In the 20s he was after pleasure and opulence and, as
his a personification of his nation, a decade
later, transformed into a “gloomy aftermath of excess”.
Famous after his first best-seller at 24, he got married.
Published The Great Gatsby at 1925, while living in EU.
Became an alcoholic.
Character – one of his favorite
concepts (weakness of character).
Work ethic to vanity and the
American dream to nightmare.
Died from a heart-attack at 44.
"I wouldn’t ask too much of her," I ventured. "You can’t repeat the past."
"Can’t repeat the past?" he cried incredulously. "Why of course you can!"
He looked around him wildly, as if the past were lurking here in the shadow
of his house, just out of reach of his hand.
"I’m going to fix everything just the way it was before," he said, nodding
determinedly. "She’ll see."
“Gatsby turned out all right at the end; it was what preyed on Gatsby, what
foul dust floated in the wake of his dreams that temporarily closed out
my interest in the abortive sorrows and short-winded elations of men.”
“I hope she’ll be a fool—that’s the best thing a girl can be in this world, a
beautiful little fool.”
“It was all very careless and confused. They were careless people, Tom and
Daisy—they smashed up things and creatures and then retreated back
into their money or their vast carelessness, or whatever it was that kept
them together, and let other people clean up the mess they had made.”
“Gatsby believed in the green light, the orgastic future that year by year
recedes before us. It eluded us then, but that’s no matter—tomorrow we
will run faster, stretch out our arms farther. . . . And then one fine
So we beat on, boats against the current, borne back ceaselessly into the
The American dream
Time – can we relive the past?
Homo faber vs homo ludens
Wealth - Aristocracy vs Nouveau-riches; In a post-
WWI; Positive or negative
Overwhelming desire for more
The control of time
“The 99 percent is increasingly outgunned by the One
Percent. The result is something that economists Alan
Krueger and Miles Corak call the Great Gatsby
Curve. As income inequality increases, social mobility
decreases. The plutocracy may be a meritocracy, but
increasingly you have to be born on the top rung of the
ladder to even take part in that race.” (Chrystia
Freeland in The rise of the new global superrich, "Plutocrats“)
The billboard’s eyes
The wasteland - valley of ashes
The phone calls
Ambiguities in life.
Any mean justified the end.
Plutocratic society (Crony capitalism)
Quae negata, grata
Courtly love (amor cortés)
Is the all American Dream a lie? The land of endless
possibilities only a farce?
Think about an incident in your past you would have liked
to recreate, what would you do to erase time and do it all
Why is Gatsby ‘great’? What is the moral of the story?
One can find in every writing some of the author. Can you
notice the real Fitzgerald in the narrator, or in Gatsby, or
maybe even in some of the other characters?
Nick the Narrator and the character, how does one affect
Write about your Country’s Gatsby, using the same
The Picture of Dorian Gray
and the myth of Faustus