Reflexive verbs pp
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Reflexive verbs pp

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Spanish power point on réflexive verbs and pronouns

Spanish power point on réflexive verbs and pronouns

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Reflexive verbs pp Reflexive verbs pp Presentation Transcript

  • ReflexiveVerbsCon Señor Maldonado
  • Reflexive Verbs A verb is reflexive when the subject and the object are the same.• I wash myself.
subject: I
verb: wash
object: myself Since the subject and object are the same, the verb is reflexive.• I wash the car.
subject: I
verb: wash
object: car Since the subject and object are different, the verb is not reflexive.
  • Reflexive Verbs Heres another example of how a verb can be either reflexive or non-reflexive.• I scratch myself.
subject: I
verb: scratch
object: myself Since the subject and object are the same, the verb is reflexive.• I scratch the dog.
subject: I
verb: scratch
object: dog Since the subject and object are different, the verb is not reflexive.
  • Reflexive VerbsWhen a verb is reflexive, the infinitive ends in"se."lavar
to wash (non-reflexive)lavarse
to wash oneself (reflexive)rascar
to scratch (non-reflexive)rascarse
to scratch oneself (reflexive)
  • Reflexive VerbsThere is one reflexive verb you havebeen using since you beganstudying Spanish.llamarse - to call oneself¿Cómo se llama usted?
What doyou call yourself?Me llamo Juan.
I call myself Juan.
  • Reflexive VerbsWhen you learned to conjugateregular verbs, you needed to learn aset of pronouns called "subjectpronouns.”lavaryo lavo
tú lavas
él, ella, ustedlava
nosotros/aslavamos
vosotros/as laváis
ellos,ellas, ustedes lavan
  • Reflexive VerbsTo learn to conjugate reflexiveverbs, you need to learn adifferent set of pronouns called"reflexive pronouns." Thesepronouns are positioned beforethe verb, while the ending "se" isdropped and the verb isconjugated normally.
  • lavarse lavamos
we wash (ourselves)yo me lavo
I wash(myself) vosotras os laváis
you- all wash (yourselves)tú te lavas
you wash (informal, feminine)(yourself) (informal) ustedes se lavan
you-él se lava
he washes all wash(himself) (yourselves)(formal)ella se lava
she washes ellos se lavan
they(herself) wash (themselves)usted se lava
you wash ellas se lavan
they(yourself) (formal) wash (themselves)nosotros nos (feminine)
  • Reflexive VerbsThe reflexive pronouns are notsubject pronouns; rather they areobject pronouns.me (myself)
te (yourself)
se(himself, herself, yourself)
nos(ourselves)
se (themselves,yourselves)
  • Reflexive VerbsThe purpose of the reflexive objectpronouns is to show that the actionof the verb remains with the subject.Juan se lava la cara.
Juan washeshis face. (reflexive)Juan lava su carro. (non-reflexive)
Juan washes his car.Note: When referring to body parts,use the definite article, thus "la cara"
  • Reflexive VerbsNote that many, many verbs can bemade reflexive. All it means when averb is reflexive is that the actionremains with the subject.
  • Reflexive Verbswash the dog (non-reflexive)
washyour face (reflexive)raise the book (non-reflexive)
raiseyour arm (reflexive)put the baby to bed (non-reflexive)
go to bed (reflexive)wake up your son (non-reflexive)
wake up yourself(reflexive)