For increasing population density,this service was later stopped. The entire road network around the Chawk was made during theBritish period. No new road was made or widen after that period.2.4 Change in land useThe Chawk Bazar area was an unused open space before the Mughal era. After the Mughalheadquarter had been transferred from Bhawal to Chawk area, the open space transformed into abazar. It also became important for its administrative use because the governor house was insidethe fort adjacent to Chawk. During the ruling of East India Company the boundary of Chawkwas clearly demarcated with several entrances. In that period, Chawk loosed its characteristics asa retail business center by transforming into a wholesale business center. During the BritishColonization, Chawk became a prominent market place in this sub-continent. Foreign tradersfrom different countries came to this place for export and import goods. In the Period ofPakistan, it regains its popularity as a business as well as administrative center. In that period, itruns the economy of the former East Pakistan. At present, the land use of Chawk is totallycommercial with extensive level of use of the space. In the long history of Chawk Bazar, anykind of residential function was always absent inside the Chawk area. It was always used as acommercial and administrative area.2.5 Business patternIn the Mughal period, being rich in merchandise, the Chawk served both upper and poor classedresidents. The market was a nucleus around which foreign companies were conducting theirtrade in the period of East India Company; it gradually loosed its character of retail business bytransforming to an area of wholesale business at the end of the year 1930. In Chawk, during theBritish period, mainly local goods were sold. Such as- Alta, Mirror, Flute, Marble etc. After1960, foreign goods started to enter in the market among which China was prominent. Afterliberation, the industrial sector of the Bangladesh started to flourish. In that time, product fromChawk bazar such as- Tibet snow, Polestar fabric exported to foreign countries. At present,foreign goods ruling over the locally produced goods.
  • 13. PLAN 312Urban Planning Studio72.6 Plot division and rentDuring the Mughal era the ownership of the shops position was in the hand of the Mughal ruler.During British colonization, a Cadastral Survey was performed by the government. Then theownership of the shops position was transferred to private individuals. The individual shopownership shifted to the heirs of the former shop owners chronologically over the ages. As aresult today the owner of any shop is 4-10 people depending on the family size, each holding avery small share. For this reason, the size of the shops in the Chawk, become very small over theperiod.At present days the ownership of the shops in the Chawk are jointly in the hand of 3 parties.They are- owner of the shop, the position holder, and the shop keeper. In the period of 1950, itcosts 3000-5000 taka to take a position in the Chawk area. Today it reached in an amount of 50-60 lacks. During 1950, the rent of the shop varies in the range of 15-20 taka. At present it variesin the range of 10000-30000 taka. Shop rent increased comparatively slowly in the Pakistanperiod but after 1971 it increased dramatically. Here is a table of land value at Chawk Bazar inseveral periods. (Appendix- Table No.1)2.7 FestivalsChawk Bazar remains as the focus place throughout the ages for traditional festivals of Dhakacity. The tradition of the Iftary Bazar started since Mughal period. It became famous duringBritish ruling. Today it becomes a significant part of our country’s culture. There are varioustraditions in Chawk area as well as in old Dhaka. One of them is surrounding the Chawk by thenew bridegroom before marriage. The tradition of Halkhata started during the Mughal periodwhich is still performed as a main occasion of the first day of Bengali year. In the day ofMaharram, the natives of the Chawk arrange free beatle and juice for the people of theprocession. The tradition of arranging a 3 day festival for pickles after the day of Eid started afterliberation. During the Mughal period, Chawk Bazar was famous for various kinds of Mughlaifood such- kabab, biriany, shahi sweets etc. But at present these foods are not available in theChawk except the month of Holy Ramadan. They scattered from Chawk in various areas of oldDhaka over the period.
