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Dairy farming in VietnamDairy Development Program                         Luu Van Tan, DDP manager                 Muak Le...
Dairy farming in Vietnam                                                   Dairy Development Program    Content    1. Dair...
Dairy farming in Vietnam                                                    Dairy Development Program    Dairy farming in ...
Dairy farming in Vietnam                                                                                                  ...
Dairy farming in Vietnam                                                                 Dairy Development Program    Dair...
Dairy farming in Vietnam                                                                                       Dairy Devel...
Dairy farming in Vietnam                                                                     Dairy Development Program    ...
Dairy farming in Vietnam                                                                 Dairy Development Program    Dair...
Dairy farming in Vietnam                                      Dairy Development Program    Dairy Development Program - DDP...
Dairy farming in Vietnam                                                         Dairy Development Program     Dairy Devel...
Dairy farming in Vietnam                                                                       Dairy Development Program  ...
Dairy farming in Vietnam                                                            Dairy Development Program     DDP – Mi...
Dairy farming in Vietnam                                                                    Dairy Development Program     ...
Dairy farming in Vietnam                                                                        Dairy Development Program ...
Dairy farming in Vietnam                                                      Dairy Development Program     A transparent ...
Dairy farming in Vietnam                                                                Dairy Development Program       De...
Dairy farming in Vietnam                                                                                                  ...
Dairy farming in Vietnam                                               Dairy Development Program     Improvement in milk h...
Dairy farming in Vietnam                                                                     Dairy Development Program    ...
Dairy farming in Vietnam                                             Dairy Development Program     From a happy cow …     ...
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4.2 luu van_tan-dairy_farming_vietnam

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Transcript of "4.2 luu van_tan-dairy_farming_vietnam"

  1. 1. Dairy farming in VietnamDairy Development Program Luu Van Tan, DDP manager Muak Lek, Thailand, 8-9 December 2010
  2. 2. Dairy farming in Vietnam Dairy Development Program Content 1. Dairy Farming in Vietnam − Dairy herd and milk production − Current constraints and future of dairy farming 2. Dairy Development Program − Introduction of DDP − Our FCV ’s mission and Milestones of DDP 1996-2010 − Milk collection − Extension services and training program − Milk quality control − Milk payment system − Achievements (herd development, milk collection, quality)2
  3. 3. Dairy farming in Vietnam Dairy Development Program Dairy farming in Vietnam National dairy herd – milk production NATIONAL MILK PRODUCION (June 2010) MILK: 274 mln Kg ANNUAL (750 T/day) DAIRY CATTLE: 115,000 heads (Estimated) 22 % 25,000 heads produce 120 T/day (16%) 4% 4% 5,000 heads produce 19 T/day (3%) 74% 85,000 heads produce 611 T/day (81%)3
