Pakistan Climate and Geography in Turkish

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Pakistan Climate and Geography in Turkish

  1. 1. Shahid FAROOQ TOKAT 2014
  2. 2. *Resmi Adı : islami Cumhuriyah-yi Pākistān *Kuruluş tarihi *14 Ağustos 1947 *Alan : 796,095 km2 (307,374 sq mi) alan bakımından dünyanın en büyük 36. ülkesidir 95% Muslims 5% Christian, hindu and other religions
  3. 3. *Başkent : Islamabad *Cumhurbaşkanı : Mamnoon Hussain *Başbakan : Nawaz Sharif *Nüfus : 179.2 million (2012) *Resmi dili: Urdu (Milli), English (Resmi) *Hükümet : *Parlamenter cumhuriyet
  4. 4. Konum ve Coğrafya
  5. 5. İklim
  6. 6. Pakistan is divided into three (3) major geographic areas The Northern Highlands The Indus River Plain The Baluchistan Plateau
  7. 7. The Northern Highlands *Some of the world’s highest peaks *The northern highlands contain the Karakoram, Hindu Kush and Pemir mountains *5, 8000m plus peaks in Pakistan out of 14 in the world
  8. 8. *The 1,609 km (1,000 mi) *Ziraat var *Su ve tuzlu stresi
  9. 9. Cultivated And Irrigated Area
  10. 10. Festivaller Bağımsızlık günü– 14 Aug Ulusal Günü– 23 Mart
  11. 11. Agriculture Universities in Pakistan • University of Agriculture, Faisalabad (UAF) • Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan • Balochistan Agriculture College Quetta • Faculty of Agriculture, Gomal University D.I. Khan • Islamia University, Bahawalpur • University of Agriculture, Peshawar • Lasbella University of Agriculture • PMAS Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi, • Sindh Agriculture University Sindh • University College of Agriculture, Rawlakot • Dera Ghazi Khan College of Agriculture • University of Karachi , Karachi • University of Poonch Rawlakot, Azad Kashmir • University of Sargodha • University of the Punjab, Lahore • COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Vehari, Pakistan • Riaz Hussain Jamali Agriculture University
  12. 12. Merged within Agronomy Discipline Faculty of Crop Protection The University of Agriculture Peshawar Weed Science Society of Pakistan Allelopathy for weed control and to combat abiotic stresses especially drought Herbicide resistance
  13. 13. No. Weed Species Family Crops Wheat Maize Rice Tobacco Veg. Trees 1. Acorus calamus Araceae - - + - - - 2. Alliaria petiolata Cruciferae + - - - - - 3. Amaranthus viridis Amaranthaceae - + - - + - 4. Anagallis arvensis Primulaceae + - + + + - 5. Argemone mexicana Solanaceae + - - - - - 6. Artemisia absinthium Asteraceae + _ - - + - 7. A. scoparia Asteraceae + - - - - - 8. Avena fatua Poaceae ++ - + - + - 9. Bidens tripartite Asteraceae - - + - - - 10. B. pilosa Asteraceae + - - - + - 11. Boerhaavia diffusa Nyctaginaceae + - - - + - 12. Cannabis sativa Cannabinaceae + - - - - - 13. Cardus acanthoides Asteraceae + - - - - - 14. Carthamus lanatus Asteraceae + - - - - - 15. Chenopodium ambrosoides Chenopodiaceae + + _ _ _ - 16. C. album Chenopodiaceae - + + + + -
  14. 14. 17. Cichorium intybus Asteraceae + - - - - - 18. Commelina benghalensis Commelinaceae - ++ - - + - 19. Convolvulus arvensis Convolvulaceae - ++ - + + - 20. Capsella bursa-pastoris Cruciferae + - - - - - 21. Cuscuta reflexa Cuscutaceae - - - + - + 22. Datura stramonium Solanaceae + _ _ _ _ - 23. Digitaria saguinalis Poaceae + - - + + - 24. Digitaria sp Poaceae - ++ + + + - 25. Echinochloa colonum Poaceae + + - _ _ - 26. Elusine indica Poaceae + + + - + - 27. Euphorbia helioscopia Euphorbiaceae + _- - - + - 28. E. hirta Euphorbiaceae + - - - + - 29. Fumaria indica Fumariaceae + - - - + - 30. Galinsoga parviflora Asteraceae + - - - - - 31. Galium aparine Rubiaceae + - - - - - 32. Ipomoea alba Convolvulaceae _ ++ _ _ _ -