  • 14. PLAN 312Urban Planning Studio82.8 Religious activitie‘Chawk Bazar Shahi Mosque’ was established by Nawab Shayesta Khan in the year 1676.Aristocrat persons of the Dhaka performed their Eid prayers in that mosque and ‘Marsia’ (areligious prayer) was recited in front of the mosque in the month of Holy Ramadan. During therule of East India Company, many people gathered in the courtyard of the ‘Shahi Mosque’ for‘Moulad’ festival in the day of ‘Fateha Eiazdaham’.The religious value of Chawk was increased for the presence of the mazar of ‘Shah Nuri Golah’inside of the Chawk and for the mazar of Mowlana Hafez Ahmed. Many people come fromdistant places to visit these two mazars. Various Muslim traditions such as ‘Tazia Michil’; ‘EidRally’ become famous in this area after Pakistan got its independence.Fig 5: Iftary at Chawk BazarSource:http://nation.ittefaq.com/issues/2007/09/15/3517_1.jpgFig 6: Chawk Bazar Shahi MosqueSource:http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f3/Chawkbazar_Shahi_Mosque_by_Ragib_Hasan.jpg
  • 15. PLAN 312Urban Planning Studio9At a glance image of the Chawk Bazar over the agesPeriodStructuralchangeLand use RoadnetworkFestivals BusinesspatternLanddivisionand priceMughal Period(1600-1764)KutchawiththatchedroofCenter ofadministratio-nWaterbasedtransport-ation andkutcharoadIntroduction ofthe IftaryBazarRetail marketof highmerchandiseserving allLandownershipunder thesupervisio-n of therulerEast IndiaCompany (1764-1857)Boundarydemarcatio-n of thebazar andformationof severalentrancesTransformati-on into aprominentmarket placefor retail andwhole salegoodsCelebration of‘FatehaEiazdaham’throughMoulad andrecitation ofMarsia inRamadanTransformatio-n of retailmarket into awholesalemarketBritishColonization(1858-1947)Foundationmade withsoil androof madeof jutefabricFormatio-n ofbrickroad‘Tazia Michil’in the day ofMaharramand‘Eid Rally’Market withtheprominenceof local goodsOwnershipshifted toprivatehandPakistan Period(1947-1971)SinglestoriedwoodenbuildingA place forboth highlycommercialandadministrativ-e usesRoadexpansio-n withthe use ofconcreteIntroduction ofkite festival,kashida song,stick fightForeigngoods startedto enter intothe marketLand priceand rentincreasedslowlyPost Liberation(1971-2009)Formationof buildingusingconcretewith moreverticalexpansionIntensivecommercialuses;importantrole in theeconomyCongesti--on in theroad forlesscarryingcapacityPickle festivalfor 3 days justafter Eid dayA hugemarket forboth foreignand localgoodsBoth priceand rentincreasedextremelyTable-1: Chronological change of the Chawk Bazar Source: Literature ReviewVariable
  • 16. PLAN 312Urban Planning Studio10Table-2: Distribution according to number of floorsSource: Base Map analysisChapter 03Land use analysisSince Mughal period the characteristics of land use is remained same. We have performedquestionnaire survey on 9 plots and analyze the base map of Ward no: 64 and other secondarysources to get a real picture of the land use of Chawk Bazar area. We have found changes in thebuilding height and also in the business pattern.2.1 Distribution of Buildings according to storeyBy analyzing the above chart we determine the average height of the buildings.Weighted mean =× × × × × ×=× × × × × ×= 2.41 StoreyFrom the above value we can easily assume that the average height of the buildings of theChawk Bazar is 21-25 feet whereas in Mughal to pre liberation period it was 0-10 feet (literaturereview). So we can conclude that the height of the building increase gradually over the periodwith an increase in the level of activities.19%44.30%22.40%7%5.70%1.60%1 Storied2 Storied3 Storied4 Storied5 Storied6 StoriedStorey Number Percentage1 73(n1) 19.0%2 170(n2) 44.3%3 86(n3) 22.44 27(n4) 7.0%5 22(n5) 5.7%6 6(n6) 1.6%Total 384 100%Chart-1: Distribution according to number of floors
  • 17. PLAN 312Urban Planning Studio112.00%97.20%0.80%Semi PuccaPuccaUnder ConstructionChart-02: Distribution of Buildings according toConstruction TypeTable-3 Distribution of Buildings according toConstruction TypeSource: Base Map analysis2.2 Distribution of Buildings according to Construction TypeThe above distribution shows that most of the buildings of Chawk are pucca.2.3 Roads and LanesSome data about the area are given below:Total No. ofPlotsTotal Area ofPlots(Katha)Average Plotsize(sq.ft/plot)No of roadside PlotTotal area ofroad (Katha)Total area oflanes (Katha)384 69.62 130.32 59 59 19.38Table-4 Size of different features of the area Source: Base Map analysisFrom above table we can derive that the total number of road side plot is 59. Rest of the 336plots share the interconnected narrow lanes. The area of lanes is 19.38 katha. The usage of lanesper plot is 41.53 sq. ft.The overall land use of the Chawk Bazar area is commercial. It’s a centre of both retail andwholesale market. There is no residential use inside the market area.ConstructionTypeNumber PercentageSemi Pucca 8 2.0%Pucca 384 97.2%UnderConstruction3 0.8%Total 395 100%
