SCADA of the Future

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SCADA of the Future

  1. 1. SCADA of the Future Kelly Doran, Industry Solution Architect
  2. 2. Agenda SCADA Trends – CRM – MOC Evolution of SCADA Architectures – T&D, DSS, Rally, Log Servers – Video, Mobile, GIS SCADA Collaboration – War Rooms, Incident Response Future SCADA – H/W innovations – Mobile RTUS (Drones) 2
  3. 3. SCADA Trends Control Room Management Roles and Responsibilities Adequate Information – SCADA Displays, Safety Points, Point-to-Point – Back-up System Testing – Shift Turnover Fatigue Mitigation Alarm Management Change Management Operating Experience – Training – Compliance Validation – Compliance Deviation
  4. 4. CRM – Driver of Change CRM features that have become more common include: • Alert subsystems • Intelligent alarm suppression • Emailing of alarms from SCADA • Tools for auditing changes – Alarms, inhibits and forced overrides • Alarm shelving or parking, re-alarming, controller limits, reminder alarms, test-mode alarms • Multiple alarm sets or profiles • Collation of shift relevant information • Commissioning tools for point to point verification
  5. 5. Reduce Clutter? Less Noise Less Alarms Less Color • Less Animation • More GIS • More Security • More Monitors
  6. 6. SCADA Trends Adequate Information – Legacy HMI’s
  7. 7. SCADA Trends Adequate Information – Redesigned for Vigilance Oily Cond E Dry Gas Scrubber Main ACC OH Gas 40# FUEL V-1 Main ACC CW CW CW CW CW Dilute APS 5 Gas CV 3324 LCV 1884 Main ACC FCC Wet Gas to 5 Gas HPS FWS LPS LPD HPD Main ACC 40# FUEL LPS H2O Total H2O Flow FWS C9 Description of the tag 12345678PV SP OP UNITS UNITS UNITS 12345678 UNITS LCV1884 Water Separator Level OP COMP MAN AUTO CAS Cascade Computer Set to Default RRRRRRR TRK 12345678 12345678 LOG Date: Jan 1/2003, 11pm Valve stem continues to stick...called maint. tracking number: 454632 -------------- Date: Dec 23/2002, 10am Valve stuck today...watch over next few days INFO Cascaded to: P221 T53 L3 ALARM Alarm 1 Descriptor Alarm 2 Descriptor Alarm 3 Descriptor CLEAR INH ENB POINT DETAIL TREND 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 SP PV OP TRK 500 200 60 MINUTES RANGE LO 200 DEFAULT 1000 200 500HI Feed Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Reactors 1 Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic 1 Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Other Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Back End Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Hydrogen Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Wet Gas 2 3 1 Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic 1 1 1 2 1 Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic Schematic L API RP 1165/ASM • Color • Coding • Text • Navigation • Performance • Clutter • Change Management
  8. 8. Evolution of the SCADA architecture • Rally or Muster Systems RTUs DistribuSys Modes, Privileges, Datasets MCC BCC Stations Hot Operational Hot Ready Hot Op. Hot Op. Replicate to Backup and Other Stations Rally or Muster System
  9. 9. Evolution of the SCADA architecture • Rally or Muster Systems RTUs DistribuSys Modes, Privileges, Datasets MCC BCC Stations Hot OperationalFailed Hot Op. Hot Op. Replicate to Backup and Other Stations Rally - Muster System
  10. 10. Operational Intelligence & Analytics Operational Analytics Business Analytics Operational Intelligence Business Intelligence Continuous Exploration of Past Business Performance To Drive Planning Delivery of Past Business Information Based On Consistent Metrics Real-Time Root Cause Analysis To Solve The Problem Real-Time Reporting To Identify & Detect Inefficiencies, Opportunities or Threats Reactive to Proactive
  11. 11. SCADA and Analytics How Many, How Often, Where? (Top 5 Sites Energy Usage) What Happened? (Daily Energy Usage) What Is The Cause of The Problem? (Temperature) What Action Is Needed? (Check HVAC) What If Trends Continue? What Will Happen Next? (Machinery Failure) What’s The Best That Can Happen? Why Is This Happening? Standard Reports Ad Hoc Reports Query Drilldown Notification Alerts Statistical Analysis Forecasting Predictive Modeling Optimization CompetitiveAdvantage Degree of Intelligence Intelligence Component Analytics ComponentAnalytics & Intelligence Are Complementary CompetitiveAdvantage Degree of Intelligence
  12. 12. Evolution of the SCADA architecture Build Out of Test & Development Systems – Recognized best practice • Early T&D systems were a copy of just the real-time SCADA – Historical servers where added – Modern “T&D” systems are now fully distributed SCADA system with all the replicated, redundant systems – RTU’s and PLC’s were added so that polling and protocol changes could also be tested
