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  • 1. Securing the Internet of Things:secure supply chain managementStephen Miles, Research AffiliateMIT Auto-ID LabsS_miles@mit.edu Networking day on EU-US RFID lighthouse pilot projects on May 5th, 2009 Avenue de Beaulieu 25, Room O/S1, Brussels s_miles@mit.edu 1160 Auderghem
  • 2. Multi-dimensional view of international conflict and cooperation in cyberspace MIT Center for International Studies (CIS) Tuesday, April 21, 2009 Wall Street Journal Tech By SIOBHAN GORMAN, AUGUST COLE and YOCHI DREAZEN WASHINGTON -- Computer spies have broken into the Pentagons $300 billion Joint Strike Fighter project -- the Defense Departments costliest weapons program ever -- according to current and former government officials familiar with the attacks… The intruders were able to copy and siphon off several terabytes of data related to design and electronics systems, officials say...The latest intrusions provide new evidence that a battle is heating up between the U.S. and potential adversariesSpeaker: Dr. Joel Brenner over the data networks that tie the world together.National CounterIntelligence Executive, DNI“Cyber InternationalRelations,”MIT’s Center forInternational Studies andthe Belfer Center forScience and InternationalAffairs, Harvard KennedySchool of Government.13 Apr 2009 E38-714, MIT Page 2, “Securing the Internet of things;” s_miles@mit.edu US-EC RFID Lighthouse Pilot Planning Session, Brussels 5/5/09
  • 3. The Application of RFID to Enhance Supply Chain SecurityTransatlantic Symposium on the Societal Benefits of RFID Washington DC, USA September 22nd 2008“The transportation sector has always been concerned with efficiency, securityand safety issues. After 9/11, the hazardous materials industry saw majorchanges, intensifying security requirements. New regulations made it morechallenging to comply and to ship hazardous materials. Homeland Security hasprovided an influx of resources to raise awareness and to develop improved andbetter solutions. Tracking technologies such as RFID and sensors have provento bring substantial benefits to support the agenda.The Sensor Net project, led by ORNL, shows how to integrate sensor-deployedtechnologies and databases in hazardous material shipping. Sensor Net is anRFID+sensor enabled application that helps to identify and monitor materialsas they move through the supply chain. It provides awareness of the location ofhazardous materials at every moment, in real time.” Randy Walker (Transportation Programs Lead, SensorNet Program, Oak Ridge National Laboratory) Prepared by Rebecca Schindler for the European Commission, Information Society and Media Directorate General, Networked Enterprise & Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) Unit (D4)Page 3, “Securing the Internet of things;” s_miles@mit.eduUS-EC RFID Lighthouse Pilot Planning Session, Brussels 5/5/09
  • 4. Lighthouse Pilot participant resources: ORNL Sensornet Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and strategic partners are working together to build a comprehensive incident management system for the near- real-time detection, identification, and assessment of chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, and explosive (CBRNE) threats… The web service interfaces use Open GIS Consortium (OGC) XML schemas for publication of sensor data and alerts. OGC is an association developing open, vendor-independent computing standards for geographic information systems (GIS) and other related technologies. OGC specifies the usage of the Geography Markup Language (GML), an XML grammar written in XML Schema, for the encoding of geographic information. Although GML provides specifications for describing a variety of geographical information, the fundamental element of GML is a geographic "feature".Page 4, “Securing the Internet of things;” s_miles@mit.eduUS-EC RFID Lighthouse Pilot Planning Session, Brussels 5/5/09
