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Food and culture anth 220 (queens college) syllabus

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  • 1. ANTHROPOLOGY 220 FOOD & CULTURE Fall 2012 Prof. Ramona Lee Pérez Class time: Tuesday & Thursday, 12:15-1:30 Class location: Powdermaker 114 Office: Powdermaker 315h Office hours: Tuesday 2-3 & by appointment Email: rperez1@qc.cuny.edu Course Description Food is crucial to human life yet its significance can never be purely nutritional. Always a central topic in anthropology, this class examines how food is intimately tied up with social relations, including those of power, identity and belonging; material conditions, such as systems of production and access to resources; as well as ideas about classification and the nature experience. Throughout the semester we will interrogate the intersection of food and culture in comparative ethnographic and historical perspective. Topics include: cannibalism and food taboos; self and the senses; voice and identity; gender, sexuality and kinship; symbolic and expressive culture; feasts, fasts and famine; class and social stratification; capitalist world systems and alternative economies; religion and spirituality; distinction and hierarchies of consumption; race and ethnicity; nationalism, imperialism and the politics of globalization. Our ethnographic focus will be broad, and the range of readings eclectic. The course will include clips from feature and documentary films. Students will be asked to complete a number of short ethnographic, writing, reflexive and cooking/eating assignments throughout the semester utilizing personal/family experience and the resources of New York City, complemented by targeted internet and library research. Readings Required books (available at Queens College bookstore) Barndt, D. Tangled Routes. Rowman & Littlefield. Coe, S. & M. Coe. The True History of Chocolate, 2nd Ed. Thames & Hudson. Counihan, C., Ed. Anthropology of Food and Body. Routledge. Counihan, C. & P. Van Esterik, Eds. Food and Culture, 2nd Ed. Routledge. Ray, Krishnendu. The Migrant's Table. Temple. All required articles and a selection of recommended readings are available on Queens College library e-reserves. http://www.reserve.qc.edu/eres/coursepass.aspx?cid=4267; password: per220. You must use a campus computer or set up your home computer as a Queens College proxy: http://qcpages.qc.edu/library/services/computing.php#offcampus. Recommended books Cole, L., Ed. Food, Ethnographic Encounters. Beriss, D. & D. Sutton, Eds. The Restaurants Book. 1
  • 2. Blackboard & Communication Policy This course relies heavily on Blackboard for course communication, including use of discussion boards, to archive assignments, and to send class announcements. Plan to login to Blackboard at least twice per week. Login via CUNY Portal: http://www.cuny.edu/portal-login.html. Select link for Anthropology 220 and browse for syllabus, assignments and announcements. Be sure to activate your CUNY email in order to receive critical course announcements. You can forward your CUNY email to another account if that is more convenient for you but I will send all course announcements through Blackboard which is linked to CUNY accounts. Please make use of my office hours if you have questions or concerns about the class. Because of my teaching and administrative work load, I have a 72-hour policy for replying to student emails and do not write individual replies if the issue applies to the entire class. For questions about course content, please refer to e-reserves and Blackboard; if you are still not clear, check in with classmates or ask me during office hours or our next class session. If you have technical problems (i.e. access to Blackboard), please contact the Queens College OCT Help Desk at (718) 997-4444. I will not be able to assist you with any technology-related problems. If there are urgent problems with course content (i.e. missing readings or assignment instructions), email me marked “urgent” and check for my general reply on Blackboard. That is the most efficient way for me to communicate on issues that apply to the entire class. If you have a personal emergency, email me marked “personal” and I will respond within 72 hours. Assignments and Grading In addition to the required readings, screenings, discussions, in-class