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History of propaganda

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  • 1. HISTORY OF PROPAGANDA By: John Santos Anthony Fracassa
  • 2. INTRODUCTION
    • Propagate: To spread an idea or custom to many people
  • 3.  
  • 4. DESCRIPTION
    • Propaganda: Information, ideas, or rumors deliberately spread widely to help or harm a person, group, movement, institution, nation, etc. used ideally for governmental purpose to influence civilians to believe certain things
    Uncle Sam recruiting poster James Montgomery Flagg 1916 – 1917
  • 5. DESCRIPTION
    • In art, propaganda is used as an expressionist form of realism
  • 6. HISTORY
    • The term 'propaganda' first appeared in the 1620’s
    • Propaganda was and still is convincing large numbers of people about the given ideas about the topic depicted
    Title : Our Allies Need Eggs. By : Herbert Bayer 1942
  • 7. LITHOGRAPHY Alois Senefelder Lithography was made in 1796 by a man named Alois Senefelder Lithography is used to transfer pictures on to something smooth like paper stone or metal
  • 8. Raising The Flag on Iwo Jima Joe Rosenthal 1945
  • 9. Lifting the Flag on Berlin Yevgeny Khaldei 1945
  • 10. World War One WWI was a world conflict lasting from 1914 to 1919, with the fighting lasting until 1918. October 19 – November 22, 1914---First Battle of Ypres 1 July and 18 November 1916---Battle of the Somme July 31 – November 6, 1917---Passchendaele
  • 11. World War Two Six long and bloody years of total war. The war went on from Normandy to the islands of the pacific. World War 2 involved every major world power in a war for global domination and at its end, more than 60 million people had died.
  • 12. The Korean Conflict While the end of World War II brought peace to most Americans, it also created tension between the Soviet Union and the United States.  
  • 13. 11 TECHNIQUES OF PROPAGANDA
  • 14. Assertion
    • Assertion: An enthusiastic or energetic statement presented as a fact, although it is not necessarily true
    1 Pvt. Joe Louis says… Office of Facts and Figures 1942
  • 15. Bandwagon
    • Bandwagon: An appeal to the audience to follow the crowd and to join in because others are doing so as well
    2 Are You In This? Robert Baden-Powell 1914 – 1917
  • 16. Card stacking
    • Card Stacking: The presenting of information that is positive to an idea or proposal and omitting information contrary to it
    3 Together Anon 1943
  • 17. Glittering Generalities
    • Glittering Generalities: Words that have different positive meaning for individual subjects
    4 This Is America Keep It Free unknown 1939 – 1945
  • 18. Lesser of Two Evils
    • Lesser of Two Evils: The attempt of convincing an audience an idea or proposal by presenting it as the least offensive option
    5
  • 19. Name Calling
    • Name Calling: It is the use of derogatory language or words that carry a negative implication when describing an enemy
    6 What Are YOU Going To Do About It? unknown 1942
  • 20. Pinpointing the Enemy
    • Pinpointing the Enemy: An attempt to simplify a complex situation by presenting one specific group or person as the enemy
    7 Proper Hands Heroes of the Fiery Cross 1928
  • 21. Plain Folks
    • Plain Folks: An attempt by the propagandist to convince the public that his views reflect those of the common person and that they are also working for the benefit of the common person
    8 I'm making bombs and buying bonds. Buy Victory Bonds. unknown 1939 – 1945
  • 22. Simplification
    • Simplification (Stereotyping): The reduction of a complex situation to a clear-cut choice involving good and evil (Very similar to Pinpointing the Enemy)
    9 Liberators unknown (Nazi) 1944
  • 23. Testimonials
    • Testimonials: Quotations or endorsements, in or out of context, which attempt to connect a famous or respectable person with a product or item
    10 Advertisement of Vin Mariani with Pope Leo XIII
  • 24. Transfer
    • Transfer: An attempt to make the subject view of a certain item the same way as the directed audience would view another item, to link the two in the subjects mind
    11 Office of War Information Poster unknown 1943
  • 25. DIMITRI MOOR
    • Born 1883 Novocherkassk Russia
    • Died 1946, Moscow Russia
    • He became a graphic designer for Russia in 1918 creating posters for the last year of the first world war.
    Lift Together Dmitri Moor
  • 26. Workers Unite Dmitri Moor DIMITRI MOOR Pomogi Dmitri Moor
  • 27. Have you enrolled as a volunteer? Dmitri Moor Uncle Sam recruiting poster James Montgomery Flagg 1916 – 1917 DIMITRI MOOR
  • 28. FAMOUS PROPAGANDA Rosie The Riveter Norman Rockwell  You Talk of Sacrifice unknown
  • 29. Careless Talk Costs Lives Victor Keppler Loose Lips Essarge FAMOUS PROPAGANDA
  • 30. SHEPARD FAIREY
    • Shepard Fairey is a well-known American propagandist of the 21st century. Fairey main focus within the majority of his pieces was to mock the governmental use propaganda
    Obey Propaganda Shepard Fairey 2010
  • 31.
    • The creation of the Obama poster is a perfect example of modern propaganda for it’s use of colour and influential text
    Barack Obama “Hope” poster Shepard Fairey 2008 SHEPARD FAIREY