Railway Freight Traffic
in New South Wales in 2005
Scott Martin
Editor, Railway Digest
Rail-hauled freight traffic in NSW
consists of two distinct groups of
commodities, namely:
‘Rocks and seeds’
• Coal
• Grai...
Rocks and Seeds
Commodities wrested from the earth in either
vegetable or mineral form are the basis for
rail freight traf...
Coal
Coal
• Coal is the largest commodity moved by
rail in Australia each year.
• In 2003/2004, 226 million tonnes of coal
was ...
Coal - where does it come from?
Extensive coal measures lie underneath the
areas surrounding Wollongong, Sydney and
Newcas...
Hunter Valley/Northern Coal
Railing coal to Newcastle
• The Hunter Valley/Northern coal system is
now focused on the export terminals in
Newcastle (Ko...
The
Northern
coal
system
Railing coal to Newcastle
• The Hunter Valley coal traffic is the profit
centre of the railways in NSW and this
revenue va...
Northern coal
• The Newcastle coal network is set for expansion
in the next decade. Capacity enhancements and
new producti...
Northern coal
• Coal loaders are located near the mineable
coal measures north, south and west of
Newcastle, namely:
–
–
–...
Northern coal
• South of Newcastle, coal is loaded from
Newstan (near Fassifern) and Teralba
collieries.
• One major non-e...
Northern coal
• The South Maitland coalfields are a shadow
of their former prominence, with only one
rail-served colliery ...
Northern coal
• The centre of the Hunter Valley coalfields lies
between Maitland and Muswellbrook, with 12
rail-served coa...
QR National
Northern coal
• A limited amount of coal is mined on the lower
North Coast, with two coal loaders at Duralie and
Stratford...
Northern coal
• Expansion of coal production in the Hunter
Valley is due to take place in the next few
years with two new ...
Western coal
Western Coal
• The Western coal fields are now located
mostly to the west of Lithgow, with major
rail-served coal loaders ...
Southern/Illawarra coal
Southern coal
• In recent years, the Main South has seen the
amount of coal sent by rail drop. In 2005, only one
colliery ...
Illawarra coal
• Illawarra coal trains work out of coal
loaders near the mines located along the
Illawarra escarpment, nor...
Illawarra coal
• North of Wollongong, coal loaders serve
two collieries:
– Metropolitan colliery, and;
– Coal Cliff (Clift...
Illawarra coal
• South of Wollongong, BlueScope Steel maintains
two mines to supply their Port Kembla mill with
coking coa...
Grain
Grain
• Grain is another important commodity to
the railways in NSW. Unlike coal however,
grain is a seasonal traffic.
• T...
Grain
• The grain growers of NSW are served by a
network of silos and receiving points on the
main and branch lines of the...
The NSW
grain line
network
Export grain
• NSW has two grain export terminals, at
Bullock Island (Newcastle) and Port
Kembla (Wollongong). These facil...
Grain
• Domestic users of grain take grain by rail to
their mills for processing into flour,
starches, malt and other prod...
Manildra Group
Manildra Group
• ARG runs trains from country grain silos to
Manildra Group plants at:
– Manildra (near Parkes);
– Gunneda...
Domestic grain
• Examples of some domestic grain
processors using rail include:
–
–
–
–

Ingham Poultry at Sandgate (Newca...
Domestic grain
• Other domestic grain users include:
– Kellogg’s at Botany
– Cargills Australia at Kooragang Island (Newca...
Minerals
Minerals
• Mineral traffic is another major user of rail
transport in moving a variety of minerals
from mines to smelters ...
Minerals
• Cobar – copper and zinc. Rails its output in
containers from Cobar for smelting in
Hobart (Tas), Newcastle and ...
Minerals
• NorthParkes – copper and gold. Output
railed in containers from Goonumbla to
Newcastle and Port Kembla for smel...
Quarry products
Quarry products
• Quarry products encompass non-mineral
rocks recovered from the earth.
• Included in this are commodities...
Limestone
• Limestone is an important element in
making both cement and steel.
• Rail plays an important role in shipping ...
Limestone
• Marulan limestone is also railed to
BlueScope Steel at Port Kembla to be used
as flux in the steel making proc...
Aggregates
• A small but significant traffic for Pacific
National has been the Dunmore – Sydney
aggregates train (aka ‘Bed...
Ballast
• Ballast is a vital part of the machine ensemble of
the railway, anchoring track and sleepers in place
and provid...
