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Presentation 1

  1. 1. Julia Margaret Cameron<br />And the Pre-Raphaelites<br />By: Brittany Amodeo and Nicole Bada<br />
  2. 2. Who is Julia Margaret Cameron?<br />Original British photographer of the nineteenth century.<br />Created allegorical photographs, representing religious, antique and literary themes.<br />Didn't consider herself a ‘Photographer’, but rather an artist<br />Didn't focus on perfect camera technique<br />Inspired by the Pre-Raphealites<br />
  3. 3. Before Pre-Raphaelites<br /><ul><li>NeoClassical began during the early 1700’s
  4. 4. Leader was Jacques Louis David
  5. 5. Paintings’ Characteristics :
  6. 6. Heroes
  7. 7. Had no emotions/ Were cold
  8. 8. Had logical meaning
  9. 9. figures resembling famous classical statutes
  10. 10. Classical relief
  11. 11. Used lighting on figures, leaving the rest dark to emphasize the dramatic presence</li></ul>Jacques Louis David,<br />Death Of Socrates, 1787<br />Oil on Canvas<br />
  12. 12. NeoClassical Vs. Pre-Raphaelites<br />Jacques Louis David,<br />The Lictors Bring to Brutus the Bodies of his Sons, 1789,<br />Oil on Canvas<br />John William Waterhouse,<br />Hylas and the Nymphs, 1896,<br />Oil on Canvas<br />
  13. 13. Who Are the Pre-Raphaelites?<br /><ul><li>A brotherhood formed in 1849
  14. 14. Millais, Rossetti, and Holman-Hunt are the creators
  15. 15. Were inspired by William Hogarth
  16. 16. Artwork dedicated to the art’s mood and style, its true principles, and the romantic ideal
  17. 17. Artwork relates to literary work
  18. 18. Inspired many, including Julia Margaret Cameron</li></ul>Dante Gabriel Rossetti,<br />The Girlhood of Mary Virgin, 1848-49,<br />Oil on Canvas<br />
  19. 19. Julia Margaret Cameron’s Photography<br />All photos were created in the dark room<br />Photos were purposely taken out of focus<br />Negatives show uneven coating of collodion<br />Photos revealed dust particles and were faded<br />She had a capacity to visualise a picture<br />Portraits show a measure of vitality, which other artists at the time did not<br />Julia Margaret Cameron, The Kiss of Peace, 1870, Photograph<br />
  20. 20. Julia Margaret Cameron Major Characteristics<br />Julia Margaret Cameron,<br />The Angel in the House,<br />1871, Photograph<br /><ul><li>Women
  21. 21. Children
  22. 22. Religious reference
  23. 23. Natural beauty: posing with hair down, immersed around nature
  24. 24. Embody innocence and devotion in love
  25. 25. Celebrities of the time
  26. 26. Legendary themed</li></ul> -- ><br />
  27. 27. Pre-Raphaelites Purpose<br />To test and defy all conventions of art<br />Emphasize the subject- violated conventional views<br />To transform the resultant hard-edge realism<br />To believe the arts were allied- visual and literature<br />Looking for new, different, subjects<br />Dante Gabriel Rossetti,<br />Found, 1853-1859, <br />Oil on Canvas<br />
  28. 28. Unique subject<br />Relative to literary<br />The Pre-Raphaelites Painting Characteristics: Example<br />Soft Lines<br />Blurred Foreground<br />Arthur Hughes, Ophelia, 1852, Oil on Panel<br />
  29. 29. William Hogarth and the Pre-Raphaelites<br />William Hogarth,<br />Marrage a la Mode, 1743,<br />Oil on Canvas<br />Holfman-Hunt<br />Finding, 1854-1860<br />Oil on Canvas<br />
  30. 30. The Pre-Raphaelites to Literature<br />Millais,<br />Death of Romeo and Juliet, <br />1848, Oil on Canvas<br /><ul><li>Relates to the play, Romeo and Juliet, by William Shakespeare</li></li></ul><li>Hughes,<br />The Eve of St. Agnes, 1856,<br />Oil on Canvas<br />Relate’s to a play by Alfred Lloyd Tennyson<br />
  31. 31. Millais,<br />Ophelia, 1851-52,<br />Oil on Canvas<br /><ul><li>Relates to the play Hamlet, by William Shakespeare.
