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  • 1. Chak De! IndiaFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Chak De! India Publicity poster for Chak De! IndiaDirected by Shimit AminProduced by Aditya Chopra Yash ChopraWritten by Jaideep SahniStarring Shahrukh Khan Vidya Malvade Sagarika Ghatge Chitrashi Rawat Shilpa Shukla Tanya Abrol Anaitha Nair Shubhi Mehta Seema Azmi Nisha Nair Arya Menon Sandia Furtado Masochon V. Zimik Kimi Laldawla Raynia Mascerhanas Vivan BhatenaMusic by Salim Merchant Sulaiman MerchantCinematography Sudeep ChatterjeeEditing by Amitabh ShuklaDistributed by Yash Raj FilmsRelease date(s) 10 August 2007Running time 153 min.Country IndiaLanguage Hindi, EnglishBudget 24 crore [1]Gross revenue 105,48,00,000 $ 21,505,244[1]Chak De! India (Hindi: चक द इं िियाEnglish: "Go For It, India!")[2] is a 2007 ेBollywood sports film about field hockey in India. It is directed by Shimit Amin,
  • 2. produced by Yash Raj Films, and stars Shahrukh Khan as Kabir Khan, the formercaptain of the Indian hockey team. After a disastrous loss to the Pakistani hockeyteam, Khan is ostracized from the sport. He and his mother are further forced fromtheir ancestral home by angry neighbors. Seven years later in an attempt to redeemhimself, Khan becomes the coach for the Indian womens hockey team with thegoal of turning its sixteen contentious players into a champion team. After leadingthe womens team to the Gold, Khan restores his reputation and returns with hismother to their home, welcomed by those who had shunned them years before.Chak De! India explores religious bigotry, the legacy of partition, ethnic/regionalprejudice, and sexism in contemporary India through field hockey.[3][4][5]Screenwriter Jaideep Sahni decided to write a fictional screenplay based on thewinning of the Gold by the Indian womens field hockey team at the 2002Commonwealth Games after reading about it in the newspaper.[6][7] Thus thecharacters, while inspired by the real team and coaches, were invented by Sahni.[8]Although some media outlets compared Kabir Khan to real-life hockey player MirRanjan Negi,[9] Sahani has stated that he was unaware of Negis tribulations whilewriting the script and that the resemblance with Negis life was coincidental.[10]Earning over Rs 639 million, Chak De! India was the fourth highest grossing movieof 2007 in India [11] and was critically acclaimed.[12] Chak De! India has wonnumerous awards (including eight for Best Film) and received the National FilmAward for Best Popular Film Providing Wholesome Entertainment.[13] Thesuspension of the Indian Hockey Federation in April 2008 emphasized the filmsinfluence. After a new hockey council was formed, former hockey player, AslamSher Khan, stated in an interview, "We have to make a Team India as you haveseen in bollywood blockbuster Chak De! India. There are players from several partsof the country. We have to unite them to make a powerful force."[14]PlotThe film opens in Delhi, India during the final minutes of the Hockey World Cup.The game is between the Pakistan mens national field hockey team and the Indiamens national field hockey team, with Pakistan leading, 1-0. When Indian teamcaptain and hockey superstar, Kabir Khan (Shahrukh Khan) is fouled, he elects totake the penalty stroke himself. However, his strike flies just above the goal, andIndia suffers a crushing defeat. Soon after, the media begins to circulate aphotograph of him accepting a handshake from the head of the Pakistani team,speculating that Khan (who is a Muslim)[5] might have "thrown" the game as an actof sympathy towards Pakistan. The religious prejudice exhibited towards Khan by
  • 3. the entire society at large [4][5] forces him and his mother out of their ancestralhome and into exile.Seven years later, Indian sport officials are surprised to learn that Khan wants tocoach the Indian womans field hockey team, a job no one else wants (as, anofficial indicates, the only long term role for women is to "cook and clean"). Khanthus finds himself in charge of a group of 16 women from all sections of India, whoare divided by their own competitive natures and individual prejudices. One of theyoungest players, Komal Chautala (Chitrashi Rawat) (from a village in Haryana)conflicts with Preeti Sabarwal (Sagarika Ghatge) from Chandigarh whom she refersto somewhat derisively as "memsaab" while tough girl Balbir Kaur (Tanya Abrol)from the Punjab has an extremely short temper that impacts the team. Balbir alsobullies Rani Dispotta (Seema Azmi) and Soimoi Kerketa (Nisha Nair), who are bothfrom remote villages in Jharkhand. Mary Ralte (Kimi Laldawla) from Mizoram andMolly Zimik (Masochon "Chon Chon" Zimik) from Manipur (in North-East India) areboth treated as "foreign" by virtually everyone they meet and face repeated sexualharassment. The teams captain, Vidya Sharma (Vidya Malvade), is forced tochoose between hockey and the wishes of her husbands family, while Preetisboyfriend, the (fictional) vice captain of the India national cricket team AbimanyuSingh (Vivan Bhatena), is deeply threatened by her involvement with the team.Khan realizes that he can only turn the girls into a winning team if he can help themto overcome these divisions and learn to cooperate with and help each other. Thusduring the first few days, he benches a number of players who refuse to conform tohis rules, including the most experienced player, Bindia Naik (Shilpa Shukla). Inresponse, she repeatedly attempts to encourage the players to revolt against Khan.Bindia finally succeeds and in anger, Khan resigns. As a sign of good will, however,he invites the staff and team to a going away lunch. The anger that the team felttowards Khan and each other evaporates, however, when some local boys make apass at Mary and Molly. In response, Balbir attacks them, an act which leads to abrawl between the boys and the entire team. Khan, recognizing that this is their firstinstance of working together as a team, repeatedly prevents the staff fromintervening. His only action is to stop a man from striking one of the women with acricket bat from behind, telling him that there are no cowards (with a doubleentendre meaning of the Hindi word for coward) in hockey.[15] After the fight, thewomen (now bonded as a team) beg Khan to remain as their coach.This newly found unity serves them through a series of additional challenges. Whenhockey officials suddenly decide not to send the womens team to Australia for TheWorld Championship, the girls unite in a challenge match against the men’s team.
