Al sa-lahmArabic is Sudan’s official language, spoken by 49% of thepeople.English is widely spoken, but a few words in Arabicare always welcome.Hello Al sa-lahmGoodbye Be-kha-trahkYes Na-a’amNo La; mishThankyou Shook-rahnListen to a folk poem performed by aschool student
Fascinating geographyFrom the spectacular River Nile to life in the desert•The River Nile is the dominant geographical feature.The Blue Nile and White Nile flow north, converging in Khartoum toform the River Nile.•Libyan and Nubian desert regions inthe north, extending to Khartoum.•The Red Sea on the east coast.Some of the best accessible coral reefsin the world.
Desert lifeSudan lies within the tropics and has a dry continentalclimate.Temperatures are between 27C and 38Cbut can rise as high as 47C in June
Agriculture, commerce and industry• Cotton, groundnuts, sorghum, gum arabic, millet, wheat,sugar cane, mangos, bananas, sesame, sheep andother livestock• Textiles, cement, sugar, soap, shoes,motor car and light truckassembly• Oil, dams and hydro-electricpower
Urban and rural lifeSignificant migration from rural areas to towns and cities60% rural40% urban
Rich culture and heritagePortrayal of awedding at ArkawitSchool, KhartoumListen to Kamil sing about Sudan’shistory
A potted history• 11th– 4thcenturies BC part of Cush empire• Under Egyptian, Ethiopian, Turkish and British rule at various times• 1956 gained independence from Britain• 1978 oil discovered in Southern Sudan• 1983 civil war and introduction of Islamic Sharia law• 2003 government rebels instigated the ongoing conflict in Dafur in thewest of Sudan• 2012 South Sudan became independent and agreement was drawn upbetween the two countries
All this and pyramids too!• Temples, tombs and pyramids are spread across five sites.225 pyramids in Sudan - more than in Egypt.• Omdurman camel market• The Arab souk in Khartoum• The dam at Jebel Aulia• The Dinder National Park for awide range of wildlife• The Red Sea for some of the bestdiving to see coral reefs
• Find out how to find a Sudanese partner school• Find out how to include a Sudan school in your UK –Africa partnership• Find out how to apply for a grant to develop yourpartnership with a school in an eligible countryConnecting Classrooms - Sudan
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