Transcript of "Occurrences of conflict at micro level and macro"
OCCURRENCES OFCONFLICT AT MICRO LEVEL AND MACRO LEVEL
MICRO LEVEL• Focuses on individuals and their interactions• EXAMPLE : the relationship between adult children and their parents, or the effect of negative attitudes on older people.• Some criticize on micro-level theories because they focus on what older people do rather than on social conditions and policies that cause them to act the way they do.
MICRO LEVEL PERSPECTIVE• study of small scale structures and processes in society• It says explanations of social life and social structures are to be found at the individual level or in social interaction.• For example gray hair is a sign of wisdom in one. People give meanings to objects then base their actions on these meanings• Micro level theories are role theories. For example understanding adjustment to getting older.
• Include age stratification theory. It focuses upon flow of age cohorts through the life cycle.• social change is experienced through new patterns of individual and small-group interaction. For example, we can take a look at changes in intimate social groups like couples and the family• see how urbanization affects the nature of primary groups. Rapid social changes at the micro level continue to provide a fertile field of inquiry for social scientists.• social experience: the increasing democratization of political life and the rise of complex bureaucratic institutions.
MACRO LEVEL• Focuses more upon social structure, social processes and problems, and their interrelationships• EXAMPLE : the effects of industrialization on older peoples status, or how gender and income affect older peoples well being• This approach tends to minimize peoples ability to act and overcome the limits of social structures.
MACRO LEVEL PERSPECTIVES• change produces the major social forces that shape change throughout a society.• changes that occur at the middle and micro levels, where we actually experience change in our own lives.• These changes do not occur quickly, but they alter the ecological order, the system of stratification, and the social institutions of entire societies.• Entire social classes are shaped by these macro-level
• change in societies throughout the world could be given.• Changes like these are a matter of endless fascination to sociologists, and there have been a variety of attempts to explain them.• Modernization theories have a more modest goal, seeking to explain what happens as contemporary societies undergo industrial, political, and urban revolutions.
NORMATIVES PERSPECTIVE• rules and status exist in society to provide social control or social order.• Social order is necessary for survival. This perspective focuses upon macro-level.• example structural-functionalism, role theory, modernization theory, and age-stratification.• Causes of poverty, health disparities, distribution of life Conflict perspective deals with macro and some micro levels. chances via, social class, and gender.
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