  13. 13. Evolution of the SCADA architecture Build Out of Test & Development Systems. – New points or bulk changes need to be applied to the production system – “Pivot and transfer” tools will filter down to the changes made and then provide a workflow to move changes to the destination system • provides an auditable record of the changes made (recorded in the event journal on the receiving system)
  14. 14. Evolution of the SCADA architecture Adoption of Decision Support Systems (DSS) • Delivers SCADA Data to Enterprise; protecting production SCADA – Originally serving casual users – DSS systems receive replicated near real-time and historical information providing a safe and secure place to access SCADA data – Firewalled to be able to receive the SCADA data from production and provide corporate access for a multitude of purposes – As the business value of the DSS was realized, redundancy and availability and redundant match the overall architecture
  15. 15. Evolution of the SCADA architecture Examples of DSS Utilization • Source for Reports (RealTime and Historical) – SharePoint – Web services – Reporting services – Safer ad-hoc queries and trial reports • Engineering and operational reviews – Efficiency, regulatory and safety reviews • longer term retention of history – Leak detection performance and threshold analysis • Alarm management
  16. 16. Evolution of the SCADA architecture Log Servers • Error Logs are a key part of any computerized engineering solution – In some cases, the volume of error information generated has become the root cause of a system failure – And the information being written to the log was lost • In order to prevent loss of critical log information and to make sure that an error logging subsystem can never take down a live sever, separate Log Servers are now being architected into the overall SCADA system solution. – Additional benefits are the consolidation of all application logs into a common centralized repository
  17. 17. Real-time Video Surveillance • Smart video cameras offer virtual monitoring providing intelligence to make well-informed process decisions • Industrial video cameras alarm when temperatures exceed limits – only meta-data transmitted • Video cameras detecting natural gas releases have matured and are being installed as hardened industrial cameras monitoring remote stations • Recent improvements to the hydrocarbon filters enable these cameras to detect liquid hydrocarbon releases on water – complimenting conventional CPL leak detection
  18. 18. Mobile SCADA The complex and extremely sensitive nature of critical infrastructures tend to not lend themselves to the convenience of data on mobile phones or tablets • Conversely, many SCADA systems feed information into dashboards that provide important business intelligence – Decision makers are looking for up-to-date information whether sitting at their desk or at the airport
  19. 19. Mobile SCADA • Many SCADA systems can now provide remote alarm monitoring on tablet devices – If a controller takes an extended break longer a formal shift handover procedure may need to be executed – With remote alarm monitoring, controllers can stay plugged into their terminal and watch for critical alarms while on a short break or meeting • Mobile solutions allow technicians to take readings in the field and verify displays with mobile HMI clients, using the same displays as the control room – Reducing the manpower required for the commissioning/ verification effort
  20. 20. SCADA Collaboration for Incident Response • SCADA is the nerve center for highly complex real-time operations in both normal and abnormal operating conditions – When a serious incident takes place, it becomes an “all hands on deck” situation – Operations shift from maintaining safe operations to mitigating the circumstances – A “war room” environment is invaluable to provide up-to- date information to the decision makers responsible for the actions taken – SCADA information is key, but only part of the labyrinth of information needed for emergency response
  21. 21. SCADA Collaboration for Incident Response Incident Management – Real-time incident tracking and situational monitoring • Tools present disparate information from multiple data sources, visualized dynamically & updated with data fusion, correlation, and alerts • Within this “integrated at the glass” environment, collaborative User-Defined Operating Pictures (UDOP) and/or Common Operating Pictures (COP) are created with little or no programming • Data fusion provides for instant visualization, correlation, and analysis including 2-D and 3-D GEO mapping
