Eko Chapter 7 Senior High School

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Micro and Macro Econimics

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Eko Chapter 7 Senior High School

  1. 1. CHAPTER 7 ECONOMY KNOWLEDGE AND ECONOMICS POLICY TO OVERCOME THE ECONOMICS PROBLEM Created by : PUTU GAYATRI ANINDHYA SARI Class : X . J
  2. 2. A knowledge that study human efforts to fulfill the needs of people and improving the prosperity ECONOMY KNOWLEDGE
  3. 3. A. DIVISION OF ECONOMICS BASED ON ITS SCOPE Click on the WordArt
  4. 4. MICROECONOMICS  A field in economics that analyze the smallest part of the overall economic activities.  The discussion of the micro-economic assumptions based on the factors of production owned by the community are limited, while the needs of the community is not limited.
  5. 5. In Microeconomics Aspect Discussed : • How and why economic actors make economic decisions? • Behavior and interactions of producers and consumers • Attributes and character producers and consumers • Cost of opportunities arising as a consequence of the option taken
  6. 6. Assumptions Used in The Microeconomics : • Producers and consumers act to follow their personal (self-interested Behavior) • Producers and consumers act rational • Consumers try to maximize satisfaction that was possible • Producers try to maximize the benefits that can be reach • Scarcity of production factors
  7. 7. MACROECONOMICS  A field in economics that analyzes the overall (general and do not discuss matters of detail) economic activities. Macro economics study the fundamental issues which is always faced by an economics
  8. 8. Analysis of the Macro Economy Provides The Answer Of This Questions • What factors that determine the level of economic activity? • Why the economic growth is not always high? • Why the economic activities not develop in stable? • Why the increase in unemployment and prices continue to happen?
  9. 9. B. NATIONAL ECONOMIC ISSUES 1. Economic Growth 2. Poverty 3. Unemployment and Inflation 4. Government Budget Deficit and the National Debt 5. Money Supply, Bank, and International Finance 6. Energy Some economic issues faced by the Indonesian government:
  10. 10. 1. Economic Growth Government efforts to improve Indonesia's economic growth, as well with the Indonesian economy, the unemployment will be reduced and increased income communities. However, the problem is economic growth negative impact: Pollution Inflation (price increases in general)
  11. 11. 2. Poverty In 2006, based on the poverty line set by the Central Statistics Agency (BPS), there are approximately 39.05 million inhabitants of Indonesia are still living below the poverty line. Based on the description, the government role is to create a mechanism of income distribution better. 3. Unemployment and Inflation Last BPS data, shows that the open unemployment rate in 2006 reached 10.4% of the total work force of 106.3 million people. Therefore, the government continued efforts to press the level of unemployment and inflation to remain at the creation of economic stability. 4. Government Budget Deficit and the National Debt Government must formulate fiscal policies that better financing for development activities, given the country's debt at this time is very high. One of the causes of the high U.S. debt, especially debt is happening anggaran.Untuk deficit is the deficit with borrowing.
  12. 12. 5. Money Supply, Bank, and International Finance Bank Indonesia has continued to create stability and monetary system, which includes the procedures that are not too difficult and not too easy for people who want to obtain credit. 6. Energy Energy is important for industry, both industry national and international industry use oil as a source of energy. Therefore, the government and the private sector continue to work to create the technical production of energy-efficient.
  13. 13. C. POLICIES TO OVERCOME THE ECONOMICS PROBLEM • Inventation is increasing in Indonesia, both originating from the country and abroad. • Implementation of poverty alleviation programs, such as Inpres villages (IDT) and the transmigration program. • Development projects intensive work to absorb the workforce and development programs, Small Medium (SMEs) to overcome the problem of unemployment. • The implementation of monetary and fiscal policies that are contractive to control the amount of money. • Increase the government revenues, such as tax and export to overcome the budget deficit. • Implementing good corporate governance for the banking system in order to create a system of banking and monetary system is healthy and stable. • Conducting research and development to find alternative sources of energy as a substitute fuel.  To overcome the economic problems in Indonesia, the government implemented a number of policy follows.

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