Ballast
• Other sources of ballast are used by RIC
and ARTC, such as:
– privately-owned quarries
– mobile ballast crushing...
Industrial products
Industrial products
• Unlike the ‘rocks and seeds’ part of the
railway, the industrial products are a yearround operation,...
Cement
Cement
• Limestone is quarried at Medway (near Marulan)
in the Southern Highlands, and railed to the Blue
Circle Southern ...
Cement
• Cement from Berrima and Kandos is railed
to Sydney for bulk distribution from Blue
Circle Southern and Cement Aus...
Petroleum
Petroleum
• Petroleum products are carried by rail under
NSW government Community Service
Obligations (CSOs) aimed at gett...
Petroleum
• Shell awarded a 3-year transport contract to
Freight Australia (FA) in September 2002
to haul petroleum produc...
Petroleum
• Ampol also rails fuel from Sydney to its
inland terminal at Bomen (near Wagga).
• The Ampol fuel traffic is ha...
Intermodal
Intermodal
• What is Intermodal freight?
• A good definition is: “Movement of freight using
a combination of transportatio...
Intermodal
• There are three distinct intermodal freight
flows in NSW:
– Intracity – to from Port Botany from suburban
con...
Intermodal
• In Sydney,
rail handles
containerised
freight between
Port Botany and
intermodal
terminals located
in the per...
Intermodal
• Not all intermodal terminals are common
user facilities, most are tied to a particular
freight forwarder or r...
Intermodal
• Intrastate intermodal freight flows move
containerised and non-bulk freight between freight
terminals in inla...
Intermodal
• Inland intermodal terminals are located in
the following NSW regional centres:
Intermodal
•
•
•
•
•
•

Blayney
Cootamundra
Dubbo
Griffith
Moree
Narrabri

•
•
•
•
•
•

Parkes
Sandgate (Newcastle)
Tamwor...
Intermodal
• Sydney lies in the middle on the Melbourne
to Brisbane ‘north-south’ corridor, and at
one end of the ‘east-we...
Intermodal
• In response to the Pacific National
monopoly on the interstate network, other
operators have begun running th...
Steel
Steel
• In 2002, Pacific National inherited National
Rail’s long term steel haulage contract with
BHP. This involves movin...
Steel
• Despite BHP’s merger to become BHP
Billiton and the spin-off of BHP’s
steelmaking businesses into OneSteel and
Blu...
Steel
• Three PN steel services operate in NSW:
– Newcastle/Whyalla trains move steel from Whyalla to
processing plants in...
Questions?
Rail freight in NSW 2005
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Rail freight in NSW 2005

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Largely a historical document now, this outlines the commodities and freight flows moving by rail in New South Wales, Australia in 2005. I did this back when I was Editor of Railway Digest magazine.

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Rail freight in NSW 2005

  1. 1. Railway Freight Traffic in New South Wales in 2005 Scott Martin Editor, Railway Digest
  2. 2. Rail-hauled freight traffic in NSW consists of two distinct groups of commodities, namely: ‘Rocks and seeds’ • Coal • Grain • Minerals • Quarry products Industrial products • Cement • Petroleum • Intermodal • Steel
  3. 3. Rocks and Seeds Commodities wrested from the earth in either vegetable or mineral form are the basis for rail freight traffic in NSW. The main ‘rocks and seeds’ hauled by rail are: – – – – Coal Grain Minerals Quarry products (ballast, limestone)
  4. 4. Coal
  5. 5. Coal • Coal is the largest commodity moved by rail in Australia each year. • In 2003/2004, 226 million tonnes of coal was moved by rail around Australia. • While Queensland accounts for some 143 million tonnes of this total, NSW moves almost all of the remaining tonnage.
  6. 6. Coal - where does it come from? Extensive coal measures lie underneath the areas surrounding Wollongong, Sydney and Newcastle. The three main coal measures mined commercially are: • Hunter Valley/Northern • Western • Southern/Illawarra
  7. 7. Hunter Valley/Northern Coal
  8. 8. Railing coal to Newcastle • The Hunter Valley/Northern coal system is now focused on the export terminals in Newcastle (Kooragang Island/Port Waratah) • Newcastle has been a centre for the rail movement of coal since the 1830s. • Newcastle is now the 8th largest coal exporting port in the world, shipping over 80 million tonnes of coal in 2003/2004.
