Containerized Power and 
Cooling Modules for Data 
Centers 
Schneider Electric 
Data Center Science Center 
White Paper 16...
Standardized, pre-assembled and integrated data center facility 
power and cooling modules are at least 60% faster to depl...
Introduction 
Challenge of deploying a data center 
• Prefabricated modules are pre-engineered, pre-assembled / integrated...
Upfront Cost of Standardized vs. 
Customized 
Standardized – faster and less costly to deploy than 
traditional 
First cos...
Upfront Cost of Standardized vs. 
Customized 
Hardware/Software costs 
• Includes 
• mechanical and electrical room 
physi...
Upfront Cost of Standardized vs. 
Customized 
Design costs 
• Two types of design costs 
• equipment selection and layout ...
Upfront Cost of Standardized vs. 
Customized 
Installation costs – significantly less for prefabricated 
• Includes all wo...
Upfront Cost of Standardized vs. 
Customized 
Installation costs – who is responsible? 
Traditional Approach Facility Modu...
Further Cost Savings of Prefabricated 
Modules 
Maintenance costs 
• End-user saves by contracting “one stop 
shop” module...
Further Cost Savings of Prefabricated 
Modules 
Energy costs 
• Pre-engineered design of prefab modules 
allows for better...
Additional Prefabricated Module Benefits 
Predictable efficiency 
• Allows consumer to specify and manufacturer to publish...
Additional Prefabricated Module Benefits 
Portability 
• Example: A business needs to deploy data center power and cooling...
Additional Prefabricated Module Benefits 
Financial 
• Prefab modules classified as equipment rather than a building 
• Co...
Additional Prefabricated Module Benefits 
Hedge against uncertainty 
• Prefab modules a wise option for uncertain future g...
Additional Prefabricated Module Benefits 
Speed of deployment 
• Traditional data 
centers – up to 2 
years from 
Time to ...
Additional Prefabricated Module Benefits 
Simplified training 
• Prefab modules standardized with system-level interface 
...
Prefabricated Module Drawbacks 
Distance between prefab modules and internal data 
center 
• Greater distance 
• Increased...
Prefabricated Module Drawbacks 
Physical risks 
• Exposed to outside elements 
• Severe weather 
• Malicious intent 
• Veh...
Prefabricated Module Drawbacks 
Arrangements for power provisioning and network 
connectivity 
• Must establish 
• Additio...
Prefabricated Module Drawbacks 
Restrictive form factor 
• Blocks may be too heavy for building roof 
• Prefab module dime...
Prefabricated Module Drawbacks 
Human ergonomics 
• Less user friendly than traditional 
data centers 
• Limited space ins...
Prefabricated Module Drawbacks 
Serviceability 
• Some prefab power and cooling module doors located outside 
• Opening do...
Prefabricated Module Drawbacks 
Local code compliance 
• New technology 
• Local guidelines may not yet be 
established 
•...
Prefabricated Module Drawbacks 
Transportation 
• Transportation Security Administration 
(TSA) stipulates dimensions of t...
Comparison 
Factor Traditional data center build out Facility module 
Time to deploy 12 to 24 months represents a typical ...
Types of Prefabricated Module 
• Traditional 40x8 foot (12.2 x 2.4 meter) freight containers 
• Customized add-on prefab p...
Applications of Data Center 
Prefabricated Module 
Typical applications 
• Colocation facilities seeking faster, cheaper w...
Conclusion 
● Prefab modules provide alternative to traditional data centers 
● Changes planning cycle from onsite constru...
Resources 
Accounting and Tax Benefits of Modular, Portable Data Center Infrastructure 
White Paper 115 
Economizer Modes ...
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Containerized Power and Cooling Modules for Data Centers

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Standardized, pre-assembled and integrated data center facility power and cooling modules are at least 60% faster to deploy, and provide a first cost savings of 13% or more compared to traditional data center power and cooling infrastructure. Prefabricated modules, also referred to in the data center industry as containerized power and cooling plants, allow data center designers to shift their thinking from a customized “construction” mentality to a standardized “site integration” mentality.

This presentation compares the cost of both scenarios, presents the advantages and disadvantages of each, and identifies which environments can best leverage the facility module approach.

