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Ch.5 section 1 terms

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  • Transcript

    • 1. Chapter 5 Terms
    • 2. Jacob Riis• May 3, 1849 - May 26, 1914• Danish American social reformer, muckraking journalist and social documentary photographer.• Wrote the book How the Other Half Lives• Described the poverty, disease, and crime that afflicted many immigrant neighborhoods in New York City.• Married twice.
    • 3. Jacob Riis• May 3, 1849 - May 26, 1914• Danish American social reformer, muckraking journalist and social documentary photographer.• Wrote the book How the Other Half Lives• Described the poverty, disease, and crime that afflicted many immigrant neighborhoods in New York City.• Married twice.
    • 4. Robert La Follette• June 14, 1855– June 18, 1925• American politician who served as a U.S. Congressman, the 20th Governor of Wisconsin (1901–1906), and Republican Senator from Wisconsin (1906–1925).• Used his office to attack the way polit- ical parties ran their conventions.• Pressured the state legislature to require each party to hold a direct primary, in which all party members could vote for a candidate to run in the general election.• His great reform success gave Wisconsin a reputation as the “laboratory of democracy.”
    • 5. Robert La Follette• June 14, 1855– June 18, 1925• American politician who served as a U.S. Congressman, the 20th Governor of Wisconsin (1901–1906), and Republican Senator from Wisconsin (1906–1925).• Used his office to attack the way polit- ical parties ran their conventions.• Pressured the state legislature to require each party to hold a direct primary, in which all party members could vote for a candidate to run in the general election.• His great reform success gave Wisconsin a reputation as the “laboratory of democracy.”
    • 6. Alice Paul• January 11, 1885 – July 9, 1977• graduate of Swarthmore College who also received a Ph.D. from the University of Pennsylvania• Quaker social worker who headed NAWSA’s congressional committee• Organized the Washington march.• Jailed three times for demonstrating for woman suffrage.
    • 7. Alice Paul• January 11, 1885 – July 9, 1977• graduate of Swarthmore College who also received a Ph.D. from the University of Pennsylvania• Quaker social worker who headed NAWSA’s congressional committee• Organized the Washington march.• Jailed three times for demonstrating for woman suffrage.
    • 8. Square Deal• Reform programs created by Roosevelt.• Formed upon three basic ideas: conservation of natural resources, control of corporations, and consumer protection.• Aimed at helping middle class citizens.• involved attacking the plutocracy and bad trusts• Protected business from extreme demands of organized labor
    • 9. Northern Securities• Formed in 1902• Giant new holding company• Created by three men: E. H. Harriman, James J. Hill, J.P. Morgan, J. D. Rockefeller• Controlled the Northern Pacific Railway, Great Northern Railway, Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad• Sued in 1902 under the Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890 by President Theodore Roosevelt
    • 10. United Mine Workers• Called a strike of the miners who dug anthracite, or hard coal.• Nearly 150,000 workers demanded a pay increase, a reduction in work hours, and recognition for their union.• Strike continued for a few months, any longer it would threaten factories because of the shortage of coal, shutting down the factories and leaving many people’s home cold.• Roosevelt urged the union and the owners to accept arbitration. Union agreed. Mine owners did not.• Roosevelt threatened to order the army to run the mines. Fearing this, they finally accepted.
    • 11. United Mine Workers• Called a strike of the miners who dug anthracite, or hard coal.• Nearly 150,000 workers demanded a pay increase, a reduction in work hours, and recognition for their union.• Strike continued for a few months, any longer it would threaten factories because of the shortage of coal, shutting down the factories and leaving many people’s home cold.• Roosevelt urged the union and the owners to accept arbitration. Union agreed. Mine owners did not.• Roosevelt threatened to order the army to run the mines. Fearing this, they finally accepted.
    • 12. Hepburn Act• Act was intended to strengthen the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC).• Gave it power to enhance the railroad rates.• ICCs authority was extended to cover bridges, terminals, ferries, railroad sleeping cars, express companies and oil pipelines.• ICC to set rates and regulations that limited competition and prevented new competitors from entering the industry.• Over time the ICC became a supporter of the railroads’ interests
    • 13. Upton Sinclair• September 20, 1878 – November 25, 1968• Pulitzer Prize-winning American author• Published The Jungle.• It exposed conditions in the U.S. meat packing industry• Caused a public disruption that contributed in part to the passage a few months later of the 1906 Pure Food and Drug Act and the Meat Inspection Act.
    • 14. Upton Sinclair• September 20, 1878 – November 25, 1968• Pulitzer Prize-winning American author• Published The Jungle.• It exposed conditions in the U.S. meat packing industry• Caused a public disruption that contributed in part to the passage a few months later of the 1906 Pure Food and Drug Act and the Meat Inspection Act.
    • 15. Joseph G. Cannon• May 7, 1836 – November 12, 1926• United States politician from Illinois and leader of the Republican Party.• Served as Speaker of the United States House of Representatives from 1903 to 1911.• Appointed all committees and decided which bills they handled.• Cannon could push some bills through without discussion and see that others never came to a vote.
    • 16. Joseph G. Cannon• May 7, 1836 – November 12, 1926• United States politician from Illinois and leader of the Republican Party.• Served as Speaker of the United States House of Representatives from 1903 to 1911.• Appointed all committees and decided which bills they handled.• Cannon could push some bills through without discussion and see that others never came to a vote.
    • 17. Payne-Aldrich Tariff• Idea of wanting to protect high tariffs.• Cut tariffs hardly at all and actually raised them on some goods.• Bill provided for the creation of a tariff board to study the problem of tariff modification.• allowed for free trade with the Philippines, then under American control.• Had immediate effect of frustrating both proponents and opponents of reducing tariffs.
    • 18. Richard Ballinger• July 9, 1858 – June 6, 1922.• Mayor of Seattle, Washington.• Conservative corporate lawyer.• Tried to make nearly a million acres of public forests and mineral reserves available for private development.• Pinchot charged the new secretary with having once plotted to turn over valuable public lands in Alaska to a private syndicate for personal profit.
    • 19. Richard Ballinger• July 9, 1858 – June 6, 1922.• Mayor of Seattle, Washington.• Conservative corporate lawyer.• Tried to make nearly a million acres of public forests and mineral reserves available for private development.• Pinchot charged the new secretary with having once plotted to turn over valuable public lands in Alaska to a private syndicate for personal profit.