  • 18. PLAN 312Urban Planning Studio122.3 Various features of selected plotsAccording to the check list, questionnaire, base map we have got some data about land use andphysical condition. Every building is established after liberation war and the average plot size is288 sq. ft. Among these 9 plots all are used in commercial purposes, 8 are wholesale and the restone is both commercial and retail. The data of these plots is given below in tabular format.Hold.NoNo. ofBuildi--ngsName Storey Color PlotSizesq.ftEstablish-mentYearConsturcti--onMetarialLand useand Criteria340 1 AlauddinSweets Ltd.4 Ash/Gray320 1982 Brick,Concrete,TinSheddingCommercial,Wholesale341 1 M/s RajaTraders6 NoColor499 2008 Brick,ConcreteCommercial,Wholesale341/A 1 Muhammodia Ator &Co.5 NoColor321 1980 Brick,ConcreteCommercial,Wholesale3422FamousImitation5 NoColor6821985 Brick,ConcreteCommercial,Wholesaleand RetailFarooq &Brothers5 NoColor1985 Brick,CincreteCommercial,Wholesale351 1 Ator House& Co.2 NoColor64 1972 Brick,ConcreteCommercial,Wholesale352/A 1 M/s AmenaStore2 White 137 1975 Brick,ConcreteCommercial,Wholesale353 1 Capital CapHouse1 NoColor347 1986 Brick,ConcreteCommercial,Wholesaleand Retail354 1 Ibrahim &Sons2 NoColor104 1975 Brick,ConcreteCommercial,Wholesale385/2 1 AbdulHalimMasion3 Blue 114 1972 Brick,ConcreteCommercial,WholesaleTable-5: Various features of selected plots Source: Base Map analysis , Questionnaire and Check list (Oct,09)
  • 19. PLAN 312Urban Planning Studio132.3Change in floor wise land use of selected plots over the periodFrom the questionnaire survey we have got insufficient information about the floor wise use ofthe buildings in different time frames mentioned in our questionnaire. So, we have fixed twotime periods to establish a time frame and analyze the land use changes. Before liberation wehave found the market was a mixed up of tin shaded structures and open space. After liberationthe buildings are vertically expanded for wholesale business and storage purposes.Hold.No.Floor wise Land Use Time FrameG.F 1st2nd3rd4th5th1947-1971 1971-1990340 Office Storage Storage Storage Open Space,Wholesale4 storeybuilding341 ShowroomOffice Storage Storage Storage Storage Open Space,Wholesale1 Storeybuilding341/1 ShowroomOffice Storage Storage Storage Tin shedbuilding,Wholesale andretail.5 storeybuilding342 ShowroomOffice Storage Storage Storage Tin shedbuilding, Retail2 storeybuilding351 ShowroomOffice Tin shedbuilding,Wholesale2 storeybuilding352/A ShowroomStorage Tin shedbuilding,wholesale andretail.2 storeybuilding353 ShowroomOpen Space,wholesale andretail1 storeybuilding354 ShowroomStorage Tin shedbuilding,Wholesale2 storeybuilding385/2 ShowroomWhole--saleofficeStorage Open Space,Wholesale3 storeybuildingTable-6 Floor wise land use and Time frame of selected plots Source: Questionnaire and Check list (Oct, 09)
  • 20. PLAN 312Urban Planning Studio14Chapter 04Major findings and recommendationsIn this chapter we will highlight the major problems of Chawk Bazar area, the reason behindthose problems and the possible solutions to overcome those problems both for short term andlong term effect. We sort out the problems through the discussion session with the focus group.Then rank them according to their importance. We try to find out what the people of ChawkBazar want to improve their condition; then we try to give some recommendations according toour planning perspective. We also did a SWOT analysis to assess the strength, weakness,opportunity and threat of the area.4.1Problems of the Chawk Bazar4.1.1 Over populationSince Chawk Bazar started its journey people come here for better business opportunity and forthe search of job. After liberation war (1971), when the industrial development of Bangladeshhas just started, a large number of people came to this place for better options. People migrate