Robinson Crusoe
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Robinson Crusoe Robinson Crusoe Presentation Transcript

  • Colonialism and its aftermath. Defoe's Robinson Crusoe Universidad de Navarra 18.10.2013
  • Full title:
  • Well educated, Married at 24 Adventurer, Political activist (wrote political treaties). Participated in the 1685 revolt against James II. 1701 – March in parliament under King William Engaged in commerce. Wrote many books, pamphlets and journalism about economy and trade. Wrote Robinson Crusoe at the age of 60 in 1719, probably based on the story of Alexander Selkirk. The novel was an immediate success.
  •  “In a word, as my life was a life of sorrow one way, so it was a life of mercy another;”  “hunger will tame a lion!”  “How strange a chequer-work of Providence is the life of man! and by what secret different springs are the affections hurried about, as different circumstances present! To-day we love what to-morrow we hate; today we seek what to-morrow we shun; to-day we desire what to-morrow we fear, nay, even tremble at the apprehensions of.”  “I taught him to say Master, and then let him know, that was to be my name;”
  •  Is individuality the invention of the bourgeoisie?  The common man manages to yield nature  Struggle : both physical and spiritual Destiny and      defiance Acceptance Awareness, introspection The just War Encounter of cultural and theological distinction What about the social critics:
  •  The castaway (naufrago), Crusoe is more the kind of        Guerrero, Cabeza de Vaca or Landa? The 3 planes: axiologic, praxeologic and epistemic. The historiography and the representation of the other culture. Different assimilation and imitation politics (mimic). Perspectivism Religiosity more than religion. Religious anthropology. An egalitarian religion (paradoxical term)
  •  Questioning the neutrality of the West/occident      discourse. Objectivity of the contact between the two. No such thing as neutral knowledge. The oriental discourse is a form of strategy realism, reality-like principles to develop the sense of an essence One always relates to the Other (otherness) in his proper terms
  •  Hybridity  There are two ontological and epistemological entities, the          west and the east. We need to displace the West to be in a position where not all the power is in its hands. Uses the mirror self identity notion. Méconnaissance - A constant process of identification and un-identification. The Freudian Fetish. There is a difference but also a resemblance. Systematic stereotype & prejudice. Articulation of the colonial discourse and language. Difference between metonymy and metaphor. Dichotomy and ambivalence.
  • In every situation there is a power relationship
  •  Animals  The footprint - turning point  The cross  The Governor of the island.
  •  The spirit of Colonialism  Any physical quest is also a spiritual one  Governorship  Perseverance  Economy  Le bon sauvage
  •  Explain the role of emotions in the novel.  Why Crusoe decides to go back to the island?  We are told many mundane details about his thoughts and doing yet Crusoe never expresses the need for a family, why?  Write about your experience encountering the Other.
  • Next week Gatsby and the American Dream I To read: - Eco, Umberto, Interpretation and overinterpretation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992.