activities, and sharing food with the class, you will complete several writing assignments, explained in detail below, each of which involves library, web and/or ethnographic research, textual and/or media analysis, writing up your findings and, when called upon, presenting them to the class. All students will be graded on the following work, for a total of 100 points: Attendance, preparation and participation (25 points): You are required to attend class and to participate fully. You must complete all readings and/or assignments before each class. I do record attendance and unexcused absences will lower your grade. To gain credit for completing course readings, 3 comments or questions regarding required readings for each day are to be posted to Blackboard by 10 a.m. the morning of class. Food preparation & presentation (15 points): Once during the semester, each student will prepare and serve a food item related to course themes, very briefly introducing it and explaining: why it was chosen, its relation to course material, its ingredients and mode of preparation, and any other meanings, such as personal significance, family/religious/regional history (10 minutes max). Recipes and explanations should be posted to the food recipes thread on Blackboard. A full meal is not expected, but there should be enough for a taste for all, and the preparation/foodstuff should be “good to think.” Your food presentation does not have to match discussion for the day, although extra credit is offered if you make the effort to tie in to the topic. 2
  • 3. TAKE-HOME MIDTERM, due any time up to 10/18. Late papers not accepted. Critical analysis paper (20 points; 5 pages): Students will sign up for paper topics during the first week of class. Compare and contrast 3 required and/or recommended readings for an assigned theme. Options include “Food & faith,” “Feeding kinship,” “Body image/Eating disorders,” “Fast food,” or “Cooking masculinity.” Summarize content of articles and analyze according to themes from class discussion. What is the topic or research question? What is the data and research methods used? What are the author’s conclusions? What is the significance of this article and how does it relate to other readings on this theme? Alternate assignment (20 points; 5 pages): Conduct a media review of required screenings. Options include: compare the 3 versions of Semiotics of the Kitchen. What is the concept of this video series? Compare and contrast the form, content and impact of the original domestic violence commentary, Barbie remake and macho mockumentary versions. Research exercises (40 points—2 at 20 points each; 5 pages each): There will be two short research exercises involving library research, interviewing, textual analysis, and/or participant observation. The written result of each exercise should be about 5 pages long (typed, double- spaced), and turned in with your raw notes. The analysis should include information on the reason you selected these examples, the context/setting, participants, food/food habits, and any meanings and structures relevant to the topic. Appropriate course readings should be cited to help frame the analysis within broader theoretical issues. Assignment options and specific instructions are listed below. Projects must be approved in advance. Due dates vary according to choice of topic. Selecting topics for required assignments Students will sign up for food presentations and analytical paper topics during the first week of the semester, and will sign up for research project topics during the second and third weeks. Sign up sheets will be distributed starting on the first day of class. There will be a limited number of slots available for each topic so choose early to get your first pick. 1. Kitchen Table Conversation: Food Talk as Personal Narrative and Oral History Conduct a 90 minute interview with a family member or close family friend, preferably from a different generation than your own, and engage in “food talk”. Topics to consider include cooking knowledge and food preferences, childhood experiences, holidays and memorable occasions, kinship-gender relations and ideals, eating out and food-buying patterns, household labor. These encounters are to be recorded and selections transcribed as part of your critical analysis of this individual’s, and your own, language and practice of food. Write up your findings and hand in during the unit on Kitchen Culture. Recommended Reading: Abarca, M. 2007. Charlas Culinarias. Food and Foodways 15(3-4):183-212. Counihan, C. 2004. Around the Tuscan Table. New York: Routledge. Hauck-Lawson, A. 1998. When Food is the Voice: A Case Study of a Polish-American Woman. Journal for the Study of Food and Society 2:21-28. 3
