VFB 2013 - Strategic Research and Horizon Scanning - Rolls Royce


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Presentation by Adam Morton - Rollys Royce strategic research centre

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  • Vision 20:
    Blended wing body and distributed propulsion
    R-R and EADS innovation Group
    Identify best propulsion system – R-R focus is fan and intakes in DEAP
    Distributed = a GT plus multiple fans
    =higher BPR and propulsion efficiency
    Boundary layer ingestion reduces drag
    Combined effect = ~4.0% increase in SFC for distributed prop plus BLI in Mech solution. DEAP will look at Electrical which could give 5%+
    Transient Operation (TOPMEN):
    Power transfer between shafts
    Improves surge margin, efficiency and minimize bleeds
    Generators on each shaft with control of loads
    Energy storage also considered to manage transients
    Novel Cycles:
    Cryo fuel – exploring liquid methane and liquid hydrogen
    Variable cycles – inter-turbine burning = effectively reheat
    Variable cores / nozzle – SMA VAN and also looking at means of changing engine capacity to optimize to flight profile
  • Thermal Management: Defense mainly interested in this – signature and overall efficiency motivations
    Advanced Seals:
    Range of seal technologies –rotating and static
    SRC concepts to be developed further – double sided seal
    Installation and controls – fire seals issues
    10-15 mins fire withstand requirements proving an issue
    SRC study to look at alternative approaches and technologies
    Distortion tolerant fan – part of BWB / BLI – asymmetrical entry conditions / loadings
    Low cost hydrophobic coatings – Ti & PTFE coating approach limits ice build up and enhances shedding
  • NOTE: Also committed TGL support post Alstom Sale
  • SEEMP Ships energy efficiency monitoriing plan
    EEDI engine efficiency design index
    Legislation starting from 2013 will move across most ships by 2020. Significant opportunity to be one stop to maintain compliance.
    Waste heat recovery - organic rankine cycles, air bottoming cycles. Continuation of work begun in 2011 behind naval GTs. Thermoelectrics categorised, useful power output but not gamechanging, only a MW or so currently likely.
    Waterjets – continuation of improvement in low ship speed thrust. Important for applications where accel ‘onto the plane’ is needed. Also, in ferries, potential to eliminate some thrusters. Lead concept so far has auxiliary passages to bypass the jet nozzle at high speed.
    Adv cycle GT – continuation of work underway on recuperator and cycle design for a higher power next generation of WR 21 for potential US Navy application.
    Marine anti icing – deck machinery identified at rear which cannot be covered by superstructure shaping.
  • Advanced Composite repair technology:
    Paul Williams overseeing
    Link with Bristil Uni and National Composites Centre
  • Super-Elastic:
    GUM metal @ Toyota
    Compliance – joints, cushioned interfaces
    Vibration Damping
    Erosion tolerant
    Probabilistic Alloy Development – Bryce from Cambridge – PhD day
    Patented process for Robust Design of Alloys
    V20 Turbine Materials – outside of SRC – EU funded – not really strategic research
    Functional cellular structures
    Structural reinforcement / concentration of density in areas of higher stress -optimum material usage and space usage
    Improved stress analysis tools have enabled a revisit
    High performance electrical terminations
    High temp electrical machines – systematically approached technology enablers of conductors, wire insulation, encapsulation, slot liner and termination
  • High Temperature Machine (continuation with UoSh)
    Focus = higher temp materials with extended life.
    Enabling embedded integrated electrical machines and actuators in high temperature environments leading to optimised system benefits.
    Potential to improve power density at cooler temperatures.
    Provision of a differentiating high value electrical solution leading to new potential system offerings in aerospace and civil nuclear and possibly beyond.
    Superconducting Machines (PSAM = Programmable SC AC Machines)
    Marine Electrical Machines / Pods
    Informing Distributed Electrical Propulsion
    Superconducting offers the greatest potential step-change in electrical power density of more than double conventional.
    Superconducting machines offer improved and high efficiencies over a wider power/ speed range.
    Provision of a market differentiating high value electrical solution giving R-R the opportunity to provide added system value.
    Rim Drive
    Marine is initial focus – merchant low cost tunnel thrusters
    Induction rim drive offers good cost benefit over PMG but needs further feasibility technical assessment – has smaller speed range
    Innovative Manufacture of Machines
    Value proposition before mantech lead
    Explore sensitivity / impact of possible improvements
    Electrical machine Materials
    Validate previous assumptions and see how far we can go!
    Novel Power Electronic Programme Main Benefits:
    Gallium Nitride and Diamond Heat Spreader to improve thermal performance – feeds Renault Sport collaboration
    Improve power conversion power density.
    Enabling operation at higher ambient temperatures
    Improved system power quality and efficiency.
    Electrical Systems Programme Main Benefits:
    EU powerdriver – March 2014 completion
    Waste Heat Recovery in Marine Bergen Diesels
    Looking to deliver optimised TEG Module
  • Benefits:
    Borescope live auto defect detection
    During borescope inspection, On-Wing Care mechanic will see smaller defects live and ensure full coverage
    In-engine CCTV
    Richer information of engine condition. Should provide earlier warning of faults, determining correct location.
    Embedded composites monitoring
    Monitor parts sub-surface during manufacture, dev test (& possibly in-service), to improve understanding of material, improve control of manufacture processes and provide early warning before major failures.
    AZP thruster wireless system
    Improve on current slip-ring system to provide wireless EHM data transfer : cheaper, more marketable and applicable to smaller thrusters.
    High temperature wireless data
    Extend capability of wireless sensors to 700+degC, enabling cable-free data from a wider range of applications.
    MEMS = Micro Electro Mechanical Systems
    Alternative strategies:
    Lots of low cost less accurate sensors plus statistical analysis vs fewer high cost accurate sensors
  • VFB 2013 - Strategic Research and Horizon Scanning - Rolls Royce

