DATA
 Raw materials
 Unprocessed
information
 Not useful for business
decision making
 Always use as input of
an Infor...
INFORMATION
Processed data
Organized in a
meaningful way
Useful for business
decision making
Can be used as data
(refi...
Data refers to isolated
facts concerning things
such as people, objectives,
events or things.
Information is data that
hav...
4
Shah Md. Safiul Hoque, Associate Professor of MIS
Shah Md. Safiul Hoque, Associate Professor of MIS
5
Relevant for its purpose
Sufficiently accurate for its purpose
Comp...
Shah Md. Safiul Hoque, Associate Professor of
MIS
6
Information has many characteristics and
can be classified in many way...
Shah Md. Safiul Hoque, Associate Professor of MIS
7
Let us understand what we really mean by the term system’
before we mo...
Shah Md. Safiul Hoque, Associate Professor of MIS
8
Solar System Human Body System
Operating System Order Processing System
Shah Md. Safiul Hoque, Associate Professor of MIS
9
Study the diagram
and I am sure you
shall be able to
explain the term
...
Shah Md. Safiul Hoque, Associate Professor of MIS
10
Information system is “a combination of hardware,
software, infrastru...
Shah Md. Safiul Hoque, Associate Professor of MIS
11
Environment
Environment
Information
System
-Processing
-Classify
-Arr...
Shah Md. Safiul Hoque, Associate Professor of MIS
12
The key functions of an information systems are:
 Input - captures o...
Shah Md. Safiul Hoque, Associate Professor of MIS
13
An information system is made of the above components
Shah Md. Safiul Hoque, Associate Professor of MIS
14
>Transaction Processing System
>Management Information System
>Decisi...
Shah Md. Safiul Hoque, Associate Professor of MIS
15
 Shape data into information
 Contain information about: People, Pl...
Shah Md. Safiul Hoque, Associate Professor of MIS
16
POSITIVE IMPACT
 Information systems can calculate or process
paperw...
Shah Md. Safiul Hoque, Associate Professor of MIS
17
POSITIVE IMPACT
 Information systems have made possible new
medical ...
Shah Md. Safiul Hoque, Associate Professor of MIS
18
NEGATIVE IMPACT
 By automating activities that were previously
perfo...
Shah Md. Safiul Hoque, Associate Professor of MIS
19
NEGATIVE IMPACT
 Information system are used in so many aspects
of e...
Shah Md. Safiul Hoque, Associate Professor of MIS
20
Shah Md. Safiul Hoque, Associate Professor of MIS
21
An organized approach to the study of the information
needs of an org...
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Data and information

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  • Managemetn Information Systems Green University of Bangladesh Prepared by: Shah Md. Safiul Hoque, Associate Professor of MIS
  • Managemetn Information Systems Green University of Bangladesh Prepared by: Shah Md. Safiul Hoque, Associate Professor of MIS
  • Data and information

    1. 1. DATA  Raw materials  Unprocessed information  Not useful for business decision making  Always use as input of an Information System 1 Shah Md. Safiul Hoque, Associate Professor of MIS
    2. 2. INFORMATION Processed data Organized in a meaningful way Useful for business decision making Can be used as data (refine input) for producing even better information. 2 Shah Md. Safiul Hoque, Associate Professor of MIS
    3. 3. Data refers to isolated facts concerning things such as people, objectives, events or things. Information is data that have been processed and presented in a form suitable for human interpretation. This could be organized or summarized data for certain purpose. 3 Shah Md. Safiul Hoque, Associate Professor of MIS
    4. 4. 4 Shah Md. Safiul Hoque, Associate Professor of MIS
    5. 5. Shah Md. Safiul Hoque, Associate Professor of MIS 5 Relevant for its purpose Sufficiently accurate for its purpose Complete enough for the problem From the source in which the user has confidence Communicated to the right person Communicated in time for its purpose Which contains the right level of detail > Communicated by an appropriate channel of communication Which is understandable by the user
    6. 6. Shah Md. Safiul Hoque, Associate Professor of MIS 6 Information has many characteristics and can be classified in many ways. Such as: By Source (Internal, External, Primary, Secondary, Government Agency) By Nature (Formal, Informal, Quantitative, Qualitative) By Management Level (Strategic, Tactical, Operational) By Time (Historical, Present, Future) By Frequency (Continuous [real time]), Hourly, Daily, Monthly, Yearly) By Form (Written. Oral, Nonverbal)
    7. 7. Shah Md. Safiul Hoque, Associate Professor of MIS 7 Let us understand what we really mean by the term system’ before we move on to ‘information system’. A system is “an organized, purposeful structure that consists of interrelated and interdependent elements ( components, entities, factors, members, parts etc.). These elements continually influence one another (directly or indirectly) to maintain their activity and the existence of the system, in order to achieve the goal of the system.” Available at: http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/system.html#ixzz2fgxqHWEg
    8. 8. Shah Md. Safiul Hoque, Associate Professor of MIS 8 Solar System Human Body System Operating System Order Processing System
    9. 9. Shah Md. Safiul Hoque, Associate Professor of MIS 9 Study the diagram and I am sure you shall be able to explain the term “Information System”. for yourself!
