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Stbm di plan indonesia maret 2012
 

Stbm di plan indonesia maret 2012

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Presentasi mengenai program STBM (Sanitasi Total Berbasis Masyarakat) yang dilakukan oleh Plan Indonesia.

Presentasi mengenai program STBM (Sanitasi Total Berbasis Masyarakat) yang dilakukan oleh Plan Indonesia.
http://stbm-indonesia.org

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    Stbm di plan indonesia maret 2012 Stbm di plan indonesia maret 2012 Presentation Transcript

    • Brief STBM Program of Plan Indonesia by Eka Setiawan WASH Program Manager – Country Office
    • THE “OLD” SANITATION APPROACH PLAN INDONESIA • Plan stay between 10-17 years in 1 (one) District), since 1969 • Since 2003, via Total Sanitation (subsidy approach) • Not involving Pokja AMPL • Spent up to 1,5 mill USD for 15,000 toilets construction benefitted to 45,000 people. However there are still 100,000 people who do not have access to toilets in the other 90 Plan’s village • The “old” result: No ownership. Abandoned facilities No behavior change
    • SANITATION “NEW” APPROACH PLAN INDONESIA • since 2007, via Community Led Total Sanitation (non - subsidy approach) • involving Pokja AMPL or Dinkes • Conducting integrated STBM approach www.stbm-indonesia.org • Achievement: - 200 villages triggered - 150 ODF (70 is STBM) - 7 villages STBM (plus additional pillars ‘ternak’ / cattle’s waste) • Next Target: 700 villages (in new Country Strategic Program) Dompu S UMA TRA KA L IMA NTA N Pillar 1 Kebumen Lembata JNO S urabaya PillarULA WE S I S 2 PA PUA Pillar 1 Pillar MA LUKU 1 Pillar 2 Pillar 4 Pillar 2 S ikka Pillar 2 Pillar 4 Pillar 3 Pillar 1 Pillar 3 Pillar 5 G robogan BALI Pillar 2 Pillar 4 Pillar 1 Pillar 5 INDIA N OC E A N Pillar 2 Pillar 3 Rembang S oe A US TRA LIA STBM Kefa Pillar 4 Pillar 1 STBMAusAID Pillar 5 Pillar 2 SIMAVI
    • Resources needed to scale up STBM Plan Indonesia & Pokja AMPL Kabupaten will conduct regular Pokja AMPL meeting once every (3) three months at District Level. The (District) participants will be all team STBM Kecamatan, PAMSIMAS, UN/NGOs, etc. During the meeting Pokja AMPL will fill ‘Kartu Monitoring STBM Kabupaten’ Plan Indonesia & Team STBM Kecamatan (or sanitarian, etc). Once Team STBM every two months will invite one/two village facilitator in all villages to Kecamatan conduct sub-district meeting. Team STBM Kecamatan will compile (Sub-District) the ‘Kartu Monitoring Desa’ and put it inside ‘Kartu Monitoring STBM Kecamatan’ . Plan Indonesia & Team STBM Kecamatan will come to dusun/Desa if there is a problem occurs, to help Village Facilitator. Village Facilitator (or the CLTS facilitator), will come regularly to each Village Facilitator dusun for monitoring. During his/her visit, they will compile the (Team STBM Desa) household cards per-dusun and put them inside ‘Kartu Monitoring STBM Desa’. Dusun champion exist in every sub-villages. Together (village Dusun Dusun Dusun facilitator & champion) will fill the households card during the regular Champion Champion monitoring visit. And Village Facilitator may train dusun champion on Champion how to fill the cards on his/her absence. Households Households There is ‘STBM’ household card in every houses. Plan Indonesia Households will produce these. 1 Household = 1 card.Source: Kepmenkes No 852 thn 2008