  15. 15. 33. Impereta cylindrical Poaceae - + + - - - 34. Lactuca serriola Asteraceae + - - - - - 35. Lantana camara Verbenaceae + + - - - - 36. Malva neglecta Malvaceae + - - - - - 37. Malvastrum sp Malvaceae + + - - - - 38. Medicago dendiculata Papilionaceae + - - - + - 39. Oenthera rosea Onagraceae + + - - - - 40. Orobanche cernua Orobanchaceae - - - ++ - - 41. Oxalis corniculata Oxalidaceae + + + + + - 42. Panicum repens Poaceae - + - - - - 43. Parthenium hysterophorus Asteraceae + - - - - - 44. Paspalum distichum Poaceae _ + - - - - 45. Portulaca oleracea Portulacaceae - - - - + - 46. Ranunculus muricatua Ranunculaceae + + + - + - 47. R. scleratus Ranunculaceae _ + + - - - 48. Solanum nigrum Solanaceae - + - - + -
  16. 16. 49. Sonchus oleraceus Asteraceae + - - - - - 50. S. arvensis Asteraceae + - - - - - 51. Sorghum halepense Poaceae - + - - - - 52. Stellaria media Caryophyllaceae ++ - - - + - 53. Taraxacum officinale Asteraceae ++ + - _ - 54. Trifolium repens Papilionaceae + - - - + - 55. Tulipa stellata Liliaceae ++ - - - - - 56. Xanthium strumarium Asteraceae - + - - - - 57. Verbena officinalis Verbenaceae + - - - - - 58. Viscum album Loranthaceae - - - - - + 59. Veronica arvensis Scrophulariacea - + - _ _ -
  17. 17. Convulvulus arvensis Field Bind weed Melilotus alba White sweet clover Cyperus iria Flate Sedge Polygonium plebejum Prostate Knot weed
  18. 18. Trianthema portuclacastrum Horse pursalane Euphorbia prostrata Spurge Digitaria sanguinalis Cyperus esculentus
  19. 19. Dactyloctenum aegyptium Crowfoot Echinochloa crus Barnyard Grass Euphorbia granulate Garden spurge Digera muricata False amaranth
  20. 20. Fimbristylis dichotoma Hoora Ghass Amaranthus virdis Slender Amaranth Seteria virdis Sorghum helepense
  21. 21. Chenopodium album Lambs quarter Paspalum distichum Water grass
  22. 22. Previous Work And Research Interests *Mitigating terminal drought in wheat through seed enhancement techniques (Master‟s Thesis). *Optimizing row spacing in different wheat genotypes differing in tilllerring potential *Eco friendly weed control in maize using lower doses of herbicides tank mixed with allelopathic crop water extraxts *Improving rice productivity with balanced boron nutrition *Improving drought tolerance of maize by Potassium application (Research Interests) *Abiyotik stresler (su, tuz, soğuk ve ısı stres) *Allelopati *invaziv bitkiler *Bitki besleme
  23. 23. Önceki çalışmalar Research papers published in Journals Sr. # Title Journal Year 1 M. Hussain, W. Bashir, S. Farooq and A. Rehim “Effect of drought stress on root system, allometry and productivity of maize hybrids sown by varying method” Int. J. Agric. Biol. 2013 2 M. A. Shah, A. Manaf, M. Hussain, S. Farooq and M. Z.U. Hye “Sulphur fertilization improves the sesame productivity and economic returns under rainfed conditions” Int. J. Agric. Biol. 2013 3 M. Hussain, Z. Mahmood, M.B. Khan, S.Farooq, D.J. Lee and M. Farooq. “Narrow row spacing ensures higher productivity of low tillering wheat cultivars” Int. J. Agric. Biol. 2012 4 M.B. Khan, M. Ahmad, M. Hussain, K. Jabran, S. Farooq and M. Waqas-ul- Haq. “Allelopathic plant water extracts tank mixed with reduced doses of atrazine efficiently control Trianthema portulacastrum L. in Zea mays L.” The J. Anim. Plant Sci. IF 2012 5 M. Hussain, M.A. Khan, M.B. Khan, M. Farooq and S. Farooq. “Boron application improves growth, yield and net economic returns of rice” Rice Science 2012 6 M. Hussain, G. Shabir, M. Farooq, K. Jabran and S. Farooq. “Development and phonological responses of wheat to sowing Pak. J. Agri. Sci. 2012
