William Blake was born on November 28, 1757 in London, the third of five children. His father James was a hosier, and could only afford to give William enough schooling to learn the basics of reading and writing, though for a short time he was able to attend a drawing school run by Henry Par. William worked in his fathers shop until his talent for drawing became so obvious that he was apprenticed to engraver James Basire at age 14. He finished his apprenticeship at age 21, and set out to make his living as an engraver. Blake married Catherine Boucher at age 25, and she worked with him on most of his artistic creations. Together they published a book of Blakes poems and drawings called Songs of Innocence. Blake engraved the words and pictures on copper plates (a method he claimed he received in a dream), and Catherine coloured the plates and bound the books. Songs of Innocence sold slowly during Blakes lifetime, indeed Blake struggled close to poverty for much of his life. More successful was a series of copperplate engravings Blake did to illustrate the Book of Job for a new edition of the Old Testament.
Blake did not have a head for business, and he turned down publishers requests to focus on his own subjects. In his choice of subject Blake was often guided by his gentle, mystical views of Christianity. Songs of Experience (1794) was followed by Milton (1804-1808), and Jerusalem (1804-1820). In 1800 Blake gained a patron in William Hayley, who commissioned him to illustrate his Life of Cowper, and to create busts of famous poets for his house in Felpham, Suurey. While at Felpham, Blake was involved in a bizarre episode which could have proven disastrous; he was accused by a drunken soldier of cursing the king, and on this testimony he was brought to trial for treason. The cae against Blake proved flimsy, and he was cleared of the charges. Blake poured his whole being into his work. The lack of public recognition sent him into a severe depression which lasted from 1810-1817, and even his close friends thought him insane. Unlike painters like Gainsborough, Blake worked on a small scale; most of his engravings are little more than inches in height, yet the detailed rendering is superb and exact. Blakes work received far more public acclaim after his death, and an excerpt from his poem Milton was set to music, becoming a sort of unofficial Christian anthem of English nationalism in the 20th century. William Blake died on August 12, 1827, and is buried in an unmarked grave at Bunhill Fields, London.
Alliterationthe letter S is repeated and used through the whole poemfor example : “so your chimneys I sweep & in soot I sleep” (line 4)“as Tom was a sleeping he had such a sight” (line 10) Simile“That curl’d like a lambs back” (line 6) Metaphor“As Tom was a sleeping”… Parable“And the Angle told Tom if he’d be a good boy,He’d have God for his father & never want joy.” (lines 19-20)
TRAGIC & PESSIMISTICTerrible situation for children that lived at theend of French revolution.Bring sadness and melancholy. OPTIMISTIC & LIGHT HEARTED“Tho the morning was cold, Tom was happy & warm; so if all do their duty, they need not fear harm.after having a great dream about the Angel, Tom become more lively.
SOCIAL INJUSTICE Profession as a chimney sweeper is consider unimportant. Nobody pay attention and worry about chimney sweeper.INNOCENT OF THE CHILDREN Know nothings about the cruel world Being sold by the parents to become the slaves of industrialDEVELOPMENT Sometimes brings badness Humans being exploited by their own technologies
Differentbetween the rich and poor people-Poor people has to struggle to keep on living where as the rich people just being selfish Morality of parents in bringing their children to face the world.-Some parents even willing to sell their children just because for the money