Sustainable development


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Sustainable development

  1. 1. Sustainable DevelopmentCompiled by : Sayed Mohammad Naim KHALID ( 27 March 2012)Introduction You may have heard people talking about Sustainable Development – inpublic meetings, on television and on the radio. Consultants talk about it, universityprofessors lecture on it, and at various levels of government, it may even bemandated. But what is Sustainable Development? That is precisely the question this Guide is intended to address. In thefollowing pages, you will read of the origins of Sustainable Development, itstheoretical underpinnings, its major programs, and the means by which it isimplemented.When you have finished reading this document, you will have the knowledgenecessary to begin identifying the vast array of Sustainable Development programsthat arise. Sustainable development is defined as the balanced social, economic andstable development that is able to supply the needs of the current generation withoutjeopardizing the capacity to meet the demand of the future generations, i.e. withoutexhausting the natural resources for the future. But there is a difinition from UNESCOsaying that we should not consider the future generations , « meeting the needs ofthe present without compromising the ability of future generation to meet their ownneeds”. World Commission on Environment and Development. (1987). Our CommonFuture. The Bruntland Commission, UNESCO.
  2. 2. The concept of sustainable developed emerged in 1987 with the publication ofthe report “Our Common Future” by the UN’s Global Commission on the Environmentand Development.The four-pillar model of sustainability incorporates four interlinked dimensions:environmental responsibility, economic health, social equity, and culturalvitality1. Ethics (Environmental Responsibility): there must be recognition of the need toachieve ecological balance, as what is at stake is the existence of all living things,including the human race, i.e. the future generations.2. Temporal: planning must contemplate the future, breech with the logic that thingsmust be immediate, and apply the rule of precaution.3. Social: Understand that only a social with less inequalities and political pluralismcan produce sustainable development.4. Practice: consumption production habits and behavior must change. Thus, to achieve sustainable development and prevent environmental andsocial degradation, citizens must change their personal, social behaviors andconsumption habits, and companies must implement changes in their productionprocesses.The cooperation of each individual is through the rational use of the naturalresources, water in special, which is more closely present in everyone’s daily life.The list also includes the rational use of energy, as it originates from several naturalsources. A way to use less fuel (and reduce pollution) is to leave your car at home anduse public transport to go to work and perform other activities. Recycling, in its turn, is a way to reuse several materials and can be easilyimplemented at home or work. Consumption should also be more rational: beforebuying new furniture, clothes, or technological products, for example, it is importantthat each citizen reflect if they really need them. Companies cooperate to sustainable development by adopting less pollutingproduction methods, reforesting the areas from which wood is extracted, social, andproductive inclusion of people and traditional communities in agribusiness andextraction activities, rational use of water, among other responsibilities.
  3. 3. The production and adoption of technologies based on renewable powersources are also ways to guarantee sustainable development. In addition, the supplyof goods and services needed for better quality of life for the population is madeeasier with planned infrastructure, which should also prevent negative environmentalimpacts.What is the relationship between culture, community development, andsustainability? Sustainable community development is concerned not just with retaining localindustries, services, and resources, but also with doing so in an environmentally,economically, and socially beneficial manner. It increasingly recognizes the need toincorporate culture and creativity in sustainable plans and strategies. This is reflectedin the proliferation and implementation of “creative city” approaches to policies,development plans, and strategies in cities and communities around the globe.This model recognizes that a community’s vitality and quality of life is closely relatedto the vitality and quality of its cultural engagement, expression, dialogue, andcelebration. The four-pillars model further recognizes that the contribution of cultureto building lively cities and communities where people want to live, work, and visit,plays a major role in supporting social and economic health.What are the cultural elements of a sustainable community? The diverse cultural elements of a community, both tangible and intangible,are avenues through which many socio-cultural, economic, and environmentaldimensions of a community are embodied. Key cultural elements in a community canalso be used as anchors and foci for policy and planning efforts to ensure culturalresources are integrated as a pillar of a community’s sustainability.Cultural elements can be grouped under four general headings:Physical assetsHeritagePlacemaking Meeting/sharing spaces Public artOpportunities for cultural engagementSocial opportunities Learning opportunitiesMediaUnderlying policy and support systemsSustainable development in 6 big topics: 1. Sustainable Places - Smarter Choices, Smarter Places, sustainable health initiatives, regeneration and greenspace support, architecture and design support to develop demonstration projects. 