1. ComprehensivePhoto Album ProjectBy: Sean LydonAP Psychology, Period G4/26/2013
2. 1) Prologue/ Chapter 1
3. StructuralismThis concept is one school of psychology that focuses on breaking down thought and findingcommonalities. This garbage disposal breaks down food and one can find common ingredients betweenfoods
4. FunctionalismThis is another school of psychology that focused on mental processes and thoughts as being like astream and unable to break down. This picture represents that thoughts are a continuous stream
5. NaturalisticObservationThis a type of research in which the subjects are observed and studied in their natural habitats without acontrolled situation. This picture shows that I am observing my father in a natural setting withoutdisturbing him.
6. BasicResearchThis is a type of research that only aims to increase the knowledge base. This picture showsthat these students are only trying to gain more information about a certain subject.
7. 2) Chapter 2A
8. ReuptakeThis term refers to when extra neurotransmitters in the synapse are absorbed by the sendingneuron. This picture shows that the extra food taken from the fridge is put back in it.
9. DendriteThis is the branchy extensions of the neuron that receives messages from a neighboring neuron. Thispicture shows that mail is being received by me in my hand, and the fingers are like the “branches” ofthe dendrite.
10. AxonThis is an extension of the neuron that brings messages to other neurons or to muscles or glands via thesynapse. This picture shows that the send button and arrow act as the axon, taking the message towardits recipient through cyberspace (the synapse).
11. ParasympatheticNervousSystemThis a division of the peripheral nervous system that calms and relaxes the body. Thispicture shows that my dog is trying calm down and conserve energy by panting.
12. 3) Chapter 2B
13. CorpusCallosumThis is thick band of neural fibers that connects the left and right hemispheres and allows them tocommunicate. This picture shows the fingers are the fibers and the left and the right hands areconnected.
14. MedullaThis is the part of the brainstem that regulates heart rate and breathing. This inhalerrepresents the medulla because it helps restore normal breathing.
15. HypothalamusThis part of the limbic system maintains homeostasis and rewards the body for doing so.This picture shows that I was rewarded for maintaining my good grade for Spanish class.
16. CerebellumThis part of the brainstem that balances the body and controls coordination. This pictureshows my dog is using his cerebellum to stay upright while walking on the stairs
17. 4) Chapter 3
18. LatentdreamcontentThis refers to the actual hidden meaning behind one’s dream. This picture shows theoriginal words and their difficult to discern meaning, which represents the term.
19. ManifestdreamcontentThis is the remembered storyline or summary of a dream. This picture shows the summaryof a certain scene in Macbeth and has a basic storyline, representing the term.
20. CircadianrhythmsThis term refers to each person’s biological clock, which is the cycle of rhythms (temperature, basicarousal) over about a 24 hour period. This picture shows that my dogs are at a point in their cycles whenthey usually go to sleep.
21. LSDThis a drug that is extremely hallucinogenic. This picture is very odd and seems like ahallucination that LSD could cause.
22. 5) Chapter 5
23. AttachmentThis is the emotional tie with someone else, especially with a parent. This picture showsthat my dogs have an attachment to my father.
24. TeratogensThis anything that can harm an embryo or a fetus during prenatal development. Wine is oneof these because it contains alcohol.
25. HabituationThis is the process by which one becomes less and less responsive to a repeated stimulus. I havebecome habituated to the alarm sound of my clock, and so, I do not respond to it much.
26. EgocentrismThis is Piaget’s idea that children have trouble taking another person’s point of view. Myfather is showing this because he assumes that because he can see the TV, I can, too.
27. 6) Chapter 6A
28. AbsoluteThresholdThis is the minimum stimulation required for someone to detect something half of the time.This picture shows that the volume on the computer is above my absolute threshold.
29. Top-downprocessingThis is when we build perceptions of the world based on expectations and experience. I judge thedifficulty of these math problems based on my experience of how hard the first few problems ineach homework set usually are and my expectations based on how well I fared on the otherproblems in this set.
30. DifferencethresholdThis is the just noticeable difference, or the minimum difference between two stimuli that someone candetect. Here, the difference between the dusty and clean areas on the table is above this threshold
31. TransductionThis is the process by which one form of energy is converted into another., and in sensation, it is whenstimulus energies from the senses are changed into neural messages. Here, the solar panel on thecalculator transduces light into electricity to power the calculator.
32. 7) Chapter 6B
33. AccommodationIn sensation, this refers to when the lens of the eye changes its curvature to focus on astimulus. This camera similarly adjusts its lens to focus on an object.
34. RodsThese are cells in your retina that do not see color. This picture shows what rods see
35. Opponent-ProcessTheoryThis states that color vision occurs because of 3 pairs of opposing processes: red-green, yellow-blue, white-black. This explains afterimages, which occur when you stare at something for a longtime you will see the opposite color once you look away. This picture shows this because afterstaring at the white light, you will see black.