  9. 9. The Northern coal system
  10. 10. Railing coal to Newcastle • The Hunter Valley coal traffic is the profit centre of the railways in NSW and this revenue value is reflected by infrastructure investment to handle coal traffic. • Future investment under ARTC will increase rail’s capacity to handle the demands of Northern coal traffic.
  11. 11. Northern coal • The Newcastle coal network is set for expansion in the next decade. Capacity enhancements and new production will see coal exports top 115 million tonnes by 2008. • Capacity enhancements include: – Grade separated overpass for coal trains at Sandgate; – Resignalling, track remodelling and duplication between Muswellbrook and Maitland.
  12. 12. Northern coal • Coal loaders are located near the mineable coal measures north, south and west of Newcastle, namely: – – – – Lake Macquarie South Maitland Hunter Valley North Coast/Northern Tablelands
  13. 13. Northern coal • South of Newcastle, coal is loaded from Newstan (near Fassifern) and Teralba collieries. • One major non-export user of rail-hauled coal in this region is the Eraring power station near Lake Macquarie.
  14. 14. Northern coal • The South Maitland coalfields are a shadow of their former prominence, with only one rail-served colliery remaining on the field, being Bloomfield. • The only other rail-served colliery on the South Maitland field (Southland) closed indefinitely in 2004 after a fire.
  15. 15. Northern coal • The centre of the Hunter Valley coalfields lies between Maitland and Muswellbrook, with 12 rail-served coal loaders feeding into Port Waratah and Kooragang Island terminals. A further five coal loaders are located further afield, as far north as Gunnedah and west to Ulan. • Pacific National has dominated Hunter Valley coal traffic since its inception in 2002. Competition to PN’s monopoly is now underway.
  16. 16. QR National
  17. 17. Northern coal • A limited amount of coal is mined on the lower North Coast, with two coal loaders at Duralie and Stratford (between Dungog and Gloucester) also adding to the tonnage entering Newcastle. • These trains are hauled by QR National (formerly Interail), who are challenging Pacific National’s dominance on the Northern coal system. QR National is taking delivery of new, high-capacity coal wagons and heavy haul locomotives to challenge PN.
  18. 18. Northern coal • Expansion of coal production in the Hunter Valley is due to take place in the next few years with two new mines coming on stream at Jerry’s Plains and Werris Creek. • Both new mines will send their coal to market by rail, thus adding to the tonnage travelling down the Main North to Newcastle.
  19. 19. Western coal
  20. 20. Western Coal • The Western coal fields are now located mostly to the west of Lithgow, with major rail-served coal loaders at Baal Bone and Charbon on the Mudgee line and also the Clarence colliery in the Blue Mountains. • Western coal travels by rail to Port Kembla for export via the Sydney and the Illawarra using Pacific National trains.
  21. 21. Southern/Illawarra coal
  22. 22. Southern coal • In recent years, the Main South has seen the amount of coal sent by rail drop. In 2005, only one colliery sends coal by rail on the Main South, this being Tahmoor colliery. • Tahmoor coal trains travel to Port Kembla via the Moss Vale - Unanderra line utilising the unusual (for NSW) practice of distributed power, with Pacific National 82 class units ‘topping and tailing’ the train.
  23. 23. Illawarra coal • Illawarra coal trains work out of coal loaders near the mines located along the Illawarra escarpment, north and south of Wollongong. • Illawarra coal hauled by rail is mostly exported, although some trains supply the BlueScope Steel plant at Port Kembla.
  24. 24. Illawarra coal • North of Wollongong, coal loaders serve two collieries: – Metropolitan colliery, and; – Coal Cliff (Clifton) colliery • These collieries rail their production to Port Kembla for export.
  25. 25. Illawarra coal • South of Wollongong, BlueScope Steel maintains two mines to supply their Port Kembla mill with coking coal; – Elouera, and – Dendrobium. • Both mines are located on private lines that were owned and operated by BHP. In 2003, Pacific National took over coal haulage duties for BlueScope Steel.
  26. 26. Grain
  27. 27. Grain • Grain is another important commodity to the railways in NSW. Unlike coal however, grain is a seasonal traffic. • The grain railways of NSW have two distinct tasks to fulfill: – Railing grain to ports for export, and; – Railing grain to domestic processors.
  28. 28. Grain • The grain growers of NSW are served by a network of silos and receiving points on the main and branch lines of the state. • The trend to consolidate grain on rail at large main line receiving points, thus making the existence of many lightly laid and poorly maintained grain only branch lines uncertain at best.
