The learning context

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The learning context

  1. 1. Reza Abedi
  2. 2. Classroom Structure This term is used as learning experiences that have  been organized and whether one form of organization is any better than another   Learning Prefernece Scales(Owens and Barnes)  Ames(1984):  Investigating the meaning of success and failure to  learners
  3. 3. Classroom Structure Competitive Is only helpful to those who do well Fearful of making mistakes Success or failure to be attributed to greater or lesser ability Self-esteem becomes dependent on one’s perception of one’s own ability Individualistic Comparing one’s present level of performance with previous achievements Concentration on learning process
  4. 4. Coopertive Group success Improve an individual’s poor self-esteem cooperative Group failure Can modify the positive selfperceptions of those who perform well individually
  5. 5. Characteristics of a successful group Members feel themselves as a group There is a positive supportive atmosphere Members listen to each other and take turns Members feel secure and accepted Members work together productively Members trust each other Group members are able to empathise with each other
  6. 6. Classroom Enviroment Scalerelationships Feelings of involvement  Afffiliation  Teacher support  Goal orientation:  Task orientation  Competetiveness  Aspects of system maintenance and change:  Order and organization  Rule clarity Teacher control and innovation
  7. 7. Learning Enviroment Inventory Instruction  Aptitude  Enviroment  LEI consists of fifteen different scales, such as:  Cohesiveness  Favoritism  Democracy  competitiveness •
  8. 8. Innovation and building relationships Learner satisfaction Social and personal growth Task achievement High achievement Fail to attract learner interest and creativity Dissatisfaction and alienation Do not facilitate personal, social and academic growth Teacher’s control
  9. 9. Classroom Climate Democratic:  Learners are more satisfied and self-reliant and show  more positive interpersonal relationships Formal:  Learners score higher on measures of vocabulary,reading and mathematics
  10. 10. Thank you

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