    10. 10. Shah Md. Safiul Hoque, Associate Professor of MIS 10 Information system is “a combination of hardware, software, infrastructure and trained personnel organized to facilitate planning, control, coordination, and decision making in an organization.” Read more: http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/information-system.html#ixzz2fhC95zNI
    11. 11. Shah Md. Safiul Hoque, Associate Professor of MIS 11 Environment Environment Information System -Processing -Classify -Arrange -Calculate Input Output Suppliers Customers Feedback Reg. Agencies Competitors Stockholders
    12. 12. Shah Md. Safiul Hoque, Associate Professor of MIS 12 The key functions of an information systems are:  Input - captures or collects raw data from within the organization or from its external environments.  Processing - converts this raw input into a meaningful form.  Output - transfers the processed information to the people who will use it or to the activities for which it will be used.  Information Systems also require feedback, which is output that is returned to appropriate members of the organization to help them evaluate or correct the input stage.
    13. 13. Shah Md. Safiul Hoque, Associate Professor of MIS 13 An information system is made of the above components
    14. 14. Shah Md. Safiul Hoque, Associate Professor of MIS 14 >Transaction Processing System >Management Information System >Decision Support System >Executive Support System >Sales and Marketing Information System >Human Resource Information System >Accounting Information System >Inventory Management System >Parcel Tracking System > Order Processing System and many more……..
    15. 15. Shah Md. Safiul Hoque, Associate Professor of MIS 15  Shape data into information  Contain information about: People, Place, and things  Support decision making  Support coordinating & controlling  Support analyzing problems  Create new products
    16. 16. Shah Md. Safiul Hoque, Associate Professor of MIS 16 POSITIVE IMPACT  Information systems can calculate or process paperwork much faster than people  Information systems can help companies learn more about the patterns and preferences of their customers  Information systems provide new efficiencies through services such as automated teller machines (ATMs), telephone systems, or computer controlled airplanes and air terminals
    17. 17. Shah Md. Safiul Hoque, Associate Professor of MIS 17 POSITIVE IMPACT  Information systems have made possible new medical advances in surgery, radiology, and patient monitoring  The Internet distributes information instantly to millions of people across the world
    18. 18. Shah Md. Safiul Hoque, Associate Professor of MIS 18 NEGATIVE IMPACT  By automating activities that were previously performed by people, information systems may eliminate jobs.  Information systems may allow organizations to collect personal details about people that violate their privacy
    19. 19. Shah Md. Safiul Hoque, Associate Professor of MIS 19 NEGATIVE IMPACT  Information system are used in so many aspects of everyday life that system outages can cause shutdowns of businesses or transportation services  Heavy user of information systems may suffer repetitive stress injury, techno stress, and other health problems  The Internet can be used to distribute illegal copies of software, books, articles, and other intellectual property
    20. 20. Shah Md. Safiul Hoque, Associate Professor of MIS 20
    21. 21. Shah Md. Safiul Hoque, Associate Professor of MIS 21 An organized approach to the study of the information needs of an organization's management at every level in making operational, tactical, and strategic decisions. Its objective is to design and implement procedures, processes, and routines that provide suitably detailed reports in an accurate, consistent, and timely manner. In a management information system, modern, computerized systems continuously gather relevant data, both from inside and outside an organization. This data is then processed, integrated, and stored in a centralized database (or data warehouse) where it is constantly updated and made available to all who have the authority to access it, in a form that suits their purpose.
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