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Containerized Power and Cooling Modules for Data Centers

  1. 1. Containerized Power and Cooling Modules for Data Centers Schneider Electric Data Center Science Center White Paper 163 Schneider Electric – Data Center Science Center WP 163 Presentation – June 2014
  2. 2. Standardized, pre-assembled and integrated data center facility power and cooling modules are at least 60% faster to deploy, and provide a first cost savings of 13% or more compared to traditional data center power and cooling infrastructure. Prefabricated modules, also referred to in the data center industry as containerized power and cooling plants, allow data center designers to shift their thinking from a customized “construction” mentality to a standardized “site integration” mentality. This white paper compares the cost of both scenarios, presents the advantages and disadvantages of each, and identifies which environments can best leverage the facility module approach. Schneider Electric – Data Center Science Center WP 163 Presentation – June 2014
  3. 3. Introduction Challenge of deploying a data center • Prefabricated modules are pre-engineered, pre-assembled / integrated, and pre-tested data center physical infrastructure systems •• Delivered as standardized “plug-in” modules to a data center site • Benefits include • cost savings • time savings • simplified planning • improved reliability • improved agility • higher efficiency • a higher level of vendor accountability • Compared to traditional approach, saves • 60% in deployment speed • 13% in first cost Schneider Electric – Data Center Science Center WP 163 Presentation – June 2014
  4. 4. Upfront Cost of Standardized vs. Customized Standardized – faster and less costly to deploy than traditional First cost savings Cooling: $1.75/watt First cost Cooling: $2.00/watt Power: $2.20/watt Power: $1.90/watt savings: 13% Design / Installation Installation While prefabricated module Design materials or “system” cost is higher, savings in design and installation costs yield a Hardware / Software Hardware / Software 13% net savings Schneider Electric – Data Center Science Center WP 163 Presentation – June 2014 Facility modules Traditional facility
  5. 5. Upfront Cost of Standardized vs. Customized Hardware/Software costs • Includes • mechanical and electrical room physical infrastructure hardware • management and controls system • System costs about 40% higher for facility modules • cost of the additional materials • cost of pre-assembling, integrating the hardware, software and software, controls together Schneider Electric – Data Center Science Center WP 163 Presentation – June 2014
  6. 6. Upfront Cost of Standardized vs. Customized Design costs • Two types of design costs • equipment selection and layout • site plan design and engineering • Prefabricated modules •• equipment selection and layout done in factory • rolled into system cost • site plan design and engineering cost reduced by 80% • simpler process • Involves fewer tradesmen Schneider Electric – Data Center Science Center WP 163 Presentation – June 2014
  7. 7. Upfront Cost of Standardized vs. Customized Installation costs – significantly less for prefabricated • Includes all work performed in the field to assemble, integrate and commission system for operation • Systems project management • Site prep and site project management • Power and cooling system installation • Management /controls installation and programming • Commissioning Schneider Electric – Data Center Science Center WP 163 Presentation – June 2014
  8. 8. Upfront Cost of Standardized vs. Customized Installation costs – who is responsible? Traditional Approach Facility Modules Conception Begin Conception Solution Provider Management R ibilit Schematic design Design development Schematic design Design development ata Center ife Cycle Responsibility Construction documents Bidding / negotiation for parts Construction documents Bidding / negotiation for parts Da Li Acquisition of components Manufacturing / installation O ti Data Center Owner Management Responsibility Acquisition of components Construction / O ti installation End Schneider Electric – Data Center Science Center WP 163 Presentation – June 2014 Operations Decommissioning Operations Decommissioning
  9. 9. Further Cost Savings of Prefabricated Modules Maintenance costs • End-user saves by contracting “one stop shop” module maintenance • Save on software/management upgrades with standard firmware upgrades Schneider Electric – Data Center Science Center WP 163 Presentation – June 2014
  10. 10. Further Cost Savings of Prefabricated Modules Energy costs • Pre-engineered design of prefab modules allows for better integration of power and cooling system controls • Integrating chiller plant controls from diverse components leads to less efficient operation and increased energy consumption • PUE predictable in prefab modules • 20% lower energy costs than traditional Schneider Electric – Data Center Science Center WP 163 Presentation – June 2014