  • 4. Despite losing this match, their superb performance on the field forces the officialsto change their mind and send the team to The World Championship. Once inAustralia, the team faces a number of difficult matches with teams such as theHockeyroos (Australia), the Black Sticks Women (New Zealand), the Las Leonas(Argentina), and the South Korean team (known for its use of the man-to-manmarking technique). While initially still working to overcome their differencesthroughout the matches, the girls learn to act as a single unit. This move eventuallyleads them to victory and the restoration of Khan’s good name. In doing so, theynot only destroy the prejudices which once separated them, but prove to theirfamilies and country the merit of womens athletics. At the end, Khan returns withhis mother to their ancestral home, welcomed by those who had shunned themyears before.[edit]BackgroundA short article about the winning of the Gold by the womens team at the 2002Commonwealth Games inspired screenwriter Jaideep Sahni to create a film aboutthe Indian Womens Hockey Team.[8] Director Shamit Amin noted the lack ofcoverage of the womens team by the media and stated that "there are a lot of oddsthese players are up against".[16]The media often compared hockey player Mir Ranjan Negi (who faced accusationsof throwing the match against Pakistan during the 1982 Asian Games) with thecharacter of Kabir Khan in the media.[9][17][18][19][20] In response Negi commentedthat, "this movie is not a documentary of Mir Ranjan Negis life".[21] Sahani has alsostated that he was unaware of Negis tribulations while writing the script and thatthe resemblance with Negis life was coincidental.[10][22] Negi joined the productionteam after his name was suggested by the national coach of the womens teamMaharaj Krishan Kaushik, who was with the team when it won the CommonwealthGames’ gold in 2002.The screenplay drew from interviews with current members of the womens fieldhockey team as well as the coaches. Kaushik later noted that:Many of the incidents shown in the movie are true. How the coach actually throws agirl out when she is not listening, and then goes out himself and there are three tofour other girls also standing there because they disobeyed his instructions. Thishappened with Pritam Siwach [...] The scene where they start fighting, happened tous when we were returning from a game in Bangalore, and some boys started
  • 5. passing comments [...] The actual game-situations we had to actually challengeanother team after being disallowed from participating in an internationaltournaments qualifiers, and give it in writing, that we will qualify [...] And lastly thecoachs portrayal, he goes to the match on a scooter. The team wins, but he stillreturns on a scooter. So the Coachs stature and status, you know, is always here.[22]In addition, Sahni noted that, "the story of Chak De was deeply inspired by the reallife story of ex Chief National Coach Maharaj Krishan Kaushik and his IndianWomens hockey teams real feat of winning the Commonwealth and many otherchampionships."[23]DevelopmentAfter Sahini approached them both, Kaushik and Negi became involved with thedevelopment of the film. Sahini first met with Kaushik and later recalled that, "M KKaushik and his girls taught us all we knew about hockey. Then he recommendedNegi to us, because when we finished writing and finished casting, we neededsomeone to train the girls. Negi assembled a team of hockey players to train thegirls."[22] Kaushik also states in the same interview that, "I taught him everythingabout the game, starting from how the camp is conducted, how the girls come fromdifferent backgrounds and cultures, the psychological factors involved. Also howthe coach faces pressure to select girls from different states and teams."[22]Sahini then contacted Negi and asked him to coach the actors portraying thehockey team. While not initially enthusiastic about being involved in the film, Negichanged his mind after reading the screenplay. Negi coached the cast stating, "Itrained the girls for six months. Waking up at 4, traveling from Kandivili toChurchgate. We would retire around 11 in the night. It was tiring. But we were on amission [...] They couldn’t run; couldn’t hold the hockey sticks. I ensured none ofthem [would have to] cut their nails or eyebrows (as the players do). The girls haveworked very hard. I salute them."[9] Some of the actors however, such as Chitrashi,Sandia, and Raynia were cast because they were actual hockey players.[24]ReelSports, under the direction of Sport Action Director Rob Miller,[25][26] alsoworked with Negi to train the girls and Shahrukh Khan for the film. Of working withKhan, Negi recalled that everything was planned, "including the penalty stroke thatSRK missed. That shot alone took us nearly 20 hours as I was keen that it shouldbe very realistic. I took the help of a lot of my former teammates. But moreimportantly, it was so easy working with SRK. He is unbelievably modest and waswilling to do as many re-takes as we wanted."[27]
