IGU2013_seto

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IGU2013_seto

  1. 1. The Possibility of Participatory Community Restoration Based on OpenStreetMap Toshikazu Seto*, Taichi Furuhashi (University of Tokyo, OSMF Japan) Daisuke Yoshida (Osaka City University, OSMFJ) and Haruyuki Seki (Georepublic Japan, OSMFJ) 2013/08/06 IGU Kyoto Regional Conference GS162-3 OpenStreetMap and Geographical Knowledge
  2. 2. Outline • Purposes & Overview • Towards the Restoration – Case Study 1 : Kamaishi (Iwate Pref.) – Case Study 2 : Ishinomaki (Miyagi. Pref.) • Issues & Feature Works
  3. 3. Purposes & Overview • This presentation explores how to collect and share the local geospatial knowledge that will contribute to the community reconstruction after the Earthquake on an ongoing basis. • Our research mainly targets are Ishinomaki (Miyagi Pref.) and Kamaishi (Iwate Pref.) cities. • While these areas were severely damaged by the tsunami, many of the local residents have been very active, establishing NPOs and support groups.
  4. 4. 4 2011.032011.10
  5. 5. Activity Days / Year 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Total 1 4 15 62 212 639 932 2-5 1 1 10 24 77 147 369 629 6-10 1 14 20 35 48 80 198 11-50 1 4 33 41 68 51 110 338 51-100 3 6 17 29 28 16 52 151 101-200 2 4 8 22 35 33 14 10 128 201-300 3 2 6 18 20 23 8 6 86 301-400 2 11 24 12 16 5 70 401-500 2 9 14 14 5 6 50 501-1000 1 7 18 31 44 17 4 122 1000- 4 5 7 17 5 38 総計 10 27 71 204 259 364 511 1,266 2,742 States of the OpenStreetMap in Japan (User based count: 2005~2012) ※Source: planet.osm (2013/02/08) & http://www.hdyc.neis-one.org/ 5
  6. 6. Case Studies
  7. 7. The Case Study Areas
  8. 8. Why is a restoration map needed ? • Response to local “Up-to-date” information • Official guide is so lately for regional restoration processes. • The possibility of collaboration by volunteers and residents Source: http://kamaishi-town.com/
  9. 9. Paper Based Voluntary Map (in Ishinomaki since 2011/07) Source: http://ishinomaki2.com/map.pdf
  10. 10. Mapping Party • A mapping party is where a group of openstreetmappers and novices descend on an area to map it exhaustively, usually over a weekend. It's a very social event where people can meet up and talk (usually at a pub) in between mapping sessions. • After the mapping is finished, the participants share food and drinks, and enjoy themselves. It's a party, after all! Indeed mapping is not compulsory at a mapping party. Sometimes it's all about the party! http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Mapping_parties
  11. 11. Case Study 1: Kamaishi (Iwate Pref.) 2012/03/20 First Mapping Party 2012/05/12-13 Second Mapping Party
  12. 12. 2012/03/20 First Mapping Party in Kamaishi ■Challenges • Collected detail information from local residents • Desire to visit many people in Kamaishi • Contacted over 40 people in fieldwork (using GPS) and introduced OSM editing • Logistics support by Yokohama-team
  13. 13. 2012/05/12-13 Second Mapping Party in Kamaishi ■Purpose • What kind of restoration map? • Discussion of the map’s features: shops, public facilities, tourism resources, etc. • The development of pdf and/or paper-based self- making restoration map using OSM data
  14. 14. Before 311 Earthquakes
  15. 15. 311 Earthquakes after one month
  16. 16. After the 1st Mapping Party
  17. 17. After the 2nd Mapping Party
  18. 18. Temporally Housing 18
  19. 19. Collected POI in Kamaishi
  20. 20. What kind of the restoration map feature(s) • Targeting shops – The name of the shop – Type of the service – Opening-closing time – Telephone number – restart_day – where is it re- located?
  21. 21. Case Study 2: Ishinomaki (Miyagi Pref.) 2013/04/13 First Mapping Party
  22. 22. 2013/04/13 First Mapping Party in Ishinomaki ■Purpose • Where is the restoration ? • What is tourism attractiveness after-disaster ? ■Challenges • Collaboration with the NPO, company & residents • More easy participation of the OpenStreetMap
  23. 23. Before 311 Earthquakes
  24. 24. 311 Earthquakes after one month
  25. 25. After the Mapping Party
  26. 26. Collected POI of the tourism attractiveness in Ishinomaki
  27. 27. Artwork: Shotaro Ishinomori’s Manga character statues 30
  28. 28. Comparison mapping parties Kamaishi Ishinomaki Main theme Daily life for restoration Daily Life & tourism for restoration Activities 3 times once Peoples 20 – 40 peoples 30 peoples Tools Field Papers GPS Pushpin / GPS Field Papers POIs 451 501 POIs category 56 62 OSM users 90 112
  29. 29. Conclusions • The Crisis Mapping contributed a vast amount of geospatial information in the response period. • The feature related to the restoration is wide variety form. It is necessary to understand the space-time in its entirety are various kinds. • The activities of mapping party in which the local residents made new maps through the fieldwork & communication.
  30. 30. The Version of Ways in the Tohoku region
  31. 31. Issues & Feature Works • The difficulty of the evaluation for restoration –Not only quantitative analysis –VGI’s voluminous data; citizen’s continuously motivation • The gap of the IT literacy and GIS skills in the Tohoku area –The high demands for paper resources yet –Set up the OSM basecamp in Tohoku region • Supprt place of learning OSM in regional NPO office
  32. 32. Thank you for your attention ! E-mail: tosseto@csis.u-tokyo.ac.jp Special Thanks to: Kamaishi Mapping Team, Ishinomaki 2.0, OSMFJ and All Suporting Members This study supported by Toyota Foundation

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