ContentIntroductionGeneral informationModern music from the 1950sSin Sisamouth’s biographyDuring and after Khmer RougeCambodian music todayComparisonCopyright issuesConclusion
5 genres of music known in Khmerculture even today. Pleng Pin Peat, Pleng Mohaori, PlengChayam, Pleng Arek, and Pleng Kar. Played in wedding, rites of passage,ceremony for the Neak Ta (localterritorial spirits), and Buddhist festival.General Information
General InformationDuring the 20th century, “modern” or “new” musiccame to Cambodia .First type “modern music” : changes on themusic of fanfare and parade.It was similar to soldier and potentate ofEurope.Adapt the symphony orchestra and the choir.
General InformationSecond type of “modern music” translations offoreign pop music (The Beatles, Rock and Roll).Second type of “modern music” arose during 1950sand 60s.Mid of the 19th century, a group of Filipinomusicians were brought to Cambodian court to playWestern military band music: march, anthem, andfanfare.
General InformationThe music played by Filipino musicians came to bepopularly known as “Manila music”.Francois Perruchot (director of music) at the Palace.Albert Tricon played popular traditional songs withmusicians that he collected from villages and The RoyalPalace.In 1946 established the National School of Music.Both traditional Khmer music and Western forms of musicwere taught in this school.The National School of Music the Department of Music in1965, when the Royal University of Fine Arts wasestablished.
Modern Music From1950sKing Sihanouk composed many songs and musicalpieces during the 1950s and 1960s.Tango, the Mambo, the Samba and more were famousmusic of King.These popular forms of music came to Cambodia byradio, films, the gramophone, and through sheet music.Baksei Cham Krong, the Phirum Youth group, SangkumOne, and Two were the famous groups during 1960s.Mix instruments such as saxophone, guitar, drums wereused by these groups.
Khmer Artists during(1950s-1960s) Many professional writers and artists, such asMa LaopiPov SiphoSous MatSin Sisamouth RosSereysotheaPaen Ron
Sin Sisamouth’sBiographyConsidered as “Emperor of Khmer Music” (អអអអអអអអអអអអអអ)Born: 23rd, August 1935 in Stung Treng ProvinceFather: Sin Leang (Prison Warden)Mother: Sip Bunluer (Lao-Chinese)Interest in music (Guitar) at age 6 or 7 and Buddhist scriptureMoved to Phnom Penh, studied medicine.Compose melodies on Mandolin
Cambodia during KhmerRouge Regime
Around 2 millions Khmer people were killed and manyconstructions were abolished Almost 90% of educated people died: artists, dancers, and writers. Close to extinguishing Khmer culture, art, civilization and tradition. All songs are related to Khmer Rouge service.Cambodia during KhmerRouge Regime
Anthem of DemocraticKampuchea
Revival after Khmer RougeThere were around 10% of intellectuals survived.The quality cannot compare to the prewar.The University of Fine Arts was reopened in 1980.
Global Influences “Culture is the soul of a nation. Without culture,there is no nation.” Foreign influences on culture: Tradition, Custom,language, outfit and so on. Foreign influences on music: Korean, Thailand,Chinese and USA… etc
Huge influence: Korean; music, movie, fashion, style,food and production.Cambodian Music Today
Cambodian Music TodayNew genres of music: Hip-Hop, Rap, Rock, R&B andHybrid.Rappers: Pu klaing, DJ Kdep& Ada
ComparisonPast and PresentLyric and meaning of the song:Past:• usually described about love, scenery and beauty of aplace, nature…etc.• Songs were full of rhythm.Present:• almost 90% of the songs are about LOVE and meaningless.• Quantity but no quality.