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A plenary talk in the World Congress of Sexual Health 2013 in Porto Alegre, Brazil.

A plenary talk in the World Congress of Sexual Health 2013 in Porto Alegre, Brazil.

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Transcript

  • 1. Right to DESIRE What about pedophilia? Tommi Paalanen Philosopher Specialist in sexual ethics Executive Director Sexpo Foundation FINLAND
  • 2. SEXUAL RIGHTS sexual freedom autonomy pleasure (WAS)
  • 3. SEXUAL RIGHTS express sexuality freely enjoy sexuality (IPPF)
  • 4. SEXUAL RIGHTS pursue satisfying, safe and pleasurable sexual life (WHO)
  • 5. SEXUAL RIGHTS full enjoyment of freedom of opinion and expression (Yogyakarta principles)
  • 6. DILEMMA Every person is entitled to sexual rights A person with pedophilic desires is a person How should we promote sexual rights in this case?
  • 7. SOLUTIONS
  • 8. EU DIRECTIVE PROPOSAL 2010 Child pornography (iii) any material that visually depicts any person appearing to be a child -- (iv) realistic images of a child -- regardless of the actual existence of such child – child = under 18 years
  • 9. Lupe Fuentes 20 years
  • 10. ”Hue” computer graphics by K.Jun
  • 11. TIGHTENING UP Expanding the scope of child porn  more convictions  collecting political goodwill No proof of effectiveness in prevention Research and therapy experiences suggest the opposite!
  • 12. CHALLENGES: criminology Use of pornography exploded in western countries  no increase in sex crimes (Diamond 2009-2010) Child pornography legal in Chech, Denmark and Japan for a period of time sex crimes against children decrease (Jozifkova, Weiss, Diamond 2010)
  • 13. CHALLENGES: forensic psychiatry Internet child porn offenders and actual child molesters have usually different paths to the crimes Use of child pornography doesn’t predict actual sex crimes, antisocial behavior does (Fedoroff/IALMH 2011) IALMH = International Academy for Law and Mental Health
  • 14. CHALLENGES: preventive therapy Permission and acceptance are the basic elements of sexual counselling (PLISSIT-model) Sexual preferences cannot be erased, controlling them requires positive ways of realisation (Nissinen/Sexpo Foundation) Child pornography can be a substitute for actualising pedophilic fantasies (Jozifkova 2010; Neutze/IALMH 2011)
  • 15. CONCLUSIONS Proposed EU-directive seeks to criminalise fantasies  draconian and confusing  violates sexual rights  hampers crime prevention Softer approach could work better  preventive therapy instead of punishment  seeking help made easier  frees resources
  • 16. QUESTIONS Can non-harmful realisation methods (i.e. fictional child porn) be tools for crime prevention? Should we loosen up child porn legislation if it helps in crime prevention?
  • 17. THANK YOU! tommi.paalanen@sexpo.fi