Bear man-conflict-kashmir

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The tremendous transformation of the social, economical and environmental scenario in the Kashmir during the last five decades has exponentially increased the Bear-man conflict in the region.

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Bear man-conflict-kashmir

  1. 1. Man>BearConflictandtheChangingLandscapeinKashmir: AFEWTHOUGHTS SHAKILAROMSHOO ProfessorandHead, Dept.ofEarthSciences,KU
  2. 2. PRESENTATIONOUTLINE!  MEDIAPOLITICS!  GROUNDFACTS!  AFEWTHOUGHTS!  LANDSYSTEMCHANGES!  CCANDWATERRESOURCES!  HABITATINFRINGEMENT!  WATERSHEDSCALE!  TAKEHOMEMESSAGE
  3. 3. POLITICS
  4. 4. THEOTHERSIDE……Year TotalConflicts •  INCREASING BEAR ATTACKS1995 1 ACROSS THE VALLEY1996 11997 2 •  ILL EQUIPPED GOVT. MACHINERY1998 11999 12000 52001 82002 72003 72004 192005 482006 512007 802008 1302009 186
  5. 5. THE OTHER SIDE ….. BearAWackCasesoperatedatSKIIMS,Srinagar•  POOR UNDERSTANDING OF THE PROBLEM & NO ACTION PLAN•  Lack of concrete and holistic measures on the ground•  Lack of awareness among the people•  Thus, BEAR-PHOBIA, Frustration and PANIC REACTIONS
  6. 6. AFEWTHOUGHTS………" TremendoustransformaZonofthesocioeconomic and environmental scenario in the valley during thelastfivedecades" Changinglandsystem:parZcularlythelargescale conversionoflandtohorZculture" Changing Climate: Scanty and eraZc snowfall in theregion" Changes in stream>flows, drainage and depleZon ofwaterbodies/wetlands" UrbanizaZonalongthefoothillsandforestareas" DeforestaZon…..?" BearpopulaZon??
  7. 7. CONFLICT ZONE
  8. 8. HISTORICALLYNOBEARZONEBEAR>MANCONFLICTZONE SINCELAST10YERSNOWHISTORICALBearHabitat
  9. 9. Conflict (Death + Injuries) Statistics, Data Source-J & K Wildlife Department ! 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 TotalAnantnag 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 1 6 3 1 7 27 44 63 154Bandipora 0 0 0 0 0 0 7 0 0 7 1 2 4 1 6 28Baramulla 0 1 1 0 0 2 0 0 0 2 7 4 4 22 29 72Budgam 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 3Ganderbal 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 7 5 1 0 20 35 Kulgam 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 2 3 9 2 5 7 31Kupwara 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 5 3 16 7 10 43Pulwama 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 3 1 3 18 8 15 42 31 123Srinagar 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 4 5 5 1 9 25 Anantnag > Pulwama > Baramulla > Kupwara > Ganderbal > Kulgam > Srinagar > Budgam
  10. 10. 9Districts 76Villages
  11. 11. LandSystemChangesSINCE1972 CLASS NAME! 1972 AREA (HA)! 1992 AREA (HA)! 2008AREA (HA)!FOREST! 485473.31! 464798.36! 391368.55!AGRICULTURE! 337788.45! 301094.00! 269138.93PLANTATION! 92240.15! 89443.34! 85876.76HORTICULTURE ! 17954.44! 28858.26! 71899.18!WATER! 12795.11! 11024.42! 6827.09!RIVER BED! 9899.81! 9812.22! 7512.82!AQUA_VEGETATION! 3981.44! 7503.56! 11729.20!BUILT-UP! 578.07! 5914.96! 21432.81!