  24. 24. Konferanslar Makaleler Sr. # Title Conference / Seminar 1 S. Farooq, M.B. Khan and M. Hussain “Field appraisal of newly evolved divergent wheat cultivars under agro-climatic conditions of District Khanewal’ Proceedings of National Conference on „Prospects and Opportunities for Agricultural Development in Pakistan‟ June 25-27, Khanispur, Ayubia, Pakistan 2 S. Farooq, F. Din, S. Ali and A.B. Nazeer “Evaluating different ground cover systems for higher water use efficiency in fine rice” Proceedings of National Conference on “Agriculture under arid environments” Bahauddin Zakariya University, Sub- Campus Layyah 25-26 March, 2013 3 S. Farooq, M.B. Khan and M. Hussain “Seed priming with CaCl2 improves germination, stand establishment and net economic returns of wheat under terminal drought” Proceedings of National Conference on “Agriculture under arid environments” Bahauddin Zakariya University, Sub- Campus Layyah 25-26 March, 2013 4 M. Hussain, W. Bashir, M.B. Khan and S. Farooq “Ridge sowing ensures higher productivity of maize hybrids under drought at tasseling” Proceeding of International Conference on “Crop management under changing climate” 11-13 February 2013. University of Agriculture Faisalabad. 5 M.B. Khan, M. Ahmad, M. Hussain, S. Farooq and M. Waqas-ul-Haq “Tank mixing of allelopathic crop water extracts with reduced doses of herbicide for weeds control in maize” Proceedings of the 1st international seminar on crop management issues and options; 1-2 June 2011. University of Agriculture Faisalabad. 6 M.B. Khan, M.A.B. Zia, M. Hussain, S. Farooq and G. Shabir. “Optimizing row spacing for different wheat genotypes” Proceedings of the 1st international seminar on crop management issues and options; 1-2 June 2011. University of Agriculture Faisalabad. 7 M.B. Khan, M. Ahmad, M. Hussain, K. Jabran, S. Farooq and M. Waqas-ul-Haq “Allelopathic plant water extracts tank mixed with Proceedings of International conference on “Prospects and challenges to sustainable agriculture”. 14-16 July 2011 AJ & K University
  25. 25. Maruz Makaleler Sr # Title Journal 1 S.Farooq, M. Shahid, M.B. Khan, M. Farooq and M. Hussain. “Husbandry practices improve the germination, growth and economic returns under terminal drought” J. Agron. Crop Sci. 2 M. Hussain, A. Latif, M.B. khan, M. Farooq, S. Farooq and S. Fareed “Root development, allometry and productivity of maize hybrids under drought stress” Chil. J. Agric Res. 3 M. Hussain, N. Ahmad, M.B.Khan, S. Farooq and M. Shahzad. “Potassium application improves maize productivity under drought stress” J. Agron. Crop Sci. 4 M.B. Khan, A. Raza, S. Farooq, K. Jabran and M. Hussain “Seed Priming with CaCl2 and Ridge Planting Improves Drought Tolerance of Maize” Pak. J. Agric. Sci. 5 S.Farooq, M.B. Khan, M. Shahid, K. Jabran and M. Hussain “Seed priming combined with narrow row spacing can improve drought tolerance of bread wheat” Int. J. Agric Biol

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