  22. 22. GIS in the Control Room • Integration of GIS data with real-time data has been slower than anticipated – Using a map to navigate an HMI is not GIS • Merged applications need to be carefully planned to ensure that the human factors involved with the increased data is effective and not disruptive to normal operations • The integration of SCADA and GIS data on the DSS platform can support both spatial and real-time data while protecting the live production SCADA system – Updating GIS in real time using publish and subscribe technology
  23. 23. GIS in the Control Room Using the DSS architecture you can choose right GIS applications such as: – Right-Of-Way / Permitting – Maintenance / Inspection Reporting – Emergency Operations – Asset Accounting and Tax Valuation – Alignment Sheet Generation – One-Call Response – Compliance Reporting – Risk Assessment • Maintaining the command & control integrity of the mission critical SCADA system
  24. 24. Management of Change CRM regulations focus on ensuring changes that effect control center operations are communicated to controllers – In order to do this efficiently, it has become necessary to better manage all elements of SCADA system change • Change management tools such as source control and version management provide some MOC functionality – More comprehensive change management processes and procedures have become another requirement for full- featured SCADA systems
  25. 25. Management of Change Master Databases Multiple copies of the SCADA database complete with change- sets that provide the ability to revert to earlier versions, along with auditing tools that provide verification of the change process, will ensure all change follows the defined process – Reports provide the evidence required to confirm the actions taken Change Enforcement Automatic enforcement when discrepancies are found between the master and the production system is possible – However due to the requirement to inform controllers of any changes made to the system, caution must be used
  26. 26. 26 The Evolution of Cloud Computing Hosted Applications • Operator Training • Liquids SCADA • RWIS • Weather Forecasting/Load Forecasting • W/W Solar Co. • Leak Detection
  27. 27. Computing Technologies Continuing Performance Improvements – 64 Bit Computers/OS – Solid State Drives – SQL 2012 (Performance and Analytics) – Storage Area Networks (SAN’s) • Readily accessible archived data – Untethered Keyboard & Mouse – Circadian Lighting 27
  28. 28. Computing Technologies Virtualization • Providing innovative new architectures – Obvious benefits – cost • Power, deployment, Footprint – Increased SCADA functionality • Snapshot, cloning for backup and testing • SCADA Industry cautiously adopting virtualization • Testing, Engineering Stations, Decision Support • Small Systems 28
  29. 29. Future SCADA What was science fiction in the recent past is now reality. Next generation HMI’s may include: – LED projected keyboards – HMI navigation by eye movement – Control room displays viewed via “google glasses’ to increase situational awareness – Laser holograms that display station equipment in 3D providing the most realistic representation of remote equipment and related information as technologically possible
  30. 30. Future SCADA Domestic drones & driverless vehicles for continuous surveillance – For third party intrusion and leak detection along pipelines, right of ways, and other critical infrastructures Mobile surveillance units will likely be configured as a node in the SCADA system and provide another form of input made available in real- time to SCADA.
  31. 31. The Future is Now…. The technological offerings from the future keep on arriving at a continually faster pace • SCADA professionals remain current with new and emerging technology however the industry tends to take a more conservative approach – Only adopting technology that aligns with all the drivers and best practices of each industry – Economics pressures will not be relenting any time soon, so cost reduction is always a major factor • Any technology that has the ability to improve public safety and protect the environment will find its way from the future to the present
  32. 32. Thank you! Kelly Doran Schneider Electric Kelly.Doran@telvent.com

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