  12. 12. DryingupoftheWaterHoles
  13. 13. DECLINE STREAMFLOW Discharge (Cusecs) Discharge (Cusecs) Discharge (Cusecs) Discharge (Cusecs) Discharge (Cusecs) 20! 220! 420! 100! 600! 1100! 1600! 0! 20! 40! 60! 80! 0! 100! 200! 300! 0! 200! 400! 600! 1971! 1971! 1971! 1971! 1971! 1974! 1974! 1974! 1974! 1974! 1977! 1977! 1977! 1977! 1977! 1980! 1980! 1980! 1980! 1980! 1983! 1983! 1983! 1983! 1986! &&&&&&&&& &&&&&&&&&& 1986! 1983! 1986! 1986! &&&&&&&&&& Years& &&&&&&&&& Years& 1989! Years& 1989! 1989! 1989! 1986! 1992! 1992! 1992! 1992! 1989! 1995! 1995! 1995! 1995! 1998! 1998! 1992! 1998! 1998! yearly&discharge-Dakhil& yearly&discharge-Odour& Yearly&Discharge-Pohru& Yearly Discharge-Dachigam 2001! 2001! 1995! 2001! 2001! 2004! 2004! 2004! 2004! 1998! 2007! 2007! 2007! 2007! 2010! 2010! 2010! 2010! yearly&discharge-Sandran& !! !! !! !! !! Discharge (Cusecs) Discharge (Cusecs) Discharge (Cusecs) Discharge (Cusecs) Discharge (Cusecs) Years 0! 1000! 2000! 3000! 0! 50! 100! 50! 250! 450! 20! 220! 420! 620! 200! 700! 1200! 1700! 1971! 197 1971! 1971! 1974! 197 1974! 1975! 1975! 1977! 197 1977! 1980! 1979! 1979! 1980! 198 1983! 1983! 198 1983! 1983! 1986! 1986! 198 1987!Years& 1987! &&&&&&&&& &&&&&&&&&& &&&&&&&&& Years& Years&&&&&&&&&&&&&& & Years& &&&&&&&&&&&& 198 Years& 1989! 1989! 1991! 199 1991! 1992! 1992! 199 1995! 1995! 1995! 1995! yearly&discharge-Vij& 199 1999! 1999! 1998! Yearly&discharge-Vishu& 1998! yearly&discharge-Bringi& 200 2001! 2001! 2003! 2003! yearly&discharge-Batakot& 200 2004! 2004! 2007! 200 2007! 2007! yearly&discharge-Sukhnag& 2007! 201 2010! !
  14. 14. 0! 50! 100! 150! 200! 250! 300! 350! 400! 450! 0! 500! 1000! 1500! 2000! 2500! 3000! 0! 1000! 2000! 3000! 4000! 5000! 6000!1971! 1971! 1971!1975! 1975! 1975!1979! 1979! 1979!1983! 1983! 1983!1987! 1987! 1987! J S1991! 1991! 1991!1995! 1995! 1995!1999! 1999! 1999!2003! 2003! 2003!2007! 2007! 2007! 0! 500! 1000! 1500! 2000! 2500! 0! 1000! 2000! 3000! 4000! 5000! 6000! 0! 100! 200! 300! 400! 500! 600! 700! 800!1971! 1971! 1971!1975! 1975! 1975!1979! 1979! 1979!1983! 1983! 1983!1987! 1987! 1987!1991! 1991! F 1991!1995! 1995!1999! 1999! 1995!2003! 2003! 1999!2007! 2007! 2003! 2007! 0! 100! 200! 300! 400! 500! 600! 700! 800! 900! 0! 1000! 2000! 3000! 4000! 5000! 6000! 7000! 8000!1971! 0! 200! 400! 600! 800! 1000! 1200! 1400! 1600! 1971!1975! 1971! 1975!1979! 1975! 1979!1983! 1979! 1983!1987! 1983! 1987! 1987!1991! 1991! 1991! M1995! 1995! 1995!1999! 1999! 1999!2003! 2003! 2003!2007! 2007! 2007! 0! 100! 200! 300! 400! 500! 600! 0! 1000! 2000! 3000! 4000! 5000! 6000! 0! 500! 1000! 1500! 2000! 2500! 3000! 3500! 1971! 1971! 1971! 1975! 1975! 1975! 1979! 1979! 1979! 1983! 1983! 1983! 1987! 1987! 1987! 1991! 1991! 1991! 1995! 1995! 1995! 1999! 1999! 1999! 2003! 2003! 2003! 2007! 2007! 2007!
