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East Timor
 

East Timor

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Conflict in East Timor, Australia's involvement, Relevance to Australia's national interest

Conflict in East Timor, Australia's involvement, Relevance to Australia's national interest

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    East Timor East Timor Presentation Transcript

    • East Timor Azita and Selina
    • Conflicts in East Timor• Civil war between Fretilin and UDT, August 1975• Indonesian invasion (Operasi Seroja), December 1975• Indonesian campaign of terror, 1999
    • Civil war
    • Civil war August 1975• Secret Indonesian propaganda campaign Operasi Komodo divides supporters of UDT and Fretilin• UDT fears coup from Fretilin and stages own in Dili• Fretilin overcomes UDT’s attempt to push away Fretilin supporters• Fretilin declares independence of East Timor on 28th November 1975• Indonesia responds with “Balibo Declaration”, for unity of Indonesia and East Timor
    • Indonesia’s invasion of East Timor
    • Indonesia’s invasion of East Timor 7th December, 1975• Largest military operation carried out by Indonesia• Political instability and fight against communism used as excuses to invade• Indonesian troops shoot East Timorese in cities, loot houses and rape women and girls• 2000 people killed in Dili in first week• Many more put to death• East Timor made Indonesia’s 27th province• Annexation unrecognised by UN
    • Indonesian campaign of terror
    • Indonesian campaign of terror 1999• East Timorese are permitted to vote between autonomy and independence• Almost all eligible voters vote in referendum• Majority vote on independence (78.5%)• Militia supported by Indonesia rampage through East Timor• INTERFET is established• Australia leads international intervention force to stop killings• Indonesia withdraws troops and allows intervention force to stabilise conditions
    • Australia’s involvement in East Timor• Did not recognise Fretilin’s declaration of independence in 1975• Did not attempt to intervene in invasion in 1975• Howard government changed position from no support of East Timorese self- determination• Troops led international intervention force in 1999 to stop Indonesians from killing any more• Helped to create good conditions for East