  • 6. Chak De! India was filmed in India and Australia. The Australian portions werefilmed in Sydney and Melbourne and used 90 hockey players cast by ReelSportsSolutions and 9000 extras.[28]Box officeChak De! India was released worldwide on 10 August 2007. It became the third topgrossing movie of 2007 in India, with revenues of Rs 67,69,00,000 domestically,[11]and was declared a "Blockbuster."[11] In the U.S, it opened at number 20, in the UKcharts at number 11, and in Australia at number 12.[33] It earned a total Rs 35million in the United Kingdom, Rs 47.5 million in North America, and Rs 35 millionfor the rest of the overseas proceeds.[34][edit]Critical receptionThe review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes gave Chak De! India a rating of 80%,based upon 5 reviews (4 fresh and 1 rotten).[35]Chak De! India was critically acclaimed in India and abroad. Subhash K. Jha (filmcritic and author of The Essential Guide to Bollywood) gave the film a rave reviewstating, "First things first. Chak De India is an outright winner. A triumph of the spirit.And of craftsmanship. While director Shimit Amin has crafted a film with immensestaying power , and exception integrity and gusto, the thought-process behind theendearing endeavour harks back to a series of well-crafted Hollywood films aboutthe team spirit, the low-spirited tream and the burnt-out disgraced and exiled coachwho motivates the team and galvanizes his own dormant spirit into a wide-alertstatus." [36] Nikhat Kazmi of The Times of India gave the film 4 out of 4 stars andargues that it has "great performances by a bunch of unknowns, a gritty pace and amarvellous restraint make Chakde India an unbridled ode to patriotism without anyhysterical chest-beating. And yes, for all you SRK fans and bashers, this time theverdict gotta be unanimous: Chakde Shah Rukh! Can you better this?"[3] IndiaToday describes Chak De! India as, "the most feisty girl power movie to have comeout of Bollywood ever. The girls, from the truculent Haryanvi Komal to the angryBindiya, from the Punjabi Balbir to the very proper Punjabi, Chandigarh ki kudiPreeti, may be drawn from stereotypes but they shatter them with aggressiveperformances, staring Khan in the eye, almost defeating the Indian men’s hockeyteam, assaulting a gang of boys and showing the six-time Australian team a thing
  • 7. or two about how to win." [37] Sudhish Kamath of The Hindu asks "when did we lastmake a solid ensemble film about sports — one that’s not about a few playerssaving the day but about the triumph of teamwork? ‘Chak De’ is that rare film wherethe hero watches from the stands and lets a bunch of ‘what’s-her-name-again’ girlsdo all the winning [...] At another level, ‘Chak De’ is about women’s liberation. It isone of the best feminist films of our times. Next, the girls themselves are the closestwe’ve seen to a representation of India in any sports movie we’ve seen. They arenot 16 pretty young things. The casting is first-rate. The rawness in theperformances actually makes you forget these are actors. Though we begin bywarming up to the ethnic/race differences among the players, soon enough, Aminskirts their inter-racial conflicts behind the uniform, the great leveller."[38]Anil Sinanan of The Times adds that, "First time director Shimit Amin has fashioneda gripping film: we keep rooting for our girls even though it is fairly obvious what thefinal result will be. This is achieved via a script which eliminates most of the usualtrappings of the formula, and focuses on the game. Romance is absent, parents aresidelined and no one breaks out into song and dance, Lagaan-style whilsttraining."[2] Jaspreet Pandohar of The BBC gave Chak De! India 4 out of 5 starsstating that, "while the tale of the sporting underdog is hardly new, Jaideep Sahnisscreenplay offers a rare look at a popular Indian sport often overshadowed bycricket. But its not the type of bat and ball, or the number of practice sessions thatare at issue here. Instead, the gender and personal prejudices of the playersunderpin the story."