    • HOW TO ‘SCALE UP’ STBM IN PLAN INDONESIARoadshow STBM Village Interest Letter Training triggering CLTS Road Show – ke Desa-Desa Field Visit Promotion STBM Pelatihan Pemicuan Kegiatan Monitoring / Kegiatan Monitoring/ Kegiatan Monitoring (5 hari) (2 Jam) Assistance ke-1 Assistance ke-2 /Assitance ke-3, dst… (1 jam) (1 Jam) (1 Jam) Fasilitator Desa FD kembali ke Dusun A, FD kembali ke Dusun A Pelatihan CLTS FD kembali ke Dusun turun ke Dusun atau ke KK, melakukan melakukan monitoring ke Fasilitator A melakukan A melakukan monitoring CLTS setelah CLTS, sekaligus Desa/FD (5 hari) monitoring CLTS, pemicuan CLTS pemicuan sekaligus kampanye PAM RT sekaligus kampanye Kampanye CTPS.. Pilar STBM lainnya… FD Turun ke FD Kembali ke Dusun B, FD kembali ke Dusun B Dusun B melakukan monitoring melakukan monitoring FD kembali ke Dusun melakukan CLTS setelah pemicuan CLTS, sekaligus B melakukan pemicuan CLTS sekaligus kampanye kampanye PAM RT monitoring CLTS CTPS… sekaligus kampanye pilar STBM lainnya… Dusun seterusnya Dusun seterusnya… Dusun seterusnya… Dusun seterusnya Capacity BuildingRoad Map STBM Training – Ke - Kabupaten Kecamatan STBM Tim Kecamatan Kabupaten STBM
    • How to do 5 pillars STBM at Plan? Keys: Never mix- up CLTS triggering with 5 days CLTS triggering training to Village Facilitator others! (but include information on whole pillar of STBM as additional) Village Facilitator Village Facilitator Village Facilitator Triggering time (half-day) to Triggering time (half-day) to Triggering time (half-day) to Community #1 Community #2 Community #3, etc …..Follow-up #1 to Community #1 Follow-up #1 to Community #2(insert IEC promotion to other pillar STBM) (insert IEC promotion to other pillar STBM)Follow-up #2 to Community #1 Follow-up #2 to Community #2(insert IEC promotion to other pillar STBM) (insert IEC promotion to other pillar STBM)Follow-up #3 etc….. Follow-up #3 etc…..
    • Definition of 5 Pillars STBM – concluded from local Pokja Cara M onitor untuk di kompil asi ke PILAR STBM Laporan dusun 1. Stop BABS Jika Jenis Sarananya 1) Cemplung dengan tutup jenis sarana adalah sa la h satu dari 3 2) Plensengan dengan tutup op si 3) Leher Angsa dan pe milik ruma h m enjawab ya, Apakah Pemilik Rumah Menggunakan Jamban ? m aka KK tersebut ODF (atau stop 1) Ya BABS) 2) Tidak 2. Cuci tangan Pakai Sabun (CTPS) Tersedianya Sarana Cuci Tangan Jika: A) Air 1) Ya Air = ya 2) Tidak dan B) Sabun 1) Ya Sabun = ya 2) Tidak dan Pesan C TPS = bo leh ya a tau tidak C) Pesan CTPS 1) Ya dan 2) Tidak Pra kt ik = ya Apakah bisa mempraktekkan CTPS Ma ka KK t erse but su dah CTPS 1) Ya 2) Tidak 3. Pengolahan Air Minum (PAMRT) Kebiasaan KK dlm mengkonsumsi air minum Jika, 1) Direbus/ Dimasak Kebiasaan KK m em ilih sala h satu da ri 2) Ceramik Filter op si 1 atau 2 a tau 3 dan 3) Sodis wad ah m in um terut utup = ya 4) Lainya Ma ka KK t erse but su dah PA M-RT Tempat/ wadah penyimpanan Air Minum di tutup 1) Ya 2) Tidak 4. Pengolahan Sampah Rumah Tangga Sampah Rumah Tangga Biasanya…. 1) Dijadikan Kompos Jika peng ola han samp ah m em iliki salah satu dari opsi 1 a tau 2 at au 4 ata u 5 2) Dibuat Kerajinan Ma ka KK t erse but su dah Pila r-4 3) Tidak di Apakan 4) Di Timbun 5) Di Bakar 5. Pengolahan Limbah Cair Rumah Tangga Air di Dapur atau Cucian Diapakan ? Jika peng ola han limb ah ca ir m em ilih opsi 1) Diresapkan ke lubang tanah 1 atau 2 a tau 3 2) Dimanfaatkan Untuk Tanaman Ma ka KK t erse but su dah Pila r-5 3) Dibuang ke Saluran Air 4) Dibiarkan Menggenang
    • Pillar #1: CLTS CLTS Training to Village Facilitator Triggering to Villages Commitment to have latrine100% Open Defecation Free Village’s DeclarationThis may wait till all 5 pillars complete too… Follow up, & Process building Latrine constructed & used latrine by community (no subsidy)
    • Non-subsidy latrine resulted from CLTSBefore CLTS After CLTS
    • Non-subsidy latrine failure due to flooding in some of villages
    • Path specifically built to guide people with low vision to thelatrine and hand-washing station (person with disability)