  • 4. 2. Eat My Words: Cookbooks as Cultural History Seriously examine at least two cookbooks, one of which must be over 50 years old (it can be a facsimile book). Why do they tell you about women’s lives? The times they are written in? What kinds of foods are featured? Why do you think those recipes were chosen? What kinds of ingredients do they feature? Do they tell you anything about gender, class, or culture? Who is the intended audience? How much time do recipes take to prepare? What knowledge does the author assume that readers/users already have? Does the cookbook emphasize anything in particular? Write up your cookbook analysis to hand in during our unit on Contemporary Culinary Identities but be sure to begin the process of selecting and analyzing your texts earlier in the semester. Recommended Reading: Bower, A. 1997. Recipes for Reading: Community Cookbooks, Stories, Histories. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press. Leonardi, S. 1989. Recipes for Reading: Summer Pasta, Lobster á la Riseholm and Key Lime Pie. PMLA 104(3):340-347. Theophano, J. 2002. Eat My Words: Reading Women's Lives through the Cookbooks They Wrote. New York: Palgrave. 3. Sensual Celluloid: Food and Film Watch a food-oriented film and analyze the scenes with food. What is the role of food in the film? Gender? Race? Class? Who cooks? Who serves? Who eats? Who enjoys food? Does food represent more than the food in the film? What, how and why? Is food all about sociability? What kinship patterns and gender relations are happening through food? Does sex occur and how does it relate to food (what comes first)? What are the body types of women in the film? Men? Write up your analysis paying special attention to the role of food in the movie —what does it make possible? Do you think that’s true in real life? You may select any food- related film of your choice, however some possibilities are: Like Water for Chocolate; Chocolat; Eat, Drink, Man, Woman; Real Women Have Curves; Tortilla Soup; Tom Jones; Heartburn; What’s Cooking; Soul Food; The Cook, The Thief, His Wife, and Her Lover; Fried Green Tomatoes; The Wedding Banquet; My Big, Fat, Greek Wedding; When Harry Met Sally; Guess Who’s Coming to Dinner; American Graffiti; 9½ Weeks; Pretty Woman; Monsoon Wedding; Bridget Jones’ Diary; Babette’s Feast; Delicatessen; Catfish in Black Bean Sauce; Chef in Love; Diner; Eating; Fatso; Eating Raoul; La Grande Bouffe; Mostly Martha; Prime Cut; Scent of Green Papaya; Tampopo; Vatel; Woman on Top; Better than Chocolate; God of Cookery; Return to Me; Something to Talk About; Five Easy Pieces; Tootsie. This assignment is due during the unit on Food, Body and Power. Recommended reading: Bower, A. 2004, ed. Reel Food: Essays on Food and Film. New York: Routledge. Alternate assignment Read food fiction and present analysis of food/gender symbolism. See list of suggested questions and themes under food and film assignment. You may choose your own book (with approval from the instructor) but favorite suggestions include: Crescent, Kitchen, Like Water for 4
  • 5. Chocolate, Mistress of Spices, Olivia, Broccoli and Other Tales of Food and Love, Fried Green Tomatoes, The Particular Sadness of Lemon Cake. http://oedb.org/library/features/delicious-reads-fabulous-food-novels Recommended reading: Hafez, S. Food as semiotic code in Arabic literature. In Taste of Thyme. 