1 91 4-1 91     8:Th e World  at War
Differing Viewpoints “Family Feud” “The War to End All Wars” “The War to ‘Make the  World Safe for Democracy’”
C au s e s of th e  War
MAIN-IM Militarism & military  planning Alliance System Imperialism Nationalism Intellectual Context Mass Politics
Family Feud! Most of the Monarchs of Europe were  related by blood somehow. Queen Victoria was Tsar Nicholas’s Aunt,  Ka...
1. Militarism & Arms RaceTotal Defense Expenditures for the GreatPowers [Ger., A-H, It., Fr., Br., Rus.]            in mil...
2. The Alliance SystemTriple Entente:     Triple Alliance:
Two Armed Camps!Allied Powers:              Central Powers:                 Face-off
The Major Players: 1914-17 Allied Powers:                     Central Powers:Nicholas II   [Rus]                          ...
Europe in 1914
3. Imperial Rivalries
4. Aggressive Nationalism
Pan-Slavism: The Balkans, 1914                        The                   “Powder Keg”                     of Europe
Th e “ S p ark”th at b e ganE ve ryth ing
Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand & His Family
The Assassination: 1914       Sarajevo
The Assassin:           Gavrilo           Princip, Black           Hand Serbian           militant           nationalist g...
Who’s To Blame?
The Schlieffen Plan
Schlieffen Plan-August 1914 The German War Plan To defeat France militarily through Belgium in less than  a month, and t...
German Atrocities in Belgium
Mobilization Home by Christmas! No major war  in 50 years! Nationalism!Its a long way to Tipperary,     Its a long way ...
Recruitment Posters
A Young Australian Recruit
Recruits of the    Central Powers             A German Soldier             Says Farewell to                His Mother Aust...
New French Recruits
A German Boy Pretends to Be a           Soldier
Soldiers Mobilized           14           12           10Millions            8            6            4            2     ...
Wom e nand th e  War E ffort
Financing the War
For Recruitment
Munitions Workers
French Women Factory      Workers
German Women Factory Workers
Working in the Fields
A Woman Ambulance Driver
Red Cross Nurses
Women in the Army Auxiliary
Russian Women Soldiers
SpiesÌ “Mata Hari”Ì Real Name:   Margareetha   Geertruide   ZelleÌ German Spy!
Women in Action
Pos te rs : Wartim eP rop agand      a
Australian Poster
American Poster
Financing the War
German Poster Think of Your Children!
Th e We s te rn    Front: A “ War of  Attrition ”
A Multi-Front War
The Battle of the Marne Sept. 1914 The Schleiffen Plan  destroyed! The idea  of defeating France in  6 weeks was crushed ...
The Taxi Brigade Paris taxis transport  6,000 French troops to  the front for the Battle of  the Marne. Communications a...
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WWI Part 1

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WWI Part 1

  1. 1. 1 91 4-1 91 8:Th e World at War
  2. 2. Differing Viewpoints “Family Feud” “The War to End All Wars” “The War to ‘Make the World Safe for Democracy’”
  3. 3. C au s e s of th e War
  4. 4. MAIN-IM Militarism & military planning Alliance System Imperialism Nationalism Intellectual Context Mass Politics
  5. 5. Family Feud! Most of the Monarchs of Europe were related by blood somehow. Queen Victoria was Tsar Nicholas’s Aunt, Kaiser Wilhelm’s grandmother, and many others were related. This led to complications with loyalties and alliances in strained diplomatic times.
  6. 6. 1. Militarism & Arms RaceTotal Defense Expenditures for the GreatPowers [Ger., A-H, It., Fr., Br., Rus.] in millions of £s. 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1914 94 130 154 268 289 398 1910-1914 Increase in Defense Expenditures France 10% Britain 13% Russia 39% Germany 73%
  7. 7. 2. The Alliance SystemTriple Entente: Triple Alliance:
  8. 8. Two Armed Camps!Allied Powers: Central Powers: Face-off
  9. 9. The Major Players: 1914-17 Allied Powers: Central Powers:Nicholas II [Rus] Wilhelm II [Ger] George V [Br] Victor Emmanuel II [It] Enver Pasha [Turkey] Pres. Poincare [Fr] Franz Josef [A-H]
  10. 10. Europe in 1914
  11. 11. 3. Imperial Rivalries
  12. 12. 4. Aggressive Nationalism
  13. 13. Pan-Slavism: The Balkans, 1914 The “Powder Keg” of Europe
  14. 14. Th e “ S p ark”th at b e ganE ve ryth ing
  15. 15. Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand & His Family
  16. 16. The Assassination: 1914 Sarajevo
  17. 17. The Assassin: Gavrilo Princip, Black Hand Serbian militant nationalist group
  18. 18. Who’s To Blame?
  19. 19. The Schlieffen Plan
  20. 20. Schlieffen Plan-August 1914 The German War Plan To defeat France militarily through Belgium in less than a month, and then turn attentions to Russia Germans sent 78 infantry divisions into France. Met by 72 French divisions Germans won initially./Then Russians came in and distracted and separated the troops. British troops also came in against the Germans. The Battle of The Marne followed in September.
  21. 21. German Atrocities in Belgium
  22. 22. Mobilization Home by Christmas! No major war in 50 years! Nationalism!Its a long way to Tipperary, Its a long way to go; Its a long way to Tipperary, To the sweetest girl I know! Goodbye, Piccadilly, Farewell, Leicester Square, Its a long, long way to Tipperary, But my hearts right there!
  23. 23. Recruitment Posters
  24. 24. A Young Australian Recruit
  25. 25. Recruits of the Central Powers A German Soldier Says Farewell to His Mother Austro-Hungarians
  26. 26. New French Recruits
  27. 27. A German Boy Pretends to Be a Soldier
  28. 28. Soldiers Mobilized 14 12 10Millions 8 6 4 2 0 France Germany Russia Britain
  29. 29. Wom e nand th e War E ffort
  30. 30. Financing the War
  31. 31. For Recruitment
  32. 32. Munitions Workers
  33. 33. French Women Factory Workers
  34. 34. German Women Factory Workers
  35. 35. Working in the Fields
  36. 36. A Woman Ambulance Driver
  37. 37. Red Cross Nurses
  38. 38. Women in the Army Auxiliary
  39. 39. Russian Women Soldiers
  40. 40. SpiesÌ “Mata Hari”Ì Real Name: Margareetha Geertruide ZelleÌ German Spy!
  41. 41. Women in Action
  42. 42. Pos te rs : Wartim eP rop agand a
  43. 43. Australian Poster
  44. 44. American Poster
  45. 45. Financing the War
  46. 46. German Poster Think of Your Children!
  47. 47. Th e We s te rn Front: A “ War of Attrition ”
  48. 48. A Multi-Front War
  49. 49. The Battle of the Marne Sept. 1914 The Schleiffen Plan destroyed! The idea of defeating France in 6 weeks was crushed when the Germans were forced to retreat. At the River Marne in France, trenches were dug along on both sides 300 miles and eventually caused a stalemate with years of trench warfare following.
  50. 50. The Taxi Brigade Paris taxis transport 6,000 French troops to the front for the Battle of the Marne. Communications and transport not all up and running enough to transport soldiers to front line trenches.

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