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What Faculty Need to Know About Open Access & Increasing Their Publishing  Impact by Ben Wagner

What Faculty Need to Know About Open Access & Increasing Their Publishing Impact by Ben Wagner






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    What Faculty Need to Know About Open Access & Increasing Their Publishing  Impact by Ben Wagner What Faculty Need to Know About Open Access & Increasing Their Publishing Impact by Ben Wagner Presentation Transcript

    • What faculty need to know about Open Access & increasing their publishing Impact A. Ben Wagner, Sciences Librarian University at Buffalo
    • The Message
      • Used to be Publish or Perish .
      • Now it’s increasingly Get Cited or Perish .
      • Open Access: more readers, more citations, more impact
      • It’s your work; retain a few rights, at least posting manuscript to repository.
      • Sure you publish for prestige, but you also publish to be read!
    • The Classic: Journal Impact Factors
      • The number everyone knows when they see it, but can’t really define it.
      • Reported in Journal Citation Reports (JCR) database < http://library.buffalo.edu/libraries/e-resources/jcr.html >
      • Reports the number of times the average article is cited in a given journal by subsequent articles in the body of scholarly journal literature.
    • 2005-2006 Child Abuse & Neglect (journal) 158 articles 2007 All scholarly articles in journals covered by SSCI 238 Cites 2007 Impact = 238 2007 cites = 1.506 Factor 158 2005-06 articles
    • Journal Impact Factor (JIF) Definition
      • The journal impact factor is the average number of times articles from a given journal published in the past two years have been cited in the JCR year.
      • Calculated by dividing the number of citations from the entire body of scholarly articles in the JCR [current] year by the total number of articles published in a given journal in the two previous years.
    • So what?
      • JIF is a measure of extreme currency – 2 year window.
      • JIF is a GROSS average. Ave. article in Child Abuse & Neglect cited 1.506 times, but the citations RANGE from 0-25 times.
      • Never ever intended to measure quality of an individual article or author.
      • http://forums.thomsonscientific.com/t5/Citation-Impact-Center/Preserving-the-Integrity-of-The-Journal-Impact-Factor-Guidelines/ba-p/1218#M14
    • Dirty little secrets
      • Impact factors can be manipulated by journal editors by:
        • Publishing more review articles
        • Encouraging citations to one’s own journal
      • Only journal article-to-journal article citations are counted. Book, report, conference paper citations ignored.
      • The data is dirtier and less complete than generally believed.
    • Two Questions
      • Citation patterns and nature of research differ across disciplines. How can we compare JIF from different disciplines?
      • Is there a better citation metric than JIF that can be used as a component in evaluating a scholar’s work?
    • Comparing Journal Impact Factors
      • Normalize them within discipline (top journal=100%, bottom journal=0%)
      • Every discipline has top journal and a bottom journal.
      • Social Work – top journal – JIF 2.352
      • Psychiatry – top journal – JIF 15.97
      • Details in my article: http://www.istl.org/09-spring/refereed1.html
    • Top 5 Social Work Journals by NIF Abbreviated Title JIF NIF Child Maltreatment 2.352 100% Trauma Violence Abus 1.806 96% Child Abuse Neglect 1.506 92% Soc Work Res 1.200 88% J Soc Policy 1.117 85%
    • Same journal in multiple JCR subject categories Child Abuse Neglect JIF NIF Social Work Category 1.506 92% Sociology Category 1.506 88% Psychology Category 1.506 65%
    • A Better Citation Metric
      • H-Index (Hirsch Index)
      • An H-Index of 11 means a person (or dept.) has 11 articles cited at least 11 times.
      • Easily calculated from Web of Science http://library.buffalo.edu/libraries/e-resources/webofscience.html
    • Critique of H-Index
      • Rewards longevity, but not least-publishable-unit or sheer quantity.
      • Recent and old work rewarded equally
      • Does not reward highly cited papers
      • Many variants (g-index, m-index, etc. proposed to weight age, recent work, & highly cited papers) – see bibliography
      • Relatively insensitive to manipulation.
    • Other alternatives to JIF
      • Eigenfactors - http://www.eigenfactor.org/
        • New, open access direct competitor to JIF
        • Reports to “rank journals much as Google ranks websites” by analyzing the vast network of citations in scholarly web documents.
      • Other JCR metrics including 3 new ones as of this year. http://library.buffalo.edu/libraries/e-resources/jcr.html
    • Citation Indexes – Many more players -1
      • SciFinder
      • NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
      • Amazon (Search inside this book)
      • Google Scholar/Harzing’s POP
      • Scitation/Spin Web/PROLA
      • Citation Bridge (US Patents)
      • USPTO
      • Optics InfoBase
    • Citation Indexes – Many more players -2
      • CiteSeer (primarily computer & info sci)
      • ScienceDirect
      • PsycInfo
      • IEEE Xplore
      • Spires (High Energy Physics
      • IOP Journals
      • CrossRef
    • My Take
      • For an individual or department:
        • H-Index plus
        • Total cites to all published articles plus
        • Citation Report graphs from appropriate the citation databases (SCI, SSCI, AHCI,+?)
