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Enfrentando la pobreza y los desafíos ambientales en América Central
Enfrentando la pobreza y los desafíos ambientales en América Central
Enfrentando la pobreza y los desafíos ambientales en América Central
Enfrentando la pobreza y los desafíos ambientales en América Central
Enfrentando la pobreza y los desafíos ambientales en América Central
Enfrentando la pobreza y los desafíos ambientales en América Central
Enfrentando la pobreza y los desafíos ambientales en América Central
Enfrentando la pobreza y los desafíos ambientales en América Central
Enfrentando la pobreza y los desafíos ambientales en América Central
Enfrentando la pobreza y los desafíos ambientales en América Central
Enfrentando la pobreza y los desafíos ambientales en América Central
Enfrentando la pobreza y los desafíos ambientales en América Central
Enfrentando la pobreza y los desafíos ambientales en América Central
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Enfrentando la pobreza y los desafíos ambientales en América Central

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Uniendo Esfuerzos Centroamericanos …

Uniendo Esfuerzos Centroamericanos
Red Centroamericana • San José, Costa Rica
1ro-3ro de diciembre 2,010

Roberto Rubio Fabian, FUNDE

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  • GDP per capita places the region income among medium income region; inflation rate remains strongly on the conservative side proving cautious a macroeconomic approach; and the overall exports and imports are the result of consistent market oriented policies and high degree of trade liberalization. Currently, our economies rely mostly on manufacture and services, this last very significant for the Panamanian economy.
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    • 1. Enfrentando la pobreza y los desafíos ambientales en América Central. San José, 2 de diciembre 2010
    • 2. Algunos datos generales sobre la región, la pobreza y el deterioro ambiental
    • 3. <ul><li>Extensión: 424,233 Kms ², o sea equivalente al 1% del continente. </li></ul><ul><li>Población: 37.2 millones (6.7% de la población latinoamericana). </li></ul><ul><li>Ingreso per cápita: $2,914 (con altas variaciones: Costa Rica $6,591 vrs Nicaragua $1,161). </li></ul><ul><li>Principales socios comerciales. Exportaciones: USA (30.6%), Centro América (29.5%), UE (13.2%), México (3.6%), China (3.4%), Panamá (3.1%) </li></ul>
    • 4. Fuente: World Development Indicators 2010. Centro América: datos generales País Población total Superficie (km cuadrados) PIB 2008 (precios corrientes, millones de $ USA) Ingreso per cápita 2008 Costa Rica 4526,530 51,100 29,834.4 6,591.0 El Salvador 6133,910 21,040 22,114.6 3,605.3 Guatemala 13675,714 108,890 38,977.4 2,850.1 Honduras 7241,503 112,090 14,076.6 1,943.9 Nicaragua 5677,771 130,000 6,592.4 1,161.1
    • 5. Centro América, PIB por sectores, 2008 Fuente: SIECA
    • 6. Importancia de las remesas
    • 7. Importance of remittances Source: Human Development Report 2009 Data for 2007 Country Remittances Relative size of remittances Millions US$ Remittances per inmigrant (US$) Per cápita (US$) As percentage of GDP As percentage of FDI Costa Rica 635 616 142 2.3 0.3 El Salvador 3,711 1,213 541 18.4 2.4 Guatemala 4,254 347 319 10.6 5.9 Honduras 2,625 94 369 24.5 3.2 Nicaragua 740 … . 132 12.1 1.9
    • 8. The extent of violence and insecurity in the region <ul><ul><li>29.3 homicides per 100,000 habitants (most violent region if regions affected by intense political violence are not taken into account) (2004) </li></ul></ul>Source: HDR-Central America (2008/2009) 79,000 deaths due to violence in C.A. in 2003-2008
    • 9. Porcentajes de pobreza (CEPAL)
    • 10. Public expenditure in key areas for human development (2006/2007)
    • 11. Temperature has increased about 1°C in the region over the last decades with an acceleration in the next years Less precipitations, but more intense ones
    • 12. Loss of biodiversity and natural habitats (mangroves, etc)
    • 13. Higher frequency of diseases (malaria, dengue) More frequent floods and droughts   Increase in the level of the sea Loss of productivity in agriculture. Economic losses due to change in temperature and precipitations estimated to reach 19% of GDP by 2100 (ECLAC 2009) Central America needs to take actions now to prepare and adapt to climate change   Central America represents 0.71% of total worldwide greenhouse emissions The various impacts of climate change in the region…

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