    1. 1. Adam Morton Rolls Royce Strategic Research and Horizon Scanning in Rolls-Royce © 2013 Rolls-Royce plc The information in this document is the property of Rolls-Royce plc and may not be copied or communicated to a third party, or used for any purpose other than that for which it is supplied without the express written consent of Rolls-Royce plc. This information is given in good faith based upon the latest information available to Rolls-Royce plc, no warranty or representation is given concerning such information, which must not be taken as establishing any contractual or other commitment binding upon Rolls-Royce plc or any of its subsidiary or associated companies.
    2. 2. Role of the Strategic Research Centre To deliver competitive advantage through technologies beyond the time horizon or scope of our existing sectors Normally, partnerships towards TRL 4.
    3. 3. Role of the Strategic Research Centre  To look ahead for the next technologies Beyond the time horizon of today’s sectors Beyond the scope of today’s sectors  Ensures those technologies are aligned to deliver potential Plc value Lead / support of collaboration assessments  Route for organic growth via technology led spin-outs (Fuel Cells, Tidal)  Co-located with new ACC (Advanced Concepts Centre) – which covers Systems  Will be at the heart of the Corporate Innovation Strategy
    4. 4. A new team to manage “the idea venturi” Better matching innovation and needs Outward Outward Looking Looking Inward Inward Looking Looking Harvesting - All Harvesting - All field of science field of science Enablers Enablers Barriers Barriers Improvers Improvers Park Park Critical needs for Critical needs for the different sectors the different sectors Assessment and selection – gated Assessment and selection – gated process process Transfer Transfer Stop Stop Transfer plan Transfer plan
    5. 5. Emerging Technology  EmTech - Horizon Scanning and matching to future needs  Positive 2012 feedback from stakeholders – over 160 technologies assessed  Developing and maturing the best opportunities seen across the Strategic Research capability and Business.
    6. 6. Aerospace (Civil/Defense)  Vision 20 Aircraft Systems. BWB Boundary layer ingestion - TSB Project DEAP with EADS Transient Operation - Power Management Electrical Network  Novel Cycles & Architectures Cryogenic Fuels cycles study Variable Cycles - Inter-turbine burning - Variable Cores/Nozzle
    7. 7. Aerospace (Civil/Defense/GTSC)  Innovative Components / Technologies Novel Thermal Management Technologies - Including Fuel DeOx Testing Emerging advanced seals - Rotating & static Next generation aero lubricants - Liquids and Solids Low cost hydrophobic coating Rolls-Royce proprietary information Lubricant Chemistry and Characterisation
    8. 8. Energy  Fuel Flexibility Alternate fuels for Energy systems Waste to Energy – ETI Project  Enhance Existing product range Emission Reduction technologies  Next generation systems & technology CO2 capture for Enhanced Oil Recovery use Rolls-Royce proprietary information
    9. 9. Marine  Environmental Efficiency Computational methods to optimise ship efficiency Support of ETI HDVE programme*  Propulsion and Power Wind Power for Propulsion Next Generation Naval Waterjets Advanced cycle GT & waste heat recovery  Novel Equipment Bio-fouling resistant propeller Cavitation resistant coatings Rolls-Royce proprietary information Enercon E-Ship 1
    10. 10. Services  Data and Communications Aerospace/Marine future data transfer systems and protocols  Repair Technologies Advanced Composite repair technologies Rolls-Royce proprietary information
    11. 11. Materials & Manufacturing  Emerging materials ‘Super Elastic’ Titanium Alloys - Rubber like properties – erosion/damping opportunities Probabilistic Alloy Development Vision 20 - Turbine materials  Manufacturing Process exploration Functional Cellular structures High Performance Electrical terminations  Novel Coatings* Marine (Bio/Cavitation) Aerospace (Icephobic/Lubricant) Nuclear (Corrosion/Wear) Rolls-Royce proprietary information
    12. 12. Electrical  Electrical Machines High Temperature Electric Machine Project Superconducting Machine Project Innovative Manufacture for Machines Electrical Machine Materials  Power Electronics & Converters Novel Power Electronics Programme  Electrical System Technologies Thermo-electric technologies (EU Powerdriver) Rolls-Royce proprietary information
    13. 13. Measurement  Imaging systems Borescope live auto defect detection In-engine CCTV  Embedded application development Composites measurement (inc. RRC) AZP thruster wireless system  Advanced sensors High temperature wireless Advanced Marine sensors (linked to SEEMP) MEMS Sensors (inc. ATC Singapore) Civil Nuclear development Rolls-Royce proprietary information
    14. 14. Summary The Strategic Research Centre is a cross sectoral, multi-disciplinary team, striving to accelerate Technology innovation and bring value to market, robust for many future worlds.