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Turkish Education System

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  • 1.  
  • 2. TURKISH EDUCATION SYSTEM
  • 3. General Information about Turkish Education System 9 years (ages 6-14) Compulsory Schooling: 1 + 5 + 3 + 4 Duration of Schooling: September through June Academic Year: Latin Alphabet Alphabet: Turkish Official Language:
  • 4. Age Level of Education above 18 15-18 7-14 0-6 Higher education (universities) Secondary education Primary education Pre-school education (kindergarten)
  • 5. Turkish Education System with Numbers in The Educational Year 2008/2009 196 713 3 837 164 109 042 8 675 Secondary Education 662 584 15 351 849 468 916 45 969 General total 453 318 320 393 10 709 920 33 769 Primary Education 12 553 804 765 39 481 3 525 Pre-primary education Number of Teachers Number of Students Number of Classrooms Number of Schools Level of Education
  • 6.
    • each 23 students have one teacher,
    • each school has 334 students,
    • and each class has 33 in average.
    These numbers tell us that
  • 7. Pre-primary Education (0-6)
  • 8. Pre-primary Education (0-6)
    • The purpose of this education is
    • to ensure physical, mental
    • and sensory development
    • of children and the
    • acquisition of good habits,
    • to prepare children for primary
    • education, to create a common
    • atmosphere of growth for
    • those living in inconvenient circumstances
    • and to ensure that Turkish is spoken correct and well.
  • 9. Primary education (7-14)
  • 10. Primary education (7-14)
    • Primary education is compulsory for all boys and girls at the age of 6, and is given free of charge in public schools.
    • In most of the primary schools, foreign language lessons start from 4th class.
    • Most elementary school students dress similarly in a type of uniform to avoid any social class differences between rich and poor students.
  • 11. Primary education (7-14)
    • Primary education is compulsory
    • for all boys and girls at the age
    • of 7 , and is given free of charge
    • in public schools.
    • In most of the primary schools,
    • foreign language lessons start
    • from 4th class.
    • Most elementary school students
    • dress similarly in a type of uniform to avoid any social class differences between rich and poor students.
  • 12. Primary Education (7-14)
    • The purpose of primary education is
    • to ensure that every child
    • acquires the basic knowledge,
    • skills, behaviors, and habits to
    • become a good citizen,
    • is raised in line with the national moral concepts and
    • is prepared for life and for the next education level parallel to his/her interests and skills.
  • 13. Secondary Education (15-18)
  • 14. Secondary Education (15-18)
    • The purpose of secondary education is
    • to give students a minimum
    • common culture,
    • to identify individual and
    • social problems,
    • to search for solutions,
    • to raise awareness in order to
    • contribute to the socio-economic and cultural development of the country ,
    • and to prepare the students for
    • higher education, for profession, for life and for business in line with their interests and skills.
  • 15. Secondary Education (15-18)
    • There are 4 main types of high-schools in Turkey.
    • Public High-Schools
    • Anatolian High-Schools
    • Science High-Schools
    • Vocational High-Schools
  • 16. University Entrance Examination
    • Approximately 1,600,000
    • students enter the university
    • examination per year in Turkey.
    • 630,000 students get a chance
    • to enroll any faculty, four or
    • two-year college and open
    • University according to their points. So this exam is
    • very important for every student.
  • 17. University Entrance Examination
    • The exam takes place on June
    • every year and it has duration
    • of 3 hours.
    • Students have to solve the
    • questions about mathematics,
    • literature, geography, history,
    • physics, chemistry, biology and language
    • depends on departments they want