By: Sean Rodriguez<br />The Mycenaeans (Day 2)<br />
Heinrich Schliemann: Excavated an ancient Greek city called Mycenae in 1874.<br />He found a vast culture within the structures filled with all sorts of artifacts.<br />The civilization seemed to have thrived in the years 1600-1100 BC.<br />Discovery!<br />
Many artifacts were found in burial tombs that were filled with spoils of war.<br />The tombs were discoveries themselves as they had a unique bee-hive shape called tholos.<br />Artifacts<br />http://travel.webshots.com/photo/2946223340059082311rlZrAd<br />
The Mycenaeans developed a written language (much like the Minoans) called Linear B.<br />It was deciphered by Michael Ventris in the 1950’s. However it still didn’t open up that much information about them.<br />Communication<br />http://proteus.brown.edu/greekpast/4690<br />
The cities of Tiryns, Athens, Orchomenus, and Thebes also had evidence of having Mycenaean influence.<br />Other Major Mycenaean Sites<br />
Around 1200 BC, the palaces are burnt in all major Mycenaean cities, probably from warfare or revolt.<br />More places are destroyed fifty years later, people leave the cities at this point.<br />Collapse of the Mycenaeans<br />
There is some evidence of a Trojan War at this time but the evidence is highly disputed. <br />Heinrich was heavily influenced by the tales of the Iliad and Odyssey, so his judgment might have been subjective. <br />Possible Trojan War?<br />http://www.wired.com/science/discoveries/news/2008/04/dayintech_0424<br />
Heinrich found what he thought was the death mask of Agamemnon in a burial mound, however there is no scientific to support this.<br />He also found the tomb was filled with treasure which he believes was confiscated at Troy, however there is no real evidence of this either.<br />Evidence of Trojan War?<br />http://www.artchive.com/artchive/G/greek/agamemnon.jpg.html<br />
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