  4. 4. Dairy farming in Vietnam Dairy Development Program Milk consumption versus self-supply of raw milk 2005 - 2020 Data source: Plan of MARD of Vietnam 50 38 40 37 36 45 35 34 33 35 40 32 % self-supply of raw milk % self-supply 30 35 28 30 30 26 Consumption 105MT 24 25 22 25 20 20,2 20,1 19,4 18,8 Consumption - kg/c/y) 20 15 10,4 8,6 9,4 7,1 7,8 10 5,6 6,4 4,2 4,9 15 2,6 2,8 3,2 3,7 5 2,0 2,2 2,3 Self-supply - 105 MT 0 10 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Milk consumption (x100,000 MT/year) Milk consumption (kg/capita/year) Self-supply (x100,000 MT/year) % self-supply over total consumption Annual growth of milk consumption = 10%. (78% imported milk in 2010) Annual growth of self-supply of raw milk = 10-15% (organic growth & cow importation) % self-supply = 22-24% (2010) and = 38% in 2020 as planned by Vietnamese government4
  5. 5. Dairy farming in Vietnam Dairy Development Program Dairy farming in Vietnam Herd size >95% of dairy farm is small holders – limited land to grow Herd size of 8 – 12 heads and a families’ business 60-70 kg/day <5% of farm is specialized in dairy – so called specialized farm Herd size of 100–200 heads 300-1,000kg/day5
  6. 6. Dairy farming in Vietnam Dairy Development Program Dairy farming in Vietnam Herd size & herd development Only few farms that have >1,500 kg/day, equipped cooling facility These farms deliver directly to FCV. Herd size of 450 -600 heads/farm with 3–6 T kg/day/farm Development of herd size 2005-2009 (source: DDP herd count report 2009) Development trend of farm size over Development trend of farm size over Development trend of farm size over DDP - 2007 DDP - 2008 DDP - 2009 6% 6% 9% 17% 18% 22% 76% 69% 77% 1 - 10 cow 11 - 20 cow 21 cow up 1 - 10 cow 11 - 20 cow 21 cow up 1 - 10 cow 11 - 20 cow 21 cow up6
  7. 7. Dairy farming in Vietnam Dairy Development Program Dairy farming in Vietnam Current constraints and a vision of future dairy farming Current constraints 1. Land – Investment: >95% of farms is small holder in urban areas 2. Farming skill: management + know-how ... 3. Government policy: Long-term planning + legislation & regulation + education 4. Infrastructure in rural area – utility + farm inputs + milk collection 5. Not economic due to small herd size (high input cost and not pro.) A vision of future dairy farming (for a sustainable development) 1. Dairy farming zone is planed and effective policies are made by government 2. Commercial size + pro. management + profit stability + friendly with environment 3. Quality oriented: Good dairy farming practices & and milk quality and safety 4. Be competitive with other local agri. businesses and world market milk price7
  8. 8. Dairy farming in Vietnam Dairy Development Program Dairy Development Program Our mission: Supports sustainable development of dairy farming 1. Milk collection • Milk collection system – Direct contract • Incentive payment as quality and volume delivered • Transparent milk payment system 2. Extension • Good quality farm services (AI & Vet health care) • Practical training + productivity • Farm management + milk quality & safety • Good Dairy Farming Practices (GDFP & bonus scheme) 3. Link between FCV and dairy farmer / Gov. organizations • Support “Grouping farmers” (cost control) • Building up a long term relationship with local farmers and others • Contribute to the national dairy development 4. Competition • Quality oriented (in farming practices and milk quality) • Control milk cost production at farm profit stability8
  9. 9. Dairy farming in Vietnam Dairy Development Program Dairy Development Program - DDP OPERATION REGION OF FCV - 2,500 FARMS - 27,200 HEADs - HERD SIZE - 40 COLLECTION POINTS - 2 CHILLING CENTRES - 70 STAFF DDP9
  10. 10. Dairy farming in Vietnam Dairy Development Program Dairy Development Program activities MILK COLLECTION Milk Price – Milk Quality CONTROL ENSURE MILK QUALITY (FOOD SAFETY) EXTENSION Training Extension Service SPECIAL PROJECTS Improve milk collection method Demo-farms - Loans10
  11. 11. Dairy farming in Vietnam Dairy Development Program Milestones in 15 years (1996 -2010) of DDP - FCV HACCP from Starts farm level - Program QRM System Good Bonus on milk Dairy volume delivery Farming Bonus on Practices Farm grouping bacterial Premium for milk delivery count Cattle loan payment Bonus on program on > std Farm & Milk HACCP 2011 milk Farm services hygiene Cattle quality 2010 & training importation program Milking 2009 machine Direct milk introduction 2004 collection system 1998 1997 199611