  11. 11. Additional Prefabricated Module Benefits Predictable efficiency • Allows consumer to specify and manufacturer to publish expected efficiencies • based on real measurements of the design • Predictability attractive for businesses focused on energy efficiency initiatives Schneider Electric – Data Center Science Center WP 163 Presentation – June 2014
  12. 12. Additional Prefabricated Module Benefits Portability • Example: A business needs to deploy data center power and cooling but the lease expires in 18 months • They can physically move data center infrastructure investment with them Schneider Electric – Data Center Science Center WP 163 Presentation – June 2014
  13. 13. Additional Prefabricated Module Benefits Financial • Prefab modules classified as equipment rather than a building • Could offer tax, insurance and financing benefits Schneider Electric – Data Center Science Center WP 163 Presentation – June 2014
  14. 14. Additional Prefabricated Module Benefits Hedge against uncertainty • Prefab modules a wise option for uncertain future growth • Flexibility of scaling and right-sizing minimizes risk Schneider Electric – Data Center Science Center WP 163 Presentation – June 2014
  15. 15. Additional Prefabricated Module Benefits Speed of deployment • Traditional data centers – up to 2 years from Time to Deployment Estimates (in weeks) Design & Engineering 12 24 60% time savings concept to commissioning for deliver Factory Production 4 14 16 32 • Data centers built with prefab modules delivered i l h h lf Construction Testing 1 3 End of traditional timeline in less than half the time from concept to commissioning Installation Commission End of modular timeline 6 25 1 4 0 88 Modular Traditional Weeks 34 Schneider Electric – Data Center Science Center WP 163 Presentation – June 2014
  16. 16. Additional Prefabricated Module Benefits Simplified training • Prefab modules standardized with system-level interface • Greatly simplifies staff training • Reduces risk to data center due to staff transitions Schneider Electric – Data Center Science Center WP 163 Presentation – June 2014
  17. 17. Prefabricated Module Drawbacks Distance between prefab modules and internal data center • Greater distance • Increased cost to run cable, piping • May need to break through multiple walls, floors, or ceilings • Cost could be prohibitive Schneider Electric – Data Center Science Center WP 163 Presentation – June 2014
  18. 18. Prefabricated Module Drawbacks Physical risks • Exposed to outside elements • Severe weather • Malicious intent • Vehicle traffic • Animal, insect infestation Schneider Electric – Data Center Science Center WP 163 Presentation – June 2014
  19. 19. Prefabricated Module Drawbacks Arrangements for power provisioning and network connectivity • Must establish • Additional power distribution such as breakers, switchgear • Fiber connections Schneider Electric – Data Center Science Center WP 163 Presentation – June 2014
  20. 20. Prefabricated Module Drawbacks Restrictive form factor • Blocks may be too heavy for building roof • Prefab module dimensions may limit growth unless there is space for more prefab modules Schneider Electric – Data Center Science Center WP 163 Presentation – June 2014
  21. 21. Prefabricated Module Drawbacks Human ergonomics • Less user friendly than traditional data centers • Limited space inside • Environment geared towards equipment rather than humans Schneider Electric – Data Center Science Center WP 163 Presentation – June 2014
  22. 22. Prefabricated Module Drawbacks Serviceability • Some prefab power and cooling module doors located outside • Opening doors exposes equipment to potentially harmful outdoor elements Schneider Electric – Data Center Science Center WP 163 Presentation – June 2014
  23. 23. Prefabricated Module Drawbacks Local code compliance • New technology • Local guidelines may not yet be established • Possible inconsistencies among different locales • Local codes impact the level of module engineering and customization required to secure Authority Having Jurisdiction (AHJ) approvals Schneider Electric – Data Center Science Center WP 163 Presentation – June 2014
  24. 24. Prefabricated Module Drawbacks Transportation • Transportation Security Administration (TSA) stipulates dimensions of transported containers in US • Roads outside of North America may be even smaller • Non-standard wide loads require special permits, escorts • Increases cost of transporting prefab modules Schneider Electric – Data Center Science Center WP 163 Presentation – June 2014