  29. 29. The NSW grain line network
  30. 30. Export grain • NSW has two grain export terminals, at Bullock Island (Newcastle) and Port Kembla (Wollongong). These facilities were provided in the 1970s and 1980s to decentralise grain exports out of Sydney. • A third export grain site can be accessed by growers in southern NSW, namely Melbourne’s Appleton Dock terminal.
  31. 31. Grain • Domestic users of grain take grain by rail to their mills for processing into flour, starches, malt and other products. • The major domestic grain user in NSW is the Manildra Group, who use rail to transport grain to mills around NSW and also to move the finished product to market. • ARG won the Manildra Group haulage contract in 2003 off Pacific National.
  32. 32. Manildra Group
  33. 33. Manildra Group • ARG runs trains from country grain silos to Manildra Group plants at: – Manildra (near Parkes); – Gunnedah – Narranderra • Flour from these mills is also sent by rail for further processing to Manildra Group’s Bomaderry (Nowra) mill. • ARG also operate trains carrying export flour and starch products from Manildra Group plants to Port Botany for export.
  34. 34. Domestic grain • Examples of some domestic grain processors using rail include: – – – – Ingham Poultry at Sandgate (Newcastle) Nestle Purina (Friskies) at Blayney Weston Milling at Enfield (Sydney) Goodman Fielder at Summer Hill (Sydney) • These plants produce flour, stock feed and pet food.
  35. 35. Domestic grain • Other domestic grain users include: – Kellogg’s at Botany – Cargills Australia at Kooragang Island (Newcastle) – Joe White Maltings in Tamworth • These plants use non-wheat grains (rice, canola/soy beans and barley respectively) to produce breakfast cereals, cooking oils, starches and malt.
  36. 36. Minerals
  37. 37. Minerals • Mineral traffic is another major user of rail transport in moving a variety of minerals from mines to smelters or ports. • The main mineral traffic in NSW is as follows:
  38. 38. Minerals • Cobar – copper and zinc. Rails its output in containers from Cobar for smelting in Hobart (Tas), Newcastle and Port Pirie (SA) • Cadia – copper and gold. Rails its output in containers from Blayney to Newcastle for export to Japan
  39. 39. Minerals • NorthParkes – copper and gold. Output railed in containers from Goonumbla to Newcastle and Port Kembla for smelting. • Broken Hill - silver, lead and zinc. Output is railed in open wagons (with covers) to Newcastle and Port Pirie (SA) for smelting
  40. 40. Quarry products
  41. 41. Quarry products • Quarry products encompass non-mineral rocks recovered from the earth. • Included in this are commodities such as limestone and the varieties of rock used for ballast, roadbase and gravel.
  42. 42. Limestone • Limestone is an important element in making both cement and steel. • Rail plays an important role in shipping the limestone from quarry to end users in the supply chains in both cement and steel industries.
  43. 43. Limestone • Marulan limestone is also railed to BlueScope Steel at Port Kembla to be used as flux in the steel making process. • Limestone is also quarried around Kandos and Portland on the western slopes of the Blue Mountains and processed into cement at the Australian Cement plant at Kandos.
  44. 44. Aggregates • A small but significant traffic for Pacific National has been the Dunmore – Sydney aggregates train (aka ‘Bedrock Betty’) • This train carries stone aggregate and roadbase material from the Boral quarry at Dunmore to Boral plants at St Peters and Enfield in Sydney.
  45. 45. Ballast • Ballast is a vital part of the machine ensemble of the railway, anchoring track and sleepers in place and providing drainage to the permanent way. • RailCorp subsidiary RIC maintains three permanent ballast quarries located at: – Bombo (Illawarra) – Ardglen (Main North) – Martins Creek (North Coast) • These three quarries provide almost 60% of RailCorp/RIC’s annual ballast requirements (over 600,000 tonnes in 2002/2003)
  46. 46. Ballast • Other sources of ballast are used by RIC and ARTC, such as: – privately-owned quarries – mobile ballast crushing plants on railway land (RIC has trialled mobile crushing plants at Mellelea (Western) and Bethungra (Main South)
  47. 47. Industrial products
  48. 48. Industrial products • Unlike the ‘rocks and seeds’ part of the railway, the industrial products are a yearround operation, and carry a wide variety of products. The main commodity groups are: – – – – Cement Petroleum Intermodal (containers) Steel
  49. 49. Cement
  50. 50. Cement • Limestone is quarried at Medway (near Marulan) in the Southern Highlands, and railed to the Blue Circle Southern Cement works at Berrima and Maldon to make cement • Limestone is also quarried around Kandos on the western slopes of the Blue Mountains and transported by a unique aerial ropeway to the Cement Australia plant at Kandos
  51. 51. Cement • Cement from Berrima and Kandos is railed to Sydney for bulk distribution from Blue Circle Southern and Cement Australia terminals at Enfield and Clyde yards. • Cement from Berrima is also carried to Somerton in Victoria. • Pacific National carries all cement traffic in NSW and Victoria.
