Who remembers what we talked about last time? Who are we? What do we talk about? What are we going to talk about today? *Understand shrinking coverage of international news (why is it happening, what is the impact, who is responding) *Understand how we get news from other places and new ways to find out about the rest of the world (Egypt, Al Jazeera, twitter, facebook, CLP, Global Post, photo blogs, international English language blogs and news sites) *Explore under reported international stories/issues (and discover how they relate to our lives) *Examine cultural and political framing in international news stories Quick reminder of who we are (and why we care about this!)
Can you guys think of reasons why Seattle is a particularly global city? *International Business (Boeing, Microsoft, Starbucks, Amazon, shipping) *International Development work (Gates, Path, etc.) *International Communities (Tukwila school district the most diverse school district in the country--or second) Among the top ten largest receiver city for refugees in the country (people from East Africa, South Asia, East Asia, Latin America)
Other ties between different world regions and Seattle (and they don’t all have to be bummers)
[Raise your hand and keep it up until it no longer applies] Exercise 2 *How many of you know that we are currently at war in Afghanistan? *How many of you know how long we’ve been at war in Afghanistan? *How many of you can name the president of Afghanistan? *How many of you can explain why we are at war in Afghanistan? *How many of you know that Charlie Sheen is acting like a crazy person? *How many of you know who Justin Beiber is dating?
What’s the last piece of international news or information you’ve consumed? Does it seem right? Is world less connected than ever before or more? Do you think it’s true (what they say) that people (especially young people) just aren’t interested?
Amount of foreign coverage stories in a week.
The following newspapers and newspaper companies have eliminated their foreign bureaus since AJR began a series of surveys of international coverage in 1998.
Talk about journalism crisis. *The rise of internet (crisis of revenue streams--craig’s list example, internet, advertising) Talk about new mediums. Talk about connecting issues across culture and place. Why should we know why we’re at war in Afghanistan? Or how many displaced people there are from the Iraq war? Talking to you guys about Iraq because we were just there and shocked to learn that there were so many people (especially young people, between your age and ours, that have been displaced by that war). Should we care about that? Why or why not? Is it our responsibility to help them? How can we if we don’t even know about it? What about issues that don’t DIRECTLY relate back to the United States? (if you’ve watched water walker, why do we care about that issue?) That’s why we want to do this kind of stuff... Set up Pakistan
Then when we get foreign coverage it can be problematic. Pack reporting/dominant narratives/sexy topics (revolution) vs. difficult topics (global digital divide) Lots of talk in the news about how the internet has driven Mideast protests Check out the numbers of internet users there are in these countries (these are the percentage of the population who have regular access to the internet)--we know that even here, where you can see the numbers are super high, there are tons of people who don’t have access. Egypt and Libya are waaaaay down at the bottom. And what about the continuing story? Now with attention turned to Libya, we’re not getting the continuing story from Egypt.
when we do get coverage, it can be problematic. choice of imagery influences perception of conflict. Story of when we were in the Middle East and comparing the really graphic coverage of deaths with photos vs. graphics of stickmen What about the opposite? When the U.S. shows photos of civilian deaths in a conflict or war but censors images of U.S. soldiers who have been killed?
Before Video: What do you know about Pakistan? After Video: What new things have we learned about Pakistan through these videos? (in bigger groups, turn and talk: identify two new things you learned about Pakistan through this video--what, if anything--surprised you?) Why does this matter to us? How does this connect to us on an issue level? (security, human rights, development, conflict) Also, our countries relationship to other countries. Who we vote for is often of great consequence to people around the world. Examples: in Middle East turmoil, much of the rest of the world turned to America to intervene. Anti-Qaddafi ppl asking for intervention, but not in Egypt, etc. [personal examples: watching 2008 elections from East Africa, aid for reproductive rights work during Bush, etc. In Syria: not having an ambassador. In Pakistan, school age kids often know more about our political system than my friends.]
We don’t want just doom and gloom. Other parts of the world are just interesting and different (and sometimes surprisingly similar)
So even when we do get international coverage here at home, sometimes it only tells one side of the story (that’s why it’s good to have lots of different types of international coverage) Let’s look at these captions and talk about how they illustrate framing 1: BBC. Palestinian Boy hit by settler’s car. What is a settler? A Palestinian? What do we know about the BBC? About their audience? Do we believe this info? Do we understand what happened and why? 2: Fox News: Settler Leader Drives into Palestinian Children What is different about the language (active/passive voice; ‘children’ vs. ‘boy’; leader vs. settler) 3: JPost (Centrist newspaper in Jerusalem): Elad Director runs over rock-throwing youths in Silwan More differences? What can we tell about the audience here? (more local - they expect us to know what Elad is (the town/settlement the driver leads) and what Silwan is (the town where this happens) 4: Ha’Aretz (Mainstream leftist Israeli paper): Rightist runs over stone-throwing kids in hit-and-run What else? Here they’re identifying political bent right away; they call it a hit and run
You can visit these sites or get on their email lists, or follow them (“like” them on facebook) or follow them on twitter, subscribe to an RSS feed (Jessica will expound) The CLP The Global Post The Washington Post The L.A. Times The New York Times Al Jazeera The Lens The Big Picture The BBC NPR Alternet Christian Science Moniter
Connecting Stories: Who else is out there ? What’s going on in the world ? How does it connect to my life ? Where can I learn more ? ?
Balitmore Sun Boston Globe Boston Herald Chicago Tribune Copley Newspapers Cox Newspapers Ft. Lauderdale’s Sun-Sentinel Fort Worth Star-Telegram Miami Herald Newark’s Star-Ledger New Orleans’ times-Picayune New York Post Newsday Orange County Register Orlando Sentinel Philadelphia Inquirer St. Petersburg Times San Francisco Chronicle San Jose Mercury News Washington Times
Is it money ? Is it the Internet ? Do we just not care ? Who is to blame ?