Visual Dictionary - Scaffold

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  • Visual Dictionary - Scaffold

    1. 1. Air Barrier Paper <ul><li>Definition/Purpose- Strong, synthetic paper-like material used to wrap the sheathing of a house prior to the application of siding to prevent water intrusion </li></ul><ul><li>The paper is resisting any water that gets trapped under the siding in order to prevent water damage to the structure of the house </li></ul>
    2. 2. Attic Ventilation <ul><li>Soffit Vent </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose- A soffit vent is needed to allow air flow between the attic/attic spaces and the outdoors </li></ul>
    3. 3. Attic Ventilation <ul><li>Ridge Vent </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose- To allow air to circulate and flow in and out of the ridge of a gabled roof </li></ul>
    4. 4. Attic Ventilation <ul><li>Gable Vent </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose- An opening at the end of a gabled roof to allow excess heat and humidity to escape from an attic to the outdoors </li></ul>
    5. 5. Attic Ventilation <ul><li>Roof Turbine </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose- A passive ventilation apparatus that uses the wind from the outdoors to spin and suck excess heat out from the attic </li></ul>
    6. 6. Backhoe <ul><li>Definition- a type of mechanical loader that uses hydraulics to power an arm/bucket that’s used for the excavation of soil </li></ul><ul><li>Width of bucket- 18 inches </li></ul>
    7. 7. Batter Boards <ul><li>Definition/Use- A temporarily built frame set at the corners of an excavation to mark the lines for the desired level and perimeter of the foundation </li></ul>
    8. 8. Brick Arch <ul><li>Arch 1 - Segmental </li></ul><ul><li>Arch 2 - Tudor </li></ul>
    9. 9. Brick Arch <ul><li>Arch with a Keystone </li></ul><ul><li>Centering </li></ul><ul><li>Definition- Temporary frame/formwork used for support during the construction of an arch </li></ul>
    10. 10. Brick Bonds <ul><li>Running Bond </li></ul><ul><li>English Garden Wall Bond </li></ul>Bond made entirely of stretchers alternated in position by one half of the length of the stretcher each successive course Bond like a running bond, except every sixth course alternates between one stretcher and one header
    11. 11. Brick Bonds <ul><li>Rowlock </li></ul><ul><li>Header </li></ul>
    12. 12. Brick Bonds <ul><li>Soldier </li></ul><ul><li>Sailor </li></ul>
    13. 13. Brick Bonds <ul><li>Stretcher Rowlocks (Shiners) </li></ul>
    14. 14. Brick Sizes <ul><li>Brick Size 1 (Norman) 3 5/8”x 2 ¼”x 11 5/8” </li></ul><ul><li>Brick Size 2 (Closure Standard) 3 5/8”x 3 5/8”x 8 ¾” </li></ul>
    15. 15. Bulldozer <ul><li>Definition/Use- A tractor-like machine that has a big broad metal head at its’ front, typically used for clearing and leveling ground during site work </li></ul>
    16. 16. Cladding <ul><li>Brick Clad </li></ul><ul><li>EFIS Clad </li></ul>
    17. 17. Cladding <ul><li>Stone Clad – Random Ashlar </li></ul><ul><li>Wood Board Clad </li></ul>
    18. 18. Cladding <ul><li>Wood Shingle- A single shingle cut from a piece of wood used for siding and/or roof applications </li></ul><ul><li>Wood Shake- Almost identical to a wood shingle, except wooden shakes are split, not sawn like shingles </li></ul>Wood Shake Clad
    19. 19. Code Requirements <ul><li>Egress Window </li></ul><ul><li>Measurements- 34”w 28”h </li></ul><ul><li>Open Area- 6.6 square feet </li></ul><ul><li>Sill Height 38” AFF </li></ul><ul><li>IBC Requirements- Maximum sill height above the floor of 44 inches and a minimum net opening size of 5.7 square feet </li></ul><ul><li>Meet Requirements?- Yes because the sill height is below 44 inches and the net opening area is at least 5.7 square feet </li></ul>
    20. 20. Code Requirements <ul><li>Stairs </li></ul><ul><li>Tread Measurement- 11 ¼” width </li></ul><ul><li>Riser Measurement- 6 5/8” height </li></ul><ul><li>IBC Requirements- Minimum of 10 inch tread and maximum of 7 ¾ inch rise </li></ul><ul><li>Meet Requirements?- Yes because the tread is greater than 10 inches and the riser is less than 7 ¾ inches </li></ul>
    21. 21. Concrete Joints <ul><li>Control Joint- an intentional crack in a structure intended to form a weakness where cracking can occur to avoid cracking in important structural places </li></ul><ul><li>Isolation Joint- used to relieve expansion stresses from vertical movements of slab-on-grade applications that connect foundation elements </li></ul>Crack
    22. 22. Concrete Masonry Unit <ul><li>CMU size 1- 8”x 8”x 16” </li></ul><ul><li>CMU size 2- 12”x8”x16” </li></ul>CMU is a block of concrete typically 8”x 8”x 16” and is usually used in the construction of foundations and walls. CMU is very strong, and the hollowed cores of the blocks allow for rebar and concrete to be added for extra strength.