  32. 32. This is Ophelia’s suicide.</li></li></ul><li>Julia Cameron vs. The Pre-Raphaelites<br />Devotion of love: Photo<br />Devotion of love: painting<br />Arthur Hughes,<br />The Long Engagment,<br />1859<br />Oil on Canvas<br />Julia Margaret Cameron<br />The Double Star, 1864,<br />Albumen Print<br />
  33. 33. Mythological: photo<br />Mythological: painting<br />Julia Margaret Cameron,<br />Venus Chiding Cupid and Removing His Wings, 1872, Oil on Canvas<br />Burne-Jones and Walter Crane,<br />Cupid and Psyche, 1872-1881,<br />Oil on Canvas<br />
  34. 34. Literary theme: Ophelia photo<br />Literary theme: Ophelia painting<br />John Everett Millais,<br />Ophelia, 1851-52<br />Oil on Canvas <br />Julia Margaret Cameron<br />The Gardeners Daughter ,1867<br />Photograph<br />
  35. 35. Arthurian Legend: photo<br />Arthurian Legend: painting<br />Julia Margaret Cameron <br />Gareth and Lynette, 1874<br />Photograph <br />
  36. 36. Woman Theme: Photo<br />Woman Theme: painting<br />Julia Margaret Cameron<br />Sixteen year old girl, 1864<br />Photograph<br />Rossetti<br />Blue Silkdress, 1868,<br />Oil on Canvas<br />
  37. 37. Natural beauty: Photo<br />Natural beauty: painting<br />Julia Margaret Cameron<br />The Angel at the Tomb, 1870<br />Photograph<br />Rossetti<br />Fazio's Mistress, 1863 <br />Oil on Canvas  <br />
  38. 38. Annie Brigman1869-1950<br />Inspired by Julia Margaret Cameron’s photography<br />Rejected societies notion of being fulfilled as a mother, instead found that art fulfilled her<br />Expressed the relationship between art and nature in her photographs<br />Etched pictures directly onto her negatives<br />Achieved a more naturalistic image by combining negatives in her enlarger<br />Annie Brigman,<br />The Heart of the Storm, 1902,<br />Photograph<br />
  39. 39. Photoshop Procedures: When capturing an identical image<br /><ul><li>High ISO
  40. 40. Low depth of field
  41. 41. Slow shutter speed
  42. 42. No Flash
  43. 43. Out of focus</li></li></ul><li>Photoshop procedures: Editing<br />Go to Image > Adjust > Desaturate<br />Desaturate image<br />--> Changes image to B/W<br />
  44. 44. Image>Adjustments>Brightness /Contrast from the top menu bar.<br />Brightness and Contrast must<br /> be low<br />-- > Darkens Foreground<br /> and background<br /> subjects in photo<br />
  45. 45. Split Toning<br />-- > allows user to add a colour tint to a B/W photo in 4 steps<br />1)Layers Palette>New Adjustment Layer >Channel Mixer and select Monochrome<br />
  46. 46. Split Toning Continued<br />3) Layers Palette>New Adjustment Layer >Colour balance (select highlight box and use the color sliders to dial in the color you want to tint the highlights with)<br />2) Layers Palette>New Adjustment Layer >Channel Mixer (total percentage of all three sliders should equal 100%)<br />
  47. 47. Split Toning continued<br />4) Layers Palette>New Adjustment Layer >Colour Balance( Shadows)<br />-- > colors you choose for your shadows and highlights may be completely different <br />
  48. 48. Split Toning Continued<br /> Before<br /> After<br />
  49. 49. Blur Tool<br />-->Allows for user to distort selected criteria of image<br />Filter> Blur>Surface blur or lens Blur<br />
  50. 50. Julia Margaret Cameron and the Present<br /><ul><li>Besides influencing other artists such as Annie Brigman, she has influenced individuals of today to perfect what she couldn't (Photo technique such as lighting and focusing)
  51. 51. She also inspired Matt Mahurin, a photographer that did a album cover for Tom Waits
  52. 52. Challenges us to re-create her natural style using digital Photoshop software</li></ul>Matt Mahurin,<br />Tom Waits: Mule Variations,<br />199, Photograph<br />
  53. 53. Present Continued…<br /><ul><li>Brings back history, and past methods in photography
  54. 54. Provides us with insight on different creative styles in the 19th century and influence of literary works of that time</li></ul>Miroslav Tichy, Untitled, 1970, Silver Gelatin Print<br />