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2013 01 a sustainable severn estuary - brian shipman

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The Severn Estuary Forum is a key annual event in its eighth year and hosted by the Severn Estuary Partnership: an independent, estuary-wide initiative, involving all those interested in the …

The Severn Estuary Forum is a key annual event in its eighth year and hosted by the Severn Estuary Partnership: an independent, estuary-wide initiative, involving all those interested in the management of the estuary, from planners to port authorities, fishermen to farmers.

This year’s Forum was opened by the Lord Mayor of Gloucester and supported by CIWEM. It focussed on a number of diverse topics, including the upper estuary; renewable energy possibilities; a review of the Severn Estuary Flood Risk Management Strategy; an overview of the operations and maintenance of the Severn River Crossings; Local Enterprise Partnerships; The Bristol Deep Sea Container Terminal; proposals for a Severnside Airport and Fisheries amongst others.

These engaging and exciting events are intended for all interested in learning about the latest research and policy developments dealing with the Severn Estuary and its future, and always guarantee a lively and informative day of presentations and talks. They offer a unique opportunity to learn from others, share ideas and participate in the management of the Severn Estuary.

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  • A Sustainable Severn? …Its all about Governance Present you with an alternative model which may at first seem distant and exotic – but holds some interesting messages for the UK and the Severn – lift you out of your comfort zone.Finally – like a “critical friend”, or maybe an OFSTED inspector, present you with some self-assessment questions to see how “Sustainability Ready” you are.and my 10 word “solution”First about Me and this thing called Coastal Zone Management
  • over 25 years experience at local authority levelChaired CoastNETSet up TECEF, and many othersWorked with many European regions and the EU Commission on ICZMTHIS IS MY INSTANT CHARACTERISATION OF COASTAL MANAGEMENT IN THE UK…
  • NOT EXCLUSIVELY INVOLVED IN COASTAL MANAGEMENT… Exciting economic regeneration programmes – different perspectiveAnd this is my sceptics view of why it wasn’t working… list….Disillusioned and frustrated seen partnerships struggle and fail the weak EU recommendation and the lukewarm UK government responseLeft the field of coastal management until in 2009 I received an offer I couldn’t refuse… (and not because of the money!!!)
  • over 20 years experience based in CornwallFounded and Chaired CoastNETSet up TECEF, and many others. Disillusioned and frustrated. Seen partnerships struggle and fail, the weak EU recommendation, and the lukewarm UK government response - but not before committing my thoughts to paper.Left the field of coastal management in mid noughties until 2009 when I received an offer I couldn’t refuse… (and not because of the money!!!)
  • as EU was approving the soft Recommendation
  • United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) established a framework for the development of binding greenhouse gas emission limits, while the Kyoto Protocol contained the specific provisions and regulations later agreed upon.
  • SUB-REGIONAL WORKSHOP ON THE INTERLINKAGES BETWEEN IWRM AND ICZM
  • SUB-REGIONAL WORKSHOP ON THE INTERLINKAGES BETWEEN IWRM AND ICZM
  • So, what is the way to sustainability?I don’t have a magic formula , my solution is more prosaic. “Mao – 1000 mile = 1st step - I believe its all about taking the right first step.Creating the right enabling frameworkapologies to the environmentalists, above all to the sectoral managersapologies to policy makers…THEREFORE probably offend most of this audience.. YOU ALL WANT TO BE PARTNERS - BUT WE DON’T WANT TO GIVE UP ANY OF YOUR HARD WON POWERS OR STATUS10 words… and it’s having the right mind set