4. Service Ethnography: Political Economy of Hunger Volunteer at a local food bank or soup kitchen and conduct participant-observation on how and why food is distributed. Note the stated purpose of the organization, and how people connect (or not) through this charity. Do people come alone or in groups? Do they socialize when present or is this “just business”? Pay special attention to the intersection to gender, class, ethnicity, age, and kinship roles. Conduct two short interviews (20 minutes each) with participants on the motivation of volunteers and the circumstances and goals of individual clients. This research exercise should be theorized, written up and turned in during the unit on The History & Political Economy of Food Production but you must begin volunteering early in the semester to learn about the organization and establish relationships with people. Recommended reading: Glasser, I. 2010. More than Bread: Ethnography of a Soup Kitchen. University of Alabama Press. http://www.berkshirepublishing.com/brw/samples/HomelessSoupKitchens.pdf Poppendieck, J. 1998. Sweet Charity?: Emergency Food and the End of Entitlement. New York: Viking. Recommended screenings: Waiting, The Children Are Dying, Dying to Leave 5. Distinction Learn the finer points of fine dining, wine tasting, cheese aging, or some other set of food-linked distinctions and report on the criteria used, techniques involved, associated expenses. Who organized the session and who attends, and with whom? Why do they participate? Pay special attention to the distribution of interest and knowledge according to gender, age, profession, ethnicity. Who is expert? Who is a novice? Interview other participants to discover what kinds of social or cultural capital is conferred by having this expertise, and/or the liabilities of ignorgance. This project should be written up and turned in during the unit Consumption; again, preparation must begin earlier in the term. Recommended activities: Wine tasting http://www.astorcenternyc.com/events.aspx?theme=wine&gclid=CK3cl4j- grICFedlOgodxVYAyg Cheese tasting http://www.murrayscheese.com/edu_main.asp Recommended reading: Bourdieu, Distinction, Intro and selections of ch 1 and 3; Bourdieu, Outline of a Theory of Practice, ch.2 on habitus (excerpt) 5
  • 6. Class Schedule Day 1, 8/28 Introduction Read excerpts from and discuss: Anthropologists’ Cookbook, Recipe for Roast Dog. Counihan, C. AFB ch. 1. Food, Culture and Gender. Counihan, C. AFB ch. 7. Food Rules in the United States. Sahlins, M. excerpt from Culture and Practical Reason Recommended reading: Review articles on the anthropology of food (Messer 1984 ARA covers from 1930s to 1984; Mintz 2002 ARA covers from 1984 to 2002) FILM: The Search for Peking Dog (10 min) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ngf2O8u2_0Q In-class exercise: Food preferences: (Reflexive writing): Reflect on what you’ve eaten, with whom and where for the past three days. Are there any noticeable patterns in your diet? What was the last “new” food you ate? (Interview): What was your favorite food as a child and why? What is your favorite food now and why? Who prepares your favorite food? What was the last time you ate it? Who were you with, where were you and what was the occasion? What is something you would never eat? Why? I. Boundaries, Symbolism, Communion Day 2, 8/30 Cannibalism: The Original Divide Marco Polo, Travels (skim) Montaigne, On Cannibals (skim) Sahlins, M. Culture as Protein and Profit, NYRB 25 (18):45-53 Conklin, B. Consuming Grief, chs. 1 & 5 Recommended reading: Valeri, Theories of Sacrifice. In Kingship & Sacrifice, pp. 62-83. White, H. Forms of Wildness: The Noble Savage Theme as Fetish. In Tropics of Discourse. Pp. 150-182. FILM: How Tasty Was My Little Frenchman (80 mins) PN1995.9 C65 2007 Day 3, 9/4 Food & Faith: Boundaries & Taboos Bible, King James Version, Leviticus 9 and 11, Deuteronomy 14 Douglas, M. 1984. The Abominations of Leviticus. In Purity and Danger: An Analysis of Concepts of Pollution and Taboo. Pp. 41-57. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul. 6
  • 7. Harris, M. 1997. The Abominable Pig. In Food and Culture: A Reader. C. Counihan and P.V. Esterik, eds. Pp. 67-79. New York: Routledge. Recommended Reading: Feely-Harnik, G. (1981). Food Symbolism in the Judaic Tradition; The Last Supper; Gluttony. In The Lord’s Table: The Meaning of Food in Early Judaism and Christianity. Pp. 71-106 (all); 107-148 (skim); 63-70 (all). Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian. Soler, J. 1997 [1979]. Semiotics of Food in the Bible. In Food and Culture: A Reader. C. Counihan and P. V. Esterik, pp. 126-138. New York: Routledge. Day 4, 9/6 Food & Faith: Communion and the Religious/Spiritual Body Article on Nation of Islam In Taking Food Public Bynum, C.W. 1997. Fast, Feast, and Flesh: The Religious Significance of Food to Medieval Women. In Food and Culture: A Reader (eds) C. Counihan & P. Van Esterik. New York: Routledge, 138-158. Reprinted from Representations 11 (Summer 1984):1-25. Counihan, C. 1984. Bread As World: Food Habits and Social Relations in Modernizing Sardinia. In Food and Culture, pp. 283-295. Reprinted from Anthropological Quarterly 57:47-95. Kirshenblatt-Gimblett, B. Kitchen Judaism. Lehrhaupt, The Organizational Seder. Van Esterik, P. 1986. Feeding Their Faith: Recipe Knowledge Among Thai Buddhist Women. Food and Foodways 1:197-215. Recommended Reading: Buitelaar, M. 1993. Fasting and Feasting in Morocco: Women's Participation in Ramadan (Mediterranea). Oxford, UK; Providence, RI: Berg. Excerpts TBA. Loan from Hunter or Baruch, BP186.4.B85 1993 Cernea, R.F. (1981). The Summarizing Plate. In The Passover Seder: An Anthropological Perspective on Jewish Culture. Pp. 129-147. Lanham: University Press of America. Ohnuki-Tierney, E. Rice in Cosmogony and Cosmology, In Rice as Self. Sered, S.S. 1988. Food and Holiness: Cooking as a Sacred Act among Middle Eastern Jewish Women. Anthropological Quarterly 61:129-39. Recommended screening: Gefilte Fish (14 mins) II. Food, Body, Power Day 5, 9/11 Body Image and the Shape of Relationships Bruch, H. 1997. Body Image and Self-Awareness. In Food and Culture: A Reader, (eds.) C. Counihan & P. Van Esterik. New York: Routledge, 211-225. Reprinted from Eating Disorders: Obesity, Anorexia Nervosa, and the Person within (1973). H. Bruch. New York: Basic Books, 87-105. Counihan, C. 1999. The Body as Voice of Desire and Connection in Florence, Italy. In The Anthropology of Food and Body: Gender, Meaning, and Power. New York: Routledge, 178-194. 7
  • 8. Sobo, E.J. 1997. The Sweetness of Fat: Health, Procreation, and Sociability in Rural Jamaica. In Food and Culture: A Reader, (eds.) C. Counihan & P. Van Esterik. New York: Routledge, 256-271. Recommended Reading: Counihan, C. 1999. What Does It Mean to Be Fat, Thin, Female? In The Anthropology of Food and Body: Gender, Meaning, and Power. New York: Routledge, 76-92. In-class exercise: Popular representations of food and body: Work in pairs to analyze magazines brought to class. Examine ads and text for advice on food and diet. Are there any themes? What kinds of diet or nutritional advice are given? What differences do you see between the publications? What do the people look like in the photos and illustrations? Are there differences in body type? Is dieting gendered? A challenge: try to find an ad where people are really enjoying a (non-diet) food. Day 6, 9/13 Eating Social (Dis)Orders Bordo, S. 1997. Anorexia Nervosa: Psychopathology as the Crystallization of Culture. In Food and Culture: A Reader, (eds.) C. Counihan & P. Van Esterik. New York: Routledge, 226- 250. Reprinted from Bordo, S. 1993. Unbearable Weight: Feminism, Western Culture and the Body. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 139-164. Brumberg, J.J. 1997. The Appetite as Voice. In Food and Culture: A Reader, (eds.) C. Counihan & P. Van Esterik. New York: Routledge, 159-179. Reprinted from Fasting Girls: The Emergence of Anorexia Nervosa as a Modern Disease (1988) by J. Brumberg. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 164-188. Thompson, B.W. 2002. "A Way Outa No Way": Eating Problems among African-American, Latina and White Women. In Food in the USA: A Reader, (ed.) C. Counihan. New York: Routledge, 219-230. Recommended Reading: Counihan, C. An Anthropological View of Western Women’s Prodigious Fasting: A Review Essay. In The Anthropology of Food and Body: Gender, Meaning, and Power. New York: Routledge, 93-112. Recommended screenings: Tom’s Flesh (9 mins), Dying to be Thin (60 mins), Thin (60 mins) RC522.E18 T46 2006 Day 7, 9/20 Sexuality Paz, O. 1972 Eroticism and Gastrosophy. Daedalus 101(4):67-85. Probyn, E. 1999. An Ethos with a Bite: Queer Appetites from Sex to Food. Sexualities 2:421- 431. Rosovsky, M.S. Aphrodisiacs. In Scribner’s Encyclopedia of Food and Culture. Recommended reading: 8