2. Climate Change - Low carbon initiatives. 3. People and Nature - Biodiversity, landscapes, heritage projects, environmental volunteering. 4. Consumption and Production - Waste, Energy Efficiency, Food. 5. Cultural Identity - Promotion and support of a strong cultural identity. 6. Sustainable transport – Flights, cycling, millageVALUES UNDERLYING THE MILLENNIUM DECLARATIONThe Millennium Declaration—which outlines 60 goals for peace; development; theenvironment; human rights; the vulnerable, hungry, and poor; Africa; and the UnitedNations—is founded on a core set of values described as follows: “We consider
  4. 4. certain fundamental values to be essential to international relations in the twenty-firstcentury. These include: 1. Freedom. Men and women have the right to live their lives and raise their children in dignity, free from hunger and from the fear of violence, oppression or injustice. Democratic and participatory governance based on the will of the people best assures these rights. 2. Equality. No individual and no nation must be denied the opportunity to benefit from development. The equal rights and opportunities of women and men must be assured. 3. Solidarity. Global challenges must be managed in a way that distributes the costs and burdens fairly in accordance with basic principles of equity and social justice. Those who suffer or who benefit least deserve help from those who benefit most. 4. Tolerance. Human beings must respect one other, in all their diversity of belief, culture and language. Differences within and between societies should be neither feared nor repressed, but cherished as a precious asset of human- ity. A culture of peace and dialogue among all civilizations should be actively promoted. 5. Respect for nature. Prudence must be shown in the management of all living species and natural resources, in accordance with the precepts of sus- tainable development. Only in this way can the immeasurable riches provided to us by nature be preserved and passed on to our descendants. The current unsustainable patterns of production and consumption must be changed in the interest of our future welfare and that of our descendants. 6. Shared responsibility. Responsibility for managing worldwide econom- ic and social development, as well as threats to international peace and secu- rity, must be shared among the nations of the world and should be exercised multi-laterally. As the most universal and most representative organization in the world, the United Nations must play the central role.”United Nations General Assembly, “United Nations Millennium Declaration,”Resolution 55/2, United Nations A/RES/55/2, 18 September 2000,A proposed small set of sustainable development indicators (Report of the JointUNECE/OECD/Eurostat Working Group on Statistics for Sustainable Development,2008)Indicator Stock Indicators Flow IndicatorsdomainFoundational Index of changes in age-specificwell-being Health-adjusted life expectancy mortality and morbidity (place holder) Percentage of population with Enrolment in post-secondary post-secondary education education Temperature deviations from Greenhouse gas emissions normalsEnvironment Ground-level ozone and fine Smog-forming pollutant emissions particulate concentrations Quality-adjusted water Nutrient loadings to water bodies availability Fragmentation of natural Conversion of natural habitats to habitats other uses Real per capita net foreign Real per capita investment in financial asset holdings foreign financial assets Real per capita produced Real per capita net investment in
  5. 5. capital produced capital Real per capita net investment in Real per capita human capital human capital Real per capita net depletion of Real per capita natural capital natural capital Reserves of energy resources Depletion of energy resources Reserves of mineral resources Depletion of mineral resources Timber resource stocks Depletion of timber resources Marine resource stocks Depletion of marine resourcesWhat Can You Do? Sustainable Development is restructuring our lives, and is targeting ourchildren through an educational regime that seeks to develop collectivist attitudes,values, and beliefs. Sustainable Development documents expressly call for theelimination of private property 26 and the freedom that private property supports. Itsupplants long-standing State laws, and causes irreparable harm to our economyand our society. If individual members of our society do nothing, the continuing lossof liberty will result in increasing social confusion and discord, rising resourceshortages, financial decay, and a dimming future for us and our posterity. The looming battle of ideas should be recognized as a classic – and perhapsultimate – battle between Liberty and Tyranny. The social, economic, and politicaltransformations Sustainable Development requires will mean the suppression ofunalienable rights for all people