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The Great Gatsby
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  • 1. Universidad de Navarra 25.10.2013/08.11.2013
  • 2.  In the 20s he was after pleasure and opulence and, as       his a personification of his nation, a decade later, transformed into a “gloomy aftermath of excess”. Famous after his first best-seller at 24, he got married. Published The Great Gatsby at 1925, while living in EU. Became an alcoholic. Character – one of his favorite concepts (weakness of character). Work ethic to vanity and the American dream to nightmare. Died from a heart-attack at 44.
  • 3.  "I wouldn’t ask too much of her," I ventured. "You can’t repeat the past."     "Can’t repeat the past?" he cried incredulously. "Why of course you can!" He looked around him wildly, as if the past were lurking here in the shadow of his house, just out of reach of his hand. "I’m going to fix everything just the way it was before," he said, nodding determinedly. "She’ll see." “Gatsby turned out all right at the end; it was what preyed on Gatsby, what foul dust floated in the wake of his dreams that temporarily closed out my interest in the abortive sorrows and short-winded elations of men.” “I hope she’ll be a fool—that’s the best thing a girl can be in this world, a beautiful little fool.” “It was all very careless and confused. They were careless people, Tom and Daisy—they smashed up things and creatures and then retreated back into their money or their vast carelessness, or whatever it was that kept them together, and let other people clean up the mess they had made.” “Gatsby believed in the green light, the orgastic future that year by year recedes before us. It eluded us then, but that’s no matter—tomorrow we will run faster, stretch out our arms farther. . . . And then one fine morning— So we beat on, boats against the current, borne back ceaselessly into the past.”
  • 4.  Tom Buchanan  Jordan Baker  Myrtle Wilson  George Wilson  Meyer Wolfsheim  Owl Eyes  Dan Cody
  • 5.  The American dream  Time – can we relive the past?  Homo faber vs homo ludens  Reification  Camera obscura  Wealth - Aristocracy vs Nouveau-riches; In a post- WWI; Positive or negative  Overwhelming desire for more  The control of time
  • 6. “The 99 percent is increasingly outgunned by the One Percent. The result is something that economists Alan Krueger and Miles Corak call the Great Gatsby Curve. As income inequality increases, social mobility decreases. The plutocracy may be a meritocracy, but increasingly you have to be born on the top rung of the ladder to even take part in that race.” (Chrystia Freeland in The rise of the new global superrich, "Plutocrats“)
  • 7.  Colors  Wealth  Emotions  The billboard’s eyes  The wasteland - valley of ashes  The phone calls  Cars  The bootleggers  Onomatology
  • 8.  Ambiguities in life.  Persistence  Any mean justified the end.  Hypocrisy  Plutocratic society (Crony capitalism)  US geography  The weather  Quae negata, grata  Courtly love (amor cortés)
  • 9.  Is the all American Dream a lie? The land of endless      possibilities only a farce? Think about an incident in your past you would have liked to recreate, what would you do to erase time and do it all over again? Why is Gatsby ‘great’? What is the moral of the story? One can find in every writing some of the author. Can you notice the real Fitzgerald in the narrator, or in Gatsby, or maybe even in some of the other characters? Nick the Narrator and the character, how does one affect the other? Write about your Country’s Gatsby, using the same references.
  • 10. Next week The Picture of Dorian Gray and the myth of Faustus