  • 9. Farquhar, J. 2002. Appetites: Food and Sex in Postsocialist China. Durham: Duke University Press. Probyn, E. 2000. Carnal Appetites: FoodSexIdentities. London; New York: Routledge. FILM: clips from Jamón, Jamón (Graduate Center DVD 746) http://blogs.houstonpress.com/eating/2008/02/top_ten_food_sex_scenes_in_the.php Recommended activity: See art exhibit, The Dinner Party at Brooklyn Museum. In-class exercise: Analyze and discuss images of “food porn” in upscale foodie publications (Gastronomica, Spain Gourmetor, etc.) Sensual Celluloid short research assignment due. III. Kitchen Culture Day 8, 9/27 Feeding Kinship Allison, A. 1997 [1991]. Japanese Mothers and Obentos: The Lunch Box as Ideological State Apparatus. In Food and Culture. Reprinted from Anthropological Quarterly 64:195-208. Appadurai, A. 1981. Gastro-Politics in Hindu South Asia. American Ethnologist 8:494-511. Counihan, C. A Tortilla is Like Life, ch. 7, pp. 137-151. Dubisch, J. 1986. Culture Enters through the Kitchen: Women, Food and Social Boundaries in Rural Greece. In Gender & Power in Rural Greece. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press. Stoller, P. 1989. The Taste of Ethnographic Things: The Senses in Anthropology, ch. 1. Williams, B. 1984. Why Migrant Women Feed Their Husbands Tamales: Foodways As a Basis for a Revisionist View of Tejano Family Life. In Ethnic and Regional Foodways in the United States: The Performance of Group Identity (eds.) L.K. Brown & K. Mussell. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press. Day 9, 10/4 Consubstantiation Counihan, C. Anthropology of Food and Body, chs. 2, 3, 9 Ochs, Elinor, C. Pontecorvo, and A. Fasulo. 1996. Socializing Taste. Ethnos 61:7-46. Seremetakis, N. 1994. Memory of the Senses, Part 2, pp. 23-43, In The Senses Still. FILM: Big Night (109 mins), VHS PN1995.C55 B54 1997 Recommended screening: Eat, Drink, Man, Woman (124 mins), PN1995.9.F67 Y56 2002 Day 10, 10/9 From Culinary Epistemology to the Kitchenspace Abarca, M. ch. 1 & ch. 2 In Voices in the Kitchen. Brillat-Savarin, J.A. Aphorisms, On the Senses, On Taste, On Gastronomy. In The Physiology of Taste. 9
  • 10. Christie, M.E. 2008. Kitchenspace. Austin: University of Texas Press. (excerpts) Fischer, MFK. Foreword. In Gastronomical Me. Reprinted in Food and Culture: A Reader (eds.) C. Counihan & P. Van Esterik. New York: Routledge. Trankell, I.-B. 1995. Excerpts from Introduction; Ch. 5: Cooking, Gender, and Domestic Space. In Cooking, Care and Domestication: A Culinary Ethnography of the Tai Yong, Northern Thailand. Uppsala, Sweden: Uppsala University Press. Recommended reading: Belenky, M.F. et. al. 1997 [1986]. Women’s Ways of Knowing. New York: Basic Books. Day 11, 10/11 Domestic Labor, Domestic Violence DeVault, M. 1997. Conflict and Deference. In Food and Culture: A Reader (eds.) C. Counihan & P. Van Esterik. New York: Routledge. Reprinted from Feeding the Family: The Social Organization of Caring as Gendered Work (1991) by M. DeVault. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 227-243. Ellis, R. 1983. The Way to a Man's Heart: Food in the Violent Home. In The Sociology of Food and Eating: Essays on the Sociological Significance of Food (ed.) A. Murcott. Aldershot, Hants, England: Gower International Library of Research and Practice. FILM: Semiotics of the Kitchen Rossler (1975) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cNmdmSFqpSI (6 mins) Willet (2011) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ca2RP5TQAxI&NR=1&feature=endscreen In-class exercise: Read & interpret poem “What’s that Smell in the Kitchen?” by Marge Piercy. Day 12, 10/16 Cooking Masculinity Deutsch, J. 2004. "Eat Me Up": Spoken Voice and Food Voice in an Urban Firehouse. Food, Culture and Society 7:27-36. Limón, J. 1989. Carne, Carnales, and the Carnivalesque: Bakhtinian Batos, Disorder, and Narrative Discourses. American Ethnologist 16:471-86. Taggart, J.M. 2002. Food, Masculinity, and Place in the Hispanic Southwest. In Food in the USA: A Reader (ed.) C. Counihan. New York: Routledge. Recommended Reading: Adler, T.A. 1983. Making Pancakes on Sunday: The Male Cook in Family Tradition. In Foodways and Eating Habits: Directions for Research (eds.) R. Krell, B. Giuliano & M.O. Jones. Los Angeles: The California Folklore Society. FILM: Johnson (2011), Man’s Semiotics of the Kitchen http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=oxRiY7r9aJs&feature=related 10
