Every organization wants to attract, motivate, and retain the most qualified employees and match them to jobs for which they are best suited. <br />Human resources, training, and labor relations managers and specialists provide this connection. <br />In the past, these workers performed the administrative function of an organization.<br />Today's human resources workers manage these tasks, but, increasingly, they consult with top executives regarding strategic planning. <br />
In an effort to enhance morale and productivity, limit job turnover, and help organizations increase performance and improve results.<br />Workers also help their companies effectively use employee skills. <br />They provide training and development opportunities to improve those skills, and increase employees' satisfaction with their jobs and working conditions.<br />Although some jobs in the human resources field require only limited contact with people outside the human resources office.<br />
There are many types of human resources, training, and labor relations managers and specialists.<br />In a small organization, a human resources generalistmay handle all aspects of human resources work, and thus require an extensive range of knowledge.<br />In a large corporation, the director of human resourcesmay supervise several departments.<br />Each department is headed by an experienced manager who is specialized in one human resources activity, such as employment and placement, compensation and benefits, training and development, or labor relations.<br />The director may report to a top human resources executive.<br />
Employment and placement managerssupervise the recruitment, hiring, and separation of employees.<br />They also supervise employment, recruitment, and placement specialists, including employment interviewers.<br />Recruitment specialistsmaintain contacts within the community and may travel considerably, often to job fairs and college campuses, to search for promising job applicants.<br />They also may check references and extend job offers.<br />They also must stay informed about Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO) and affirmative action guidelines and laws.<br />
Employment interviewers help to match employers with qualified jobseekers.<br />Similarly, employer relations representatives, who usually work in government agencies or college career centers, maintain working relationships with prospective employers.<br />They promote the use of public employment programs and services.<br />
Counselors work in diverse community settings designed to provide a variety of counseling, rehabilitation, and support services.<br />Their duties vary greatly, depending on their specialty, which is determined by the setting in which they work and the population they serve.<br />Educational, vocational, and school counselorsprovide individuals and groups with career, personal, social and educational counseling.<br />School counselors assist students of all levels, from elementary school to post secondary education.<br />They advocate for students and work with other individuals and organizations to promote the academic, career, personal, and social development of children and youth.<br />
Elementary school counselors provide individual, small-group, and classroom guidance services to students.<br />Counselors observe children during classroom and play activities and confer with their teachers and parents to evaluate the children's strengths, problems, or special needs.<br />In conjunction with teachers and administrators, they make sure that the curriculum addresses both the academic and the developmental needs of students.<br />
High school counselors advise students regarding college majors, admission requirements, entrance exams, financial aid, trade or technical schools, and apprenticeship programs.<br />They help students develop job search skills, such as resume writing and interviewing techniques.<br />College career planning and placement counselors assist alumni or students with career development and job-hunting techniques.<br />School counselors at all levels help students to understand and deal with social, behavioral, and personal problems.<br />
Vocational counselors, also called employment counselors orcareer counselors, usually provide career counseling outside the school setting.<br />Their chief focus is helping individuals with career decisions.<br />Vocational counselors explore and evaluate the client's education, training, work history, interests, skills, and personality traits.<br />They may arrange for aptitude and achievement tests to help the client make career decisions.<br />They also work with individuals to develop their job-search skills and assist clients in locating and applying for jobs.<br />In addition, career counselors provide support to people experiencing job loss, job stress, or other career transition issues.<br />
Financial analystshelp people decide how to invest their money.<br />They work for banks, insurance companies, mutual funds, and securities firms.<br />.They often meet with company officials to learn more about the firms in which they want to invest.<br />After the meetings, the analysts write reports and give talks about what they found out. Then, they suggest buying or selling that firm's stock.<br />
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