EthiopiaEthiopia is a country located in the Horn ofAfrica bordered by Eritrea to thenorth, Djibouti and Somalia to theeast, Sudan and South Sudan to the west,and Kenya to the south
LandEthiopia is the tenth largest by area in Africa,occupying 1,122,000 km2PopulationEthiopia is the second-most populous nation onthe African continent, with over 84,320,000inhabitants.
TopographyEthiopia is a land ofwonder and enchantment,a land of contrasts andsurprises, of remote andwild places. There are 25mountains whose picksrise over 4000 metres andthe hottest place in theworld Dalol is found inEthiopia with an averagetemperature of 34.6c.
ClimateEthiopia is in the tropical zone lying betweenthe Equator and the Tropic of Cancer. It hasthree different climate zones according toelevation: Tropical zone below 1830 meters,Subtropical zone 1830 - 2440 meters and Coolzone above 2440 meters.There are four seasons: Summer June-August with heavy rain falls. SpringSeptember- November is the harvest season.Winter December- February with frost inmorning. Autumn March- May with occasionalshowers. May is the hottest month in Ethiopia.
LanguageEthiopia is a multi ethnic state with a greatvariety of languages spoken in the country.There are as many as 84 languages with200 dialects. The main ones are Amharic,Oromiffa and Tigriny. Ethiopia has its ownAlphabet and Numeric
Calendar & TimeEthiopia, following the Julian calendar consisting of 12months of 30 days each and a 13th month of 5 or 6 days,making Ethiopia 7 and half years behind the GregorianCalendar.Ethiopians celebrate the New Year on the 11th of SeptemberEthiopia is in the GMT +3 hours time zone. The sun dictatesthe Ethiopian time, when you get up early in the morning youstart by counting one and you end up at twelve when the dayends, and start counting again from one when thenight begins and end at twelve o’clock just before the sunrises in the morning. The Ethiopian midday and midnight issix o’clock.
Economy & CurrencyThe local currency is the Ethiopian birr (ETB), made upof 100 cents. Birr notes are available in dominations of1, 5, 10, 50 and 100.Recently, Ethiopia has had a fast-growing annual GDPand it was the fastest-growing non-oil-dependentAfrican nation.Agriculture accounts for almost 41% of the (GDP), 80%of exports, and 80% of the labor force. ProductsEthiopia exports to the world market include coffee,pulses, oilseeds, cereals, potatoes, sugarcane, cutflowers and vegetables chat, gold, leather products, andoilseeds
Economy continued…Ethiopia is Africa’s: Ethiopia is World’s: largest coffee producer and sixth biggest coffee producer exporter tenth largest livestock largest livestock producer and producer. exporter third largest nut producer largest chickpeas producer sixth biggest timber producer largest leather producer third largest beehives and ninth largest honey producer honey producer largest in horse population nine largest in horse population second biggest maize producer second largest in donkey second largest cut flowers population producer the fourth largest biodiversity zone
CapitalEthiopian capital, AddisAbaba named as amongthe top 10 cities to visit in2013. Addis Ababa is thelocation of several globalorganisations whichincludes African Union,the Pan African ChamberofCommerce, UNECA andthe African StandbyForce.
Ethiopian foodEthiopian food isdiverse, different andexotic . The food is notfound anywhere else,it is truly unique. Thereis a rainbow ofdifferent foods ; meat,vegetables, pulses
Injera - the Ethiopian staple foodInjera is served with almost everymeal. This looks like a bigpancake and made from a cerealgrain known as Tef that is uniqueto Ethiopia. Ethiopians dont useknives and forks.This is how it is done: Put someinjera on your plate, covering theplate. Then add some of thesauce. Take a piece of injera inyour hand and scoop it all up!
Ethiopian Coffee- more than a drinkIf an Ethiopian asks you"Would you like a cup ofcoffee?", it is veryimportant to considerhow long you can stay,if you are in a hurry ornot. It is not just to boilwater and make a cupof coffee, it is a wholeceremony.
Ethiopian music and dancingThe music of Ethiopia is extremely diverse. It uses adistinct modal system that is pentatonic, withcharacteristically long intervals between some notes. Even ifyou cant understand the words, Ethiopian music is soexpressive and soulful that you will enjoy it anyway!Traditional Ethiopian dance is unique. Mainly comprised offast, rhythmic upper body movements, the dancing is not onlybeautiful, but tells a story of life, culture, and tradition inEthiopia.
Water resourceEthiopia is often referredto as the "water tower" ofEastern Africa because ofthe many (14 major) riversthat pour off the hightableland. It also has thegreatest water reserves inAfrica.Ethiopia is the source ofthe great blue Nile riverwhich runs a distance of1450 kilometers andcontribute 85% of the Nileriver
TourismEthiopia has earned the distinction of having themost UNESCO World Heritage sites in theworld – ten in total. Many of these destinationsare home to mosques, ancient ruins, and jawdropping landscapes.
Long distance runningEthiopia is the land ofthe great long distancerunners, believed to bethe result of highaltitude of the country
Additional unique facts aboutEthiopiaEthiopia is the cradle of human kindEthiopia has never colonizedEthiopia and Ethiopians are mentioned manytimes both in the holy Bible and holy Qur’anThe very first and oldest illustrated book onChristianity is found in Ethiopia. This is in theform of a gospel that was written in 494 AD,Ethiopians are the pioneers to use a toolbefore 2.8 million years ago
unique facts continued… Where the original Ark of the Covenant is found More than 70% of Africa’s maintains found in Ethiopia Preserves the piece of true cross on which Jesus Christ is believed to have been crucified The Great Rift Valley which is the only geographical feature of planet earth visible from the moon, cuts Ethiopia in to two crossing the country from top to bottom The single tallest monument ever erected by humanity in the BC is found (Axum) Ert’ale is one of the few places on planet earth where one can see active, live, continued and dramatic volcanic eruption Has more unique species of flora than any other country in Africa Ethiopia is the only African country with its own spoken and written language Ethiopia is believed to be home of Moss’s Arc of the Covenant and the piece of the True Cross on which Jesus Christ is believed to have been crucified.
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