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  • 1. MicroprocessorSayed Mahmoud AbdEl-Rahman
  • 2. Agenda  • Introduction.• CPU.• Memory.• I/O Ports.• HW & SW & FW.• What is the Microprocessor?• Kinds of Processors.• Features & Benefits.• Kinds of Desktop & Laptop Processors.• How to Choose the Right Processor.
  • 3. Introduction:
  • 4. Central Processing Unite:• The Central Processing unit or CPU controls the operation of the computer.
  • 5. Memory:• Rom (Read only Memory):ROM generally contains permanently stored data thatcannot be changed. It can be read but not written into. Themain feature of ROMs is that they are non-volatile, whichmeans that the information stored in them is not lost whenthe power is removed.• Ram (Random Access Memory):RAM is memory that can be read or written to. RAM isactually read/write memory. RAM memory is volatilememory, that is, it is lost whenever the power is switchedoff.
  • 6. I/O Ports:• The input/output or I/O section allows the computer to take in data from the outside world or send data to the outside world. Peripherals such as keyboards, video display terminals, printers and modems are connected to the I/O section. These allow the user and the computer to communicate with each other. The actual physical devices used to interface the computer buses to external systems are often called ports.
  • 7. Hardware & Software & Firmware:• Hardware:is the name given to the physical devices andcircuitry of the computer.• Software:refers to the programs written for the computer.• Firmware:is the term given to the programs stored in ROMs orin other devices which keep their stored informationwhen the power is turned off.
  • 8. What is a Microprocessor ?• The entire CPU with timing and control functions on a single chip is known as Microprocessor. Therefore a Microprocessor or MPU is an integrated circuit that contains many processing capabilities of a large computer.
  • 9. Kinds of Processors:• Intel® Itanium® Processor• Intel® Atom™ Processors• Intel® Xeon® Processor• Intel® Core™ Processor
  • 10. Features & Benefits:• Intel® Turbo Boost Technology 2.0:dynamically increases the processors frequency as needed bytaking advantage of thermal and power headroom whenoperating below specified limits.• Intel® HT Technology:allows each core of your processor to work on two tasks at thesame time.• Intel® HD Graphics 3000:delivers built-in performance for casual and mainstreamgaming with no extra graphics hardware needed.• Intel® Quick Sync Video:makes editing and sharing videos simple.
  • 11.    Bill Gates    to be a good professional engineer always start to studylate for exams because it teaches you how to manage time and tackle emergencies.
  • 12. Kinds of Desktop & Laptop Processors:
  • 13. HEROS happen here !!
  • 14. Intel® Core i3:• Laptop:Cores/Threads 2/4Cache 3MBClock Speed 1.20-2.66 GHzHT technology – HD Graphics• Desktop:Cores/Threads 2/4Cache 3-4MBClock Speed 2.5-3.4 GHzHT technology – HD Graphics
  • 15. Intel® Core i5:• Laptop:Cores/Threads 2/4Cache 3MBClock Speed 1.20-2.66 GHzHT technology – HD Graphics – Turbo Boost technology• Desktop:Cores/Threads 2-4/4Cache 3-8MBClock Speed 2.3-3.6 GHzHT technology – HD Graphics – Turbo Boost technology
  • 16. Intel® Core i7:• Laptop:Cores/Threads 2-4/4-8Cache 4-8MBClock Speed 1.06-2.80 GHzHT technology – HD Graphics – Turbo Boost technology• Desktop:Cores/Threads 4-6/8-12Cache 8-12MBClock Speed 2.53-3.50 GHzHT technology – HD Graphics – Turbo Boost technology
  • 17. Intel® Core i7 Extreme :• Laptop:Cores/Threads 4/8Cache 8MBClock Speed 2.00-2.7 GHzHT technology – HD Graphics – Turbo Boost technology• Desktop:Cores/Threads 6/12Cache 8-15MBClock Speed 3.2-3.46 GHzHT technology – Turbo Boost technology
  • 18. How to Choose the Right Processor:• How will you use your computer?• How will you enjoy photos and videos?• How will you communicate with other?• What kinds of games will you play?• Which performance you need?• How many program you want run at once time?
  • 19. Contact me    0111-560-3581 Or search me on the internet just write (Sayed Mahmoud AbdElRahman)