  15. 15. DemographicChanges•  The!state!of!has!also!shown!popula=on!growth!from!2.14! million!in!1901!to!12.5!million!2011.!!•  A!growth!rate!of!about!23%!compared!to!the!popula=on! figures!of!10.1!million!in!2001.!! ! ! Popula=on!changes!from!1981J2001!
  16. 16. HabitatConflict:Bear&Mancan’tCo> exist
  17. 17. ForestresourceAssessment
  18. 18. ForestFragmentaZon! DoesitmaWerhere?
  19. 19. HabitatInfringement
  20. 20. Understandingtheconflict:WATERSHEDSCALE
  21. 21. WATERSHED>WISEConflict Zone 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 TotArin-Madhumati 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 2 0 5Rembaira & Romshi 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 2 0 1 1 1 7Sukhnag & 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 3 3 3 11DoodgangaBringi 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 6 8 17Vijay-Dhakil 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 3 0 2 8 9 23Dal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 4 5 4 1 9 24Sandran & Vishav 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 2 2 1 2 6 9 25Ferzpr-Ningl-Gundr- 1 1 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 2 3 1 10 10 30lowJheWular1-Pohru 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 5 3 15 8 10 45Sindh 0 0 0 0 0 0 6 0 0 7 8 6 4 1 24 56Kuthar 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 2 2 16 12 16 20 70Lidder 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 5 3 2 5 16 27 43 103Arapal 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 3 1 1 17 9 17 41 40 131
  22. 22. WATERSHED>WISE HorZcult Forest urban AgricAnchar + - + -Arapal + - + +Bringi + - + -Dal + - + -Doodhganga + - + -Garzan + - + -Sukhnag + - + -Kuthar + - + +Lidder + - + +Sandran + - + -Sind + - + -Rembiara + - + -Romshi + - + -Vishav + - + -Arin + - + -Ferozpur + - + -Gundar + - + +LowerJhelum + - + +MadumaZ + - + +Ningal + - + +Pohru + - + +VijayDhakil + - + +WularI + - + -WularII + - + -
  23. 23. WATERSHED-WISE ARAPAL Arapal&Class&& Area(hec)>72 Area(hec)>08 ChangeForest 24366 17518 >6848HorZculture 858 1362 +504Agriculture 15064 17192 +2128Built_up 85 876 +791 41 40 17 17 9 2 3 1 1 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
  24. 24. WATERSHED-WISE LIDDER Lidder&Class&& Area(hec)>72 Area(hec)>08 ChangeinareaForest 58275 38467 >19808HorZculture 884 2957 +2073Agriculture 18544 17623 >921Built_up 65 213 +148.39435 43! 27! 16! 5! 5! 3! 2! 1! 0! 1!2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
  25. 25. SEASONALITY IN ATTACKS (ARAPAL WATERSHED)
  26. 26. Conflict Zone Map
  27. 27. TAKEHOMEMESSAGE!  NEEDFORINTROSPECTIONASTHEPROBLEMIS OUTCOMEOFOURFAULTY&MYOPICSTRATEGIES ATBOTHGOVT.ANDPERSONALLEVEL!  NEEDFORANINDEPTHSCIENTIFICANALYSISTO LOOKATTHEROOTCAUSES!  NEEDFORANACTIONPLANSOTHATCONCRETE STEPSARETAKENTOARRESTTHECONFLICT!  ADHOCISMANDKNEEJERKREACTIONSSHOULDGIVE WAYTOWELL>THOUGHT>OUT>ACTIONPLAN!  INVOLVEMENTANDAWARENESSOFTHE COMMUNTIES
  28. 28. TAKEHOMEMESSAGEIT IS THE COLLECTIVE FAILURE OF THEGOVERNMENT MACHINERY THAT HASFAILED TO UNDERSTAND THE CAUSALFACTORSANDHAVENOTCOMEUPWITHA ROBUST ACTION PLAN TO TACKLE THEPROBLEM.SO WHY THIS MISDIRECTIONOFMEDIA/CENTRETIRADE?

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