  • 5. Lighthouse Pilot participant resources: UPU "Global Monitoring System – RFID Infrastructure” The official size of the global letter post market is 437 billion items (UPU 2005). The Universal Postal Union (UPU) is a specialized agency of the United Nations which has been charged with improving the global performance of mail. A link between letter mail quality of service and the payments made between countries has been agreed as the method for achieving this objective. There is a need for a Global Monitoring System (GMS) to provide the neutral and independent measurement for such a scheme. UPU is developing a Global Monitoring System (GMS) to measure service performance that will use RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) technology First QSF Global Project to participate in the Global Monitoring System under development* • *Quality of Service Fund Regional Training Workshop; 2008, UPUPage 5, “Securing the Internet of things;” s_miles@mit.eduUS-EC RFID Lighthouse Pilot Planning Session, Brussels 5/5/09
  • 6. European Secure Supply Chain Academic Resource:FP7 Secure SCM project • SecureSCM will realize secure computation protocols for collaborative Supply Chain Management. • Build novel protocols for data confidentiality in supply chain optimization. • Implement and evaluate those protocols under real world constraints. • Demonstrate the benefits of data protection in a number of domains, including Aerospace and Logistics. • Research the obstacles to practical adoption of collaborative supply chain management.Page 6, “Securing the Internet of things;” s_miles@mit.eduUS-EC RFID Lighthouse Pilot Planning Session, Brussels 5/5/09
  • 7. US Secure Supply Chain Academic Resources:NSF CISE Cybertrust International Research Collaboration: "How does cybersecurity change when we attach ‘things’ connected by RFID, sensors and actuators to the network? “ • Mustaque Ahamad, co-director, Georgia Tech Information Security Center. CT-ISG: Trusted Passages: Managing Distributed Trust to Meet the Needs of Emerging Applications • Kevin Fu, University of Massachusetts, Amherst CT-T Collaborative Research: Security for Smart Tags • Berk Sunar, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, CT-ER: Exploring Physical Functions for Lightweight and Robust CryptographyPage 7, “Securing the Internet of things;” s_miles@mit.eduUS-EC RFID Lighthouse Pilot Planning Session, Brussels 5/5/09
  • 8. GTRI and GT Ireland end-to-end presence for US-EC RFIDLighthouse Pilot in Georgia and Ireland MIT – SAP Modeling the impact of security on EPC network performancePage 8, “Securing the Internet of things;” s_miles@mit.eduUS-EC RFID Lighthouse Pilot Planning Session, Brussels 5/5/09
  • 9. Adding sensors for tracking containers in the US NavyGTRI Container Security Device•Developed for Department of Homeland Security•Continually monitors for door openings•Container visibility throughout the supply chain My ID is… I have been opened in route… GTRI Integrated RFID Sensor In alignment with GS-1 Transportation Working Group (TWG) XCAT SpecificationsI amemitting a I am located here…chemical… •Developed for Department of Navy •Monitors environmental conditions and location of container •Meets communication standards for safe shipping Page 9, “Securing the Internet of things;” s_miles@mit.edu US-EC RFID Lighthouse Pilot Planning Session, Brussels 5/5/09
  • 10. Commercial asset tracking examples• TrenStar beer keg tracking:• iGPS pallet tracking 4/13 @6pm Stata Center (Bldg. 32) Rm 144, Tracking RTIs with RFID presents challenges : placement for maximun tags read, types and location of tags, type and placement of readers, choice of frequencies… Page 10, “Securing the Internet of things;” s_miles@mit.edu US-EC RFID Lighthouse Pilot Planning Session, Brussels 5/5/09
  • 11. Securing our Cities; Trash Tracking MIT CSAIL GSM RFID TAG Lewis GirodPage 11, “Securing the Internet of things;” s_miles@mit.eduUS-EC RFID Lighthouse Pilot Planning Session, Brussels 5/5/09
  • 12. An ‘Internet of Things’ – "How do we ensure cybertrust when we attach ‘things’connected by RFID, sensors and actuators to the network?“ photo background cc by benlo Page 12, “Securing the Internet of things;” s_miles@mit.edu US-EC RFID Lighthouse Pilot Planning Session, Brussels 5/5/09 (http://www.flickr.com/photos/25203067@N00/58482958/
  • 13. Academic Resources; participants from the RFID Academic Convocations/European Commission EU RFID Forum.• RFID Academic Convocations: MIT Open Courseware program - http://ocw.mit.edu/OcwWeb/Engine ering-Systems-Division/ESD- 290Spring- 2005/ConferenceVideos/• EU RFID Forum; hosted by the European Commission DGINFSO - http://www.rfidconvocation.eu/Con vocation.htm• RFID Technology and Applications, Edited by Stephen Miles, Sanjay Sarma, John Williams - www.cambridge.org/978052188093 0 Page 13, “Securing the Internet of things;” s_miles@mit.edu US-EC RFID Lighthouse Pilot Planning Session, Brussels 5/5/09