CAFTA Panel: TIm Lattimer, US Embassy to Costa Rica

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  • The three main topics I’ll speak to today are:The Regional Environmental Hub – Who we are and what we do.Our growing focus on climate change and energy issues.Trade & Environment issues, particularly the work being done under the CAFTA-DR Environmental Cooperation Agreement
  • The Regional Environmental Hub for Central America & the Caribbean was first established in 1997 as one of the first six such Hubs created by the State Department. Today, in addition to San Jose, the State Department has another 11 such Hubs around the world, including Accra, Addis Ababa, Amman, Astana, Bangkok, Brasilia, Budapest, Copenhagen, Gaborone, Kathmandu, and Suva. As Environment, Science, Technology and Health (ESTH) issues tend to transcend national boundaries and require international cooperation, the State Department charged Hub officers with monitoring & reporting on regional trends. We also collaborate with governments, civil society, and the private sector to promote sustainable development.Hub Officers, or “REOs,” also support ESTH officers in their constituent posts, few of whom have sufficient time or background to fully engage on the broad range of ESTH issues.This Hub’s primary areas of focus include: Trade & Environment (CAFTA-DR capacity building) Environmental governance Forests & Marine Resource Management Water resources protection & management Biodiversity conservation.
  • The Regional Environmental Hub for Central America & the Caribbean was first established in 1997 as one of the first six such Hubs created by the State Department. Today, in addition to San Jose, the State Department has another 11 such Hubs around the world, including Accra, Addis Ababa, Amman, Astana, Bangkok, Brasilia, Budapest, Copenhagen, Gaborone, Kathmandu, and Suva. As Environment, Science, Technology and Health (ESTH) issues tend to transcend national boundaries and require international cooperation, the State Department charged Hub officers with monitoring & reporting on regional trends. We also collaborate with governments, civil society, and the private sector to promote sustainable development.Hub Officers, or “REOs,” also support ESTH officers in their constituent posts, few of whom have sufficient time or background to fully engage on the broad range of ESTH issues.This Hub’s primary areas of focus include: Trade & Environment (CAFTA-DR capacity building) Forests & Marine Resource Management Water resources protection & management Biodiversity conservation.
  • GCC’s Disruptive Impacts Pose Real Risks & Huge Costs National Risks: “climate chaos” threatens environment, economy, & society.Sea level rise – infrastructure impacts; communities affected.Increased frequency/intensity of “extreme events” (El Salvador 2009)Droughts / altered rainfall patterns – water, ag, and food security impacts; reduced hydropower capacity.Coral bleaching/ocean acidification – fisheries declinesSpread of diseaseBiodiversity losses – mass extinctions?Arctic sea ice losses – Northwest Passage? Canal implications? GCC threats are real; already causing misery; if unchecked, will wreak more havoc, especially for the poor and other vulnerable populations. EconomicImpactsCosts of unmitigated GCC could be 5-20% of GDP (Stern Commission findings).Insurance losses: Huge increase over past 15-20 years in weather-related disasters. 2008 was the third worst year on record for loss producing events, as losses jumped from $82 billion in 2007 to over $200 billion, with more than 220,000 dead. (The all time record remains 2005 with $232 billion in insured losses.) Social ImpactsGCC’sindirectimpacts (QDR findings; enviro refugees, etc.)Greatercompetitionforstressedresources (land, wáter, fisheries, etc.) = greaterriskfor social tensions w/in & betweencountries.
  • Domestic Action:o “Renew the foundation of America’s strength” (NSS)o “We must transform the way we use energy – diversifying supplies,investing in innovation, and deploying clean energy technologies.By doing so, we will enhance energy security, create jobs, and fightclimate change.”o Other domestic action on climate change, e.g., EPA’s “Endangerment finding” to regulate CO2 emissions under the Clean Air Act.Internationalo “Comprehensive Engagement” with international orgs, allies, partners,NGOs, private sector, etc.“Whole of Government Approach” (Diplomacy, Development,Defense; QDR and QDDR)
  • Domestic Action:o “Renew the foundation of America’s strength” (NSS)o “We must transform the way we use energy – diversifying supplies,investing in innovation, and deploying clean energy technologies.By doing so, we will enhance energy security, create jobs, and fightclimate change.”o Other domestic action on climate change, e.g., EPA’s “Endangerment finding” to regulate CO2 emissions under the Clean Air Act.Internationalo “Comprehensive Engagement” with international orgs, allies, partners,NGOs, private sector, etc.“Whole of Government Approach” (Diplomacy, Development,Defense; QDR and QDDR)
  • Also under ECPA, we’re promoting stronger action in the region on climate change adaptation. Last September the Regional Environmental Hub organized a regional conference in Panama, which brought together dozens of experts from around Central America and the Caribbean representing public and private entities dealing with public security, natural disasters, or the environment.In keeping with the U.S. emphasis on “diplomacy, development, and defense,” we organized this event in coordination with USAID and the U.S. Southern Command. Among other things, this boosted inter-agency and inter-sectoral coordination and communications in the region on climate issues and helped participants figure our ways to better plan and take action on adaptation.
  • Instituional Strengthening; Subthemes:Laws, Regs, Policies--Wastewater, Solid Waste, Admin Procedures, EIA, Chemicals, Clean Air etc.Enforcement and Governance– Law Enforcement, Judicial Training, Environmental Inspections, Sustainable FisheriesPublic Participation-- SERVIR, Citizen Participation and Transparency to Support Decision MakingLaws, Regs, Policies--Wastewater, Solid Waste, Admin Procedures, EIA, Chemicals, Clean Air etc.Enforcement and Governance– Law Enforcement, Judicial Training, Environmental Inspections, Sustainable FisheriesPublic Participation-- SERVIR, Citizen Participation and Transparency to Support Decision Making
  • This is not exhaustive! There are more throughout the life of the program dating back to 2006
  • CAFTA Panel: TIm Lattimer, US Embassy to Costa Rica