[39] Andy Webster of The New York Times argues that the filmgave a fresh look to the conventional underdog sports film and compared thepremise to the win at the FIFA Womens World Cup.[40] Kirk Honeycutt of TheHollywood Reporter argues that the film is "definitely Bollywood, ashamed ofneither sentimentality nor predictability. Yet its sharp-eyed view of Indian societymakes for a world of difference from old-style, sugar-coated Bollywood films."[41]Derek Elley of Variety describes the film as "a patriotic heartwarmer that scoressome old-fashioned entertainment goals" and that it "is almost an anthem for Indiasnew-found economic clout and its recent 60th-anniversary celebrations ofindependence from U.K. rule -- and it gets a stirring title song from composing teamSalim-Sulaiman and lyricist Jaideep Sahni (who also scripted). Thus, its hardly asurprise when the team of 16 girls from all over India finally get it together to beatthe bejeezus out of their international opponents." [42] Apart from critics, Chak De!India tied with Taare Zameen Par for best film of 2007 according to variousBollywood movie directors such as Madhur Bhandarkar, David Dhawan, RakeyshOmprakash Mehra, Anurag Basu, and Sriram Raghavan.[12]
  • 8. On 30 August 2007, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences requested acopy of the Chak De! India script for a place in the Margaret Herrick library.[43][edit]AwardsMain article: List of Chak De India awardsChak De! India has won numerous awards including eight for Best Film from: TheApsara Film & Television Producers Guild, The Australian Indian Film Festival, TheBillie Awards, The International Indian Film Academy Awards (IIFA), The StarScreen Awards, The UNFPA-Laadli Media Awards, The V. Shantaram Awards, andThe Zee Cine Awards. It also received the National Film Award for Best PopularFilm Providing Wholesome Entertainment.[13][edit]Special screeningsChak De! India was screened on 30 May 2009 at the opening of the SPAR Cup inDurban, South Africa in order to welcome the Indian Womens National FieldHockey Team.[44] The SPAR Cup is a lead up to the 2009 Hockey ChampionsChallenge in October. India competed against three other teams: Hockeyroos, LasLeonas, and the South African Womens National Field Hockey Team.[45][edit]Impact[edit]Suspension of IHFThe suspension of the Indian Hockey Federation in April 2008 emphasized thefilms influence. India Today used the film to label the event in two articles titled,"Operation Chak De impact: Jothikumaran resigns" [46] and "Operation Chak deimpact: Furore in Lok Sabha."[47] The Indiatimes, in an article titled, "Five wise menset for a Chak De act" also argued, "It looks like Indian hockey has done a realChak de this time around."[48] In addition, former hockey player, Aslam Sher Khan,who was appointed by the Indian Olympic Association to head a committee whichwill replace the IHF, pointed to the film as a model to work towards. He stated in aninterview, "We have to make a Team India as you have seen in bollywoodblockbuster Chak De! India. There are players from several parts of the country.We have to unite them to make a powerful force." [14] In another interview, heemphasized that he wants "to create a Chak De effect" on hockey in India.[49][edit]
  • 9. Soundtrack Chak De! India Soundtrack by Salim-SulaimanReleased 1 August 2007Genre Feature film soundtrackLength 28:92Producer Aditya Chopra Professional reviewsRediff [50]Bollywood Hungama [51] Salim-Sulaiman chronology Dor (2006)Chak De! India (2007)Aaja Nachle(2007)The soundtrack for Chak De! India was released on 1 August 2007 and iscomposed by Salim-Sulaiman with lyrics by Jaideep Sahni. The title song, ChakDe! India, has become an unofficial sports anthem for India.[52] Salim andSuleimaan Merchant composed the song with this intention.[53] No. Title Singers Length 1. "Chak De! India" Sukhwinder Singh, Salim 4:43 Merchant, Marianne DCruz 2. "Badal Pe Paon Hema Sardesai 4:05 Hain" 3. "Ek Hockey K K, Shahrukh Doongi Rakh 5:36 Khan Ke" 4. "Bad Bad Girls" Anushka 3:39 Manchanda 5. "Maula Mere Le Krishna Beura, 4:47 Le Meri Jaan" Salim Merchant 6. "Hockey Remix" Midival Punditz 5:17 7. "Sattar Minute" Shahrukh Khan 2:05The DVD was released by Yash Raj Films on 3 November 2007 as a 2 DVD pack.Subtitles in English, Arabic, Spanish, Dutch, Portuguese, Tamil and Malayalam
  • 10. languages are available for the feature film. The companion DVD with specialfeatures includes 32 minutes of deleted scenes (without subtitles), music videos, adocumentary on the making of the film, and guest appearances by the Chak DeGirls and members of the India womens national field hockey team on CNN-IBNand NDTV.