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Richard milhous nixon

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  • 1. Richard Milhous Nixon
  • 2.
    • January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994
    • the 37th President (1969 to 1974)
    • the 36th Vice President (1953 to 1961)
    • The only person to be elected twice to both the Presidency and the Vice Presidency.
    • A member of the Republican Party, he was the only President to resign the office.
  • 3.
    • Parents :
    • A. Nixon and Hannah Milhous Nixon
    • (the Quakers)
    • 4 brothers: Harold (1909–1933), Donald (1914–1987), Arthur (1918–1925), and Ed (born 1930).
    • Four of the five Nixon boys were named after early English kings
    • Richard was named after Richard the Lionheart
  • 4.
    • attended Fullerton High School in Fullerton
    • later he transferred to Whittier High School, where he graduated second in his class in 1930.
    • Richard was offered a scholarship to Harvard
    • took up a scholarship to Whittier College,a local Quaker school, where he co-founded a fraternity known as The Orthogonian Society.
    • Nixon was :
    • a formidable debater
    • standout in collegiate drama productions
    • student body president
  • 5.
    • 1933, Nixon became engaged to Ola Florence Welch
    • Nixon received a full scholarship to Duke University School of Law.
    • Nixon was elected president of the Duke Bar Association and graduated third in his class in June 1937.
  • 6. Marriage
    •  
    • Thelma "Pat" Ryan
    • wed at a small ceremony on June 21, 1940.
    • After a honeymoon in Mexico, the Nixons moved to Long Beach
    • In January 1942, they moved to Washington, D.C., where Richard Nixon took a job at the Office of Price Administration.
  • 7.
    • he joined the United States Navy ( the attack on Pearl Harbor )
    • Lieutenant Commander.
    • He was elected to the House of Representatives in 1946 representing California's 12th congressional district.
    • 1950 he was elected to the United States Senate as the Junior Senator from California.
    • 1952 one of the youngest Vice Presidents in history.
    • 1968 ran again for President of the United States and was elected.
  • 8. In the Senate …
    • Against the global communism
    • He supported statehood for Alaska and Hawaii, voted in favor of civil rights for minorities, and supported federal disaster relief for India and Yugoslavia
    • He voted against price controls and other monetary controls, benefits for illegal immigrants, and public power
  • 9.
    • 1969–1973
    • Nixon set out to reconstruct the Western Alliance, developed a relationship with China, pursued arms control agreements with the Soviet Union, activated a peace process in the Middle East, restrained inflation, implemented anti-crime measures, accelerated desegregation, and reformed welfare. The most immediate task, however, was the Vietnam War.
  • 10. U.S. space program
    • Nixon visits the Apollo 11 astronauts in quarantine aboard USS Hornet.
    • On November 14, 1969, he became the first incumbent president to attend a rocket launch, Apollo 12. Nixon's signature is included on the plaque left by the Apollo 11 astronauts on the Moon in 1969.
    • On January 5, 1972, Nixon approved the development of NASA's Space Shuttle program
    • NASA's budget declined
    • On May 24, 1972, Nixon approved a five-year cooperative program between NASA and the Soviet space program
  • 11. The comprehensive health insurance
    • February 6, 1974, he introduced the Comprehensive Health Insurance Act.
    • (employers purchase health insurance for their employees)
    • provided a federal health plan, similar to Medicaid, that any American could join by paying on a sliding scale based on income
  • 12. Yom Kippur War and 1973 oil crisis
    • The Nixon administration supported Israel, during the Yom Kippur War.
    • Nixon cut through inter-departmental squabbles and bureaucracy to initiate an airlift of American arms.
    • 1973 oil crisis; the members of OPEC decided to raise oil prices in response to the American support of Israel
    • On January 2, 1974, Nixon signed a bill that lowered the maximum U.S. speed limit to 55 miles per hour (88.5 km/h) to conserve gasoline during the crisis.
  • 13.
    • 1973, OPEC reduced volumes of oil output to influence world prices, which had to play in their hands
    • pressed down on the world community to refuse to help Israel
    • Almost all countries of Africa refused to help
    • So, that political position strengthened dependence of Israel on the USA and opened true scales of dependence of the developed countries of the prices for oil.
    • Oil crisis promoted strengthening of export of oil to the west from Soviet Union.
  • 14. Watergate scandal
    • June, 17th 1972 in a staff of the candidate in presidents from George Makgoverna's Democratic party, located in the Washington complex "Uotergejt", 5 people were detained in hotel for burglary.
    • They were engaged in adjustment of overhearing equipment and, according to some information, photographing of internal documents of the democrats.
  • 15.
    • Nixon refused to give evidences refering to that executive power has privileges
    • Has been accused of partnership of a crime and has retired
    • On April 22, 1994, he died (he was 81)
  • 16. In popular culture
    • 1987 an opera, « Nixon In China »
    • In « Oliver Stone's » 1995
    • In the 1999 movie comedy « Dick »
    • In the film « Secret Honor »
    • in the song "The Love of Richard Nixon" by Manic Street
    • Nixon's head is a recurring character in Futurama
    • Stuart Milligan portrayed Nixon in the 2011 « Doctor »
    • « The Impossible Astronaut and Day of the Moon » , which took place in 1969, in the months leading to the Apollo 11 launch.
  • 17.
    • Gloomy Gus - nickname awarded by his fellow students at Duke University School of Law, referring to his serious nature
    • Iron Butt - Law school nickname because he studied so hard
    • The Mad Monk Given to him by White House aide John Ehrlichman.
    • Tricky Dick From a Democratic Party ad leading up to the 1950 U.S. Senate election in California saying "Look at 'Tricky Dick' Nixon's Republican Record."