Agriculture for Nutrition and Health (ENG)

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  • Definition: Agriculture-associated disease ranges from zoonotic diseases (those transmitted from animals to humans), to food or water-borne diseases, to the occupational health of agricultural workers.Goal: To control and mitigate agriculture-associated diseases in order to enhance environmental sustainability, reduce poverty, increase food security, and contribute to the health of poor communities.Why? In order to minimize the risks associated with agriculture, both to food producers and food consumers. For example, zoonoses make up 25 percent of the infectious disease burden in least developed countries, and mycotoxins lead to trade losses of up to US$1.2 billion a year. Implementing an integrated package of risk-based measures could avert up to 90 percent of the estimated 12,000 DALYs which result from wastewater irrigation alone (IMWI, Ghana).
  • Agriculture for Nutrition and Health (ENG)

    1. 1. 1 Agriculture for Nutrition and Health Livestock and Fish Impact Pathways and Planning Meeting Dual Purpose Cattle Value Chain - Nicaragua August 5th – 9th 2013 Managua, Nicaragua
    2. 2. 3 International agricultural health research Human health Agro- Ecosystems Animal health HEALTH STAKEHOLDERS • International organisations • Regional organisations • Private sector health provision • Public health • Veterinary public health • NGOs & CBOs • Conservation • Environment RISK CREATORS • Agriculture, intensification • Natural resource management • Industry • Urbanisation • ETC
    3. 3. 4.3. Agriculture-associated diseases Goal: Prevent & control AAD for improved food safety, water quality, GAP and better control of zoonoses & emerging diseases Sub Components: – Improving food safety – Controlling zoonotic diseases and diseases emerging from animals – Other health risks of agro-ecosystems
    4. 4. THE CORE PROBLEM THE CAUSES Lost opportunities for smallholders in animal-source-food markets Limited access to inputs Inappropriate scale & technologies Lack of market information Dysfunctional pricing & markets Inappropriate food- safety management & regulations Threatened market access Limited value addition Low productivity Health risks in food Lost income Food insecurityHidden hunger WHOLE VALUE CHAIN INPUTS & SERVICES PRODUCTION MARKETINGPROCESSING CONSUMPTION High wastage & spoilage Unsafe food Poverty Disease THE IMPACTS CRP 4.3 CRP 3.7
    5. 5. 4.3. Agriculture-associated diseases Risk assessment Mapping multiple burdens of disease Identifying opportunities for intervention Risk management Pilot testing best bets through RCTs Incentive based Risk communication & influence Global, regional, national, community
    6. 6. Mapping & measuring the multiple burdens of FOOD BORNE DISEASE
    7. 7. Availability: seasonalIntegrated food safety and nutritional assessments of value chains Secondary data collection • Systematic literature review • Policy analysis Primary data collection • Participatory appraisals • Multi-pathogen surveys • Questionnaires & direct observation Principles • Farm to fork • Identify constraints & research opportunities • With partners, build capacity
    8. 8. 9 For more information: http://aghealth.wordpress.com/

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