Transcript

  • 1. A Sustainable Severn Estuary Governance – an alternative model Brian Shipman - Consultant to the Mediterranean Action Plan 11 Severn Estuary Partnership 2013 Brian Shipman
  • 2. A sceptical view COASTAL MANAGEMENT - THE UK APPROACH • Based on 'voluntary' approach ..coastal fora, partnerships etc. • UK subsidiarity • Marine-centric • Sectoral pre-eminence • Incrementalism in place of national strategy Severn Estuary Partnership 2013 Brian Shipman
  • 3. A sceptical view COASTAL MANAGEMENT - THE UK APPROACH Short-termism Non-statutory approach Low political priority Division of land & sea Not strategic - “Spider’s web” - driven by funding cycles rather than strategic priorities Limited measurable success - no performance indicators - no proven cause & effect between policy and environmental improvement No purpose, vision or real challenge - other than to maintain the status quo Severn Estuary Partnership 2013 Brian Shipman
  • 4. A sceptical view THE UK APPROACH Severn Estuary Partnership 2013 Brian Shipman
  • 5. an alternative model…? Severn Estuary Partnership 2013 Brian Shipman
  • 6. 46,000 kms of coast 2,500,000 kms2 THE MEDITERRANEAN biodiversity-rich many and complex ecosystems Remarkable landscapes and heritage Coastal Population 153 million 200 million+ tourists p.a. 40% now ‘concreted’ Severn Estuary Partnership 2013 Brian Shipman
  • 7. 3 continents 21 countries THE MEDITERRANEAN diverse and volatile …of all the world's continents only the Mediterranean is liquid Severn Estuary Partnership 2013 Jean Cocteau Brian Shipman
  • 8. A summarised history …A remarkable Story 1975 - UNEP sponsored Mediterranean Action Plan (16 countries plus European Community) the first-ever Regional Seas Programme under the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) 1976 - International Treaty - Barcelona Convention “Convention for the Protection of the Mediterranean Sea against Pollution “ Now - Key Players “Contracting Parties” 21 States, plus European Union Severn Estuary Partnership 2013 Brian Shipman
  • 9. 4 TUMULTUOUS DECADES …revolutions, the fall of communism, wars, Arab Springs etc. Severn Estuary Partnership 2013 Brian Shipman
  • 10. REGIONAL ACTIVITY CENTRES 1977 1985 Marine pollution Sustainable development Biodiversity Cleaner Production 1977 Specially Protected Areas Environment & Development Integrated Coastal Zone Management (PAP/RAC) 1976 1996 Regional Marine Pollution Emergency Response Centre Cleaner Production (CP/RAC) Severn Estuary Partnership 2013 Brian Shipman
  • 11. DELVERY - COASTAL AREA MANAGENT PROGRAMMES 1989 - 2013 Severn Estuary Partnership 2013 Brian Shipman ICZM at local or national levels
  • 12. GUIDANCE Severn Estuary Partnership 2013 Brian Shipman
  • 13. 2001 – a Turning point “No real progress would be made with guidelines alone Risk of stagnation or regression A lack of effectiveness and implementation Only specialists were aware of the documents Almost everything has already been written” = THE END OF THE VOLUNTARY APPROACH Severn Estuary Partnership 2013 Brian Shipman
  • 14. 2001 – a Turning point The only truly viable way forward was the adoption of a legally binding regional instrument Annual Meeting in 2001 of the Contracting Parties in Monaco launched the preparation of the ICZM Protocol1 for the Mediterranean Contrast with EU and UK approach A “Protocol” – an international treaty that supplements or amends a previous treaty 1 Severn Estuary Partnership 2013 Brian Shipman
  • 15. PROTOCOL ON INTEGRATED COASTAL ZONE MANAGEMENT IN THE MEDITERRANEAN 2011 ICZM Protocol “entered into force” The Little Red Book in 4 legal texts Countries now ratifying and transposing Ratified by EU in 2010 “the most significant global development in ICZM since Rio in 1992” Severn Estuary Partnership 2013 Brian Shipman