    1. 1. Tim Lattimer<br />Director, Centro Ambiental Regional<br />LattimerTP@state.gov<br />1<br />Centro Ambiental Regional Embajada de EE.UU. En San JoseENVIRONMENTAL LAW ALLIANCE WORLDWIDE03 de Diciembre 2010<br />
    2. 2. <ul><li>Centro Ambiental Regional</li></ul>2<br /><ul><li>Cambio Climatico y Energia
    3. 3. CAFTA-DR</li></li></ul><li>Centro Ambiental Regional<br />¿Quiénes somos?<br />¿Qué hacemos? <br /> Promover el Desarrollo Sostenible<br /> Colaborar con los gobiernos, el sector privado y las ONGs<br /> Apoyar Embajadas Constituyentes<br />3<br />
    4. 4. Asuntos Prioritarios<br /><ul><li> Cambio Climático y Energía
    5. 5. Seguridad Ambiental
    6. 6. Comercio y Medio Ambiente
    7. 7. Gestión de los Recursos Naturales
    8. 8. Protección de la Biodiversidad </li></ul>4<br />
    9. 9. Cambio Climatico y Energia<br />Reto Global / SolucionesGlobales<br />EE.UU. Comprometido<br />Desarrollobajo en carbono<br />
    10. 10. Cambio Climatico<br /><ul><li>Riesgos reales
    11. 11. Costos economicos
    12. 12. Impactos sociales
    13. 13. Multiplicador de amenazas</li></li></ul><li>Perspectiva de EE.UU.<br />AccionDomestica<br />EnergiaLimpia<br />Empleos Verdes<br />$80 MM<br />
    14. 14. Perspectiva de EE.UU.<br />AccionInternacional<br />Alianza de Energía y Clima <br /> de las Américas (ECPA)<br />
    15. 15.
    16. 16. CooperaciónAmbiental CAFTA-RD <br />CAFTA-DR Capítulo 17 (Ambiental)<br />CAFTA-DR Acuerdo de CooperaciónAmbiental<br />
    17. 17.  <br />Temas de Cooperación<br />Fortalecimiento Institutional<br />Biodiversidad y Conservación<br />ConservaciónEnfocada en el Mercado<br />DesempeñoAmbiental del Sector Privado<br />
    18. 18. FortalecimientoInstitucional<br /><ul><li>Mejorarlasleyes
    19. 19. Fortalecer el cumplimiento
    20. 20. Participaciónpública</li></li></ul><li>CAFTA-DR Actividades<br />Desarrollo de Capacidades<br />Evaluaciones y Estudios<br />Seminarios, Conferencias, Intercambios<br />Demostraciones, Publicaciones<br />Educación y Acercamiento a las Comunidades<br />
    21. 21. Socios CAFTA-DR<br />OrganizacionesRegionales<br /><ul><li>ComisiónCentroamericana del Ambiente y Desarrollo (CCAD)
    22. 22. Organización de EstadosAmericanos (OEA)</li></li></ul><li>Socios CAFTA-DR<br />Agencias de EE.UU.<br />Agencia Internacional para el Desarrollo (USAID)<br />Departmento de Estado<br />Departmento de Justicia<br />Departmento del Interior<br />Servicio Forestal de EE.UU.<br />NASA<br />NOAA<br />Agencia para la Protección Ambiental<br />
    23. 23. Socios CAFTA-DR<br />Consultores y ONGs<br />Institute of Professional Environmental Practice<br />Rainforest Alliance<br />SERVIR<br />TechnoServe<br />Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS)<br />World Environment Center (WEC)<br />CATHALAC<br />Chemonics Internacional<br />Humane Society International<br />International Coral Reef Action Network<br />International Resources Group (IRG)<br />
    24. 24. CooperaciónEjemplar<br />ResultadosExitosos<br />OportunidadesExtraordinarias<br />http://www.drcafta-ambiente.org<br />http://www.cafta-dr-environment.org<br />
    25. 25. Condicionespropicias<br /><ul><li>Estabilidad
    26. 26. LegislaciónCongruente
    27. 27. Transparencia y Predicibilidad
    28. 28. Eliminación de Obstáculos</li></li></ul><li>Gracias!<br />Tim Lattimer<br />Regional EnvironmentalOfficer<br />LattimerTP@state.gov<br />http://sanjose.usembassy.gov<br />www.facebook.com/EnviHub<br />

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