    23. 23. Decorative CMU <ul><li>Split Block </li></ul><ul><li>Ribbed Block </li></ul>
    24. 24. Doors <ul><li>Exterior Flush Door </li></ul><ul><li>Exterior Panel Door </li></ul>Panel Stile Top Rail Lock Rail Bottom Rail
    25. 25. Doors <ul><li>Transom- A window that lies directly above a door </li></ul><ul><li>Sidelight- A narrow window on the side of a door </li></ul>
    26. 26. Electrical Components <ul><li>Power Pole with Transformer </li></ul><ul><li>Function- a transformer is a device that receives high voltage alternating electric current from power lines and transforms it to lower voltage current to use safely in homes </li></ul>
    27. 27. Electrical Components <ul><li>Service Head - device which conducts electricity from outdoor lines to the meter </li></ul><ul><li>Meter - device that measures the amount of electricity supplied to or produced by a residence or business </li></ul>
    28. 28. Electrical Components <ul><li>Service Panel- the main panel in which electricity is brought into a residence and distributed to the various circuits in the house </li></ul><ul><li>Duplex Receptacle- an electrical outlet that is mounted to the wall and contains two receptacles </li></ul>
    29. 29. Framing Elements <ul><li>#1 Anchor Bolt </li></ul><ul><li>#2 Sill Plate </li></ul>
    30. 30. Framing Elements <ul><li>#3 Floor Joists </li></ul><ul><li>#4 Subflooring </li></ul>
    31. 31. Framing Elements <ul><li>#5 Sole Plate </li></ul><ul><li>#6 Stud </li></ul>
    32. 32. Framing Elements <ul><li>#7 Top Plate </li></ul><ul><li>#8 Ceiling Joist </li></ul>
    33. 33. Framing Elements <ul><li>#9 Rafter </li></ul><ul><li>#10 Roof Decking </li></ul>
    34. 34. Framing Elements <ul><li>#11 Sheathing </li></ul><ul><li>#12 Stringer </li></ul>
    35. 35. Front End Loader <ul><li>Definition/Use- tractor like machine that uses a large bucket on the face of the machine to primarily load objects into another piece of machinery such as a dump truck. Differs from a bulldozer because it doesn’t push objects on the ground, and differs from a backhoe because it has a much larger squared bucket and isn’t used to dig into the solid earth </li></ul>
    36. 36. Gypsum Board <ul><li>Definition- A panel that is attached to the interior side of a stud wall consisting of two paper faces with gypsum in between them. Often referred to as drywall or sheetrock </li></ul>
    37. 37. Heat Pump <ul><li>Compressor/Condenser </li></ul><ul><li>Definition/Purpose- A mechanical device used to pressurize a gas to turn it into a liquid. This process allows heat to be removed or added. A compressor is the main component of the heat pump and air conditioner. </li></ul>Advantage- Draws in outdoor air and uses it to heat indoor air, which in return uses little electricity and energy
    38. 38. Air Handling Unit <ul><li>Air Handling Unit </li></ul><ul><li>Definition/Purpose- A mechanical device that is part of the HVAC system that is used to circulate and condition air that is flowing throughout a building or residence. This unit is usually connected to ductwork that distributes the air and returns it to the handling unit </li></ul>Disadvantage- High first cost, and a backup system maybe required during long cold winters
    39. 39. Insulation <ul><li>Blanket Insulation </li></ul><ul><li>Loose Fill Insulation </li></ul>Purpose- A thermal material applied to certain parts of a building to reduce heat transfer between the building’s interiors and the outdoors
    40. 40. Insulation <ul><li>Foamed Insulation </li></ul><ul><li>Rigid Board Insulation </li></ul>
    41. 41. Lintel <ul><li>Definition- A concrete or steel beam that supports the load of the building above an opening such as a window, door, or garage </li></ul>
    42. 42. Mortar <ul><li>Mortar Joint #1 </li></ul><ul><li>Tooled </li></ul><ul><li>¾” width </li></ul><ul><li>Used on school building </li></ul><ul><li>Type S </li></ul>
    43. 43. Mortar <ul><li>Mortar Joint #2 </li></ul><ul><li>Tooled – concave </li></ul><ul><li>3/8” width </li></ul><ul><li>Used on school building </li></ul><ul><li>Type S </li></ul>
    44. 44. Oriented Strand Board <ul><li>Definition- a structural nonveneered panel made by compressing and laminating strands of wood together under high pressure with glue </li></ul>