  52. 52. Petroleum
  53. 53. Petroleum • Petroleum products are carried by rail under NSW government Community Service Obligations (CSOs) aimed at getting dangerous goods off roads and onto rail. • Two petroleum refiners consign fuel by rail in NSW: – Shell – Ampol
  54. 54. Petroleum • Shell awarded a 3-year transport contract to Freight Australia (FA) in September 2002 to haul petroleum products from Sydney to its bulk distribution depots in Canberra, Tamworth and Dubbo. • Pacific National had inherited the contracts from FreightCorp and has regained Shell’s contact since the takeover of FA in 2004.
  55. 55. Petroleum • Ampol also rails fuel from Sydney to its inland terminal at Bomen (near Wagga). • The Ampol fuel traffic is handled by Pacific National
  56. 56. Intermodal
  57. 57. Intermodal • What is Intermodal freight? • A good definition is: “Movement of freight using a combination of transportation modes (i.e. truck, rail, ocean or air transportation)” • Rail plays its part in moving intermodal freight with container trains connecting freight terminals and ports in NSW and interstate.
  58. 58. Intermodal • There are three distinct intermodal freight flows in NSW: – Intracity – to from Port Botany from suburban container terminals – Intrastate – from hinterland container terminals to Port Botany – Interstate – north-south and east-west freight flows that cater for terminating and through traffic
  59. 59. Intermodal • In Sydney, rail handles containerised freight between Port Botany and intermodal terminals located in the peripheral and middle suburbs near industrial centres.
  60. 60. Intermodal • Not all intermodal terminals are common user facilities, most are tied to a particular freight forwarder or rail operator. • Intermodal terminals in Sydney are located at: Clyde, Cooks River, Enfield, Leightonfield, Minto, Port Botany, Sandown and Yennora.
  61. 61. Intermodal • Intrastate intermodal freight flows move containerised and non-bulk freight between freight terminals in inland NSW and Sydney. • A variety of commodities are moved in this way packed in containers, such as cotton, rice, specialty grains, wine, whitegoods, furniture, foodstuffs, pet food and chemicals. • An unusual intermodal commodity being moved by rail against the hinterland-port traffic flow is containerised rubbish, from Sydney’s Clyde yard to Crisps Creek siding on the Canberra branch.
  62. 62. Intermodal • Inland intermodal terminals are located in the following NSW regional centres:
  63. 63. Intermodal • • • • • • Blayney Cootamundra Dubbo Griffith Moree Narrabri • • • • • • Parkes Sandgate (Newcastle) Tamworth Wagga Warren Wee Waa
  64. 64. Intermodal • Sydney lies in the middle on the Melbourne to Brisbane ‘north-south’ corridor, and at one end of the ‘east-west’ corridor to Adelaide and Perth. • Pacific National controls the majority of interstate freight services, connecting Sydney to Adelaide, Brisbane, Melbourne, and Perth.
  65. 65. Intermodal • In response to the Pacific National monopoly on the interstate network, other operators have begun running their own intermodal trains, such as: – QR National (Brisbane – Melbourne) – ARG (Adelaide – Sydney)
  66. 66. Steel
  67. 67. Steel • In 2002, Pacific National inherited National Rail’s long term steel haulage contract with BHP. This involves moving raw and processed steel between the Whyalla and Port Kembla steelworks and processing plants around Australia.
  68. 68. Steel • Despite BHP’s merger to become BHP Billiton and the spin-off of BHP’s steelmaking businesses into OneSteel and BlueScope Steel, raw steel and steel products remain major rail-hauled commodities on the national network.
  69. 69. Steel • Three PN steel services operate in NSW: – Newcastle/Whyalla trains move steel from Whyalla to processing plants in Victoria and New South Wales – Wollongong/Perth trains move steel from Port Kembla to processing plants in South Australia and Western Australia – Wollongong/Brisbane trains move steel from Port Kembla to processing plants in New South Wales and Queensland
  70. 70. Questions?

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