Heads up for healthier brains

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Presentation From Julia Wong to Scarborough CARP on May 16 2013. Julia is from the Alzheimer Society of Toronto

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Heads up for healthier brains

  1. 1. Heads up For Healthier BrainsJulie Wongwww.alzheimertoronto.orgJulie WongPublic Education Coordinator
  2. 2. • A set of symptoms, which include loss of memory,understanding and judgment.• Reversible: delirium, depression, thyroid or heartWhat is Dementia?www.alzheimertoronto.org• Reversible: delirium, depression, thyroid or heartdisease, alcohol abuse, malnutrition, druginteraction• Irreversible: Alzheimer’s Disease, VascularDementia, Fronto-temporal Disease, Lewy BodyDementia
  3. 3. What is Dementia?www.alzheimertoronto.orgAlzheimer’s Frontal Lewy Body Vascular CreutzfeldtDisease Temporal Disease Dementia JakobDementia Disease
  4. 4. • 36 million people worldwide haveAlzheimer’s disease or a related dementiaStatisticswww.alzheimertoronto.org• 500,000 people in Canada have Alzheimer’sDisease or a related dementia• 71, 000 under the age of 65
  5. 5. Progressive: the amount of damage done by thedisease increases over timeDegenerative: the nerve cells/neurons in the brainDefining Alzheimer’s Diseasewww.alzheimertoronto.orgDegenerative: the nerve cells/neurons in the braindegenerate or break downIrreversible: damage caused by the disease cannotbe repaired - at present there is nocure
  6. 6. What causes AD?www.alzheimertoronto.org
  7. 7. Normal Brain vs Alzheimer Brainwww.alzheimertoronto.orgNormal Brain Brain Atrophied by Alzheimer Disease
  8. 8. Signs & Symptoms1) Memory loss2) Difficulty performingfamiliar tasks3) Problems with language6) Problems withabstract thinking7) Misplacing thingswww.alzheimertoronto.org3) Problems with language4) Disorientation of timeand place5) Poor or decreasedjudgment8) Changes in mood andbehaviour9) Changes in personality10) Loss of initiative
  9. 9. • Age• Gender• GeneticsRisk Factors Beyond Our Controlwww.alzheimertoronto.org• Genetics
  10. 10. Other Risk Factors• Head injury• Lack of physicalexercise• Stress• Heart disease• Obesity• High cholesterol• High blood pressurewww.alzheimertoronto.org• Stress• Smoking• Lack of mental orintellectual challenge• Low levels of formaleducation• High blood pressure• Diabetes• Depression• Others
  11. 11. • Protect your head• Be socially activeTake Action for a Healthier Brainwww.alzheimertoronto.org• Be socially active• Choose a healthy life style• Challenge your brain
  12. 12. Protect your Headwww.alzheimertoronto.org
  13. 13. • Join a club, hobby group or take a class• Attend church/synagogue/temple/mosque• Volunteer• Visit or be visited by relatives/ friendsBe Socially Activewww.alzheimertoronto.org• Visit or be visited by relatives/ friends
  14. 14. • Be physically active• Make healthy food choices• Manage your stress• Get enough sleepChoose a Healthy Lifestylewww.alzheimertoronto.org• Get enough sleep• Track your health numbers• Stop smoking and moderate your alcoholconsumption
  15. 15. • 87% of people who own running shoes donot run• Effective exercise is regular, sustained,Be Physically Activewww.alzheimertoronto.org• Effective exercise is regular, sustained,varied• Choose activities you enjoy
  16. 16. • Mediterranean diet– Quality/variety– not quantityMake Healthy Food Choiceswww.alzheimertoronto.org– not quantity• Antioxidants• Omega-3 fatty acids• Vitamins
  17. 17. • Interferes with normal physiologicalequilibrium in the body• Increases the release of cortisol– Prepares body for actionStresswww.alzheimertoronto.org– Prepares body for action• Some stress is good and necessary• Prolonged stress is damaging
  18. 18. • A good sleep is a necessity not a luxury• Any amount of sleep deprivation willdiminish mental performance• Practice good sleep habitsSleepwww.alzheimertoronto.org• Practice good sleep habits
  19. 19. • Be Heart healthy– Body weight– Blood pressure– CholesterolTrack your Health Numberswww.alzheimertoronto.org• Blood sugar levels• See your doctor regularly• Get treatment for depression
  20. 20. • Use it or lose itChallenge Your Brainwww.alzheimertoronto.org• Be a life long learner• Technology and brainhealth
  21. 21. • Stay curious• Try something different• Challenge your sensesChallenge Your Brainwww.alzheimertoronto.org• Challenge your senses• Do something new every day
  22. 22. What do you see?www.alzheimertoronto.org
  23. 23. Riddle me this…• If you drop me Im sure to crack but give mea smile and Ill always smile back. What amI?www.alzheimertoronto.orgI?
  24. 24. • It’s never too late to start• The more you do – the better• No guaranteesConclusionwww.alzheimertoronto.org• No guarantees
  25. 25. • Counselling• Support groups (varied and ongoing)• Education and Information– Workshops/ForumsAlzheimer Society of TorontoServices and Programswww.alzheimertoronto.org– Workshops/Forums– Resource Centre/Lending Library– In person/online• Ipod Project• Finding your way
  26. 26. Grounded in extensive neuroscience about brain-musicresponse, personalized music has been shown to;Act as a conduit of memoryImprove cognition and communicationAlzheimer Toronto Music & MemoryiPod Projectwww.alzheimertoronto.orgImprove cognition and communicationImprove moodProduce other desirable forms of interactionKey is person appropriate music selection, not ageappropriate.
  27. 27. o iPod Packages provided to individuals whom;1. Diagnosis of dementia2. Reside in Toronto (416) (caregiver or person w/ dementia)3. Caregiver willing to provide scheduled feedback (3,6,12 mos.)Alzheimer Toronto Music & Memory:iPod Projectwww.alzheimertoronto.orgContact:Sabrina McCurbin; iPod Project Coordinator416-640-6305 smccurbin@alzheimertoronto.orgwww.alzheimertoronto.org/ipod.htmlAvailable at NO COST upon approval
  28. 28. Finding Your Way is a program designed to:• Raise awareness of the risk of going missing for people withdementia• Help prevent missing incidents by promoting the creation of awww.alzheimertoronto.org 28• Help prevent missing incidents by promoting the creation of asafety plan• Support the safe return of people who do go missingAll the programs tools can be downloaded and printed from theFinding Your Way website:www.findingyourwayontario.ca
  29. 29. Questions?www.alzheimertoronto.orgQuestions?20 Eglinton Avenue West, 16th Floor416-322-6560

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