tothis special place because it is a huge market for day laborers and small business. There are alarge number of small industries around the Chawk area which provide a great opportunity forthe workers and acts as attraction for the low income people.4.1.2 Traffic congestionChawk is the largest wholesale market in this country. It contains more than three thousandshops. A large number of people come every day in this area to perform different activitieswhich creates congestion for shortage of space. Everyday lots of trucks, vans and other vehiclescome here for load-unload operation. In day time, the trucks are parked in the ‘SonargaonRoad’ and the goods from the Chawk are carried to that place through small van for loading orunloading.4.1.3 Environmental pollutionThe main problems are open drains which cause odor pollution and the excessive trafficcirculation creates noise pollution. The waste management is not up to the level.
  • 21. PLAN 312Urban Planning Studio154.2 Recommendations4.2.1 Long term project Shifting of the central jail from the present location to the other end of the Buriganga nearKeraniganj (Map-5). Establishing a multi storied shopping complex in the place of thejail and distribute the position among the owner of the shop of Chawk Bazar.Demolishing of the existing Chawk market and then use that area to widen the road andformation of a park with water fountain. In the mean time, creating a temporary marketplace in the jail area until the construction work continues. Preservation of the historic buildings of that area through evacuation and replication. Roads should be widened by providing space from the plots of both sides. The haphazard condition of the electric wires can be managed by rearranging the cabledistribution system of the whole area.4.2.2 Short term project Traffic circulation can be controlled and roads can be announced one way in the peakhour. Through traffic from other area can be redirected to stop crossing over the area. All type of vendors on the roads should evict and parking should be banned on the roadduring peak hour. All kinds of truck, lorry and mini covered van should be banned in peak hour. Only smallvan can be allowed to carry goods. All kind of vertical expansion of the structures should be stopped. A deep tube well with motor should be placed for emergency water supply in case of firehazard and water crisis. Sufficient number of fire extinguisher should be arranged in different places of themarket. The existing drainage system should be maintained regularly and it should be coveredgradually.
  • 22. 15-A
  • 23. PLAN 312Urban Planning Studio164.3 SWOT AnalysisStrength: Historic and authentic value. Strong community bondage.Intervention: Preservation of the historic sites. Community participation in all level ofgovernment’s activity.Weakness: Alarming population density. Traffic congestion. Vulnerable building structure.Intervention: Vertical expansion of the buildingsshould be banned to control the level ofactivity of business. Traffic flow should be regulated in thepeak hour.Opportunity: Potentiality for business. Large job market for day laborers A prominent source of revenue.Intervention: Provide adequate facilities for business. Improvement of the law and ordersituation. Taxation system should be more easierfor this particular area.Threat: The width of the road cannot beincreased. Possibility of massive loss duringfire hazard. Risk of earthquake.Intervention: Illegal vendors and parking on the roadsshould be evicted. Fire protection measures should beadopted. Buildings under serious threat forearthquake should be demolished.4.4 ConclusionIn this study we try to find out the historical background of the Chawk Bazar, its existing andprevious land use pattern and the major problems of this area and the measures to overcome thoseproblems. Finally we got the image of the Chawk Bazar as a significant wholesale market overthe period, commercially used since its formation and population density, traffic congestion as itsmain problem. We got the solution from the local people to relocate Chawk Bazar in the centraljail area but for immediate solution of the problems we suggest some measures from our planningsense and knowledge considering all aspects and reality. Effective measures should be taken forlong term to solve the problems of this area and to preserve this glorious place of our golden past.