  25. 25. Comparison Factor Traditional data center build out Facility module Time to deploy 12 to 24 months represents a typical timeframe Can be designed, delivered, installed, and operational within 8 months or less Cost to deploy High up front capital cost with extensive field assembly, installation, and integration Allows data center to be built out in large kW building blocks of pre-manufactured power and cooling capacity Regulatory approvals on an ad-hoc basis for the various steps of the infrastructure layout This Data center owners who choose to install facility Regulatory roadblocks layout. approach often results in delays that impact the initiation of downstream construction. The end user is responsible for securing approvals. modules should check with local authorities prior to installation. Permitting processes may vary greatly across different geographies. Security Physical security is enhanced when assets are located deep within the building, away from the outside perimeter Location of physical infrastructure assets outside of the building increases exposure to outside physical security and weather threats From a physical infrastructure perspective, a retrofit Specialized equipment (such as a crane) is needed to Installation can be more complex and more invasive than a build out of a new data center. Infrastructure components need to be installed individually, started up individually and then commissioned. maneuver 20 and 40 foot pre-configured facility modules. A “docking station” needs to be configured for connection to building pipes and electrical. Started up as one integrated unit. Tax implications Recognized as permanent part of the building Reported as temporary structure which can be more attractive from a tax perspective (see Schneider- Electric White Paper 115, Accounting and Tax Benefits of Modular, Portable Data Center Infrastructure) Reliability The solution is assembled on site from various parts and pieces provided by multiple vendors. This increases the need for coordination and therefore, creates more chances for human error. More predictable performance because components are pre-wired and are factory acceptance tested before shipping. Smaller modules reduce risks of human error: If a failure occurs, the entire data center doesn’t go down. Existing structures often limit the electrical efficiencies Efficiency that can be achieved through optimized power and cooling distribution; complex custom configured controls often result in suboptimal cooling operation, reducing efficiency Facility modules can utilize standard modular internal components and can be specified to a target PUE. Carbon footprint Construction materials utilized are high in carbon emissions. Brick, insulation and concrete are all carbon emission intensive materials. Concrete is often used for floors, walls and ceilings. Steel and aluminum produce about half the carbon emissions of concrete. Concrete is only used to pour a support pad. Significantly less concrete is needed for facility modules as opposed to a comparable “b ildi h ll’ d t t Schneider Electric – Data Center Science Center WP 163 Presentation – June 2014 o e o oo s, a s a d ce gs building shell’ data center. Serviceability Traditional data centers have more room for service people to maneuver. All servicing is protected from any harsh weather elements. Servicing is more limited with facility modules because of space constraints. In some cases equipment can only be accessed by opening a door from the outside and exposing equipment to outside elements (heat, moisture, cold).
  26. 26. Types of Prefabricated Module • Traditional 40x8 foot (12.2 x 2.4 meter) freight containers • Customized add-on prefab plants • Modular add-ons to existing buildings • Classic ISO freight containers and skids • Modular indirect evaporative cooling modules Schneider Electric – Data Center Science Center WP 163 Presentation – June 2014
  27. 27. Applications of Data Center Prefabricated Module Typical applications • Colocation facilities seeking faster, cheaper ways to “step and repeat” computer power and support systems for their customers • Data centers that are out of power and cooling capacity or physical space • New facilities with tight time constraints • Data center operators in leased facilities • IT departments with staff willing to manage power and cooling • Data center facilities whose existing infrastructure has poor PUE • An organization with vacant space Schneider Electric – Data Center Science Center WP 163 Presentation – June 2014
  28. 28. Conclusion ● Prefab modules provide alternative to traditional data centers ● Changes planning cycle from onsite construction focus to onsite integration of pre-manufactured, pre-tested power and cooling blocks ● Ideal applications ● A new data center seeking faster, cheaper ways to “step and repeat” computer power and support systems ● Organizations with vacant space ● Existing data center with space, power, cooling capacity constraints Schneider Electric – Data Center Science Center WP 163 Presentation – June 2014
  29. 29. Resources Accounting and Tax Benefits of Modular, Portable Data Center Infrastructure White Paper 115 Economizer Modes of Data Center Cooling Systems White Paper 132 Data Center Projects: Growth Model White Paper 143 TCO Analysis of a Traditional Data Center vs. a Scalable, Containerized Data Center White Paper 164 Browse all APC white papers whitepapers.apc.com Data Center Capital Cost Calculator TradeOff Tool 4 Data Center Design Planning Calculator TradeOff Tool 8 Browse all APC TradeOff Tools™ tools.apc.com Schneider Electric – Data Center Science Center WP 163 Presentation – June 2014

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