    45. 45. Plumbing <ul><li>Lavatory- 1 ½” diameter pipe </li></ul><ul><li>Water Closet- 3” diameter pipe </li></ul>
    46. 46. Plumbing <ul><li>Manufactured Shower </li></ul><ul><li>Plumbing Roof Vent </li></ul>The plumbing roof vent allows sewer gases to be vented from the pipes inside a dwelling to the outdoors
    47. 47. Plumbing <ul><li>Kitchen Sink - Undermount </li></ul>
    48. 48. Plywood <ul><li>Plywood is a sheet of engineered wood made from thin sheets of veneer. Each successive sheet of veneer is positioned at a right angle to the sheet under it, and then glued together for strength </li></ul><ul><li>Veneer- A thin sheet of wood usually used for the face of an object such as plywood </li></ul>
    49. 49. Radiant Barrier <ul><li>Definition/description- a sheet of reflective foil that is placed underneath the roofing material to reflect radiant heat and stop the heat from entering the spaces below </li></ul>
    50. 50. Rebar <ul><li>#6 </li></ul><ul><li>6/8” diameter </li></ul><ul><li>The deformations help to bind the rebar to the concrete more effectively </li></ul>
    51. 51. Steep Roof Drainage <ul><li>Gutter </li></ul><ul><li>Downspout </li></ul><ul><li>Gutter- a channel of metal placed on the eave of a roof to collect rainwater from the roof and transport that water to a downspout </li></ul><ul><li>Downspout- a vertical piece of metal that is connected to a gutter to transport rainwater from the gutter to the ground </li></ul>
    52. 52. Steep Roof Drainage <ul><li>Splashblock </li></ul><ul><li>A block of plastic or concrete that is placed directly under a downspout. Its purpose is to receive water from the downspout and direct it away from a building or residence’s foundation </li></ul>
    53. 53. Steep Roof Materials <ul><li>Underlayment- sheet of asphalt based felt that is rolled onto the roof sheathing prior to laying the shingles to protect the sheathing from water penetration and the elements </li></ul><ul><li>Clay Tile Roof </li></ul>
    54. 54. Steep Roof Materials <ul><li>Shingle- a thin piece of material that is placed on a roof or sides of a house in an overlapping fashion </li></ul><ul><li>Metal Panel- galvanized metal sheet </li></ul>Slate
    55. 55. Steep Roof Shapes <ul><li>Gable Roof </li></ul><ul><li>Gambrel Roof </li></ul>
    56. 56. Steep Roof Shapes <ul><li>Hip Roof </li></ul><ul><li>Mansard Roof </li></ul>
    57. 57. Steep Roof Terms <ul><li>Ridge- the topmost horizontal part of a sloped roof </li></ul><ul><li>Valley- the intersection/seam where two roofs come together </li></ul>
    58. 58. Steep Roof Terms <ul><li>Eave- the lower, horizontal overhanging part of a roof </li></ul><ul><li>Rake- the lower pitched edge of a steep sloping roof </li></ul>
    59. 59. Steep Roof Terms <ul><li>Soffit- the underside horizontal piece of a roof overhang </li></ul><ul><li>Fascia- the horizontal face of a roof’s eave that stretches the perimeter of a building </li></ul>
    60. 60. Steep Roof Terms <ul><li>No Fascia </li></ul><ul><li>A building that doesn’t have a horizontal piece that runs along a roof’s eave </li></ul>
    61. 61. Stone <ul><li>Random Rubble </li></ul><ul><li>Coursed Rubble </li></ul>
    62. 62. Stone <ul><li>Random Ashlar </li></ul><ul><li>Coursed Ashlar </li></ul>
    63. 63. Vapor Retarder <ul><li>A sheet of material that is used to resist the passage of water vapor into a building structure </li></ul><ul><li>It is usually put on the inside of a building’s insulation </li></ul>
    64. 64. Waterproofing <ul><li>A compound that is applied to the outside of a foundation in a variety of methods to protect the building from standing water that is against the foundation </li></ul>
    65. 65. Weep Hole <ul><li>Weep holes are small openings in the face of a buildings veneer to allow water to drain out from behind the veneer to the buildings exterior </li></ul>
    66. 66. Welded Wire Fabric <ul><li>Measurements- 6 ¼” x 6” </li></ul>
    67. 67. Windows <ul><li>Type 1 – Awning – the window is hinged at the top and opens outwards </li></ul><ul><li>Type 2 – Casement – the window is hinged on the side and opens outwards </li></ul>
    68. 68. Windows <ul><li>Type 3 – Single Hung – only the bottom half of the window slides upwards via a track </li></ul>

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