Islamic College of Canberra
ﺑﺴﻢ ﺍﷲ ﺍﻟﺮﲪﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻴﻢ
Explanation of the Three Fundamental Principles
Class Notes – Term 4, Week 6
ﻭﻣﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ ﻻﻣﻌﺒﻮﺩ ﹺﺑﺤﻖ ﹺﺇﻻ ﺍﷲ ، )ﻻﹺﺇﹶﻟﻪ( َﻧﺎﻓﻴﺎ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﻣﺎ ُﻳﻌﺒﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺩﻭﻥ ﺍﷲ ، )ﹺﺇﻻ ﺍﷲ( ﻣﺜﺒﺘﺎ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺎﺩﺓ ﷲ
ِ ُ ُ ﹾﹺ ﹰ َِ َ ﹶ
ِ ِ ُ ْ ِ ُ َْ َ َ ِ َ َ ِ ﹰ
َ َ ْ ﹶ َ َ ُْ َ َ ﹴ
:ﻭﺣﺪﻩ ﻻﺷﺮﻳﻚ ﹶﻟﻪ ﻓﻲ ﻋﺒﺎﺩِﺗﻪ ﻛﻤﺎ ﹶﺃﱠﻪ ﻻ ﺷﺮﻳﻚ ﹶﻟﻪ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻠﻜﻪ. ﻭَﺗﻔﺴﲑﻫﺎ ﺍﱠﺬﻱ ُﻳﻮ ﱢﺤﻬﺎ ﻗﻮﹸﻟﻪ َﺗﻌﺎﹶﻟﻰ
َ ُ ْ َ ْ َ ُ َ ﹺ َ ُ ِ ِ َ َ ِ ﹶ َ ﻧ ُ َ ﹺ َ ُ ِ ُ ﹾ ِ ِ َ ﹾ ِ ُ َ ﻟ ِ َﺿ ُ َ ﹶ
َ ﹾ ﹶ ﹶ َ ِ ُ َ ِ َ ﹶ ْ ِ ِ ﻧﹺ َ ﺀ ِﻤ ُْ ُ ﹶ
﴿ ﻭﹺﺇﺫ ﻗﺎﻝ ﹺﺇْﺑﺮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﻷﹺﺑﻴﻪ ﻭﻗﻮﻣﻪ ﹺﺇﱠﻨﻲ َﺑﺮﺁ ٌ ﻣ ﱠﺎ َﺗﻌﺒﺪﻭﻥ. ﹺﺇﻻ ﺍﱠﺬﻱ ﻓﻄﺮﹺﻧﻲ ﻓﺈﱠﻪ ﺳﻴﻬﺪﻳﻦ. ﻭﺟﻌﻠﻬﺎ
َ ﻟ ِ ﹶ ﹶ َ ﹶ ﹺﻧ ُ َ َ ْ ِ ﹺ َ َ َ ﹶ
.﴾ ﻛﻠﻤﺔ َﺑﺎﻗﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻋﻘﺒﻪ ﹶﻟﻌ ﱠﻬﻢ َﻳﺮﺟﻌﻮﻥ
ﹶ ِ َ ﹰ َِ ﹰ ِ َ ِﹺ ِ َﻠ ُ ْ ْ ﹺ ُ ﹶ
Its meaning is that none has the right to be worshipped except Allah: ‘laa ilaaha’ (nothing has the
right to be worshipped) denies all that is worshipped besides Allah, and ‘illallaah’ (except) Allah)
affirms worship for Allah alone, just as there is to be no one given any share of His Dominion and
Sovereignty. The explanation which will make it clear is the saying : And remember when Ibraheem
said to his father and his people: "I am totally free of everything you worship”. "Except for the one
who created me, He will guide me upon the true Religion and the way of right guidance". And Allah
made this saying (i.e. laa ilaaha illallah) a word lasting among his offspring (true Monotheism), that
they may turn back (i.e. to repent to Allah or receive admonition). [Az‐Zukhruf; 43:26‐28]
In our previous lesson we commenced the explanation of the first pillar of Islam, and it is the shahadah.
Evidence from Surat Aal‐Imran was given to prove the first part of the testification, i.e. there is no deity
worthy of worship except Allah (swt).
This lesson we will Inshallah dissect the meaning of the shahadah. You may find that we have covered this
previously, but we will go over it in more detail and give evidences for its meaning from Surat Az‐Zukhruf
The Meaning of the Shahadah
After giving evidence for the necessity of the first pillar of Islam, the Sheikh (ra) moves onto its important
meaning and the implications it has in our lives.
The Sheikh (ra) clarifies that the meaning of the shahadah is that none has the right to be worshipped
The shahadah is that a person affirms with their tongue and their heart that there is nothing that is
worshipped rightfully except Allah, since an ilaah means that which is worshipped (ma’bood). Thus
anything worshipped besides Allah (swt) is void and misguided.
It does not mean like some ignorant people think that there is no Lord who creates, provided and controls
the affairs except Allah (swt), rather it carries the meaning of singling out Allah (swt) in all types of worship.