      • Give a pretty good take on the impact of one’s journal articles within the limits of available citation data.
      • Demonstrably superior to JIF
    • A Free, New Citation Tool
      • Harzing’s Publish or Perish
      • Install from: http://www.harzing.com/pop.htm
      • Automatically analyzes citations from Google Scholar for any author.
      • Interesting to compare Web of Science citation report with Harzing’s report.
      • Warning: Dirty data, don’t take at face value.
    • Harzing’s POP Statistics
      • Total number of papers & citations
      • Ave. number of citations per paper & per author
      • Ave. number of papers per author & per year
      • Hirsch's h-index and related parameters
      • Egghe's g-index
      • Other variations on the h-index
      • Age-weighted citation rate
      • Number of authors per paper
    • Primer on Open Access (OA)
      • OA simply means free-to-read.
      • OA is fully compatible with rigorous peer review.
      • OA does not necessarily mean author-pay (there are many models being tested).
      • OA journals can be low or high quality, just like subscription journals.
    • Can OA have Prestige?
      • PLOS Biology
        • JIF=13.5 (7 th out of 263 biochem journals)
        • Started in October 2003
      • Future of Children (Princeton Univ.)
        • JIF=4.76 (Top Family Studies Journal)
      • PLOS One (in 2010 will be the largest science journal in the world) – est. 8,000 articles
    • OA – a flash in the pan?
      • More than 4,000 fully OA, peer reviewed journals
      • 2 new titles per day
      • 1,500 OA repositories, new repository every day.
      • Scientific Commons – 30 million OA items. http://www.scientificcommons.org/
      • 20% medical lit avail. Free within 2 years
      • Over 100 OA publication mandates
    • SO WHAT!
      • We publish for prestige, but we also publish to be read & cited.
      • What if I point you to actual research that shows OA articles are cited 25-250% more than toll access (TA) articles?
        • http://www.buffalo.edu/~abwagner/OACiteImpactBibliography.doc
    • Some OA Cite Advantage Studies (OA-CA)
      • 88% OA-CA in Sociology
        • (Norris & Rowland, 2008) The citation advantage of open-access articles. JASIST, 59 (12), 1963-1972.
      • OA-CA: Math (91%), PolSci (86%); Philosophy (45%)
        • ( Antelman 2004) Do open-access articles have a greater research impact? College & Research Libraries. 65 (5): p. 372-382.
    • And what you’ve been waiting for
      • OA Citation Advantage for Social Work
        • 64% OA vs. non-OA
        • Hajjem, C., et al. Open access to research increases citation impact . 2005. Available from: http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/11687/
    • What you should know about OA
      • Know what your OA options are.
        • www.doaj.org
      • OA journal not the whole story
        • Institutional and discipline repositories (IR/DR)
        • UB institutional repository – any day now
      • Most non-OA journals allow authors to deposit their articles in an IR/DR.
      • See http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/
    • More on Institutional Repositories
      • You have rights! Retain right to mount your hard work to an IR/DR.
      • Done right it will be visible to Google Scholar, OAIster, & other OAI harvestors.
      • www.oaister.org
      • Wide variety of formats & document types
    • The OA Advantage
      • As scholar, enlarge your audience/impact.
      • As reader, enjoy free online access to the literature.
      • As teacher, your students have free, liability-free access (fair use, course pack).
      • Moving away from an unsustainable journal publishing system.
    • 6 Things Researchers Need to Know about OA – P. Suber
      • http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/newsletter/02-02-06.htm
      • What OA journals exist in your field?
      • OA more than journals. Also OA archives/repositories.
      • OA archiving only takes a few minutes.
      • Most non-OA journals allow authors to deposit their postprints in an OA repository.
      • Journals w/Ingelfinger Rule - shrinking minority. (7%)
      • OA enlarges your audience and citation impact.
    • Check out:
      • Open the channels of communication in your field.
      • http://www.arl.org/sparc/bm~doc/OpenAccess.pdf
      • Create Change (SPARC) http://www.createchange.org/
      • Making Change Work for You
        • Practical steps as faculty, researcher, reviewer, editor, society member, teacher.
        • http://www.createchange.org/change/index.shtml
    • From Opportunity Assessment Instrument
      • ACRL Scholarly Communication Toolkit: http://www.acrl.ala.org/scholcomm/
      • “ 10 Things You Should Know About Scholarly Communication” http://www.acrl.org/ala/mgrps/divs/acrl/issues/scholcomm/docs/SC%20101%2010%20Things%20You.pdf .
      • “ Open Access Overview” (Peter Suber): http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/overview.htm
      • Open Access Scholarly Information Sourcebook: Practical Steps for Implementing Open Access: http://www.openoasis.org/
      • “ Transforming Scholarly Communication and Publishing” (UB Libraries – for faculty and students): http://library.buffalo.edu/scholarly/index.php .
      • ScholCom Staff Wiki (UB Libraries – internal): http://libweb1.lib.buffalo.edu/aslstaff/sc/
    • Personal Story
      • Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling Article