    • Pillar #2: Handwashing with soap
    • Pillar #3: SWTSS Clean water storage for boiled drinking water
    • Lanjutan Pilar 3: Apakah jika sudah di-treatment akan aman? TIDAK AMAN! Penelitian WHO menyimpulkan 60% air yang telah di olah masih tidak sehat karena wadah penyimpanannya kotor atau jari tangan kotorGELAS HARUS CERET/TEKO CUCI TANGANSELALU BERSIH! HARUS SELALU DENGAN SABUN ! BERSIH!CARA: DICUCI CARA: CUCIBERSIH, DAN DI CARA: DICUCI DAN TANGAN SEBELUMJEMUR DIBAWAH DIJEMUR SETIAP MAKAN, SETELAHMATAHARI 3-7 HARI SEKALI B.A.BSAMPAI KERING
    • Pillar #4: Solidwaste HH Kompos, timbun, atau bakar di lubangRemember: there is no Dinas Kebersihan in most of rural villages
    • Pillar #5: Waste WaterSoakaway pit To plantation
    • JUST INFO: RESOURCES AT PROJECT LEVEL (DONOR FUNDED) Staffs of Plan Indonesia Civil Society & Govt Project Manager based in soe/kefa Assistant/OS Area Admin/Finance M&E Officer Pokja AMPL 5-10 officials (additional) - based in Kupang based in soe/kefa Kabupaten Project Admin/Finance Officer Soe Project Admin/Finance Officer Kefa Cashier Soe (additional) Cashier Kefa (additional) Tim STBM 2 officials per Kecamatan sub-district (100 orang) Handwashing/ CLTS Team Handwashing/ CLTS Team Safe Water Leader Safe Water Leader 2 CLTS village Specialist (2 persons) Specialist (2 persons) Tim STBM facilitator per- (1 person) (1 person) Desa village (600 orang) Hygiene CLTS Sub-District Hygiene CLTS Sub-District Officers Officers Officers Officers (4 person) (8 persons) (4 person) (7 persons) Dusun Dusun 3 natural leader perSoe District (172 villages) Kefamenanu District (160 villages) sub-village
    • Info: Sanitation Marketing after “demand creation community”The community able to create the closet themselves (independent) without any- subsidy from Plan. 1 Closet average of IDR 30.000.- (or 4$). Grobogan Study Budget planning (from community) on how to make low-cost-closet. Most of them paid it with Banana’s fruit, rice, etc. And exchange it to the existing Koperasi/ MicrofinanceWorkshop/training on Closetimprovement, in community(majority: private local artisanentrepreneurs)Closet ready for distribution Finishing closet, and stock Training on making low-(or sell) for production (gotong cost-toilet royong)
    • Children are playing gamecalled “Snake and Ladder” asa FUN way to educatechildren in regard of HygienePractices
    • The Decline of Diarrhea Cases in Lembata 91% Diarrhea Reduction 63% Diarrhea Reduction
    • The Decline of Diarrhea Cases in TTSDistrict: In average, diarrhea cases in 2012` was 27.31% lower than they were in 2011. The decline of diarrhea cases is due to STBM intervention led by local health center and District Health Agency, which started at the beginning of 2011. The intervention involves the promotion to the community to adopt 5-pillars of hygiene behavior (Data collected from Sub-district Health Center in Polen, Kie, and Amsel) Kec / Decline in Subdistrict 2010 2011 percentage KIE 1,058 722 31.76% AMSEL 338 298 11.83% Polen 548 393 28.28% Kecamatan/Kec. = Sub-district Total 1,944 1,413 27.31%
    • The Decline of Diarrhea Cases in TTUDistrict: In average, diarrhea cases in` 2012 was 34.20 % lower than they were in 2011. The decline of diarrhea cases is due to STBM intervention led by local health center and District Health Agency, which started at the beginning of 2011. The intervention involves the promotion to the community to adopt 5-pillars of hygiene behavior (Data collected from Sub-district Health Center in Napan, Lurasik, Oelneke) Decline in Kec. / Sub-district 2010 2011 percentage BIKOMI UTARA 47 29 38.30% MUSI 49 47 4.08% BIBOKI UTARA 345 218 36.81% NOEMUTI 59 35 40.68% Total 500 329 34.20%