36. HumanFactorsPsychologyThis is a branch of psychology that focuses on improving environments to make them safer for people.This picture shows that this corner is dangerous and so a human factors psychologist would attempt tofix it.
37. 8) Chapter 7A
38. ClassicalConditioningI have been classically conditioned to respond to my phone vibrating when I get a message. First, I wouldjust respond to when I saw the message, but the phone’s vibration became a conditioned stimulus andchecking my phone became a conditional response.
39. GeneralizationMy dog has generalized his reaction of jumping at the TV to all living things moving quicklyon the TV.
40. DiscriminationI have experienced discrimination because I am only afraid of spiders and not all smallinsects or arachnids.
41. LawofEffectMy dogs used this when they noticed that taking a sock would get them a treat, so theywere more prone to doing it again.
42. 9) Chapter 7B
43. Fixed-ratioscheduleThis project showed this term because you get to stop when you reach a set number ofresponses.
44. Variable-ratioscheduleThis picture shows this term because the player does not know how many pitches he willhave to take before gets one he wants to hit.
45. Fixed-intervalscheduleThis picture shows this term because you know when school ends, but you can’t controlwhen it does.
46. Variable-intervalscheduleThis picture shows this term because you don’t when the email will come and you can’tcontrol when it does.
47. 10) Chapter 8
48. RecognitionThis shows this term because multiple choice test how well you can recognize the answer.
49. RecallThis shows this term because this question is not multiple choice and therefore you have toretrieve the answer from your memory.
50. SerialpositioneffectThis shows this term because I remember the first and last Beatitudes more easily thanthose in the middle.
51. ChunkingThis shows this term because it’s easier to remember the identities when they are groupedbased on similarities.
52. 11) Chapter 10A
53. WAISThis shows this term because it is a puzzle, and the performance section of this intelligencetest involves similar ones.
54. GardnerThis shows this term because Gardner believed in multiple intelligences that were separatefrom each other.
55. gThis shows this term because g is general intelligence, is the one factor that underlies allabilities and is tested by all parts of intelligence tests.
56. SavantsyndromeThis shows this term because Einstein did not speak until very late in his early years and hedid not do well in school, but was still very talented at math and science.
57. 12) Chapter 10B
58. ContentvalidityThis shows this term because the test asks questions on topics for which it was designed.This was created to test us on identities, and it did that.
59. ReliabilityThis represents this term because the bombs used in tests during and used to end WorldWar II gave the same results: widespread destruction.
60. PredictiveValidityThis represents this term because this book was designed to help students do better on theactual AP Psychology tests, and, in my experience, it usually predicts how well you will do.
61. Test-retestreliabilityThis represents this term because I have gotten the silver medal on the National SpanishExam all three years I have taken it, so my scores are consistent.
62. 13) Chapter 11
63. Drive-reductiontheoryThis shows this term because I have my dinner in order to reduce the drive created by myphysiological need for food.
64. SetpointThis shows this term because one’s body has a set normal weight, makes one try to getback to it, and the scale shows if the weight is not at this point.
65. FlowThis shows this term because when I play video games, I lose my sense of my time and amfully engaging my abilities into them.
66. IncentiveThis shows this term because the smell of the oven cooking would increase my drive to eat.
67. 14) Chapter 12A
68. FacialfeedbackThis shows this term because smiling will make one happier.
69. James-LangeTheoryThis shows this term because my father has only shown a physiological arousal in responseto a stimuli.
70. Cannon-BardTheoryThis shows this term because my father is showing both a physiological arousal and anemotion at the same time.
71. PaulEkmanThis shows the work of Ekman because these people show the same expression, a smile,when they are happy as all other cultures do.
72. 15) Chapter 12B
73. RelativedeprivationThis shows this term because I feel like I am worse off with than before because I am not asrich as Vanderbilt was.
74. Adaptation-levelphenomenonThis shows this term because I used to consider my grades to be incredibly exceptional, butI gradually became accustomed to getting high grades.
75. TypeAThis shows this term because the man pictured here, John Quincy Adams, was a veryforceful and impatient man who was usually angry while he was president.
76. TypeBThis shows this term because Winnie the Pooh is a very relaxed, good-natured character.
77. 16) Chapter 13
78. SuperegoThis shows this term because my father is telling my dog that he did the wrong thing andshould always do the right thing.
79. IdentificationThis shows this term because I learned to love the Red Sox and hate the Yankees from myfather’s likes and dislikes.
80. MMPIThis shows this term because ocean is an acronym for the main 5 factors for which this tests: openness,conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism (emotional instability). Also, like theocean, these traits are almost always stable.
81. IdThis shows this term because Peter Pan almost always did whatever he wanted to do andwas impulsive.