  • 16. ICZM PROTOCOL Severn Estuary Partnership 2013 Brian Shipman
  • 17. 16 themes – 40 Obligatory ‘Articles’ Severn Estuary Partnership 2013 Brian Shipman
  • 18. DEFINITIVE COASTAL ZONE BOUNDARIES Transcending land and the coastal waters – matching ecosystems to administrative entities “the seaward limit …shall be the external limit of the territorial sea* of Parties and.. the landward limit ...shall be the limit of the competent coastal units” CROATIA Severn Estuary Partnership 2013 Brian Shipman
  • 19. STRATEGIC HIERARCHY Regional sea and national ICZM strategies, local and transboundary plans and programmes Severn Estuary Partnership 2013 Brian Shipman
  • 20. NATIONAL STRATEGY GUIDELINES Strategies underway in Egypt, Algeria, Croatia and Montenegro Political Recognition Intra-Governmental and InterMinisterial Coordination Partnerships and Ownership Legal Basis Long-term Istanbul 2011 Focus on Implementation Extend to the external limit of the territorial sea (Article 3) Fit for Purpose Time Scale and Review Severn Estuary Partnership 2013 Brian Shipman
  • 21. INSTITUTIONAL CO-ORDINATION Vertical and horizontal of Damascus 2010 SYRIA 2011 Severn Estuary Partnership 2013 Brian Shipman
  • 22. DELIVERY ACTION PLAN 2012-2019 1. Support Protocol implementation 2. Strengthen the capacities of Contracting Parties 3. Promote the ICZM Protocol Zagreb 2012 Severn Estuary Partnership 2013 Brian Shipman
  • 23. BIENNIAL MINISTERIAL MEETINGS Country reporting and monitoring: “Progress Indicators” Severn Estuary Partnership 2013 Brian Shipman
  • 24. MEASURING EFFECTIVENESS Stocktake 2012 – by theme Severn Estuary Partnership 2013 Brian Shipman
  • 25. MEASURING EFFECTIVENESS Stocktake 2012 – by country Dubrovnik 2012 Severn Estuary Partnership 2013 Brian Shipman
  • 26. CAPACITY BUILDING International Training Sub-regional workshop on inter-linkages between IWRM and ICZM, Algeria 2012 Severn Estuary Partnership 2013 Brian Shipman
  • 27. A SHARED METHODOLOGY iczm process roadmapPartnership 2013 wiki Severn Estuary Brian Shipman
  • 28. ANNUAL COAST DAY Severn Estuary Partnership 2013 Brian Shipman
  • 29. INTEGRATING THE INTEGRATED Reghaia Coastal Plan (Algeria) PAP/RAC, UNESCO-IHP, SPA/RAC Converging methodologies GEF MedPartnership Transboundary Buna/Bojana Integrated Management Plan (Montenegro/Albania) PAP/RAC, GWP, UNESCO-IHP, SPA/RAC Severn Estuary Partnership 2013 Brian Shipman
  • 30. Donors: AMBITIOUS • GEF (Global Environment Facility) • World Bank • EIB (European Investment Bank) • EU • Bilateral Horizon 2020 Initiative to de-pollute the Mediterranean by 2020 ANTALYA DECLARATION “To achieve by 2020 a …network of Marine Protected Areas in the Mediterranean ….“ Severn Estuary Partnership 2013 Brian Shipman
  • 31. THREATS Migration Climate Change Conflict Population growth (175m by 2025) Natural Disasters Corruption etc etc.. Severn Estuary Partnership 2013 Brian Shipman
  • 32. MEDITERRANEAN SCORECARD Severn Estuary Partnership 2013 Brian Shipman
  • 33. A sustainable future for the Severn? the Severn Partnership - ‘fit for purpose’? 1. Are you sufficiently robust – to weather the “slings and arrows…”? 2. Is your support infrastructure sufficiently resourced …and supported? 3. Do you have a high political profile? 4. Do you have a hierarchy of strategies and plans? 5. How do you measure effectiveness – cause and effect? 6. Are you sufficiently ambitious – do you have a vision? Severn Estuary Partnership 2013 Brian Shipman
  • 34. A sustainable future for the Severn? Is the Severn Partnership ‘fit for purpose’? “You cannot solve the problems with the same system that created the problems in the first place” Albert Einstein Partners must be willing to cede powers without ceding sovereignty Severn Estuary Partnership 2013 Brian Shipman
  • 35. Thank you brian.shipman@gmail.com 35 Severn Estuary Partnership 2013 Brian Shipman