  • 11. Recommended screening: Emeril cooking show “SuperDawgs,” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=frJ4Pko2BpY IV. The History & Political Economy of Food Case Study: Chocolate Day 13, 10/18 Indigenous American Crops & Columbian Exchange Coe, S. & M. Coe. The True History of Chocolate, pp. 10-103 Recommended Reading: Murra, J.V. 1960. Rite and Crop in the Inca State. In Culture in History: Essays in Honor of Paul Radin. S. Diamond, ed. New York: Octagon. Day 14 10/23 Chocolate in Colonialism and World Systems Coe, S. & M. Coe. The True History of Chocolate, pp. 104-202. Recommended Reading: Sahlins, M. 1994. Cosmologies of Capitalism: The Trans-Pacific Sector of ‘The World System.’ In Culture/Power/History: A Reader in Contemporary Social Theory. Dirks, Ely, Ortner, eds. Princeton U Press. Wallerstein, E. (article) Wolf, E. Europe and the People Without History, Introduction and selections from ch.11 "The Movement of Commodities." Day 15, 10/25 Contemporary Commodity Production Coe, S. & M. Coe. The True History of Chocolate, pp. 203-268. Terrio, S. Crafting Grand Cru Chocolates. Recommended Reading: Roseberry, W. ed. Introduction In Coffee, Society and Power in Latin America. Recommended screenings: Black Harvest (especially if you’ve seen First Contact), Tales from the Global Economy: The Cappuccino Trail (50 mins) The Commodities series covers coffee history & contemporary production/global markets, sugar, tea/opium. Produced mid-1980s so outdated but good historical overview. Skip dramatization, take notes from narration. Day 16, 10/30 Commodities, part 2: Fish and Sugar Bestor, Ted (2001) Supply Side Sushi: Commodity, Market and the Global City. American Anthropologist 103(1):76-95. Kurlansky, M. Cod, “With mouth wide open” ch. 2, “Cod rush” ch. 3, “Certain inalienable rights” ch. 5, pp. 32-61, 78-91 Mintz, S. Sweetness and Power, excerpts. 11
  • 12. FILMS: “Empty Oceans, Empty Nets” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R7t5gPgfcek (clip) “H-2 Worker” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0TBJALCahNQ (clip); full movie on itunes Case Study: Greater Mexico Day 17, 11/1 Labor, part 1 Barndt, D. 2002. Tangled Routes: Women, Work, and Globalization on the Tomato Trail. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield Pub. Pages TBA Recommended Reading: Marx, K. “Wage Labour and Capital” FILM: “The Wrath of Grapes” (15 mins) HD9259.G68 W7 Recommended screenings: “Fighting for our Lives,” http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=eTGI9QMaGvk&feature=related “Standing Tall,” or “We’re Not Gonna Take It” (15 mins), “Watsonville on Strike” Day 18, 11/6 Labor, part 2 Barndt, D. 2002. Tangled Routes: Women, Work, and Globalization on the Tomato Trail. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield Pub. Pages TBA Zavella, P. 1991. Mujeres in Factories: Race and Class Perspectives on Women, Work, and Family. In Gender at the Crossroads of Knowledge: Feminist Anthropology in the Postmodern Era (ed.) M.d. Leonardo. Berkeley: University of California Press. Recommended Reading: Sinclair, U. The Jungle. PS35537.I85 J9 2005 FILM: “The Struggle in the Fields,” 2 of 4 Chicano! (PBS Documentary) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LB9iiDb1FI&feature=related Full-length film http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FIgIaI5AVpY Day 19, 11/8 Food Scarcity, Food Justice and Alternative Economies Poppendieck, J. 2009. Hungry City. In Gastropolis. Shiva, V. Stolen Harvest, ch. 6, HD9000.5.S454 2000 Selections from Taking Food Public East Harlem presentation Recommended reading: Fitchen, J. In Food and Culture. Patel, R. Stuffed and Starved. FILM: “Harvest of Fear” (select youtube clips) Recommended screening: Food, Inc. DVD HD995.F66 2009 12
  • 13. Service Ethnography short research assignments due. V. Consumption Day 20 Fast Food, 11/13 Kane, K. 2002. Who Deserves a Break Today? Fast Food, Cultural Rituals, and Women's Place. In Food in the USA: A Reader (ed.) C. Counihan. New York: Routledge, 315-321. Reprinted from Cooking by the Book: Food in Literature and Culture (1989), M. Schofield, ed. Bowling Green, OH: Bowling Green State University Press, 27-36. Probyn, E. 1998. Schlosser, E. 2001. Introduction. In Fast Food Nation, pp. 1-10 and ch. 9, What's in the Meat, pp. 193-224. New York: Houghton Mifflin. Van Esterik, P. 1992. Watson, J. McDonald’s in Hong Kong: Consumerism, Dietary Change and the Rise of a Children’s Culture, pp. 77-109 and 218-227. In Golden Arches East. FILM: “Supersize Me” (excerpt) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N2diPZOtty0 “Fast Food Women,” part 1 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q-oaX0ZYplE