  • 24. PLAN 312Urban Planning Studio17Appendix-aQUESTIONNAIRE FORTHE STUDY OF IMAGE OF CHAWKBAZAR: AN ANALYSIS FROM PHYSICALAND SOCIO-ECONOMIC PERSPECTIVESDepartment of Urban and Regional Planning, BUET(All the information provided here will be kept confidential and only used for research work.)Questionnaire No.:Ward No.:Information of the RespondentNamePresent addressAge 18-3435-5960+Gender MaleFemaleEducational qualification Below SSCSSCHSCPost graduateAboveProfession Government jobPrivate jobBusinessOthersIncome (in Tk.) < 5000
  • 25. PLAN 312Urban Planning Studio185000 – 10,00010,000 – 20,00020,000 – 30,00030,000 – 50,000>50,000Length of stayOwnership of land GovernmentPrivateWaqfOtherYear of constructionInformation about Landuse throughout the yearsTimeAspectLanduseFloor use1st floor2nd floor3rd floor4th floorNo. ofstorey
  • 26. PLAN 312Urban Planning Studio19Appendix-bCHECKLISTChecklist for Land use Information (Present):Plot size From secondary sourceNumber of storeyBuilding materialsBuilding colorRoad width in the frontSet-back followed YesNo
  • 27. PLAN 312Urban Planning Studio20Objective Parameter Variable Data Source DataCollectionMethodImage(Present /past)Structures Architectural character Primary Focus GroupDiscussionBuilding patternRoad ActivitiesPhysicalconditionMaterialsPatternModesAccessibilityMobilityIntersectionsSeasonal variationMain focusLanduse(Present /Past)Residential,Commercial,Industrial,Mixed.Types Primary 1. Checklist2. Questionnair--eUtilityfacilitiesElectricityGasWaterDrainagePlot Number SecondarySizeSlopePrice PrimaryBuilding ConstructionyearOwnershipConstructionmaterialsHeightRentUseHeritage Historical nameCo-ordination SchemaAppendix-c
  • 28. PLAN 312Urban Planning Studio21bearingstructuresPresent nameEstablishment yearLocationTypeConstruction materialsColourPast usePresent useLand tenure FreeholdLeaseholdPrivate rentalContractMembership cooperativeProblems andProspectsPresentBuildingsPrimary 1. Focus GroupDiscussionHeritagebearingstructuresPresenttransportationsystemUtilitiesSocial bondingEnvironmentalcondition
  • 29. PLAN 312Urban Planning Studio22Additional attachmentsSource: Ahmed, S.U. (1991), Dhaka Past Present Future, Asiatic Society of Bangladesh,1stedition, 1991, 5-Old Secretariat Road (Nimtali), Ramna, Dhaka-1000
  • 30. PLAN 312Urban Planning Studio23Fig: Iftary market at ChawkSource:http://bariisiyobasto.files.wordpress.com/2009/08/ramadan010.jpgFig: Shahi Mosque at ChawkSource:http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_ZPf1HUBNpK4/Rc24TG8ybzI/AAAAAAAAAk4/LY9kT5uzJMU/s320/1389.jpgFig: Haphazard cable distribution systemSource:http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_ZPf1HUBNpK4/Rc24IG8ybyI/AAAAAAAAAkw/B0WcwyLy6To/s320/1390.jpgFig: Marium Canon in front of DITSource: http://photos-e.ak.fbcdn.net/photos-aksf2p/v337/130/30/531794637/n531794637_1238780_4067.jpg
  • 31. PLAN 312Urban Planning Studio24References: Hossain, N. (1995). Kingbodonti Dhaka (িকংবদ ী ঢাকা), Three Star Co-OperativeMultipurpose Society Limited, 3rdedition, April 1995, Azimpur; Dhaka. Ahmed, S.U. (1991).Dhaka Past Present Future, Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, 1stedition, 1991, 5-Old Secretariat Road (Nimtali), Ramna, Dhaka-1000. Mamun, M. Dhaka Smrity Bsmrity’r Nagori(ঢাকা ৃিত িব ৃিতর নগরী),Ananya Publication ,3rdedition. Nilufar, F. “The Spatial and Social Structuring of local Areas in Dhaka city-Amorphological Study of the urban grid with reference to neighborhood character withinnaturally grown areas”.

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