Reflexive Verbs A verb is reflexive when the subject and the object are the same.• I wash myself. subject: I verb: wash object: myself Since the subject and object are the same, the verb is reflexive.• I wash the car. subject: I verb: wash object: car Since the subject and object are different, the verb is not reflexive.
Reflexive Verbs Heres another example of how a verb can be either reflexive or non-reflexive.• I scratch myself. subject: I verb: scratch object: myself Since the subject and object are the same, the verb is reflexive.• I scratch the dog. subject: I verb: scratch object: dog Since the subject and object are different, the verb is not reflexive.
Reflexive VerbsWhen a verb is reflexive, the infinitive ends in"se."lavar to wash (non-reflexive)lavarse to wash oneself (reflexive)rascar to scratch (non-reflexive)rascarse to scratch oneself (reflexive)
Reflexive VerbsThere is one reflexive verb you havebeen using since you beganstudying Spanish.llamarse - to call oneself¿Cómo se llama usted? What doyou call yourself?Me llamo Juan. I call myself Juan.
Reflexive VerbsWhen you learned to conjugateregular verbs, you needed to learn aset of pronouns called "subjectpronouns.”lavaryo lavo tú lavas él, ella, ustedlava nosotros/aslavamos vosotros/as laváis ellos,ellas, ustedes lavan
Reflexive VerbsTo learn to conjugate reflexiveverbs, you need to learn adifferent set of pronouns called"reflexive pronouns." Thesepronouns are positioned beforethe verb, while the ending "se" isdropped and the verb isconjugated normally.
lavarse lavamos we wash (ourselves)yo me lavo I wash(myself) vosotras os laváis you- all wash (yourselves)tú te lavas you wash (informal, feminine)(yourself) (informal) ustedes se lavan you-él se lava he washes all wash(himself) (yourselves)(formal)ella se lava she washes ellos se lavan they(herself) wash (themselves)usted se lava you wash ellas se lavan they(yourself) (formal) wash (themselves)nosotros nos (feminine)
Reflexive VerbsThe reflexive pronouns are notsubject pronouns; rather they areobject pronouns.me (myself) te (yourself) se(himself, herself, yourself) nos(ourselves) se (themselves,yourselves)
Reflexive VerbsThe purpose of the reflexive objectpronouns is to show that the actionof the verb remains with the subject.Juan se lava la cara. Juan washeshis face. (reflexive)Juan lava su carro. (non-reflexive) Juan washes his car.Note: When referring to body parts,use the definite article, thus "la cara"
Reflexive VerbsNote that many, many verbs can bemade reflexive. All it means when averb is reflexive is that the actionremains with the subject.
Reflexive Verbswash the dog (non-reflexive) washyour face (reflexive)raise the book (non-reflexive) raiseyour arm (reflexive)put the baby to bed (non-reflexive) go to bed (reflexive)wake up your son (non-reflexive) wake up yourself(reflexive)