part 2 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uDfTAcqc6A4 part 3 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zbwPBgbcVTs part 4 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3RD3yylv9q4 Recommended screening: “Ilha das Flores” (15 mins) Day 21, 11/15 From Distinction to Slow Food Bourdieu, P. Introduction and selections from ch 1 and 3 In Distinction. Roseberry, W. 1996. The Rise of Yuppie Coffees and the Reimagination of Class in the United States. American Anthropologist 98(4):762-775. Zukin, S. Gentrification and Cuisine. pp. 206-215 Slow Food Manifesto (excerpts) Browse www.slowfoods.com Recommended Reading: Cook & Crang (1996). World on a Plate. In Journal of Material Culture 1(2):131-153. Zukin, et. al. (1992). The Bubbling Cauldron: Global and Local interactions in New York City Restaurants. In After Modernism: Global Restructuring and the Changing Boundaries of City Life. Comparative Urban and Community Research, vol. 4. Smith, M.P., ed. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers. Recommended screening: Instructional videos from Culinary Institute of America Distinction short research assignment due. 13
  • 14. VI. Contemporary Culinary Identities: Ethnicity, Nationalism, Imperialism Case Study: Bengali-Americans Day 22, 11/20 Nation, Region, Migration Ray, K. The Migrant’s Table: Meals and Memories in Bengali-American Households. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, pp. 1-76. Recommended Reading: Renne, E. P. 1993. All Right, Vegemite! Thanksgiving Break 11/22-11/25 NO CLASS Day 23, 11/27 Finding Ethnicity Ray, K. The Migrant’s Table: Meals and Memories in Bengali-American Households. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, pp. 77-129 Day 24, 11/29 Food Knowledge in Diasporic Communities: From Africa to the New World Beoku-Betts, J.A. 1995. We Got Our Way of Cooking Things: Women, Food, and the Preservation of Cultural Identity among the Gullah. Gender and Society 9:535-55. Carney, J.A. 2001. Black Rice: the African Origins of Rice Cultivation in the Americas. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, ch. 4 and excerpts from ch. 2, esp. photos. Styles, M.H. 1997 [1980]. Soul, Black Women and Food. In Food and Culture. Reprinted from A Woman's Conflict: The Special Relationship Between Women and Food (ed.) J.R. Kaplan. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall. Recommended screening: Soul Food Day 25, 12/4 Cookbook Culture Appadurai, A. 1988. How to Make a National Cuisine: Cookbooks in Contemporary India. Comparative Studies and Society in History 30:3-24. Pilcher, J.M. 1998. Apostles of the Enchilada: Postrevolutionary Nationalism. In Que Vivan los Tamales!: Food and the Making of Mexican Identity. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press. Zafar, R. 2002. The Signifying Dish: Autobiography and History in Two Black Women's Cookbooks. In Food in the USA: A Reader (ed.) C. Counihan. New York: Routledge. Recommended Reading: Day 26, 12/6 Nostalgia and the senses Bahloul, J. 1996. Domestic Time. In The Architecture of Memory: A Jewish-Muslim Household in Colonial Algeria, 1937-1962. Cambridge Studies in Social and Cultural Anthropology. New York: Cambridge University Press. Seremetakis, C. Nadia. 1994. The Memory of the Senses: Part 1, pp. 1-18. In The Senses Still: 14
  • 15. Perception and Memory as Material Culture in Modernity. Boulder: Westview Press. Sutton, D. 2001. Sensory Memory and the Construction of Worlds, pp. 73-102. In Remembrance of Repasts. Oxford: Berg. Recommended Reading: Abercrombie, T. 1998. Telling and Drinking the Paths of Memory: Narrative and Libation Poetics as Historical Consciousness, pp. 317-367. In Pathways of Memory and Power. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press. Camporesi, P. Anatomy of the Senses. Leitch, A. The Social Life of Lardo. FILM: Like Water for Chocolate (105 mins) PQ7298.15 S638 C662 1994 Day 27, 12/11 Sexual/Racial Politics of Imperialism Enloe, C.H. 1990. Carmen Miranda on My Mind. In Bananas, Beaches & Bases: Making Feminist Sense of International Politics. Berkeley: University of California. HQ1236.E55 1990b FILM: “Carmen Miranda, Bananas is My Business” (90 mins) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kdMqj-YwDd8 (clip) Eat My Words short research assignment due. 15