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  • Transcript

    • 1. Managing Information Security Risks Ken M. Shaurette, CISSP, CISA, CISM, IAM Information Security Solutions Manager MPC Security Solutions TechFest December 2003
    • 2. Agenda
      • Why Security?
      • Information Assets
      • Threats
      • Vulnerabilities
      • Dynamic Security Methodology
      • Risk Management
      • MPC Security Solutions Delivers
    • 3.
      • Legislation and community pressure
      • Inappropriate use leads to disciplinary action.
      • Protecting critical infrastructures. (InfraGard, DHS)
      • Liability?
      • Its simply a good idea!
      Why Security?
    • 4. Regulations Touch Everyone! Source: Forrester / Giga Group GigaTel, Michael Rasmussen, Director of Research, Information Security, July 22, 2003.
    • 5. Once upon a time….
    • 6. Then things started to get a little ugly….
    • 7. Security used to be easy to understand
      • Payroll Office….
        • Lock on door
        • Lock on file cabinet
        • Audits
      • Equal Reasonable Security
    • 8.
      • Active Directory, x.500, NDS, Shadow Passwords
      • VPN, PPTP, Telnet, SSH, IPSEC, Encryption
      • Wireless, Fiber, ATM, T1, DS3, Dial-up, Cell, PDA
      • PKI, Kerberos, DES, DES3, SHA, CHAP, PAP
      • Client Server, Mainframe, ASP, Web Services
      • Thin Client, Thick Client, Skinny Client, Tall Client
      • Terminal Server, Distance Learning
      • HTTPS, SSL
      Security is now a little more complex
    • 9. You know more than you think…
      • Information Security is about Information
      • Technology is a piece of the puzzle
      • You should not have to master technology in order to manage risk
    • 10. The “Good” News
      • Technology has become easier and easier to implement
        • Anyone can install a server
        • Anyone can install a network
        • Anyone can bring up a web server
        • Anyone can get connected (in lots of ways)
    • 11. The “Bad” News
      • Technology has become easier and easier to implement
        • Anyone can install a server
        • Anyone can install a network
        • Anyone can bring up a web server
        • Anyone can get connected (in lots of ways)
    • 12. What are we securing against?
      • Identity Theft
      • Privacy issues
      • Copyright issues
      • Hijacking of resources
      • Liability
      • Regulations
    • 13. Information Assets
      • Which does your organization have?
        • Records about special programs
        • Resident’s information
        • Financial information
        • Health information
        • Statistical information
    • 14. Information Assets
      • How do you identify value ?
        • Accounting / “book value”
        • Intrinsic value / Replacement Cost
        • Formal quantifiable methods (BCP/DRP)
        • “Gut feel”
    • 15. The “Best” News
      • There is hope!
    • 16. Information Assets
      • What is worth protecting?
        • Confidentiality (keeping secrets)
        • Integrity (tamper-proofing)
        • Availability (there when you need it)
      • Why protect?
        • Community expectations
        • Regulatory requirements
        • Perception
        • Liability
    • 17. Information Assets
      • How do you protect?
        • “Classification” (secret, top secret, unclassified)
        • Policies ( separation of duties, appropriate use)
        • “Security Awareness training”
        • “Common Sense” or “Second Thought” approach
    • 18. Information Assets
      • How much do you spend on protection?
        • Is it based on the value of the information?
        • Is it based on the number and likelihood of threats?
        • Are vulnerabilities accounted for?
        • How much is enough protection?
        • Is Return on Investment (ROI) Expected or Required?
    • 19. Threats - Motive
      • What is the nature of a threat?
        • Confidentiality (learning secrets)
        • Integrity (tampering with data)
        • Availability (denial of service)
      • Who poses a threat to the organization?
        • Terrorists
        • Former employees
        • Unhappy residents
        • Hackers
    • 20. Vulnerabilities
      • Absence or weakness of a safeguard
        • Safeguard’s reduce likelihood of expected loss from a threat
        • Can be well known, such as an IIS patch
        • Can be unknown, such as a design error
      • Type of vulnerabilities
        • Technical
        • Non-technical
    • 21. Could any of these Occur?
      • Sexual Harassment or stalking performed using your Computers?
      • Email Threats to Residents, Officials, Politicians?
      • Community questions about how their tax money is being used.
      • Community asks how computer systems are being wasted?
    • 22. ` "What Are The Short Falls?” Dynamic Security Infrastructure " What Is Our Security Policy?” "Implement!" "How Do We Get There?" "Experience Feedback" Compliance Reporting Strategy Definition Security Architecture Deploy Solutions Periodic Re-evaluation "Where Are We Today?" "Where Do We Need to Be?" Baseline Current Security New Risks, Legislation Security Requirements Perform Gap Analysis
    • 23. Security Risk Management
      • Understand value of information
      • Understand the threats
      • Understand vulnerabilities and corresponding safeguards
      • Invest wisely in appropriate safeguards that reduce the impact of threats.
      • Emergency preparedness
    • 24. Risk Mitigation
      • Understand security risk
      • Understand technology
      • Accept Risk
        • Documentation of risk acceptance is a form of mitigation.
      • Defer or transfer risk
        • Insurance
      • Mitigate risk
        • Technology can mitigate risk
    • 25. How Can MPC Help?
      • Services
        • Information Security Operational Planning (ISOP)
        • Information Security Assessment Project (SA)
        • Security Policy Review and Writing
        • Security Risk Management Program
    • 26. How Can MPC Help?
      • Services
        • Network Perimeter Security Sweep (NPSS)
        • Internal Network Security Sweep (INSS)
        • Secure Network Operations Center (RSMC) for monitoring network, (IDS or Firewall)
    • 27. How Can MPC Help?
      • Technology
        • Monitoring/Auditing Tools, workstation usage and measure license, and Computer utilization; (5 th Column)
        • Access Controls, (wireless, active directory, NDS, multiple factor authentication); (Novell, Microsoft)
        • Filtering & Proxy Tools; (Websense)
        • Firewalls; (PIX, Cyberguard)
    • 28. How Can MPC Help?
      • Technology
        • Intrusion Detection/Prevention
        • (Host and Network)
        • Application Gateways
        • IP Video Surveillance
        • Secure Network Infrastructure Design
        • Wireless Technology
    • 29.
      • Thank You!

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