  12. 12. Dairy farming in Vietnam Dairy Development Program DDP – Milk collection method (Dec. 2010 – 160T/day) Under management of Farmers Under management of FCV SMALL HOLDER >2,000 COLLECTION POINT (37) CPCT (4) Group of SHs ( 70) SPECIALIZED FARM 10 MILK CHILLING CENTER (2) Farm cooling tank THIRD PARTY 5 FACTORY (2)12
  13. 13. Dairy farming in Vietnam Dairy Development Program Extension activities Technical farm services • Artificial insemination / Veterinary health care • Practical training on dairy husbandry and farm economic • Herd management / milking machine testing • Encourage large farm development and farm grouping 1,500 - 2,000 request from farmers annually • Well-trained extension team • Applying Good Dairy Farming Practices • Training, service & consultant: free of charge • On cost basis for farm-input materials13
  14. 14. Dairy farming in Vietnam Dairy Development Program Farm Milk quality control • Milk quality standard: 12% TS; 3.5% Fat; TPC of 350,000 cfu/ml; free of antibiotic and free of additives. • Incentive milk payment and bonus payment for desired quality and quantity • Quality risk management system for raw milk from farm to factory (HACCP) < 3 HOURS AT FARM COLLECTION POINT MILK CHILLING CENTERFarm Hygiene Acceptant test at CP Quick cooling <4oCTraining CP inspection Individual sampling MCC inspection Sampling14
  15. 15. Dairy farming in Vietnam Dairy Development Program A transparent and incentive milk payment system Milk payment system Milk payment consists of: FrieslandCampina VN Standard quality Standard price and composition, hygiene quality Surcharge at delivery gates > Std of milk composition Premium payment to milk < Std of bacterial counts & SCC with higher std. quality Scoring on Good Dairy Farming Practices Incentive bonus is paid to Milk volume delivery (kg/day) & Loyalty GDFP & Volume delivery15
  16. 16. Dairy farming in Vietnam Dairy Development Program Development of dairy herd and milk production OPERATION REGION OF FCV HERD-COUNT 2005 – 2009 in FCV region (source: DDP herd count report 2009) Years # of Cattle Production AVG. AVG. farms (# heads) (Ton/day) heads/F kg/day/F 2005 2,260 17,900 90 7.9 39.7 2006 2,100 18,600 92 8.9 43.6 2007 2,030 19,100 125 9.1 55.9 Mar 2,270 22,600 137 9.4 60.0 ’08 Nov 2,389 27,200 172 ‘09 11.0 71.816
  17. 17. Dairy farming in Vietnam Dairy Development Program DAILY COLLECTED MILK VOLUME AND MILK PRICE 9.500 180 167,0 9.000 160 8.500 Milk price (vnd/ kg) 139,9 8.000 140 Volume (tons/day) 7.440 7.450 7.500 120 7.000 104,4 100 6.500 89,7 82,1 6.059 6.000 76,9 80 5.500 57,9 60 5.000 41,5 4.500 40 4.293 28,3 20,6 4.000 20 12,8 13,6 15,9 3.733 8,1 3.383 3.500 3.239 3.288 3.322 3.328 3.328 3.337 3.333 3.324 0 3.000 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Years Milk volume Milk price17
  18. 18. Dairy farming in Vietnam Dairy Development Program Improvement in milk hygiene quality (bacterial counts)18
  19. 19. Dairy farming in Vietnam Dairy Development Program Achievements Benefits for farmers • Providing an efficient model of transfer of dairy husbandry techniques to farmers Improve milk production and milk quality + Better control farming cost PROFIT stability Sustainable development. • Secure out-let market in rural areas to dairy farms by a direct contract for raw milk supply Farmers get fair price when selling milk directly to the company. Benefits for local community and country (as a CSR) • Creating job and stable income for local farmers in rural areas • Contributes to sustainable development of dairy farming • DDP would be seen as a model for dairy projects in the region Benefits for company • Secure raw milk intake from local farms at competitive cost price • Secure quality and safety of raw milk quality of dairy products • Building up a good company image in the country19
  20. 20. Dairy farming in Vietnam Dairy Development Program From a happy cow … … to a happy farmer at local bank Thank you for your attention20
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